“Moderation” of Islam is not determined by the interpretation of contemporary society and people’s subjectivity. Moderation is defined by what is in accordance to the Qur'an and Sunnah and how the Salaf us-Saalih (pious predecessors) understood and practiced it. But the reality today is the majority of Muslims would consider what they (the Salaf) were upon as extreme and this is the problem.
‘Abdur-Rahmaan Bin ‘Amr al-Aawza’ee [D. 156 A. H] said:
“Be patient upon the Sunnah, stop where the Companions stopped, and say what they said, and keep away from what they kept away from, and follow the way of your Salaf as–Saalih, since what is sufficient for them is sufficient for you.”
[Collected by al-Aajurry in ash-Sharee’ah, (Page: 58) | Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya, Miraath al-Anbiya]
As salamu aleykuma. Do we have to side with ISIS or condem them when we are salafi?
Walaykumasalaam wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh brother/sister,
We pray this message finds you in good emaan In shaa’ Allaah!
To be absolutely clear, as Salafis (those who follow the way of the Salaf) we condemn ISIS as a deviant, evil, terrorist organization that has nothing to do with the way of the Salaf nor those who adhere to the methodology [manhaj] of our beloved Pious Predecessors [Salaf-us-Saalih]. They have caused and continue to cause widespread corruption, the loss of innocent life, and other treacherous activities all falsely in the name of Islaam.
For more information on the position of the people of knowledge/Salafi scholars on ISIS, please see below:
*Shaykh Ubayd ibn Abdillah Al Jaabiree: Former Professor at the Islamic University of Madeenah. Presently teaching lessons in Masjid Al Haram in Makkah.
*Shaykh Muhammad bin Hādī Al-Madkhalī: Currently Professor, Faculty of Hadeeth, Islamic University of Madeenah. Teacher at the Prophet’s Masjid, Madeenah.
*Shaykh Saalih Al Suhaymee: Former President of the ‘Aqeedah section in the Islamic University of Madeenah, Presently teaches at the Prophet’s Masjid in Madeenah.
*Shaykh Muhammad bin Ramzān Al-Hājirī: The Shaykh holds a Master’s Degree in Islamic Jurisprudence from Imam ibn Saud University and studied under the likes of Shaykh ‘Abd al Azeez ibn Baaz (12 years), Shaykh Saalih Al Uthaymeen, Shaykh Muhammad Amaan Al Jaami, Shaykh Rabee Al Madkhalee, Shaykh Saalih Al Atram, Shaykh Hammad Al Ansari and others.
*Shaykh Dr. Abdullāh al-Bukhārī: He is Assistant Professor of Hadeeth and Islamic Studies at the Islamic University of Madeenah.
We hope this will suffice in answering your question bi’ithnilaah ta’aala.
The Pious Forefathers (i.e. As-Salaf as-Saalih) of the Islamic Community of Believers are the Companions of the Prophet, peace be upon him, their Followers (the Taabi'een and the Taabi Taabi'een (i.e. the first three generations of Muslims) and the Scholars of the Ahl-us-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah after them who followed their way in belief and deed. Among them are :
Imam Abu Hanifah (150 AH),
Al-Awzai (157 AH),
Al Laith ibn Saad (175 AH),
Imam Malik (179 AH),
Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak (181 AH),
Sufyan ibn Uyainah (198 AH),
Imam Ash-Shafi'i (204 AH),
Ishaq (238 AH),
Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal (241 AH),
Al-Bukhari (256 AH),
Muslim (261 AH),
Abu Dawood (275 AH) and others.
Ibn Taymiyyah (728 AH), and his students: Adh-Dhahabi (748 AH), Ibn al-Qayyim (751 AH), Ibn Katheer (774 AH) and others.
Muhammed bin ‘Abd al-Wahhab (1206 AH) and many of his students.
And to name some in our time: Abdul Aziz bin Baz, Muhammed bin Saalih Uthaimeen, Muhammed Naasir-ud-Deen al-Albaani, Shaykh Muqbil ibn Haadee al-Waadi’ee, Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan ‘Abdul-Muhsin al-’Abbaad, ‘Abdul-Muhsin al-’Abbaad
The Salafis are the Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah. They are the Taaifatul- Mansoorah (the Aided, Victorious Group) and the Firqatun-Naajiyyah (the Saved Sect) which have been mentioned in the following statements of the Messenger, peace be upon him:
“There shall not cease to remain a single group from my community upon the Truth, victorious; they are unharmed by those who abandon them and those who oppose them. They will remain (in my community and in such a state) until they fight the liar (i.e. the Anti-Christ (Dajjal).” [Reported in Sahih Muslim]
Shaykh al-islam ibn taymiyyah rahimahullah used to say “issues would be
difficult for me, so I would do Istigfaar a thousand times, then Allah azza wa
jal would allow me to understand the issue.
Recite more Qur’an, even if you have a busy
schedule, even if it requires effort or there’s hardship in doing so, initially
the first time will be hard but the second time will be easier and so on.
Look at the rights of others, i.e. maybe you’re
disobeying your parents or you’ve hurt your family in some way, this may cause
Allah azza wa jal to place a barrier between you and his mercy.
If there are sins that you are continuously committing
against Allah azza wa jal then cut them down immediately.
Seek righteous close friends, the seeker of
knowledge becomes lazy when he’s alone, a righteous friend will encourage you
as you will do for him too.
Try to visit graves so it can remind you of
death, everyone’s ending outcome, this is to break ones ego.
Take some time out to take care of the sick and
elderly, this also breaks ones conceit.
Read about the Salaf us Saalih, read their
biographies as this will revive a high purpose in the hearts of the students of
knowledge. It revives the noble characteristics of the Salaf us Saalih and the etiquettes
of Islam, this will revive your imaan insha’allah.
“Don’t nurse Hasad (malice/jealousy/envy) against one another” [Saheeh al-Bukhaaree & Saheeh Muslim]
Shaikh al-Fawzaan حفظه الله said: “The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “لاَ تَحَاسَدُوا” because Hasad is a major factor which causes differences among the Muslims and it is what damages the societies the most.
Hasad means: feeling the need to see the blessings of others diminishes; irrespective of if the wisher wants to have that blessing for himself or that the blessing diminishes and no one gets it.
In another Hadeeth the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Avoid envy, for envy devours good deeds just as fire devours wood” or he said: “grass.” [Sunan Abu Dawood (4903) and graded as “Dha`eef” (Weak) by Shaikh al-Albaanee]
1. Hasad is what had driven Shaitaan towards Kufr when he got jealous of Aadam عليه السلام. 2. Hasad is what had driven the Jews towards Kufr even though they realized the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم is indeed the Messenger of Allaah. 3. Hasad is what had made one of the sons of Aadam kill the other.
[Summarized from Shaikh al-Fawzaan’s explanation of 40 Hadeeth al-Nawawee]
Hello I was looking through your blog & I read a post of yours that said "Allah is above the Heavens." This statement is incorrect. Muslims don't believe Allah is above the Heavens. It doesn't make any sense. Muslims believe Allah exists without being in a place or direction; Allah doesn't resemble His creations. Saying "Allah is above the Heavens" is saying that Allah has a body, & that He resembles His creations. Surat ash-Shuraa, 11: <<ليس كمثله شيء>> "There is absolutely nothing like Him."
I hope this message finds you in the best of imaan & health by the grace of Allaah. I ask you to kindly begin your message with the Salaams, as it is a right upon the believers and a greeting of peace.
Please excuse me as I do not normally respond to messages publicly, however in having a brief browse through your blog, I cannot determine whether you are a brother or sister and I refrain from responding to messages from brothers privately due to the ruling regarding gender etiquette/interactions in Islaam. BaarakAllaahu feekum for your understanding.
I appreciate your message, but I would like to inform you that the correct belief in Aqeedah (Creed) of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama’ah in regard to this attribute of Allaah, based upon the understanding of Qur’an & Sunnah by our Pious Predecessors (Salaf-us-Saalih), is that Allaah is above His throne [in a manner that suits His majesty]. In the Creed of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama’ah, we understand and accept this statement in the literal sense without distortion, likening Allaah to His creation, or defining His attributes metaphorically.
“It is Allah who created the heavens and the earth and whatever is between them in six days; then He established Himself above the Throne. You have not besides Him any protector or any intercessor; so will you not be reminded?”
“Indeed your Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in Six Days, and then He Istawa (rose over) the Throne (really in a manner that suits His Majesty). He brings the night as a cover over the day, seeking it rapidly, and (He created) the sun, the moon, the stars subjected to His Command. Surely, His is the Creation and Commandment. Blessed be Allah, the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)!”
“Do you feel secure that He, Who is Over the heaven (Allaah), will not cause the earth to sink with you, and then it should quake? Or do you feel secure that He Who is over the heaven (Allaah), will not send against you a violent whirlwind? Then you shall know how (terrible) has been My Warning.”
(Qur’an, Surah Al-Mulk, 67:16-17)
And mentioned in numerous other Suwar of the Qur’an.
Moreover, there are a number of statements by the Salaf-us-Saalih in support of the above, such as the ones below for example:
Abdullah Ibn Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) reported:
“When the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) passed away, Abu Bakr (radhiAllaahu ‘anhu) ascended the minbar, praised Allah and said:
"O people! if Muhammad (ﷺ) was your god whom you worship then your god has died, and if your God is the one above the heaven (fis-sama’) then your God did not die. Then he recited: ‘Muhammad (ﷺ) is not but a messenger. (Other) messengers have passed on before him. So if he was to die or be killed, would you turn back on your heels (to unbelief)?…’(3:144) until he completed the ayah.”
[Reference: Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah (20/560-562); Ar-Rad ‘Ala Al-Jahmiyyah by Ad-Darimi (p.44-45); Musnad Al-Bazzar (1/182-183)]
Abdullah Ibn Ma’sood (may Allaah be pleased with him) said:
“Between the lowest heaven and the one after it is the distance of five hundred years, and between every two heavens is the distance of five hundred years, and between the seventh heaven and the Kursi is the distance of five hundred years, and between the Kursi and the water is the distance of five hundred years, and the Throne (Arsh) is above the water, Allah the Almighty is above the Throne (fawqa Al-Arsh). And nothing is hidden from Allah of your deeds.” And in another narration “He knows what you are upon.”
[Reference: Graded Hasan. In Al’Adhamah by Abu Ash-Shaykh Al Asbahani (2/688-689); Al-Mujalasah wa Jawahir Al-‘Ilm by Ahmad Ad-Daynuri (6/406); An-Naqd by Ad-Darimi (1/422); Sharh I’tiqad Ahl AsSunnah wal Jama’ah by Al-Lalikai (3/395-396); Ithbat Sifat Al-‘Uluw by Ibn Qudamah (p.151-152) and others]
Malik ibn Anas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said:
“Allāh is above the heavens and His knowledge is everywhere.”
[Reference: al-’Arsh 2/180]
For more statements of the Salaf on the ‘Uluw (highness/elevation) of Allaah, I advise you to read the following:
As Muslims and adherents of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama’ah (the people of the Sunnah united upon the truth) it’s upon us to understand the Qur’an & Sunnah as the earliest generation of Muslims understood it, and not through our fallible ‘logic’, ‘rational thinking’ or any other methodologies. Alhumdulillaah the guidelines, statements, and understanding of how we should understand our blessed deen has already been established, and it is our obligation to seek the correct knowledge regarding this methodology.
As Imam At Tirmidhi (rahimahullaah) said regarding the verses and Ahadith which concern the Attributes of Allaah:
“The madhhab in this issue from the people of knowledge from the imaams such as; Sufyaan At-Thawree, Malik Bin Anas, Sufyaan Bin Uyaynah, Ibn Mubaarak, Wakee’ and other than them is that they narrated these texts and said: ‘these ahadith are narrated and we believe in them and it is not to be said: ‘how’.’ And this is what the people of hadeeth have chosen, that these ahadith are narrated as they have come and are to be believed in, and it is not allowed to interpret them, nor is it allowed to try to conceive them (mental images) and it is not allowed to say: ‘how’. This is the affair of the people of knowledge which they have chosen and have gone towards.”
[Reference: Jaami At-Tirmidhi (4/97) Tahqeeq by Abdul Wahhaab Abdul Lateef, Daar Fikr.]
For a list of classical books by the Salaf and early scholars on the ‘Uluw (elevation/highness) of Allaah, I recommend reading the following:
Sharh As-Sunnah of Imam Barbahaari (d. 329H)
Radd Alaa Jahmiyyah of Imam Ahmed (d. 241H)
Radd Alaa Jayhmiyyah of Imam Daarimee (d. 280H)
Radd Alaa Jahmiyyah of Imam Ibn Mandah (d. 395H)
As-Sunnah of Imaam Ibn Abi Aasim (d. 287H)
As-Sunnah of Abdullaah Ibn Imam Ahmed Bin Hanbal (d. 290H)
Ithbaat Hadd Lillaahi of Imam Dashty (d. 655H)
Kitaab Al-Arsh of Ibn Abi Shaybah (d. 297H)
Risaalah ilaa ahl-Aththagar of Imam Al-Ashari (d. 364H)
Al-Ibaanah of Imam Al-Ashari (d. 364H)
Maqaalaat Islaamiyyeen of Imam Al-Ashari (d. 364)
Al-Hujjah Alaa Taarik Al-Muhajjah of Ibn Taahir Al-Maqdisee (d. 507H)
Khalq Af’aal Al-‘Ibaad of Imam Bukhaari (d. 256H)
Al-Ibaanah of Ibn Battah (d. 387H)
Al-Hujjah fi Bayaan Al-Muhajjah of Isma’eel Al-Asbahaani (aka Qawaam As-Sunnah) (d. 535H)
As-Sunnah of Imam Al-Humaidi (d. 220H)
Usool As-Sunnah of Imam Ahmed (d. 241H)
Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah of Imam At-Tahaawi (d. 796H)
Naqd Alaa Bishr Al-Mareesee of Imam Ad-Daarimee (d. 280H)
Kitaab At-Tawheed of Imam Bukhaari (d. 256H)
Kitaab At-Tawheed of Imam Ibn Khuzaimah (d. 311H)
Kitaab Al-Eemaan of Imam Ibn Mandah (d. 395H)
Kitaab At-Tawheed of Imam Ibn Mandah (d. 395H)
As-Sunnah of Imam Khallaal (d. 311H)
Ash-Sharee’ah of Imam Aajurry (d. 360H)
Qaseedah Haaiyyah of Imam Ibn Abi Dawood (d. 316H)
Sareeh As-Sunnah of Imam Tabari (d. 310H)
I’tiqaad Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaah by Imam Laalikaaee (d. 418H)
I’tiqaad Ahlus-Sunnah of Imam Isma’eelee (d. 371H)
As-Sunnah of Imam Muzani (d. 264H)
Aqeedatu-Ar-Raazi’ain of Imam Abu Haatim Ar-Raazi and Imam Abu Zur’ah Ar-Raazi (d. 277H, d. 264H)
Kitaab As-Sunnah of Imam Harb Al-Karmaani (d. 280H)
Kitaab Al-Qadar of Imam Al-Farayaabi (d. 301H)
Mukhtasar Al-Hujjah Alaa Taarik Al-Muhajjah of Imam Nasr Al-Maqdisee (d. 490H)
Risaalah Al-Qairwaaniyyah of Imaam Ibn Abi Zaid Al-Qairwaani, also known as Imam Malik As-Saghir (d. 386H)
It is recommended for women to pray taraaweeh in the mosque
Q: “Is it best for a woman to perform the night prayer in Ramadhaan (taraaweeh) in her house or at the mosque?”
Shaikh al-Albaani: “Particularly for the night prayer in Ramadhaan, the best thing is what the righteous believing women of the Righteous Predecessors (Salaf as-Saalih) used to do, which is performing it with the congregation of Muslims in the mosques, as opposed to the rest of the months in which case ‘Their houses are better for them’ as the Prophet ﷺ said.”
Q: “So it is recommended (mustahabb) for a woman, as you said, to go out to pray taraaweeh?”
Shaikh al-Albaani: “Didn’t you get the answer to this question already?
Q: “Yes but just to confirm.”
Shaikh al-Albaani: “Yes it is as you said. And it is even more recommended for the 27th night.”