say no to nuclear bombs

A really really long night vale theory part 2

so a bit ago after episode 108 was released i finally put a theory that i had been juggling around in my mind for a while onto paper and i got a shocking amount of positive feedback on it now that episode 109 is out i would like to make a follow up and take a look at what i got right, what i got wrong, and how to proceed from there.

what i got right

1983 was destroyed by a cold war era nuclear bomb

  • my initial claim was based on how cecil spoke about the impending end of the world in episode 76 [Best Of?], that he spoke of it urgently, like there wasnt enough time to escape their inevitable future but enough time to speak to his listeners one last time. It was not an instantaneous apocalypse, as he was able to broadcast his goodbyes, and it wasnt a slow apocalypse as he spoke like he was already out of time.
  • In episode 109 huntokar says “I could see it as it was about to happen, i could see the flash and the tower of fire, the heat that transforms a body into only its shadow. The slow sickness and the dying of crops, I could see starvation and a winter thst would not end”.
  • Heres some technical stuff about the effects post bomb:
  • the flash and tower of fire refers to the moment of impact when the bomb goes off and the mushroom cloud left behind it.
  • a nuclear shadow refers to the imprint left in a persons shadow after being hit with a nuclear bomb. A nuclear bomb can vaporize a person nearly instantly, but the impact doesnt bend around them. Look at your shadow, its there because the sun cant pass through you. A nuclear bomb emits thermal radiation that bleaches anything it comes in contact with, since the human body absorbs those rays the shadow behind them is left completely untouched. The only remnants of the victim is the very shadow they left at the time of their demise. Terrible, isnt it?
  • the slow sickness and dying of crops is radiation poisoning. The symptoms cal showed in 108 were vomiting, spontaneous bleeding, hair loss, and severe fatigue. All of these symptoms are commonly associated with radiation poisoning.
  • post nuclear fallout there is something known as nuclear winter, which was a term coined in 1982 in fact. The fire inevitably left behind from a nuclear bomb would produce smoke that would rise into thr upper stratosphere and be heated by the sun and blanket the earth. This blocks out the sun causing the surface temperature of earth to drop drastically.
  • although huntokar never explicitly SAYS nuclear bomb… Its a nuclear bomb.

the relationship between the distant prince, the woman from italy, and huntokar

  • granted, i just said they ARE related, not how
  • but now we know that theyre all gods older than time
night vale is in a separate reality from the rest of the world
  • admittedly im super excited about this one, the rest of the theory had come up as a result of episode 108 but ive believed night vale to exist in a different reality since the strex arc so it feels super good to be proven right.
  • my previous theory stated mt belief that night vale isnt in the same reality as the rest of us foe a handful of reasons
  • most notably, night vale is just weird. But thats not news
  • after the events of a certain valentines day the people of night vale had reached out to the american government for help, but the government brushed it off as some kind of prank calling their distress cry “creative”. Additionally as its been shown many times before, although they exist, cecil doesnt know states. In episode 106 filings he sees a map of america that the new intern brought in. He said it was america but it was wrong somehow, the states were wrong. This displays a disconnect between night vale and the rest of the world, while they can communicate and acknowledge one another neither is fully aware of the other at any given time.
  • time is weird in night vale, starting with cecil broadcasting the actual founding of night vale on night vale community radio before the radio existed, broadcasting the story of his fling with marconi while he was still inventing the radio, the both slow and inconsistent rate at which cecil ages, carlos said it himself. Time just doesnt work in night vale. In episode 55 university of what it is a representative from the college comes to night vale looking for carlos saying hes been missing for decades. At that point carlos had only been in night vale for, what, three years? And yet hes been missing for forty to the rest of the world.
  • in this episode however im proven correct, in an attempt to save night vale huntokar removed in from the reality in which the world was about to end and put it somewhere else,in a different reality entirely. Not only do we know for certain that night vale isnt in our reality but we even know WHY its not! Thats so much more than i could have possibly hoped for

i couldnt be happier. Finally after four years my disconnected reality theory is confirmed. Im proud but im also terrified of the implications.

This theory is about the state of night vale and maybe, just maybe, somewhere else.

A misunderstanding during the cold war when a test bomb drop was mistaken for a real one leading to america and the ussr to launch their arsenal of nuclear weapons at one another. This is the bomb that approached night vale to obliterate it. Huntokar was a merciful god and decided to save her town from it on impulse, pulling night vale from reality a (our reality) and putting it into reality b (night vales reality). The consequence of this however was that the reality among all possible night vales cracked and merged. All of the realities merging together is likely the reason for all the weird stuff that happens in night vale, they arent blended together smoothly, chances are certain realities are more profound in certain places than others. For instance, the house that doesnt exist. The reality is mixed in that though visible its less prevalent than the reality in which it doesnt exist. (In my initial theory I had proposed that huntokar, the woman from italy, and the distant prince were trying to merge the realities, while im not wrong in the fact that theyre combining it seems that it wasn’t an intentional thing.)

While some realities assimilated entirely into others, SOME didnt mix in that way. Some are still defined travel between is possible but ill advised. While some night vales remained night vale i believe its possible that some, a certain one in particular, didnt.

The peace among the gods is a delicate treaty, other more malicious gods are fascinated by night vale, in order to protect her true night vale huntokar offered them certain versions of night vale for them to play out their sadistic fantasies. I want you to consider the following very carefully: desert bluffs.

Desert bluffs is obviously invariably linked to night vale, mirror roles, mirror events… Remember who ruled desert bluffs, who ruled strex.

A smiling god.

We havent heard from kevin or thought about desert bluffs in a while but remember him? The smiling god, regardless of his smile he was clearly malicious manipulating the residents into joining strex and enslaving themselves to its violence and it’s evil. He then tried to take night vale as well.

I think its possible, likely even, that desert bluffs was once another night vale, given to the smiling god to appease him and stop him from harming huntokars night vale. He used it as his canvas to play out the strex arc watching the residents futile resistance against an inevitable future.

Haha, yeah, soooo not dead. (Spoilers ahead)

See this guy? Yeah, this son of a biscuit ripped my heart out back in 2014, and I still haven’t recovered. 

Alright, so in the wake of this tragedy, I have looked up some facts on his ‘death’ out of pure interest, as I have always been interested in the whole, “Tadashi survived the fire/explosion,” ordeal.

And my friends, I was not disappointed.

Basic Facts

Okay so the first problem we’re given is that Tadashi supposedly ‘died’ without his body being found. Like, NO remains whatsoever. However, if we’re to believe that the building was searched looking for both Callaghan and Tadashi, neither of their remains being found, especially with technology like Baymax’s scanner, then the movie is WRONG.

So let’s assume there was no body. I’ll explain this a bit more later. For now, though, science, work your magic and explain this.

Bone, to begin with, is stronger (In most instances) than concrete. And the materials below the building are some sort of tile material, which is softer and more breakable than concrete. BUT THEY DIDN’T BREAK. It’s reasonable to believe that the bones of this marshmallow would’ve cracked, but certainly weren’t smashed completely and beyond analyzing. 

Secondly, The force of the explosion (Or shockwave) wouldn’t have been able to disintegrate him, as the building was still standing. Simple logic, really!

Thirdly, the fire couldn’t have melted his remains, definitely not bones, in that instance. The heat that could be able to melt his bones would be around 1381 degrees celsius, or 2517.8 degrees fahrenheit. The heat of flame is around  585 degrees celsius (1,100 degrees fahrenheit) SO yeah, quite the bit of a gap there. 

What’s more, Tadashi’s body couldn’t have been burned beyond recognition and analyzing in the fire. According to Butler Funeral Homes, the process of cremation to ash takes around 2 to 2 ½ hours. And on top of that, when we hear Hiro yelling for his brother in that scene, amongst your own tears of agony, you can also hear sirens.

For the life of me, I couldn’t find how long it took to put out fires. I looked, but it seems that this is all pretty relative. But we’re going to to assume that the size of the exposition center is around the size of an average high school gym, which is 110 by 80 feet long,or 8,800 square feet, we can assume that the fire would take about 4 times the length of an average house to burn down. That’s 8 minutes, so it would proportionally take around 32 minutes (to be generous) for the exposition center to burn and actually collapse.

But we know that the firefighters were already there just moments after the fire started. The fire should be extinguished in a short time after that, (10-20 minutes, maybe) at least compared to other incidents, but certainly doesn’t add to a whopping 2 ½ hours that it would take to burn Tadashi beyond recognition.

With the timing of the firefighters (again, assumed) and the fact that no body was found going against the scientific purposes, the whole thing just doesn’t sit right.

(Minds being blown across the internet)

Originally posted by dj066rapunz3l

So, no body? Then he’s not dead. I will admit, the blow would have a high probability of being fatal. However, there would’ve been some remains, as we can assume the fire was put out soon after he ran in. 

To further back this up, let’s start early: The funeral. The funeral we see doesn’t include much footage pertaining to the funeral itself, only managing to include 6 seconds of the movie. We can, however, pull some clues from that.

Notice that the spacing between the stones on the left are very small, hinting that this could be a memorial rather than a funeral. We don’t see a casket or anything, and while it could be because people are blocking it, it would be safe to assume that this wasn’t a burial.

Also, notice that Callaghan’s remains were also never found, as he was alive. Tadashi was in there for a shorter amount of time, yes, but they both experienced the explosion. Now let’s also assume that if Tadashi’s remains were found, people may have suspicions about Callaghan’s not being there in the building, yet the whole thing seems like a thing of the past to the characters.

So from that, we can assume that Tadashi’s remains were also not found. The characters would have believed that they both were disintegrated, right? But if Tadashi had actually been disintegrated, than the explosion and circumstances would have to had been a lot different. So, how about looking in the subject of lore?


So, as some fans of the movie know, there originally was a comic series detailing the events of Big Hero 6. While the movie was far off from the source material, we can safely say they used many of the characters. So, when I say they will use another character from the comic, will you believe it? In the original, there’s a fellow hero that joins the group in their adventures.

See this guy? He was named Sunfire. Fitting, no? And I’m aware that many fans have heard this before, but I’m also gonna bring in a bit more information for you fellow nerds. 

This guy got his firebending abilities from an atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, with the comic being based in Japan. Explosion, huh? Sound familiar? Yes, I’m aware that an atomic bomb and the explosion depicted in the film are very different, but we can say for a fact (Obviously) that an atomic bomb is based off of nuclear energy. In the movie, we never get a clear factor to depict what started the fire. Hiro initially blames Callaghan, but it’s never proven.

What we can speculate is that the fire somehow originated from nuclear energy based off of how many prototypes and inventions there were where the explosion started.  And on what we know about the scientific side of it, there was no body, a character named Sunfire whose powers are based off of the element, from a nuclear explosion no less, and they say a body was never found?

Also, people would argue that nuclear energy could have destroyed Tadashi, but I think that’s not true. Essentially, Hiro’s face is intact from being a short distance away from the building, so there may’ve been only a small amount of radiation, just enough to effect the older Hamada.

Originally posted by gifheaven

I digress.

What We’re Given

Okay, so I’ve proven my point from science to lore, what else can I say? Well, there is one first hand source for this.

Baymax himself.

Alright, Baymax is a robot with high-tech scanning abilities. And based on what we know about robots, they’re not exactly keen in the realm of sarcasm and rhetorics. We can see this throughout the movie, especially when Hiro has to explain metaphors and sayings to him, which is a running gag throughout the film. There’s one point where I feel like we can say for certain that Baymax is the one who knows of Tadashi’s living.

Okay, so the phrase, “Tadashi is here,” is something we Big Hero 6 fans know well. And I will admit, Baymax saying “Tadashi is here,” after Hiro yells in the garage is referring to the videos. But what we’ve all been overlooking is how Baymax actually says that phrase twice. He utters it after he’s done recharging, a little while after he acknowledges Tadashi’s hat on the bed.

Hiro simply responds with, “They say he’s still here as long as we remember him,” or something of the sort. However, we don’t see Baymax displaying the video to him or anything like that, so what if he knows Tadashi’s out there, still? Perhaps even closeby? He can’t have meant it rhetorically. He’s a robot. 

Originally posted by disneymufossils


One thing that bugged me the most is the fact that everyone in the movie assumed that the microbots were destroyed in the explosion, including Hiro, who friggin’ created them. He would surely know the boundaries and limits of his creation.

This only leads me further into the idea that no remains were found. The characters seemed to assume that if the explosion was strong enough to wipe Tadashi and Callaghan off the face of the earth, they were strong enough to destroy the microbots. But this is false, clearly. This brings us to think that Tadashi disappeared for different reasons.

Hiro is clearly astonished when he finds that the microbots could be replicated, holding up almost perfectly in order to keep Callaghan alive. This doesn’t mean that the microbots are stronger than Hiro thought, but that the explosion was weaker than what it took to completely destroy Tadashi.

To Wrap Things Up

So, yeah. He’s not dead. Tadashi is alive, ya’ll. He might come back as a superhero/villain, or whatever! Continue writing your fanfictions, drawing fan-art, and speculate about what happened. WIth the series coming ever closer, I’d keep an eye out for any hints about his whereabouts. I’ll be looking for it, and I’ll be quick to blog about it. Also, comment about your theories and what I missed! I’d love to read them!!

Thanks, guys!

Originally posted by hamadalust
US drops largest non-nuclear bomb in Afghanistan
The US military has dropped an enormous bomb in Afghanistan, according to four US military officials with direct knowledge of the mission.
By Barbara Starr and Ryan Browne, CNN

A GBU-43/B Massive Ordnance Air Blast Bomb, nicknamed MOAB, was dropped at 7 p.m. local time Thursday, the sources said.

The MOAB is also known as the “mother of all bombs.” A MOAB is a 21,600-pound, GPS-guided munition that is America’s most powerful non-nuclear bomb.


Countdown to some Trump press conference or statement or – let’s be honest – Tweet where he says we’ve been sitting on this bomb for 15 years and he’s the first leader with the balls to use it or something. Anything he can do to paint himself as a strongman willing to do what no other President has done so he can bump up his approval ratings in a bloodthirsty republic.

A little bit of background on this bomb though.

It was first tested back in 2003 and it’s the most powerful non-nuclear weapon in the world, allegedly. Russia says they have a bomb that’s four times stronger, but its existence hasn’t been confirmed by anyone outside of Russia. Either way, the US had about 15 of these but they’d only been detonated in test sites. This is actually the first time we’ve tried to drop it on people in a war zone and we did it to knock out ISIS tunnels and caves in that area. We’ll see how effective that was once the details come out, but I suspect another ploy from this administration to make Trump look like a powerful commander in chief.


Science Knows If A Nation Is Testing Nuclear Bombs

“On the international stage, there are few things more frightening to the world at large than the looming possibility of nuclear war. Many nations have the bomb — some with fission-only bombs, others have achieved the deadlier nuclear fusion — but not everyone publicly declares what they have. Some detonate nuclear devices while denying it; others claim to possess fusion bombs when they don’t have the capability. Thanks to a deep understanding of science, the Earth, and how pressure waves travel through it, we don’t need a truthful nation to figure out the real story.”

Last year, North Korea claimed to have obtained the technology to create a nuclear fusion bomb: the most destructive weapon humanity has ever engineered. This year, they’re threatening to use them, against either South Korea or the United States, depending on the moment in question. Yet these grandiose claims are questionable, and not merely because of the questionable source. From a scientific perspective, we know that North Korea hasn’t demonstrated the capability of doing so. When a nuclear device goes off, even underground, it creates a particular pattern of seismic waves that can be picked up by detectors worldwide. Different from earthquakes, it tells us the bomb’s origin, three-dimensional location on Earth, and its magnitude. North Korea has detonated weapons recently: in 2006, 2013, and just last year. Yet, despite their claims, all the bombs were fission bombs, without a fusion stage.

Come see how science knows what the nuclear capabilities of North Korea are, even if the supreme leader says otherwise!

anonymous asked:

lmao wow u really hate Alec huh

??? No. I don’t?? 

If you’re referring to what is going on with Alec keeping the Soul Sword a secret from Magnus- I don’t hate Alec. I mean, he’s wrong- and to me obviously wrong. 

I just get irritated because I’ll see all these comments like “Yeah, Alec should have told Magnus but the Head of the Institute shouldn’t have told the High Warlock of Brooklyn”??? Which makes no sense. Especially because Alec literally just started a downworld council whose whole fucking purpose was to deal with complicated political issues that affect the downworld and hopefully ease tensions. 

And?? He forgets it exists?? Imagine with me, if you please, a world where- after Alec finds out, he calls a downworlder council meeting. He asks that they keep what they discuss between them initially until they have a plan. They agree, and he tells them what is going on. Now, we have all of the leaders of the downworld and the New York Institute on the same page and they can work together. Magnus can send young vulnerable Warlocks to the Spiral Labyrinth. Luke can send more of his wolves out tracking. Raphael can help. So can the Seelies, along with the Shadowhunters and now everyone is working together and being respected as individual leaders of complex communities. 

That way, When the Downworlders leaders do eventually tell their people they can say, “yes this is scary, but we’re working on it and so is the Clave. And these are the specific steps we’ve taken together.” 

Instead, he decides that Luke, Raphael, Magnus and Meliorn (extension: Seelie Queen) are too volatile to handle this type of information even though they are leaders just like him. They don’t want their people to panic either. Raphael, Luke and Magnus actively don’t want a war. 

To me, that is what makes the betrayal that much worse. Not only did Alec essentially say he didn’t trust Magnus on a personal level, he also implied he didn’t trust his judgment in a professional sense. When push comes to shove, Alec still assumes that he, and the Institute/ Clave by extension, are more rational/reasonable/right. 

That just makes him wrong. And tbh all this “rock and hard place” bullshit is bullshit. He specifically said before he even found out that he wasn’t going to promise to keep a secret, and his leadership should be trusted. Yes it’s annoying that he didn’t tell Magnus, but the fact that he didn’t tell any of the Downworlder leaders suggests he truly does not see them as leaders in the same capacity he is. 

For example, yes The Clave is the big authority but obviously, Luke/Raphael/ The Seelie Queen/ Magnus have power over their own kind. Magnus banned Rufus from North America, Luke lays down the law daily, Raphael planned to deal with the person who killed a mundane himself etc etc… 

So I kind of see them like States in the US. Let’s say the Federal Government found out there was a nuclear bomb that might go off in Michigan. Chances are they wouldn’t tell every citizen, but they’d tell the Governor, who would use more State resources to find it because it directly impacts the people of Michigan. 

My big issue with Alec’s choice is it pretty much states exactly what he truly thinks about Downworlder leadership. 

Women of Science: Lise Meitner

Not only is inequality damaging for individuals, it also vandalises society as a whole.

This begs the question: what has society missed out on because of inequality?

This is a small testament to those women who somehow managed to throw off the shackles of oppression and change the scientific world.

Women of Science:

Lise Meitner

In a very extreme case of being in the wrong place at the wrong time, Lise Meitner was a female Austrian Jew who excelled in physics; meanwhile fleeing Nazi prosecution.

At the age of 14 she completed her schooling feeling unsatisfied and wanted to continue onto higher education. This was the only schooling females were allowed to do at the time, but she was motivated by discoveries from scientists such as Henri Becquerel and wanted to pursue a future of radioactivity research.

Keep reading

Going to cut out this part of @lj-writes comment to my meta because I might be going off on a tangent and I hate derailing, even my own posts.

Also, I went back and listened to John’s narration as Jake, and noticed something weird in the opening sentences. So my first impression was that the narration was supposed to go like this:

“We were born into a world at war between the monsters that destroyed our cities and the monsters we created to stop them. We thought we had sacrificed enough.”

Which would be straightforward, right? There was a war between the Kaiju and Jaegers, a war that caused untold loss.

But that reading is strange on a couple of levels. For one thing, the war wasn’t between Kaiju and Jaegers, it was between the Kaiju and humans. It would be like saying World War 2 was between Japan and nuclear bombs, it doesn’t fit. For another, that first sentence, “We were born into a world at war” sounds like a complete sentence and the next part, “between the monsters…” reads like the beginning of a new sentence.

So what if the narration actually reads like this?

“We were born into a world at war. Between the monsters that destroyed our cities and the monsters we created to stop them, we thought we had sacrificed enough.”

Completely changes the meaning, doesn’t it? It gets rid of the awkwardness of putting Jaegers, which are weapons of war, in the position of a party to the war. It also sounds closer to my ears to how John is reading the words.

Most significantly, this reading presents the Jaegers as an evil or at the very least a tremendous drain that demanded sacrifices–of expenses and resources, for a start, but what if there was more? Civil liberties? Human lives?

You’re absolutely right, it changes the everything completely. And there’s something else interesting in this light.

Because the speech goes on: “And the war we thought was finished, is just beginning” and while Jake says this, we cut back to the scene with child!Amara where civilians and helicopters of unknown affiliation are being attacked by the Jaegers and we see a Jaeger fire a group of missiles that seems to hit a military looking person.

There’s obviously more than one war going on here. There was a war between the Kaiju and the humans, but that’s not the only war we see here.

And then there’s Jake speech to the Jaeger pilots a little later:

“It doesn’t matter where you come from. Who believed in you and who didn’t. This is our time, our chance, to make a difference. Now let’s get it done.”

Okay, again. It could be your average inspirational speech before going to fight the Kaiju, that’s entirely possible, but with above in mind and the fact that the group we so briefly see looks a bit like a group of misfits, I’m again wondering if we’re seeing a bunch of idealists going rogue with their Jaegers. And taking them not just against the Kaiju, but against those who would use them against humanity.

It is also worth nothing in this context that it is after this point that we see all but one of the Jaeger vs Jaeger fights.

And then there’s the Kaiju themselves. In the first movie we were pretty much told that they were mindless monsters, end of story. But this time we’re told that they’re more intelligent than first assumed. And one of the scientists from the first movie communicated with them.

Makes me again wonder, who is going to be the real bad guy in the movie. If they’re going to reverse expectations, or if we’re going to maybe see two?

Pentagon: US dropped largest non-nuclear bomb in Afghanistan

WASHINGTON (AP) — The Pentagon says U.S. forces in Afghanistan dropped the military’s largest non-nuclear bomb on an Islamic State target in Afghanistan.

Adam Stump is a Pentagon spokesman. Stump says it was the first-ever combat use of the bomb, known as the GBU-43, which he said contains 11 tons of explosives. The Air Force calls it the Massive Ordnance Air Blast bomb. Based on the acronym, it has been nicknamed the “Mother Of All Bombs.”

Stump says the bomb was dropped on a cave complex believed to be used by IS fighters in the Achin district of Nangarhar province, very close to the border with Pakistan.

Sometimes I wonder how an alien race would feel about people if they came down here and the first shit they saw was this crazy lady telling a cheering crowd of supporters that God says she doesn’t have to marry gay people.

They travel billions of miles through the cosmos and their first contact ever with human beings is this odd, odd scene of this somewhat rotund, bespectacled woman standing on a raised platform, screaming into a voice amplifier that the invisible man who created everything doesn’t allow two men to sign a love contract. She says it, and the huge group of people that agree with her let out what seems to be a war cry and smash their hands together in approval.

She informs the crowd, and all the people watching the digitally broadcast feed around the world that their invisible friend has rules.
He created everything from storm clouds to billy goats to subatomic particles - he’s all knowing, and all powerful, but he gets really hung up on two dudes sucking on each other’s genitals. He hates it. For some reason he REALLY hates it when those two dudes get married. For that, he reserves a special place in the fiery oven at the center of the planet where he will torture them until the end of time itself.

There would probably be that one alien that was encouraging the others to gather more data - that they should consider the entire spectrum of human thinking before they dismiss the species as dangerously insane. Then there would be the alien that thinks like me, who says, “Dude, they have nuclear bombs. Seriously, fuck this place. Let’s get out of here before one of these crazy assholes blows us all up because their imaginary friend told them we have the wrong underwear on or something.

—  Joe Rogan
Educating the Victim - Act IV, Chapter VIII

Pairing: Rose Quarz/Pink Diamond; Jasper/Pink Diamond; mentions of Lapis Lazuli/Jasper and Pearl/Rose Quartz

Rating: Teens and up

Warnings/Tags: mental health issues, unhealthy relationship, abuse.

Read it on AO3!

Educating the Victim Masterpost

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Derek scowls at his notebook. There’s one girl in his workshop who likes to talk about “my inspiration” and how frequently and easily it strikes. He wants to kill her. Kill her and steal her muse.

your face a thousand stars

He glares at the line. What could follow it? Continuing the space imagery would mean black hole eyes. That isn’t right.

everyday you drown me

unfold to you like flowers

He frowns harder. The “you” can’t be both lake and Sun. Fuck poetry.

Keep reading

One of the more peculiar aspects of pokémon evolution is the apparently instantaneous mass gain.

For some pokémon like Butterfree, their evolution mirrors metamorphosis we see in our world. For pokémon like Diglett, three of them just team up to evolve. But some pokémon, like the ones pictured above, don’t seem to change much at all, but their mass inexplicably increases.

I originally had this post planned to be about Grimer and Muk, but as it turns out they have the exact same mass before and after evolution. Why that is even considered evolution is a question we’ll have to tackle another time.

Okay, we know that evolution requires energy. Which is why this particular phenomenon might be our most quantitative insight to evolution yet.

I present to you, perhaps the most famous equation of all time:

Albert Einstein derived this simple but insanely significant equation during his work on Special and General Relativity. This little equation means that mass and energy are the exact same thing, and furthermore they can be converted between each other.

With this, we can find exactly how much energy is needed for a particular instantaneous pokémon evolution. Please note that this isn’t strictly a valid use of this equation, I just wanted to do it for fun. If you weighed a pokemon directly before and after evolution, and they gained mass without gaining any matter, this is the energy that they must have gained.

Poliwhirl turns angry and gains 34.0kg while turning into Poliwrath. This means he gets 3,060,000,000,000,000,000 kJ from the evolution stone.

Geodude becomes a 85.0 kg heaver rock, requiring 7,650,000,000,000,000,000 kJ to evolve.

If you want 35.3 more kg of ice cream like Vanillish, all you need is 3,177,000,000,000,000,000 kJ of energy.

Mankey gains 4.0 kg of muscles, which is  360,000,000,000,000,000 kJ of energy from leveling up.

Ponyta gets 65.0 kg and a bigger flame mane, so it needs 5,850,000,000,000,000,000 kJ to evolve.

Needless to say, these are outrageous amounts. The largest nuclear bomb detonated had an energy of 84,000,000,000,000 kJ, which is 10,000 times less than most of these.

If evolution is as instantaneous as the games depict, pokémon require over 10,000 times the energy of a nuclear weapon to evolve.

  • “4 Wheels to Survival: Your Car and Civil Defense.” United States Printing Office, 1955.
  • “Six Steps to Survival.” United States Printing Office, 1955.
  • “Safe because some American looked to the SKY!” Ground Observer Corps, U.S. Air Force, 1953.

Here’s the thing about civil defense during the early Cold War: The federal government didn’t necessarily believe that duck-and-cover or fallout shelters would actually save lives in the event of nuclear war. Rather, the promotion of civil defense measures was connected to the belief that the government needed to bring home to the public that the Cold War was a REAL war, like WWII was a real war. During WWII, things like war bonds and victory gardens were used to create a feeling of common investment in victory, and civil defense aimed at recapturing that spirit of popular participation. Thus, the Eisenhower administration encouraged the formation of civil defense volunteer groups and the like, but spent practically no money on, say, building bomb shelters. Eisenhower himself was convinced that nuclear war would mean annihilation of both sides, and placed his hopes on deterrence through a policy of massive retaliation.

For more:
Guy Oakes, The Imaginary War: Civil Defense and American Cold War Culture (Oxford University Press, 1994)
Andrew D. Grossman, Neither Dead nor Red: Civil Defense and American Political Development during the Early Cold War (Routledge, 2001)
Kenneth D. Rose, One Nation Underground: The Fallout Shelter in American Culture (New York University Press, 2001)

Morrissey is aware that the Australian government has decided to kill 2 million street/feral cats. Morrissey has commented:

“We all know that the idiots rule the Earth, but this is taking idiocy just too far. The cats (who keep the rodent population under control) will be killed in a ferocious manner, using Compound 10/80, which is a gut-wrenching poison of the most unimaginable and lengthy horror. The people of Australia would never agree to this - but of course they will not be consulted, because the Australian government as ruled by Tony Abbott is essentially a committee of sheep-farmers who have zero concerns about animal welfare or animal respect. The cats are, in fact, 2 million smaller versions of Cecil The Lion. All I can say is … come, come, nuclear bomb … ”

Pasadena, August 2015. Via

Photograph above of Morrissey’s cat by Sam Esty Rayner. The collar is not ‘leather’ (animal).

If I wanted to get chased off of tumblr by expressing an innocuous opinion that wasn’t the least bit problematic, I could, I know the exact words I’d have to say, and it’s kind of like having a nuclear bomb activation code embedded in my brain and all I’d need to do is type it in