santee-sioux

Gray Wolf redesign! Outfit was based off of the Lakota (Sioux Santee? Research came up mixed) tribe who were based in the Minnesota area.

in my AU, she’s apart of Moose’s “herd”, she seeks to get revenge on the Lioness Pride after they took control of her pack. She’s very docile, but also has excellent tracking skills. 

Shirt made by members of the Dakota tribe
Frederick Horniman’s grandson Eric purchased this beaded jacket during a visit to the United States and gave it to the museum in 1925. It was made by members of the Dakota tribe, also known as the Santee Sioux. The Dakota people’s homelands are in the northern Plains states Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota and Nebraska.

The shirt is made from buckskin and decorated with a fringe, bands of beadwork on the shoulders and back, and locks of human hair. Before contact with white settlers, Plains tribes made their clothing from the hides of deer or buffalo, the main food source of Plains Indians. Beadwork decoration increased with trade between the Native American tribes and Europeans. Beadwork replaced or was used alongside quillwork, a form of embroidery using the quills of porcupines. The designs and colours used on clothing all have symbolic meanings relating to warfare, the landscape or human virtues. The patterns are made of different elements representing objects. The beadwork over the shoulders contains the leaf and feather patterns. Locks of hair on shirts either represented scalps taken in battle or were offerings from relatives to honour the warrior. These shirts were worn as a badge of honour by the bravest warriors in Plains society. 

By the time Eric Horniman visited America, the traditional way of life of the Dakota was disappearing. The Sioux tribes fought a series of battles known as the Sioux Wars between 1862 until 1890, attempting to stop white settlements in their territory, and were eventually moved onto reservations. Although Plains Indians continued to make war shirts to honour their beliefs, collectors bought their work believing their culture was disappearing, as part of what is known as ‘salvage ethnography’. Plains Indians continue to make shirts today as regalia for ceremonies or to celebrate accomplishments. It is unclear how authentic this shirt may be, since objects were created specifically for the tourist market by reservation Indians.

John Trudell (February 15, 1946 – December 8, 2015)

John Trudell is a poet, recording artist, actor and speaker whose international following reflects the universal language of his words, work and message.

Trudell (Santee Sioux) was a spokesperson for the Indians of All Tribes occupation of Alcatraz Island from 1969 to 1971 and served as Chairman of the American Indian Movement (AIM) from 1973 to 1979.

Trudell has played roles in a number of feature and made for television films, including Thunderheart, Smoke Signals and Dreamkeeper, and has authored three books of poetry.

Trudell passed away at the age of 69 in California of cancer. 

3 Native American tribes sue opioid industry groups

SIOUX FALLS, S.D. (AP) – Three Native American tribes in the Dakotas are suing opioid manufacturers and distributors, alleging they concealed and minimized the addiction risk of prescription drugs.

The Rosebud Sioux Tribe, Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe and the Sisseton Wahpeton Oyate sued 24 opioid industry groups in federal court on Monday. Defendants include drug manufacturers Purdue Pharma, Teva Pharmaceutical Industries and Allergan, and distributors McKesson Corp., Cardinal Health Inc. and AmerisourceBergen Corp.

The lawsuit follows more than 70 cases filed across the country, including in Mississippi, Washington, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania and Ohio. It is one of the first to tie claims to the drugs’ impact on Native Americans.

The Cherokee Nation launched a similar suit in April.

The tribes are being represented by former North Dakota U.S. Attorney Tim Purdon and former South Dakota U.S. Attorney Brendan Johnson.

“The prescription opioid crisis has hit Indian Country hard,” said Purdon. He added he is “hopeful” that other North Dakota tribes will also file suit.

The complaint noted that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that one in 10 Native Americans used prescription opioids for non-medical purposes in 2012, which is double the rate of whites.

Between 2015 and 2016, Native Americans represented almost 18 percent of opioid-related deaths and 28 percent of patients treated for opioid use in South Dakota. At the time, Native Americans made up 9 percent of the state’s population.

“This epidemic has overwhelmed our public-health and law-enforcement services, drained resources for addiction therapy, and sent the cost of caring for children of opioid-addicted parents skyrocketing,” said Johnson.

Allegations against the defendants include deceptive marketing, fraudulent and negligent conduct and violations of the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act. The complaint seeks a jury trial to determine monetary damages as well as an “abatement fund” to pay for treatment programs.

The companies hadn’t responded to the suit as of Monday.

Evans Flammond, Sr. ~ Lakota Sioux

Native American artist, Evans Flammond, Sr. was introduced to Northern Plains Indian art at age seven. As his creativity and talent were being revealed in imaginative drawings, Evans’ uncle, a Santee Sioux mural painter himself, encouraged this emerging artist to turn his drawings into paintings.

John Trudell, Native American activist. Last week, John Trudell gave me a great interview at his home in San Francisco. He was born in Omaha and grew up there and on the Santee Sioux reservation. He served in the Navy on a destroyer off the coast of Vietnam from 1963-67. He was studying radio and television production in college when he heard that Native Americans had taken over the abandoned Alcatraz Island prison in 1969. He and his first wife Lou packed up their two kids and joined the occupation. Trudell quickly became the spokesperson for the group, and Lou gave birth to their third child on the island. In LOOK’s photo by Art Kane, Trudell is in the front on the left with his second child who was 18 months old. In my photo, John is holding his youngest son Cetan, in front of their house. Next week, I’m hoping to photograph him back on Alcatraz Island.