Behold: the schandmaske (German for “shame mask”). The practice of punishing “rude, clamorous” women by making them wear stylized metal and leather animal masks (or less intricate but more punishing versions) was once a fairly frequent phenomenon across Europe (it also saw some limited use in America, among the Puritans and on slaves). Some of the contraptions were built to include such features as an iron rod to prevent the wearer from speaking or a “sharp metal gag for restraining the tongue.” And for an extra bit of humiliation, sometimes they’d install a cute little bell on top.

6 Insane Masks That Made Your Grandparents’ Lives Terrifying