scene of daily life

5

@amazingphil : “D- Dan kun!! ”
@danielhowell : “ Phi- Phiru senpai!”

Assalamualaikum!

( repost bc the order of the pics of the last one was a complete flop )

The anime adaptation of
- ダンとフィルの日常生活! -
[ Dan to Phiru no nichijou seikatsu! ]

A scene from the anime ’ Dan and Phil’s Daily life ’

Don’t lie we all know this is their realtionship in a nutshell.

Praise Allah for the ability i’ve been given, NOT the artwork!
~ayuka

Writing Everyday Life

@captainaloevera asked, “I’m a little stuck in my story. I must write about the everyday life of my character but how can I avoid making it sound like a checklist?”

Writing about the character’s everyday is important to an extent. Unless you’re writing Ulysses, you can include less than you think. Instead of listing out activities, let your reader just assume the character did all those things. Think in scenes. If you have an idea for a scene that occurs in the character’s daily life, include some of the normal things and then work in the plot. Then, skip ahead to the next scene. Mostly we can assume characters do thing they’re supposed to do, like brush their teeth, take showers, eat. We don’t always need to see it. 

anonymous asked:

We all know that Cinder has recurring nightmares of when Levana tried to kill her. What traumatic memory do the others have frequent nightmares of?

Kai: Marrying Levana. Considering how long that particular fear hung over him and how close he came to being stuck as her husband (for more than just an hour), he no doubt has nightmares where he finds himself facing her at the alter all over again. This time with no way out.

Scarlet: Michelle’s death. So many things on the farm remind her of Michelle and with that many reminders in her daily life, it’s not unusual for that horrible scene to appear in her dreams

Wolf: Killing Ran. Because no matter how estranged they were and how justified he was under the circumstances, there’s no way he could ever entirely get over killing his own little brother.

Cress: The whole incident in the throne room, from shooting Thorne’s fingers off to him stabbing her. Every second of it was horrible and traumatic in its own uniquely awful way and every second of it has been featured in her nightmares at one point or another.

Thorne: Being forced to stab Cress in the stomach. Being glamoured is bad enough, but being glamoured into nearly murdering someone you love is a millon times worse. The scene replays over and over in his head some nights, 

Jacin: Winter’s fake-death. Because what if it hadn’t been faked? What if Levana had anticipated his plan and arranged to force him to go through with it? What if all that blood on the menagerie floor had been Winter’s rather than Ryu’s?

Winter: Killing Aimery. As much as it affected her at the time and as much as it went against the principles she’d lived with up until that point, there’s no way that it didn’t have lasting effects.

Just that moment, that little moment, where Emma is slightly annoyed at Henry for not doing something she asked him to do was brilliant. We don’t see anywhere near as much actual Mother/son daily life scenes as we should…with either Emma or Regina anymore so that was brilliant. I celebrate the small, simple things writers. It doesn’t have to be 0-100 every episode

10

Abandoned Fishing Village Outside of Budapest is Perfectly Reflected on the Lake by Viktor Egyed

A few miles outside of Budapest lays a small abandoned fishing village composed of rustic huts, tall trees and an obscure atmosphere. When photographer Viktor Egyed discovered the sight, he came back a few years later to capture its mystery during a hazy fog.

The gloomy weather beautifully accentuates the landscape passage and its strangely and perfectly mirrored sight on its lake. The glasslike reflections are crystal clear representations of reality. The mysterious observation creates an alternate universe, one where time stands still. Egyed believes the place is an idyllic scene for those looking to escape the rush and stress of daily life.

6

Tatsuya Tanaka (b.1981, Japan) - Miniature Calendar

Since 2011, Japanese artist Tatsuya Tanaka has been engaged in his “Miniature Calendar” — a project which has seen the art director create a pocket-sized scene of everyday life, on a daily basis. What initially started as a means of photographing his collection of diorama dolls amongst familiar settings constructed to scale, has now unfolded into a long-term venture… one that he’s not likely to stop anytime soon. Find more about the artist on the full interview on Designboom.

© All images courtesy of the artist

[more Tatsuya Tanaka]

Architecture (Part 1): Ancient Egyptian Mastabas

Menes was the first pharaoh of Egypt, uniting Upper & Lower Egypt into a single kingdom.  This was the beginning of the Old Kingdom era (3200-2680 BC, and of the 1st Dynasty.  Egyptian architecture began to flourish during this time.

The Egyptians believed that life on earth was temporary, but the spiritual life was eternal.  Therefore, the religious monuments needed to last.  While Ancient Egyptian palaces and houses have collapsed over the centuries, the religious buildings have endured for longer.  The tomb was the gateway to the afterlife, and the temple housed the gods.

The mastaba was the tomb.  It is Arabic for “stone bench”. They were designed with the same plan as an Egyptian house.

It was a regulated mound with several small rooms, built over a broad pit (so it was underground and above ground).  This gave space for the dead person and their provisions for the afterlife.  The central room had the sarcophagus, and the surrounding rooms contained funerary offerings.

The walls sloped inwards.  Wooden/mud-brick pillars were first built, then covered in rubble, and finally walled in mud-brick.

4th Dynasty mastaba.

Entrance to the Mastaba of Ti (5th Dynasty).

4th & 5th Dynasty mastabas.

Mud-brick was the usual material for domestic buildings in Egypt.  It was made from a mixture of mud and straw.  It was excellent for building in the arid climate, and the Mesopotamians had used it for their ziggurats.

The royal mastaba often had a mud-brick façade around it, with alternating projections & recessions.  This probably copied the timber panelling of the early palaces.  The façade was often painted in bright colours, and traces of this survive.

Reconstructions of 1st Dynasty mastabas.  Both are attributed to Queen Merneith.

But during the 3rd & 4th Dynasties (2780-2565), attention moved away from the mastaba’s exterior and towards its interior, for security reasons.  The exterior became simpler.  The burial chamber was sunk deep into the rock, and security measures such as stone portcullises were added.

A false door was usually on the tomb’s eastern side, facing the Nile. This allowed the deceased’s spirit, or ka, to enter & exit the tomb as it pleased, and travel upon the river.  It was made of mud-brick or stone, as an imitation of the façade’s wooden door.

False door (6th Dynasty).

During the 4th Dynasty (2680-2565), non-royal mastaba cemeteries were built near/around royal mastabas.  These non-royal tombs contained high officials, and the tombs were probably an honour bestowed on them by the pharaoh.  A small chapel was included – often a simple niche with an offering table for dedications to the deceased, on the outside of the mastaba.

The most sophisticated tombs had many chambers inside them, as a full-scale residence for the deceased, as well as a gateway to eternity.  The rooms were decorated with scenes of daily life, and natural motifs.  They depicted the afterlife as an “idealized parallel to Egypt”.  These rooms included storerooms, a chapel, resting places, and dining areas.

The following photos are all from the tomb of Merefnebef (6th Dynasty).

Fishing scene & marsh scene.

Jewellery workshop.

Merefnef sitting with one of his wives, watching harpists & dancers.

Merefnebef (II) and his wife Hemi, seated before offerings.

Hieroglyphic list of offerings.

The Golden Age of Dutch and Flemish Paintings

The Dutch Golden Age painting is the painting of the Dutch Golden Age, a period in Dutch history generally spanning the 17th century, during and after the later part of the Eighty Years War (1568–1648) for Dutch independence. The new Dutch Republic was the most prosperous nation in Europe, and led European trade, science, and art. The northern Netherlandish provinces that made up the new state had traditionally been less important artistic centres than cities in Flanders in the south, and the upheavals and large-scale transfers of population of the war, and the sharp break with the old monarchist and Catholic cultural traditions, meant that Dutch art needed to reinvent itself entirely, a task in which it was very largely successful.

Although Dutch painting of the Golden Age comes in the general European period of Baroque painting, and often shows many of its characteristics, most lacks the idealization and love of splendour typical of much Baroque work, including that of neighbouring Flanders. Most work, including that for which the period is best known, reflects the traditions of detailed realism inherited from Early Netherlandish painting.

It is also a great time for Flemish Painters of the Baroque

Flemish Baroque painting refers to the art produced in the Southern Netherlands during Spanish control in the 16th and 17th centuries. The period roughly begins when the Dutch Republic was split from the Habsburg Spain regions to the south with the Spanish recapturing of Antwerp in 1585 and goes until about 1700, when Habsburg authority ended with the death of King Charles II. Antwerp, home to the prominent artists Peter Paul Rubens, Anthony van Dyck, and Jacob Jordaens, was the artistic nexus, while other notable cities include Brussels and Ghent.
Rubens, in particular, had a strong influence on seventeenth-century visual culture. His innovations helped define Antwerp as one of Europe’s major artistic cities, especially for Counter Reformation imagery, and his student Van Dyck was instrumental in establishing new directions in English portraiture. Other developments in Flemish Baroque painting are similar to those found in Dutch Golden Age painting, with artists specializing in such areas as history painting, portraiture, genre painting, landscape painting, and still life.

A distinctive feature of the period is the proliferation of distinct genres of paintings, with the majority of artists producing the bulk of their work within one of these. The full development of this specialization is seen from the late 1620s, and the period from then until the French invasion of 1672 is the core of Golden Age painting.

The term “genre” is much used in the history and criticism of visual art, but in art history has meanings that overlap rather confusingly.  Genre painting may also be used as a wider term covering genre painting proper, and other specialized types of paintings such as still-life, landscapes, marine paintings and animal paintings.

The concept of the “hierarchy of genres” was a powerful one in artistic theory, especially between the 17th and 19th centuries:

  • History painting, including narrative, religious, mythological and allegorical subjects
  • Portrait painting
  • Genre painting or scenes of everyday life
  • Landscape (landscapists were the “common footmen in the Army of Art” according to the Dutch theorist Samuel van Hoogstraten) and cityscape
  • Animal painting
  • Still life, flowers, etc.

History Painting (historical, biblical, mythical, allegory, battle scenes)

  • Denis van Alsloot
  • Dirck Van Baburen
  • Jacob Adriaensz. Backer
  • Abraham Bloemaert
  • Jan Boeckhorst
  • Ferdinand Bol
  • Paulus Bor
  • Leonaert Bramer
  • Salomon de Bray
  • Bartholomeus Breenbergh
  • Jan Brueghel the Elder
  • Jan Brueghel the Younger
  • Hendrick ter Brugghen
  • Abraham Van Calraet
  • Jacob van Campen
  • Hendrik de Clerck
  • Gaspar de Crayer
  • Benjamin Gerritsz. Cuyp
  • Willem Drost
  • Karel Dujardin
  • Caesar van Everdingen
  • Carel Fabritius
  • Govert Flinck
  • Ambrosius Francken
  • Frans Francken the Younger
  • Hieronymus Francken the Younger
  • Aert de Gelder
  • Hendrik Goltzius
  • Pieter de Grebber
  • Cornelis van Haarlem
  • Hendrik Heerschop
  • Pauwels van Hillegaert
  • Gerard Hoet
  • Cornelis Holsteyn
  • Gerrit van Honthorst
  • Samuel van Hoogstraten
  • Arnold Houbraken
  • Michael Angelo Immenraet
  • Pieter Isaacsz
  • Lambert Jacobsz
  • Jacob Jordaens
  • Nicolaes Knüpfer
  • Salomon Koninck
  • Gerard de Lairesse
  • Pieter Lastman
  • Jan Lievens
  • Johannes Lingelbach
  • Jacob van Loo
  • Karel van Mander
  • Claes Cornelisz.Moeyaert
  • Paulus Moreelse
  • Daniel Mijtens the Younger
  • Jan Baptist van Meunincxhove
  • Eglon van der Neer
  • Adriaen van Nieulandt
  • Abraham Janssens van Nuyssen
  • Jacob van Oost the Elder
  • Jacob van Oost the Younger
  • Palamedes Palamedesz
  • Cornelius van Poelenburgh
  • Willem de Poorter
  • Jacob Pynas
  • Jan Pynas
  • Erasmus Quellinus II
  • Nicolas Regnier
  • Pieter Cornelisz van Rijck
  • Rembrandt van Rijn
  • Peter Paul Rubens
  • David Rijckaert (III)
  • Cornelis Saftleven
  • Joris van Schooten
  • Pieter Snayers
  • Frans Snyders
  • Matthias Stom
  • Jacob van Swanenburg
  • Abraham van den Tempel
  • Jan Tengnagel
  • David Teniers the Elder
  • David Teniers the Younger
  • Theodoor van Thulden
  • Moses van Uyttenbroeck
  • Gillis van Valckenborch
  • Otto van Veen
  • Esaias van de Velde
  • Adriaen Pietersz van de Venne
  • Johannes Vermeer
  • Simon de Vos
  • Cornelis de Wael
  • Jan Baptist Weenix
  • Jan Weenix
  • Adriaen van der Werff
  • Pieter van der Werff
  • Thomas Willeboirts Bosschaert
  • Frans Wouters
  • Philips Wouwerman
  • Joachim Wtewael

Tronies, portrait, selfportrait, equestrian, groupsportrait, military

  • Pieter van Anraedt
  • Jan de Baen
  • David Bailly
  • Jan van Bijlert
  • Abraham van Blyenberch
  • Gerard ter Borch
  • Gesina ter Borch
  • Jan de Bray
  • Gonzales Coques
  • John de Critz the elder
  • Jacob Gerritszoon Cuyp
  • Jan Frans van Douven
  • Anthony van Dyck
  • Albert Eckhout
  • Wybrand de Geest
  • Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger
  • Frans Pietersz de Grebber
  • Johannes van Haensbergen
  • Frans Hals
  • Daniel Haringh
  • Bartholomeus van der Helst
  • Jan van den Hoecke
  • Ludolf Leendertsz de Jongh
  • Thomas de Keyser
  • Roelof Koets of Zwolle
  • Sir Peter Lely
  • Isaac Luttichuys
  • Frans Luycx
  • Jacob Levecq
  • Nicolaes Maes
  • Pieter Meert
  • Michel Jansz van Mierevelt
  • Jan van Mieris
  • Daniel Mytens the Elder
  • Caspar Netscher
  • David van der Plas
  • Pieter van der Plas
  • Hendrick Gerritsz Pot
  • Jan Antonisz. van Ravesteyn
  • Arnold van Ravesteyn
  • Jan Albertsz. Rotius
  • Dirck van Santvoort
  • Godfried Schalcken
  • Anthoon Schoonjans
  • Paul Van Somer
  • Pieter Claesz Soutman
  • Justus Sustermans
  • Wallerant Vaillant
  • Johanna Vergouwen
  • Jan Verkolje
  • Johannes Cornelisz. Verspronck
  • Jacob Ferdinand Voet
  • Ary de Vois
  • Cornelis de Vos
  • Willem Wissing

Genre, scenes of daily life, music

  • Cornelis Pietersz Bega
  • Charles Emmanuel Biset
  • Peter van Bloemen
  • Balthasar van den Bossche
  • Andries Both
  • Esaias Boursse
  • Adriaen Brouwer
  • Hendrick van der Burgh
  • Willem Pieterszoon Buytewech
  • Pieter Codde
  • Joos van Craesbeeck
  • Gerrit Dou
  • Joost Cornelisz Droochsloot
  • Jacob Duck
  • Willem Cornelisz Duyster
  • Dirck Hals
  • Pieter de Hooch
  • Pieter van Laer
  • Judith Leyster
  • Gabriel Metsu
  • Jan Miel
  • Jan Miense Molenaer
  • Frans van Mieris the Elder
  • Willem van Mieris
  • Adriaen vam Ostade
  • Anthonie Palamedesz
  • Theodoor Rombouts
  • Michael Sweerts
  • Jan Steen
  • Johannes Vermeer
  • Sebastian Vrancx
  • Thomas Wyck

Landscape, seascape, city scape, winter, night

  • Lucas Achtschellinck
  • Jacques d'Arthois
  • Jan Asselijn
  • Jan Abrahamsz Beerstraaten
  • Nicolaes Pietersz. Berchem
  • Paul and Mattheus Brill
  • Anthonie van Borssom
  • Jan Dirksz Both
  • Abraham Van Calraet
  • Gillis van Coninxloo
  • Albert Cuyp
  • Dirck Dalens the Elder
  • Guillam Dubois
  • Pieter Janssens Elinga
  • Allaert van Everdingen
  • Abraham Genoels
  • Jan van Goyen
  • Abel Grimmer
  • Joris van der Haagen
  • Jan Hackaert
  • Dirck Helmbreker
  • Jacob de Heusch
  • Willem de Heusch
  • Meindert Hobbema
  • Gillis d'Hondecoeter
  • Cornelis Huysmans
  • Philips Augustijn Immenraet
  • François van Knibbergen
  • Philip de Koninck
  • Govert van der Leeuw
  • Jean-François Millet (I)
  • Pieter de Molijn
  • Frederick de Moucheron
  • Isaac de Moucheron
  • Aert van der Neer
  • Pieter de Neyn
  • Jan van Nickelen
  • Bonaventura Peeters
  • Egbert Van Der Poel
  • Frans Post
  • Adam Pynacker
  • Roelant Roghman
  • Jacob Van Ruisdael
  • Salomon van Ruysdael
  • Marten Rijckaert
  • Pieter Rijsbraeck
  • Herman Saftleven
  • Jacob Savery the Elder
  • Willem Schellinks
  • Hercules Seghers
  • Adriaen van Stalbemt
  • Lucas van Uden
  • Lodewijk de Vadder
  • Adriaen van de Velde
  • Jan Vermeer of Haarlem
  • Daniel Vosmaer
  • Jan Wijnants
  • Jan Wildens
  • Matthias Withoos
  • Gaspar van Wittel
  • Pieter Wouwerman

Cityscapes

  • Gerrit Berckheyde
  • Thomas Heeremans
  • Jan van der Heyden
  • Jan van Kessel of Amsterdam

Seascapes

  • Aert Anthonisz
  • Hendrick van Anthonissen
  • Ludolf Bakhuizen
  • Jan Theunisz Blanckerhoff
  • Jan van Capelle
  • Jeronymus van Diest
  • Willem van Diest
  • Andries van Eertvelt
  • Hendrik van Minderhout
  • Pieter Mulier the Elder
  • Reinier Nooms
  • Bonaventura Peeters
  • Jan Peeters I
  • Jan Porcellis
  • Julius Porcellis
  • Isaac Sailmaker
  • Willem van de Velde the Elder
  • Willem van de Velde the Younger
  • Lieve Pieterszoon Verschuier
  • Abraham de Verwer
  • Simon de Vlieger
  • Hendrick Cornelisz Vroom
  • Cornelis Claesz van Wieringen
  • Adam Willaerts

Animals, hunting

  • Jan Fyt
  • Melchior d’Hondecoeter
  • Paulus Potter
  • Roelant Savery
  • Paul de Vos

Still life, flowers, food, vanitas, Trompe l’oeil

  • Willem van Aelst
  • Balthasar van der Ast
  • Jan Anton van der Baren
  • Osias Beert
  • Martin Boelema de Stomme
  • Hans Bollongier
  • Ambrosius Bosschaert the Elder
  • Ambrosius Bosschaert II
  • Abraham Bosschaert
  • Johannes Bosschaert
  • Joseph de Bray
  • Elias van den Broeck
  • Pieter Claesz
  • Evert Collier
  • Adriaan Coorte
  • Alexander Coosemans
  • Andries Daniels
  • Cornelis Jacobsz. Delff
  • Isaac van Duynen
  • Floris van Dyck
  • Jan Baptist van Fornenburgh
  • Willem Gabron
  • Pieter Gallis
  • Jan Pauwel Gillemans
  • Nicolaes Gillis
  • Gerrit Willemsz Heda
  • Willem Claeszoon Heda
  • Cornelis de Heem
  • Jan Davidsz. de Heem
  • Jan Janszoon de Heem
  • Jacob van Hulsdonck
  • Willem Kalf
  • Jan van Kessel
  • Cornelis Kick
  • Roelof Koets
  • Nicolaes Lachtropius
  • Simon Luttichuys
  • Cornelis van der Meulen
  • Abraham Mignon
  • Maria van Oosterwijck
  • Clara Peeters
  • Pieter Gerritsz van Roestraten
  • Rachel Ruysch
  • Floris van Schooten
  • Otto Marseus van Schrieck
  • Harmen Steenwijck
  • Pieter Steenwijk
  • Christiaen Striep
  • Jan Philips van Thielen
  • Johannes Torrentius
  • Jan Jansz. Treck
  • Jan Jansz. den Uyl
  • Adriaen van Utrecht
  • Jan Jansz. van de Velde
  • Vincent Laurensz van der Vinne
  • Matthias Withoos
  • Catarina Ykens-Floquet
  • Frans Ykens

Others, interiors, skating

  • Hendrick Avercamp
  • Bartholomeus van Bassen
  • Job Berckheyde
  • Abraham Blooteling
  • Dirck van Delen
  • Pieter Janssens Elinga
  • Wilhelm Schubert van Ehrenberg
  • Jacob de Gheyn II
  • Gerard Houckgeest
  • Cornelis de Man
  • Pieter Neefs the Elder
  • Peeter Neeffs (II)
  • Pieter Jansz Saenredam
  • Jacobus Ferdinandus Saey
  • Hendrick van Steenwyck (II)
  • Hendrick Cornelisz van Vliet
  • Paul Vredeman de Vries
  • Emanuel de Witte

The enormous success of 17th-century Dutch painting overpowered the work of subsequent generations, and no Dutch painter of the 18th century—nor, arguably, a 19th-century one before Van Gogh—is well known outside the Netherlands. Already by the end of the period artists were complaining that buyers were more interested in dead than living artists.

If only because of the enormous quantities produced, Dutch Golden Age painting has always formed a significant part of collections of Old Master paintings, itself a term invented in the 18th century to describe Dutch Golden Age artists. Taking only Wouwerman paintings in old royal collections, there are more than 60 in Dresden and over 50 in the Hermitage. But the reputation of the period has shown many changes and shifts of emphasis. One nearly constant factor has been admiration for Rembrandt, especially since the Romantic period. Other artists have shown drastic shifts in critical fortune and market price; at the end of the period some of the active Leiden fijnschilders had enormous reputations, but since the mid-19th century realist works in various genres have been far more appreciated.

Architecture (Part 4): Egyptian Rock-Cut Tombs

During the Middle Kingdom (2134-1786 BC), private tombs shifted from using the mastaba design, to rock-cut tombs hewn directly out of the hills along the Nile.  The pharaohs soon adopted the practice, too, for security reasons.  The rock-cut tombs reached their peak during the New Kingdom (1570-1085 BC), built by craftsmen supported by the pharaoh.

Rock-cut tombs near Aswan.

The Valley of the Kings is situated on the west bank of Thebes, and this decision may have been because of the natural pyramid shape of the Western Mountain.  These tombs continued to imitate domestic building design, with many chambers for funerary goods as well as the deceased’s body.  They were decorated with bright colours, with subjects ranging from scenes of daily life to high ritual, the gods, and funerals.

Western Mountain.

Beni Hasan is a cemetery site that was used mostly during the Middle Kingdom (there are also some Old Kingdom burials).  There are 39 Middle Kingdom tombs, built mostly during the 11th and 12th Dynasties for provincial officials.  The entrance faced the rising sun, and the portico were like those of domestic houses, as we can see from the models of houses included in funerary goods.

Middle Kingdom tombs.

Tombs of Wahkare Khety (9th/10th Dynasty) Baqet III (11th Dynasty).

Amenemhet’s tomb (12th Dynasty).

The entrance to the Beni Hasan tombs was flanked by two pillars. Inside, a rectangular-shaped chamber was supported by four columns, and a niche was cut into the back wall.  The ceiling was flat or slightly vaulted, and there was no light source apart from the entrance.

As can be seen above, the columns had large, flat, circular base stones.  This would become the standard form of column base throughout Egyptian architecture (with a bit of modification).

The columns were cut into either an octagonal, or fluted 16-sided form.  This may have been an entirely aesthetic decision, to soften the square structure’s appearance.  The columns narrow slightly up to the top.  They have no capital, just a square slab or abacus.

Security measures included pits, false floors and dummy chambers.  A false floor led the trespasser to an empty dummy chamber, while the real burial chamber was hidden beneath him.

The Beni Hasan tombs, like those of that time, were relatively simple.  So were the royal tombs.  But by the 19th Dynasty (second dynasty of the New Kingdom), the royal tombs had developed into an elaborate series of chambers, linked by corridors and stairways.  They were built by specialized teams of workmen from the village of Deir el-Medina, and were decorated with raised reliefs.

Floor plan.

Aerial view of Deir el-Medina.

Tombs in the Valley of the Kings was built & used during the New Kingdom.  The entrances were cut into the bedrock to try and hide them – quite a change from the attention-grabbing pyramids.  The construction of a later tomb actually buried Tutankhamun’s tomb, which wasn’t rediscovered until 1922.

Tomb entrance of Ramesses XI (20th Dynasty).

Inside the highly-decorated burial chamber was the sarcophagus – a large stone coffin, often carved from solid blocks of granite, which held the mummy.  It was decorated with hieroglyphics.

Tutankhamun’s burial chamber (18th Dynasty).

Sarcophagus of Thutmose III (18th Dynasty).

Sarcophagus of Ramesses III (20th Dynasty).