Ambrogio Lorenzetti - Rofeno Abbey Poliptych. Saint Michael the Archangel Slaying the Dragon Between Saint Bartholomew and Saint Benedict; Madonna with Child, Saint John the Evangelist and Saint Ludwig of Tolouse. 1330 - 1335
Metten Abbey, or St. Michael’s Abbey at Metten (Abtei Metten) is a house of the Benedictine Order in Metten, situated between the fringes of the Bavarian Forest and the valley of the Danube, in Bavaria in Germany.
The abbey was founded in 766 by Gamelbert of Michaelsbuch. For many centuries Metten was under the lordship of the Dukes and Electors of Bavaria. When Charlemagne stayed in Regensburg for three years after 788, Utto turned his abbey over to the Frankish ruler, making the Ducal Abbey a Royal Abbey. After the Carolingians became extinct, Metten was turned into an Imperial Abbey. Besides the work of land clearance in the Bavarian border territories, the monks were very active in education.
The library, which is open for tours, contains over 150,000 volumes on theology, philosophy and history. A 1415 manuscript found in the abbey’s library helped identify the meaning of the abbreviations for the Vade retro satana (Step back Satan) formula that appears on Saint Benedict Medals.