Everything is in God’s command, nothing is outside this command. The pain. The pleasure. It is in the stars. When you are unsure about where life is going, know the Universe already has it planned for you.
As the day moves towards the dusk and sun starts setting down; a light emerges into everyone’s soul present there, a guiding light. Hundreds and throusands come here to find eternal peace and strength. Shri Harimandir Sahib ji (The Golden Temple) is surrounded by water on all sides and that pool of water is called Sarovar. The beauty of Sarovar lies in the faith that a dip in the holy water can cure several ailments. Anyone visiting The Golden Temple will be taken by enormous amount of love present in every bit of the air prevailing the place. Words are too less to describe to what we may call HEAVEN ON EARTH.
Shaheedi Profiles ft. Women: Bibi Harsharan Kaur - The last Shaheed of the Battle of Chamkaur
After the 72 hour long Battle of Chamkaur against a Mughal army of 10 lakh (1 million), which resulted in the Shaheedi of 36 of Guru Gobind Singh Sahib Ji Maharaj’s Singhs, as well as the Shaheedi of the elder Sahibzade - Baba Ajit Singh Ji and Baba Jujhar Singh Ji, a strong barrier was placed around the Fort of Chamkaur. As the soldiers went from village to village, making their announcements, the people of the villages were in terror and ran back to their homes to take shelter.
However, this wasn’t the story of every household. In a village called Khroond, a 16 year old fearless daughter of Dhan Guru Gobind Singh Sahib Ji Maharaj, named Bibi Harsharan Kaur, asked her mother if she could perform the final rites for the Shaheeds of the Battle of Chamkaur. Her elderly mother replied back saying “it is total darkness outside and the soldiers are everywhere around the fort. How will you even go near?” Upon hearing this, Kalgidhar Dasmesh Pita Ji’s lioness responded by saying “I will avoid the soldiers and perform the cremation, and if need be, I’ll fight and die.”
Instead of stopping Bibi Harsharan Kaur, her mother encouraged her and hugged her tight. She went on to explaining the Maryada that Bibi Ji needed to follow for the cremation. Bibi Harsharan Kaur did Ardaas to Akaal Purakh Vaheguroo Ji and left for the Fort of Chamkaur.
The battlefield which previously saw iron striking against iron, hooves trotting and soldiers yelling “Kill! Capture!”, had now fallen silent and was engulfed by darkness. The young Bibi Harsharan Kaur moved along smartly, avoided the guards and finally reached the Fort.
Upon arriving at the Fort, Bibi Ji saw dead bodies lying everywhere and identifying the bodies of Sikhs seemed very difficult. However, she kept her faith in Maharaj and searched for wrists with karas around them, torsos with kacheras and heads with long kesh. She wiped the face of every Shaheed as she found their bodies. With her great determination, Bibi Ji found the bodies of Baba Ajit Singh Ji and Baba Jujhar Singh Ji, along with approximately 30 other Shaheeds. Being cautious of the of the approaching day light, Bibi Harsharan Kaur collected wood and worked rapidly to prepare a pyre, and then lit the fire.
The rising flames shocked the guards and caught their attention. They ran towards the pyre and saw Bibi Harsharan Kaur sitting next to the pyre. Sitting there, Bibi Ji recited Kirtan Sohila Sahib. The guards stood there, shocked and confused about how a sole woman managed to enter the fort on such a dark night. The guards then had the following conversation with Bibi Harsharan Kaur:
Guard: “Who are you?”
Bibi Ji: “I am the daughter of Guru Gobind Singh.”
Guard: “What are you doing here?”
Bibi Ji: “I am cremating my martyred brothers.”
Guard: “Don’t you know about the order that coming here is a crime?”
Bibi Ji: “I know it.”
Guard: “Then why have you disobeyed that order?”
Bibi Ji: “The orders of a false king do not stand before the orders of the Sachepatshah (True King)”
Bibi Ji: “Meaning that I have respect for the Singhs in my heart and with the Guru’s grace I have done my duty. I don’t care about your King’s orders.”
Upon hearing such fierce answers, the Mughals were infuriated and attempted to capture and attack her. However, being the true daughter of Dhan Guru Gobind Singh Sahib Ji Maharaj, Bibi Harsharan Kaur grabbed her kirpan and fought back with determination. After killing and injuring many soldiers, she fell to the ground due to the injuries she obtained. The soldiers then burned Bibi Harsharan Kaur alive, by throwing her into the pyre. Bibi Ji became Shaheed while serving her Shaheed brothers.
The following day, story of Bibi Harsharan Kaur’s seva reached Guru Gobind Singh Ji in Talvandi Sabo (Damdama Sahib) and her elderly mother. Upon learning about her daughter’s unparalleled bravery and Shaheedi, Mata Ji thanked Akaal Purakh and said “my daughter has proven herself worthy.”
Till date, the incomparable seva and and Shaheedi of Bibi Harsharan Kaur continues being an inspiration to many young Singhs and Singhnia. May Guru Gobind Singh Sahib Ji Maharaj also bless us with the faith, determination and love Bibi Harsharan Kaur had for HER Panth - OUR Panth - the SIKH Panth.
Out of almost every religious text in the world, the most interesting fact about the Guru Granth Sahib Ji is that it starts with a number, i.e. one. Many people simply translate the ‘Ik Oan(g)(a)kaar” into: One God. However, this is horribly inaccurate.
Maharaaj did more than give a defining symbol of Waheguru (God), he created a word that delved into the Sikh philosophy of creation. Next, we will delve into the perspective of two different definitions of ‘Ik Oan(g)(a)kaar’, and although these are widely accepted views, Gurbaani can become deeper the more you delve into its interpretations and message.
The first perspective to analyze is that of focusing on the last “floating” line attached to the end of the ‘ਓ’. ‘Ik’ translates to ‘One’, while ‘ਓ’ is said to translate to ‘Oan(g)’ or ‘perfect’ or ‘encompassing’. Now, people say that the extension of the open ‘ਓ’ was supposed to signify the Eternal quality of Waheguru, the power of being ‘infinite’ or ‘everlasting’. Simply put, it can be translated to: One Perfect, Everlasting Entity of Creation.
Another perspective takes a slightly different approach. The ‘Ik’ represents the ‘One’, but the ‘ਓ’ is thought of as: the Sound. Pronounced “Oan(g)”, many people relate this to the sound of “Om” (in the Hindu tradition). Although they are similar, the unique characteristic to ‘Oan(g)’ is the context/adjoining word it is placed next to: ‘(A)kaar’, which can be translated to: to create. In other words, Guru Sahib is essentially saying: there was One Sound - ‘Oan(g)’ - that created anything and everything. The reason this is very unique is that it is very similar to the Big Bang theory, and the idea of a constantly expanding universe. Maharaj is saying that though a single moment, Waheguru created everything, and it is constantly expanding outwards. Therefore, Waheguru is constantly inside and outside of this and any realm.
As you can see, the ‘God is One’ translation does not give justice to a multitude of interpretations and definitions that exist for the catalyst of the Sikh ideology. Although these were two different definitions, the complete and true analysis of each one would be impossible to do in just one post, and this is the same thought process that lead to Maharaaj creating the Guru Granth Sahib. All of Gurbaani is merely Guru Sahibs’ providing insight into the complete definition of Waheguru - which even they admit is incomplete at the end of 1430 Aangs.
Thank you for your patience, and forgive me for any mistakes I made during translation and analysis. If you have any questions, do not hesitate to ask, we will do our best to provide an answer.
Guru Arjan Dev Sahib Ji Maharaj - the first Shaheed in Sikh history.
In Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s memory, the following is a short overview of Guru Sahib’s shaheedi.
Seeing how Guru Arjan Dev Ji had won over devotees from different faiths including Islam and Hinduism, the Muslim and Hindu leaders were alarmed at the growth of the Sikh Panth. Realising that their own power base was disappearing rapidly under the influence of Guru Arjan Dev Ji, the powerful Hindus joined the Muslim scholars in their attempt to influence Jahangir - a Muslim emperor, to arrest Guru Sahib. Jahangir, under the influence of his own jealousies, quickly obliged the enemies of the Guru and placed many baseless accusations on the Guru and his Sikhi. Jahangir ordered Murtaza Khan to arrest Guru Arjan Dev Ji. Guru Sahib was imprisoned at Lahore Fort, where he was severely tortured for several days.
On the first day of torture, Guru Ji was not given anything to eat or drink, and was not allowed to sleep. Guru Arjan Dev Ji bore all this calmly and remained immersed in Simran, repeating “Vaheguroo, Vaheguroo, Vaheguroo…” and sang shabads from Gurbani.
The next day, Guru Arjan Dev Ji was made to sit in boiling water in a cauldron. This scalded Guru Ji’s body, but he sat calmly and felt no pain as he remained absorbed in the sweet remembrance of Vaheguroo and repeated “All is happening, O Vaheguroo, according to Thy Will. Thy Will is ever sweet to me.”
On the third day, Chandu Shah ordered his men, “make some sand red hot in iron pans. Seat the Guru on boiling water and then pour the red hot sand over his head and body.” Despite everything, Guru Sahib remained calm and again felt no pain or anger. He continued doing Simran and repeated “
ਤੇਰਾ ਕੀਆ ਮੀਠਾ ਲਾਗੈ ॥ ਹਰਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਪਦਾਰਥੁ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਮਾਂਗੈ ॥੨॥੪੨॥੯੩॥
Your actions seem so sweet to me.
Nanak begs for the treasure of the Naam, the Name of the Lord. ||2||42||93||”
On the fourth day of torture, Guru Arjan Dev Ji was made to sit on an iron plate which was heated from below. Burning red-hot sand was poured on his body but Guru Ji kept calm, with his mind fixed on Vaheguroo.
On the fifth day, Guru Sahib was allowed to take a cooling bath in the Ravi River where thousands of people watched Guru Arjan Dev Ji enter the river - light blended with light, and the physical body of Guru Arjan Dev Ji was never to be seen again.
Before his execution, Guru Arjan Dev Ji instructed his son, Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji to take up arms; changing the character of Sikhs to courageous Saint Soldiers.
Guru Arjan Dev Ji sowed the seed of martyrdom which flourished after him and became the heritage of Sikhs.
I hate the Indian government so much, desecration of the Guru Granth Sahib ji is not acceptable, beating peaceful protestors is not okay, beating up the elderly and 12 year old girls is not okay, taking out the media from Punjab is not okay, can’t let Punjab 1984 happen again. Thank you to the Muslims of India and Pakistan for supporting Sikhs. Minorities will help minorities.