salt dome

Circle Casting 101

Originally posted by killtheinsidegifs

Whether you’re practising Wicca, secular witchcraft or any other type of path, circle casting is often a process that many deem vital information. 

Why cast a circle? Circles can be cast for a number of reasons.

  • Linking together the energy of a group of people for a specific purpose
  • Creating a sacred space for deity worship and ritual
  • Making a safe space where no malevolent energy can pass through
  • Drawing, containing and banishing the energy of something unsavory 
  • Amplifying and focusing your own energy

Do I have to?

Nope. I think this is one of the biggest misconceptions about circles. There’s a lot of reasons why it is a good idea, but it’s down to personal preference. Some people don’t like the formality of it.

What is the right way to cast a circle?

Bluntly put, there is no right way. There are multiple different ways you can create a circle and I will list a few of them here, but it is really up to you.

Why does it matter which way I move around? (Clockwise and Counterclockwise)

It’s a generic and popular belief that clockwise motion is about creation, working towards something, manifestation and positivity. Counterclockwise is considered the action of unmaking things, deconstructing them and sometimes negative energy. As with anything, it’s down to your personal preference.


Cleanse yourself. Pre ritual bath, smoke cleanse or any other method. If you’re casting a circle, you don’t want any lingering energy on your person interfering. This also gets you in the mood to do magical workings. You can use oils and herbs that relate to the intentions of what you are about to do, if you would like to. You might want to spend a few minutes in meditation afterwards and then ground and centre yourself if you feel like it would help.

Gather your tools. Depending on the method you are going with, these will be different. Essentially everything you need while you will be doing your working. Most people believe that stepping outside of your circle when it has been cast will break it.  You don’t want to be in the middle of casting a circle and realise you’ve left your lighter on the other side of it. This is also a good time to go over your game plan. Double check your notes and run through the circle process in your mind to see if you are forgetting anything.

Cleanse the area. Again, for the same reasons you cleanse yourself. I find it best to walk around where the perimeter of the circle will be when I cast it. You’ll typically want to do this right before you start the actual casting, and can say a small poem or dedication while doing it if you would like to.

Keep reading


Daesung wanted fans to copy him, but… 😂😂

cr. hfondnessgd

The crinkly skin of our planet

The International Space Station (ISS) is a fantastic viewpoint for our planet. Astronaut Karen Nyberg caught this fantastic shot of the Zagros mountains and posted it on twitter. It clearly demonstrates the crumpled mountain ranges of southwest Iran, bordering the Persian gulf. The Zagros mountains are formed from the collision of the Arabian and Eurasian continental plates, as discussed previously on The Earth Story. The black spots seen on these corrugated mountain ranges are salt domes pushing up through the crust.


Image: Karen Nyberg’s photo of the Zagros Mountains from the ISS, NASA.

Karen Nyberg is on twitter:


IMG3476 by Joseph Petric
Via Flickr:
Eastbound “Rio Grande Zephyr” at Tabernash, Colorado, July 1973. The weekend trains usually have five domes, making it look almost like the CZ of old.


Salt Appreciation Compilation

Felt the need for some Salt appreciation today, as he is one of my favourite artists in the game.

A little compilation of some high-res photos of his creatures and collabs. I do not own any of the photos, for appreciation purposes only.

Collab artists featured: CalM & ME Glass


Pocket domeliner in Hideaway Park, Colorado - 1971 by Steve Brown
Via Flickr:
When Amtrak took over American passenger service on May 1, 1971, the Rio Grande Railroad chose not to join the Amtrak system. They were thus mandated to continue operating their own passenger service between Denver and Salt Lake City, Utah. Their little vista-dome train (sometimes as few as four cars) was given the nickname “pocket domeliner”, though in later years, as the service became more popular with tourists, the train was sometimes quite long. I rode the train in 1975 and again in 1981. Here the eastbound train is rounding a curve in late-afternoon on August 31, 1971 at Hideaway Park, Colorado, approx. sixty miles from its Denver destination.


Watch the video for yourself.  What you’re seeing is a massive sinkhole in Bayou Corne, Louisiana.  It’s estimated to be 25 acres wide and 750 feet deep.  But while sinkholes often occur naturally, this one is the result of a collapsed underground storage cavity operated by Texas Brine.  The first sign was a strange bubbling (turns out it’s methane) of the swamp in early 2012.  Then, in August 2012, the ground shifted sideways 10 inches, the sinkhole formed, and 350 residents were forced to evacuate.

New York Times explains it nicely:

A few words of fantastical explanation: Much of Louisiana sits atop an ancient ocean whose salty remains, extruded upward by the merciless pressure of countless tons of rock, have formed at least 127 colossal underground pillars. Seven hundred feet beneath Bayou Corne, the Napoleonville salt dome stretches three miles long and a mile wide — and plunges perhaps 30,000 feet to the old ocean floor.

A bevy of companies has long regarded the dome as more or less a gigantic piece of Tupperware, a handy place to store propane, butane and natural gas, and to make salt water for the area’s many chemical factories. Over the years, they have repeatedly punched into the dome, hollowing out 53 enormous caverns.

In 1982, on the dome’s western edge, Texas Brine Company sank a well to begin work on a big cavern: 150 to 300 feet wide and four-tenths of a mile deep, it bottomed out more than a mile underground. Until it capped the well to the cavern in 2011, the company pumped in fresh water, sucked out salt water and shipped it to the cavern’s owner, the Occidental Chemical Corporation.

Who is to blame for what happened next is at issue in a barrage of lawsuits. But at some point, the well’s western wall collapsed, and the cavern began filling with mud and rock. The mud and rock above it dropped into the vacated space, freeing trapped natural gas.

The gas floated up; the rock slipped down. The result was a yawning, bubbling sinkhole.

Meanwhile, the sinkhole continues to grow, taking more land and cypress trees like in the gifs above.  Oh yeah, and there’s diesel floating on the surface of the water now, too.  Geologists believe it’ll stop eventually, possibly at 50 acres, but no one really knows.  The Daily Kos calls it “the biggest ongoing disaster in the United States you haven’t heard of”.


Watch a sinkhole eat a forest in Louisiana. The snacking part is over by about a minute into the video, so you can watch the rest of it if you like to watch videos about a calm, peaceful bayou.

Daily Kos has a story about this. I posted this video right after the initial sinkhole snacking occurred, about two and half years ago. The sinkhole ate one acre. The article tells us that the sinkhole’s appetite has increased a lot, and it has now consumed 24 acres of forest. Here’s the Daily Kos story:

One night in August 2012, after months of unexplained seismic activity and mysterious bubbling on the bayou, a sinkhole opened up on a plot of land leased by the petrochemical company Texas Brine, forcing an immediate evacuation of Bayou Corne’s 350 residents—an exodus that still has no end in sight. Last week, Louisiana filed a lawsuit against the company and the principal landowner, Occidental Chemical Corporation, for damages stemming from the cavern collapse.

Texas Brine’s operation sits atop a three-mile-wide, mile-plus-deep salt deposit known as the Napoleonville Dome, which is sheathed by a layer of oil and natural gas, a common feature of the salt domes prevalent in Gulf Coast states. The company specializes in a process known as injection mining, and it had sunk a series of wells deep into the salt dome, flushing them out with high-pressure streams of freshwater and pumping the resulting saltwater to the surface. From there, the brine is piped and trucked to refineries along the Mississippi River and broken down into sodium hydroxide and chlorine for use in manufacturing everything from paper to medical supplies.

Bayou Corne is the biggest ongoing disaster in the United States you haven’t heard of. What happened in Bayou Corne, as near as anyone can tell, is that one of the salt caverns Texas Brine hollowed out—a mine dubbed Oxy3—collapsed. The sinkhole initially spanned about an acre. Today it covers more than 24 acres and is an estimated 750 feet deep. It subsists on a diet of swamp life and cypress trees, which it occasionally swallows whole. It celebrated its first birthday recently, and like most one-year-olds, it is both growing and prone to uncontrollable burps, in which a noxious brew of crude oil and rotten debris bubbles to the surface. But the biggest danger is invisible; the collapse unlocked tens of millions of cubic feet of explosive gases, which have seeped into the aquifer and wafted up to the community. The town blames the regulators. The regulators blame Texas Brine. Texas Brine blames some other company, or maybe the regulators, or maybe just God.


TBT: Salt Dome

A bigger snapper gets a bigger salt dome. We got a 3-4 lb snapper instead of a 1-2 lb like I did the first time to feed more people. It came out pretty awesome, super juicy and naturally sweet. Funnily enough, it was slightly less seasoned than the first fish. I wonder if it’s because I put some extra garnish on top of the fish and so the salt wasn’t in direct contact with the fish skin. Well either way it was delicious and I can’t wait to do it again.