salmon farm


This is Cecilia Hackle-Brown, my great aunt on my mother’s side. I painted her in acrylic on board (33cm or 13 inches diameter).
According to what I’ve read, Aunt Cecilia has been kept under wraps in my family for a few reasons. None are entirely justified, but hey, times were different then. She was born in Ottawa, Canada in 1898 and died in Hobart, Tasmania in 1939. Her list of life achievements include:
* Founder the first all-girl Shakespearean puppet theatre of Canada.
* Founder of the first lesbian nightclub in Ottawa (for which she was arrested twice).
* Uncanny communication skills with spaniels and hounds (but not other dogs).
* Failed Tasmanian salmon farmer (farm destroyed by fire).
* First recorded kite-surfing accident in Australia (broken toe).    
I could go on, but my family would prefer Aunt Cecilia completely forgotten. If you want to adopt her into your family, and claim her as your own, go for it.


The rapid growth of aquaculture raises questions about the welfare status of mass-produced species. Salmon have otoliths (ear bones) made from aragonite, a crystal form of calcium carbonate. These are the main hearing structures in the inner ear. However, individuals can possess a deformity in which the aragonite structure is replaced with another crystal form of calcium carbonate, vaterite.

Australian researchers studied this otolith defect in wild and farmed Atlantic salmon in Norway, as well as farmed fish from Australia, Scotland, Canada and Chile. Farmed fish were 10x more likely to have the otolith deformity than wild fish. Further, average levels of vaterite replacement have a major physiological effect on individuals: a 28–50% loss in hearing sensitivity.

The underlying causes of vaterite formation remain unknown, but the prevalence of hearing impairment in farmed fish has important implications for animal welfare, the survival of escapees and their effects on wild populations, and the efficacy of restocking programs based on captive-bred fish.

cradlerat  asked:

Hiya! I asked scriptsoldier about this, but they couldn't suggest anything and recommended I bring it to you. Can you tell me anything about being a military veterinarian, (particularly army)? I want my character to have a unique veterinarian job. (If you have other suggestions those are cool too!)

Veterinarians in the military, working in a military capacity, are not nearly as common now as they were in the days of cavalry.

There have been veterinary corps, but their purpose was to support the light horse divisions before vehicles and mechanisation. Some armies maintain a handful of veterinary staff for dogs, but this is rarely in the field. My understanding is that they mostly undertake preventative work - vaccines, parasite control, dentistry, gastropexy etc. Generally speaking if a dog is injured in the field, it receives first aid there before being sent to the army vet.

Veterinarians are such a small part of the modern army as animals are now used to little. Some vets to sign up for the army, but not in a veterinary capacity. I think Australia has about two army veterinarians. Perhaps other followers will offer more information about their relative countries?

Other areas that are similar but where more veterinarians are employed would be working with police dogs, or customs/quarantine detector dogs. Large service organisations, like guide dogs for the blind, also employ their own veterinarian or two to oversee all the preventative health side and the breeding of their own dogs.

As for unique veterinarian jobs, where to start? With a veterinary degree you could do anything from work on salmon farms in the Atlantic, to teaching locals how to vaccinate chickens for more efficient egg production in Africa, to doing welfare work at remove locations. They may take government work to model disease outbreaks, real or hypothetical, or produce vaccines, or work in meat safety or live animal export. They may anaesthetise pigs to train human surgeons on, or test biomedical implants on animals, or provide technical assistance to working vets about drug interactions or side effects. They could reside in a lab and spend all their days researching a fungus that’s wiping out frog populations, or avian influenza, or testing flea control products.

They may also do none of that at all and only review pet insurance claims.

There are so many things a vet can do with their degree other than dogs and cats, horses and cattle.

If they ask for gluten-free, they could have Celiac’s disease.
If they ask for sugar-free, they could be diabetic.
If they ask for vegan foods, they could have egg or dairy allergies.
What may be an inconvenience for you may be survival for them.

With that said, soy is also a common allergy and its own nutritional profile is insufficient for most of the foods it’s used to substitute.
Soy is not the be-all, end-all for a vegan lifestyle, and it will not compensate for a diet lacking in most commonly available sources of B-vitamins, fats, iron, and proteins. You will be at risk of blood deficiency and other nutritional deficiencies this way, so do your research on rich fat and protein sources, especially omega-3’s.
Avocado, chia seeds, coconut, flax, hemp, mushrooms, peas and antioxidant-rich foods are a good place to start enriching your diet.

If your concern is animal cruelty or environmentalism, this is why it’s important to look for labels like “cage-free,” “fair trade,” “free-range,” “grass-fed,” “organic,” and “sustainably sourced.“
Support local farmers whose businesses are too small to afford the certifications, help them pay for the care of their animals and families.
Support bees, beekeepers work hard to maintain healthy hives and protect them from predators and colony collapse. Honey is more environmentally friendly than agave nectar for this reason and because agave farming takes food resources from two endangered species (the jaguarundi and the Mexican long-nosed bat).

With fish, especially, read the labels. Cod, flounder, grouper, haddock, halibut, marlin, monkfish, orange roughy, scallop, seabass, shark, skate, snapper, shrimp, swordfish, tilefish and tuna are overfished. Farm-raised salmon are fed corn and chicken feces, from chickens that were also fed corn (chickens are insectivores). Most seafood is threatened and pending endangerment. Look for "sustainably sourced” fish if you want to responsibly eat fish.

I am not a vegan myself, but I do care about healthy living and about the health of animals. I may eat animals, but prey animals evolved to depend on predation for regulating sustainable populations. Killing animals for food is natural, but it doesn’t have to be preluded with abuse and disrespect, and I avoid overhunted meats if I can help it.

I also understand that the cost of organic ceritification makes eating healthy expensive, so this is just to share some food awareness as I understand it.

PSAT FANFIC (I’m so sorry)

Herminia was just a normal girl. A girl who loved to write poems. She wrote about many things; love, family, her problems, but the one thing she was most passionate about, was her love for her country and for her freedoms. She couldn’t stand the fact that her people were suffering so she used the only outlet she had to express herself, which was a pen and paper. Recently, a man had approached her about publishing her work in the paper and she was all for it. It was all she ever dreamed of, so she accepted whole-heartedly. But, the day the paper came out, her father got extremely angry. “What’s wrong with you?” He screamed. She couldn’t look him in the eye, she felt like her wolf pups. Of course he was angry, she just risked her entire family’s safety. “But Papa! This is the best thing that’s ever happened to me. Everyone loves it! Even Mama! This is what I want to do for the rest of my life why can’t you understand?” she yelled back. “Yes miha, but why did you have to drag us into this?” He said softly. That tone always scared her but she looked into his eyes and said, “Well maybe I’m just going to leave. You can live in your little bubble, while I, I’m gonna fight for what I believe in.” And in the flash of a pan, she grabbed her belongings, summoned for her wolf pups and left forever.

She didn’t know where to go. She felt tears streaming down her face and the gaze of the confused people on the sidewalk but she ignored it all. Herminia went to the park and pulled up a bit of Spanish moss and cried. She cried until she couldn’t feel her face anymore, but she felt NO CHANGE. She looked around until she saw a cafe and right on cue, her stomach growled. She had $2 so she figured she could get some water and a cookie.

As she walked in she noticed a young man at the counter yelling at the barista. “No miss, it’s not all for me are you insane do you think a human can eat all this by himself? Yes I’m the one who ordered the cookies and water. Yes, I know 45$.” He paid and turned around. They made eye contact and Herminia was struck by this man’s beauty. He gave her a goofy smile and walked over.

“Hi…” He said.

“Ummmm… hello…” She replied shyly.

“I’m Thad.”

“Nice to meet you Thad, I’m Herminia"

“What a beautiful name for a beautiful girl.”  

At this point she was blushing profusely. “Ummm thank you.” She managed. “Herminia, would you like to share a cookie with me? You look like you could use a cookie.” Thad said. “Yes please thank you.” They went back to the park where they ate their cookies and water and Herminia introduced Thad to her anti-social wolves. They didn’t look him in the eye either but that was normal. They talked and talked until Thad realized he had to get to a meeting. “Herminia it was so nice meeting you.” He said. “You too Thad.” Herminia said. There was a pause and simultaneously at the same time they blurted out. “WOULD YOU LIKE TO GO OUT TO DINNER WITH ME?” They smiled at each other. “I work at the museum if you want to meet me there. I can set up a ticket for you, and you can stay for more than four hours.” He said. “Okay!” She said, “It’s a date!”

Later that night, Herminia met up with Thad at the museum. They spent some time at the  Texas Longhorn Dinosaur exhibit before they left. They went to dinner at this fancy restaurant downtown called Affect… or was it Effect… Anyways it was a very posh place. Thad was a perfect gentleman in the beginning and Herminia talked to him about her poems and her family. He seemed to be genuinely interested. They ordered their food, which was tilapia.

They continued to talk until the food came, when Thad grew a concerned look on his face.

“What’s wrong?” Herminia asked.

“I think…. I think this is farm grown tilapia…” Thad whispered.

“Yeah, so what?” She replied with confusion.

Thad slowly looked up from his food, his face filled with absolute rage and shock.


“Oh I’m sorry… I just don’t think that’s too big of a deal. I mean the fat content in salmon is higher on farms soooooo…”



And with that, Herminia rushed out of the restaurant.

This was becoming too much. She had lost so much in one day. Her family, a promising romance with the man with the cookies. She wasn’t gonna be able to fix this. If only she had a calculator for her life, but she probably wouldn’t be allowed to use that. Herminia was so deep in her thoughts that she didn’t even realize that she was about to walk into a man on the street.

“Oh god I’m so sorry! That was totally my fault!” She exclaimed. “Oh no no my dear the fault was mine.” The man replied. A loud boom came from down the street and fireworks lit the sky. “Oh wow, I totally forgot! It’s July 4th isn’t it!” She exclaimed. “Actually, it’s not that exciting. IT’s such an unfair holiday I mean the slaves don’t even have their freedoms yet why should they have to hear us celebrating it?”

The man looked down at her in shock. “…yes… yes indeed…” The man whispered. “Yes… THAT’S WHAT I ALWAYS SAY!!!! My name is Frederick Douglas. What is your name my good lady?”

“Herminia.” She replied. She could feel herself getting a bit hot. The Mississippi Delta was starting to get wet.

“Herminia, I have not met a single person who thinks like me. I gave a speech today about this and everyone just booed at me for making them think I was siding with the whites. Do you think I could take you out for some coffee?”

“Why I would love that.” She said.

And the rest was history. The two hit it off really well and eventually fell in love. They were both strong willed and wanted to show the world their ideas. Later in life, they moved away to Minnesota so that they could study the Spanish Moss together and use it to do research on dog pups and wolf pups. Surprisingly, the wolf pups actually made eye contact with Frederick, and that was how Herminia knew she made the right choice. But she never forgot about the man from the museum who ordered too many cookies though, and she was never bitter about their fight. He led her to Frederick and that was the greatest thing in her life. She couldn’t be happier.

ahungryvegan-deactivated2015040  asked:

Hey I just transitioned from vegetarian to vegan a bit ago and my friends still don't understand me! I know being vegan is good for the planet overall but What are the positive environmental affects being vegan?

Hi there! I gathered some facts with its sources, see below :) And for more info please watch Cowspiracy :)

Reduce global warming

  • Global warming poses one of the most serious threats to the global environment ever faced in human history. Yet by focusing entirely on carbon dioxide emissions, major environmental organizations have failed to account for published data showing that other gases are the main culprits behind the global warming we see today. As a result, they are overlooking the fact that the single most important step an individual can take to reduce global warming [faster than any other means] is to adopt a vegetarian diet.1
  • In its 2006 report, the United Nations said raising animals for food generates more greenhouse gases than all the cars and trucks in the world combined.2

Avoid excessive CO2 production

  • According to the UN Report, when emissions from land use and land use change are included, the livestock sector accounts for 9 per cent of CO2 deriving from human-related activities, but produces a much larger share of even more harmful greenhouse gases.3

Reduce methane/nitrous oxide production

  • Cows and sheep are responsible for 37% of the total methane (23 times as warming as CO2) generated by human activity.4 With methane emissions causing nearly half of the planet’s human-induced warming, methane reduction must be a priority
  • The livestock industry generates 64 per cent of ammonia, which contributes significantly to acid rain.5
  • The livestock industry also generates 65 per cent of human-related nitrous oxide, which has 300 times the Global Warming Potential (GWP) of CO2. Most of this comes from manure.6
  • In addition to having the advantage of immediately reducing global warming, shifting away from methane-emitting food sources is much easier than cutting carbon dioxide7:
    • First, greenhouse gas reductions through a vegetarian diet are limitless. In principle, even 100% reduction could be achieved with little negative impact. In contrast, similar cuts in carbon dioxide are impossible without devastating effects on the economy. Even the most ambitious carbon dioxide reduction strategies fall short of cutting emissions by half.
    • Second, a shift in diet can lower greenhouse gas emissions much more quickly than shifts away from the fossil fuel burning technologies that emit carbon dioxide. The turnover rate for most ruminant farm animals is one or two years, which means that decreases in meat consumption would result in an almost immediate drop in methane emissions. The turnover rate for cars and power plants, on the other hand, can be decades. Even if cheap, zero-emission fuel sources were available today, they would take many years to build and slowly replace the massive infrastructure our economy depends upon today.
    • Similarly, unlike carbon dioxide which can remain in the air for more than a century, methane cycles out of the atmosphere in just eight years. Therefore, lower methane emissions translate to cooling of the earth quickly.

Save large amounts of water

  • Estimates of the water required to produce a kilo of beef vary, from 13,000 liters8 up to 100,000 liters9 . Whichever figure you use, the damage is plain when you consider that the water required to produce a kilo of wheat is somewhere between 1,000-2,000 litres.

Avoid further pollution of our streams/rivers/oceans

  • Pollution of our waterways is caused by animal waste, antibiotics and hormones entering the water cycle alongside chemicals from tanneries, fertilizers, and the pesticides used to spray feed crops.
  • Manure, or waste water containing manure, severely harms river and stream ecosystems. Farmed animals produce about 130 times as much excrement as the entire human population of the United States. Since factory farms don’t have sewage treatment systems as our cities and towns do, this concentrated slop ends up polluting our water, destroying our topsoil, and contaminating our air.10
  • Once factory farm pollutants—including nitrogen, phosphorus, antibiotics and pesticides—reach the waterways they cause a great deal of damage to aquatic and human life. Algal blooms are a particular problem, blocking waterways, using up oxygen as they decompose, and killing the natural populations of fish.11
  • • In large amounts, animal waste can present major problems to the waterways and their surrounding environment. More than 2 billion tons of animal manure was produced worldwide during the late 1990s. Assuming average nitrogen content of around 5%, this makes 100 million tons of nitrogen12 finding its way into our water system.

Reduce destruction of topsoil & tropical rainforest

  • Thirty percent of the earth’s entire land surface—a massive 70% of all agricultural land—is used for rearing farmed animals. Much of this is grazing land that otherwise would host natural habitats such as valuable rainforests. And, of the entire world’s land suitable for growing crops that would otherwise directly feed humans, a third of it is used to produce feed for farmed animals.13
  • Livestock farming can lead to overgrazing causing soil erosion, desertification and deforestation14. Twenty percent of the world’s grazing land has already been designated as degraded due to the rearing of animals for their meat.15
  • Livestock production is responsible for 70% of deforestation in the Amazon region of Latin America, where rainforests are being cleared to create new pastures.16
  • Deforestation increases greenhouse gas emissions by releasing carbon previously stored in the trees. It is also a major driver in the loss of biodiversity – a pressing concern when one considers the fact that just a few species of livestock now account for about 20% of total terrestrial animal biomass.17

Reduce destruction of wildlife habitats & endangered species

  • The livestock industry is responsible for widespread deforestation and cultivation of vast tracks of land. Wide-spread cultivation of the land ruins animals’ natural habitat and forces millions of them to be evicted from their homes each year, causing long-term harm to our wildlife.

Reduce use of antibiotics, growth hormones, and chemicals

  • Farmed animals and fish are fed a wide variety of drugs to fatten them faster and to keep them alive in conditions that would otherwise kill them. These drugs enter the human food chain through direct consumption or through pollution of our waterways.
  • The effect on humans of consuming low levels of these drugs during a lifetime is unknown but could be serious. Antibiotics given to farmed animals include penicillin, erythromycin, and inorganic arsenic (the most toxic form of arsenic).
  • Antibiotics contain significant amounts of the most carcinogenic form of arsenic. USDA researchers have found that “…eating two ounces of chicken per day—the equivalent of a third to a half of a boneless breast—exposes a consumer to 3 to 5 micrograms of inorganic arsenic, the element’s most toxic form.” Daily exposure to low doses of arsenic can cause cancer, dementia, neurological problems, and other ailments in humans. 18
  • Antibiotics reduce the amount of bacteria in animals’ intestines and preventing infection, to which crowded, stressed animals are predisposed. Routine antibiotic use leads to antibiotic-resistant bacteria, thereby reducing antibiotics’ effectiveness when treating people suffering from food poisoning or other infectious diseases. 19
  • Farmers give hormones to animals to increase growth and productivity. Widely used in the United States, these hormones are known to cause several types of cancer and reproductive dysfunction in humans.20 While U.S. farmers claim that using hormones to promote growth is safe, the European Union has prohibited this practice since 1995.21
  • Fish farming contributes directly to the pollution of our waterways:
    • Large numbers of fish kept long-term in a single location produces a significant amount of feces concentrated in a small location, which can enter local waterways.
    • Because of parasite problems, some aquaculture operators frequently use strong antibiotic drugs to keep the fish alive. Many fish still die prematurely at rates of up to 30%.22 The residual presence of these drugs in human food products has become controversial because the use of antibiotics in food production is thought to increase the prevalence of antibiotic resistance in human diseases.
    • These drugs enter the food chain through direct consumption of the farmed fish itself and through the highly concentrated feces deposits that contaminate water supplies. Reports indicate that Scottish salmon farms alone have breached pollution limits more than 400 times in the past 3 years.23

Reduce ecological footprint

  • By choosing a vegetarian diet instead of one loaded with animal products, individuals can dramatically reduce the amount of land, water, and oil resources that they consume and the amount of pollution they otherwise might cause. Of course, reducing one’s ecological footprint should also mean causing less harm to the Earth’s non-human inhabitants. By switching to a vegetarian diet, each person can save more than 100 animals each year from the horrific cruelty of the meat industry24.

Help ensure environmental sustainability

  • There were approximately 6.5 billion people living on earth in 20052526 , and as the world’s population continues to grow, our requirement for food will also increase. Worldwide food production requires 30% of the total soil available, 20% of fossil fuel energy and a major part of the fresh water flow27. Raising cattle is one of the most damaging components of agriculture28. In addition to their gaseous emissions and manure products, it causes the most environmental damage of any non-human species through over-grazing, soil erosion, desertification and tropical deforestation. Studies on world food security estimate that an affluent diet containing meat requires up to 3 times as many resources as a vegetarian diet29.
  • Global production of meat has increased dramatically from 130 million tones in the late 1970s to 230 million tones in the year 200030. Meat is now the single largest source of animal protein in all affluent nations31 and demand for animal flesh is expected to more than double by the year 205032. In order to meet this growing appetite, animals will no doubt be reared more intensively and cheaply with factory farming and aquaculture (fish farming) causing further pollution, water demand and land usage. If nothing is done, the environmental impact of meat production can only increase.
  • Adopting a vegetarian diet is an important tool to achieve environmental sustainability.

Keep reading

‘The Great Fish Swap’: How America Is Downgrading Its Seafood Supply

From our interview with Paul Greenberg, author of the book American Catch: The Fight for Our Local Seafood: 

“What I think we’re doing is we’re low-grading our seafood supply. In effect what we’re doing is we’re sending the really great, wild stuff that we harvest here on our shores abroad, and in exchange, we’re importing farm stuff that, frankly, is of an increasingly dubious nature.

We export millions of tons of wild, mostly Alaska salmon abroad and import mostly farmed salmon from abroad. So salmon for salmon, we’re trading wild for farmed. Another great example of this fish swap is the swapping of Alaska pollock for tilapia and pangasius [catfish]. Alaska pollock is the thing in [McDonald’s] Filet-O-Fish sandwich; it’s the thing in that fake crab that you find in your California roll. We use a lot of pollock ourselves, but we send 600 million pounds of it abroad every year. And in the other direction, we get a similarly white flaky fish — tilapia or pangasius — coming to us mostly from China and Vietnam. They fill a similar fish niche, but they’re very different.”

[Originally broadcast in July 2014. American Catch is now out in paperback]


Spader Appreciation Week day 5 Favorite James Spader Monologue from a film or tv show)

I enjoy many of his monologues as Reddington and his monologue/closings as Alan Shore.  But for this, I narrowed it down to these two particular scenes that showcase James’s talents.  First one is him reciting from the Music Man to tell the diners about farmed salmon.  And he did so in a very entertaining way.

Waiter: “All set to hear about our Specials?”

Alan: “Please!”

Waiter: “First, I really recommend-it’s great.  We have an incredible North American Salmon.  It’s farm raised, just got it in today.  The chef prepared-“

Alan: “Now, would these be the Atlantic salmon raised in pens in the Pacific Ocean?  The one’s who periodically escape?”

Waiter: “Well I can assure you the one’s we’re serving didn’t escape.”

Alan: “That’s very funny-tell me…Do people here order the farmed salmon?”

Waiter: “It’s our most popular dish tonight.”

Alan: “I see.  Good Evening Diners.  Forgive me, but instead of grace: I typically begin my meals with a public service announcement.  I just thought you’d like to know by ordering or buying farmed salmon, you may be helping to wipe out the wild or rather, real-salmon stocks.”

Manager: “Sir, you’re upsetting the patrons.”

Alan: “I apologize.  Perhaps I should be more entertaining then.

Folks we’ve got trouble, right here I say trouble right here in River City.

You’ve got one, two, three, four, five, six pockets on the table.  Pockets that mark the difference between a gentlemen and a Bum with a capital “B” and that rhymes with “P” and that stands for Pool.”

We need to pool our resources and stop the fish farms. It doesn’t even taste like real salmon because it’s not…caught.  Which, fish should be.”

And my other favorite monologue is from the episode word salad days

Alan Shore: …and over 40% of the ground water in the United States, 40%, is

contaminated by industrial, agricultural, household pollution.

Over the last five years,

hundreds of thousands of blood tests… given to Massachusetts’s children have shown elevated levels of lead in their blood.

And yet, what is our biggest fear?

The dirty bomb, not the dirty water—“

Eric Yavitch: Objection, Your Honor. Mr. Shore is introducing evidence in his closing that was never

presented at trial.

Alan Shore: “Nonsense, Your Honor. I refer you to plaintiff’s exhibit number apple.”

Eric Yavitch: “I beg your pardon?”

Alan Shore: “Apple trash can is picked from God.”

Eric Yavitch: “Huh?”

Judge Stephen Bickel: “Mr. Shore…”

Alan Shore: “Not that you’re 60, but classic electrons are free.”

Eric Yavitch: “Objection! Uh, I think.”

Judge Stephen Bickel: “Mr. Shore, you have a notorious history of courtroom theatrics. If your aim is to

force a mistrial, you will be disappointed.”

Alan Shore: (Under his breath) “Pillow pants join forces over embargo pylons.”

“You aren’t sailing past honor for the liking of a room.

These questions are birthday basements.

To end the blue radish is the upside of luxury, and sparking a good lizard can only make tears fall in hindsight.

Puddles do not ask for why not?

It is Cheese, Breath and Wind. It is cheese.”

He sits down, spent.

Everyone from the jury, to the opposing side to his own clients look at him in bewilderment. He

looks up at everyone and feigns nonchalance.

Alan Shore: “What?”

James made this sound normal and so natural even though he was speaking in complete gibberish. And this still is one of my absolute favorite scenes.

PSAT be like

If a big nosed horn faced dinosaur can fill prescriptions at a rate of five prescriptions per every 20 minutes. How long does it take a farm grown salmon to infect regular salmon with Spanish moss while taking into account the Mozart effect. To solve for this use the equation y=mx+b where b equals the amount of bins a wolf can open without making human eye contact and where m stands for the amount of meters an earthworm can travel at a downward angle. Also please don’t forget to take into account figure one which diagrams how farmers markets have grown in popularity since 1990.

We can create diabetes by injecting a chemical not terribly dissimilar to the nitrates and nitrites that are used to color meat red in hot dogs and hamburgers and even farmed salmon. I don’t want to get arrested, but every time I see a tiny child eat a hot dog I want to snatch it right out of their hands and throw it away.
—  Dr. M in pharmacology, discussing pathophysiology of diabetes. 

A Look at Sustainable Seafood Conservation from Scientific American featuring Bun Lai and Andrew Sharpless