August 12, 2016 - Black-winged Kite (Elanus caeruleus)

These kites are found in much of sub-Saharan Africa, South and Southeast Asia, southwest China, and southwestern Europe. Preying on a variety of animals, including rodents, birds, lizards, snakes, frogs, bats, and large insects, they swoop down on them from a perch or a hover, or catch them in flight. During courtship, pairs chase each other and soar together in the air, sometimes grasping each other’s talons and spiraling downward briefly. They build flat twig nests where females incubate the eggs while males bring them food.


Tilchtt Walata

Archaeological investigations in southern Mauretania have revealed a wealth of rather spectacular stone masonry villages which were occupied by prehistoric cultivators as early as 1000 B.C. It is argued that the inhabitants of these villages were Negro and very probably Soninke, and that the basic elements of their culture had developed without major influences from outside the area. The apparent sophistication and complexity of this cultural manifestation, combined with the close fit of developments in this area with Carneiro’s theory of state formation, suggests that this prehistoric complex represented at least a powerful chiefdom which embodied many of the characteristics of subsequent West African states. The first demonstrable outside influences in the area began about 600 B.C. with the arrival of Libyco-Berbers from North Africa. Rather than causing still further cultural advances, the initial effect of this contact was the collapse of this sociopolitical organization. But with subsequent adjustment, plus the potential from trans-Saharan trade carried out by the North Africans, the basic, pre-existing pattern re-emerged, resulting eventually in a second and much more powerful African political organization in this area – the Ghana Empire.

the idea that progressive advancements in the public conscience are just going to Happen because of the Glorious Liberal Advanced West is just so empathetic and good is such idealist bullshit. like you know why 99% of these sub-saharan African countries are so harsh on LGBT people? let me tell you, it’s not because they’re Savages who need Western Enlightenment. quite the opposite in fact. it’s because the western church-state complex that continues to strangle much of Africa over a century later forced western ideas of morality on the places it colonized. the catholic church and various other christian churches continue to materially support the slaughter of non-cishet people in the African continent.

the Institute for the Science of Sexuality in Berlin was a center for the advancement of LGBT rights in the German Republic for 14 years until the Nazis destroyed it and burned its archives. LGBT people were mobilizing en masse in the 60′s and 70′s and began to make an impact on society, only for the community to be shattered by the AIDS crisis. the governments of the west, especially the reagan administration in the united states, did nothing as drug SGA men and trans women, especially ones who were PoC, were dying fast and horribly. all the while, LGBT people were being treated like pariahs because of the lack of a formal information campaign on how HIV/AIDS works.

this rant has been kind of bitter and rambling and incoherent, but just remember, especially considering the rising neofascist movements around the world, that history doesn’t move in a straight line. progress is not waited for. it is fought for.

Dust storms originating in the Sahara Desert produce stunning aerial photos with plumes of particles observed being blown to Europe and even as far as South America. Saharan dust storms have increased 10-fold during the last 50 years. Land degradation due to agriculture has increased the amount of dust particles that can be caught up in the winds propelling them across to all these other continents. The question now is whether dust storms will be ever more common as we continue trying to meet the demand for food.

Image credit: Sahara stof by SeaWiFS Project, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center and ORBIMAGE. Public domain via Wikimedia Commons.



IN the 2nd year of the Peloponnesian War, 430 BCE, an outbreak of plague erupted in Athens. The illness would persist throughout scattered parts of Greece and the eastern Mediterranean until finally dying out in 426 BCE. The origin of the epidemic occurred in sub-Saharan Africa just south of Ethiopia. The disease swept north and west through Egypt and Libya across the Mediterranean Sea into Persia and Greece. 

The plague entered Athens through the city’s port of Piraeus. The Greek historian Thucydides recorded the outbreak in his monumental work on the Peloponnesian war (431-404 BCE) between Athens and Sparta. According to various scholars, by its end, the epidemic killed upwards of 1/3 of the population; a population which numbered 250,000-300,000 in the 5th century BCE. 

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Article by John Horgan || Photos by Carole Raddato and Tilemahos Efthimiadis on AHE

Track List Reveal for Steam Powered Giraffe: Quintessential

Leopold Expeditus
Written by Sam Luke

“Near the Gulf Of Guinea 

they tried to teach a cannibal tribe, 

to instead eat produce, they barely escaped with their hides

In the Basin of Congo they found, iridescent colossi,

tried to enact a trade, they were nearly thrown into the sky

They crossed the Saharan Desert, explored the Egyptian pyramids

They swam the Nile River and even tried to tame the Jaguar Basilisk”

The album releases Sept 1st! Pre-Order Quintessential today at

Botswana’s very own Glotto duo is trending in the southern part of the continent

The creative duo, which is not well known in mainstream media, but is very popular in the digital media world, comprises of Mboko Basiami, 20, and Sadie Simanyana, 21, these two young women operate as Glotto, a fashion and lifestyle entity.

The duo has caught the urban public’s attention with their futuristic afro-style sense of fashion, which they exhibit every now and then on their editorial platform. They offer products and services such as designing clothing apparels, styling consultancy and make-up styling.

“Glotto is a youth creative platform, driven by what’s relevant and combining it with authentic African styles.  We want to capture that hunter-and-gatherer era and combine with today’s trends,“ stated Basiami, the other half of Glotto, who is the creative director.

She said their influence is mainly derived from the Sub-Saharan region as they focus on using earthly colours, which are mainly brown, green and gold on the apparels and make-up styling they do.

Upon taking a look at their work, one quickly thinks of the 1990s music era, which had a certain style of fashion.  The duo openly admitted that they are also inspired by the 1990s style era as they mentioned names such as Boom Shaka, Trompies and Arthur Mafokate stating how they used to dress and style up.

Their clothing line has products such as crop tops, crochet materials, suede pants, body suits, dresses and customised pieces.  With the artistic make-up styling mainly done by Simanyana it is quite different as she plays around with the make-up colour fusion with tribal markings.

“With the make-up styling we are fusing with elements from way back combining them with futuristic thoughts.  We are proud of being Africans in the millennium era,” said Simanyana, who draws from her Sekgalakgadi background.


It’s the world’s most expensive coffee, and it’s made from poop. Or rather, it’s made from coffee beans that are partially digested and then pooped out by the civet, a catlike creature. A cup of kopi luwak, as it’s known, can sell for as much as $80 in the United States.

Found in Southeast Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, the civet has a long tail like a monkey, face markings like a raccoon, and stripes or spots on its body. It plays an important role in the food chain, eating insects and small reptiles in addition to fruits like coffee cherries and mangoes, and being eaten in turn by leopards, large snakes, and crocodiles.

At first the civet coffee trade boded well for these creatures. In Indonesia, the Asian palm civet, which raids commercial fruit farms, is often seen as a pest, so the growth in the kopi luwak industry encouraged local people to protect civets for their valuable dung. Their digestive enzymes change the structure of proteins in the coffee beans, which removes some of the acidity to make a smoother cup of coffee.

But as civet coffee has gained popularity, and with Indonesia growing as a tourist destination where visitors want to see and interact with wildlife, more wild civets are being confined to cages on coffee plantations. In part, this is for coffee production, but it’s also so money can be made from civet-ogling tourists. 

Researchers from Oxford University’s Wildlife Conservation Research Unit and the London-based nonprofit World Animal Protection assessed the living conditions of nearly 50 wild civets held in cages at 16 plantations on Bali. The results, published Thursday in the journal Animal Welfare, paint a grim picture.

From the size and sanitation of the cages to the ability of their occupants to act like normal civets, every plantation the researchers visited failed basic animal welfare requirements. “Some of these cages were literally the tiniest—we would call them rabbit hutches. They’re absolutely soaked through with urine and droppings all over the place,” said Neil D’Cruze, one of the researchers.

Some of the civets were very thin, from being fed a restricted diet of only coffee cherries—the fruit that surrounds the coffee bean. Some were obese, from never being able to move around freely. And some were jacked up on caffeine, D’Cruze said.

But what he found most disturbing was the wire floor many of the animals were forced to stand, sit, and sleep on around the clock. “If you’re standing on that kind of wire mesh all the time, it’s going to cause sores and abrasions. They have nowhere to go to get off that flooring,” D’Cruze said. “It’s a constant, intense source of pain and discomfort.”

Additionally, many of the civets had no access to clean water and no opportunity to interact with other civets. And they were exposed to daytime noise from traffic and tourists, which is particularly disturbing for these nocturnal animals.

All of this for a luxury item—and a second-rate one, at that. Part of what makes kopi luwak so special, experts say, is that wild civets pick and choose the choicest coffee cherries to eat. Keeping civets in cages and feeding them any old cherries leads to an inferior product.

Even Tony Wild, the coffee trader who introduced kopi luwak to the West,warns against it in an article for the Guardian. It has become increasingly industrialized, abusive, and faked, he said.

“Race has no impact on talent”, he says, as we watch the inexplicably Sub-Saharan athletes of every nation compete in the track and field.

Truly, G-d was fair and impartial when he gifted the frigid north with exactly eleven black people, all of whom were sprinters.

“Up in Our Roost” @commander-roastedwolf 

a donation to the rocket angels’ protection squad (warning: this is an train wreck of tmi idk if the theme matches ahahh here, used mobile so I’ll try to link to the ehclassicaleh music)

Edit: 1: (happy birthday debussy!!!!!!!!!) 2:

(Day 3: Broken Wings for Rocket Angel Week) *rushes into Pharmercy tag 5+ days late with boba tea*

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Africa after Brexit

The good news is that Africa can actually seek assistance elsewhere. Africa’s trade with Europe, estimated at €106bn (US$116.6bn) in 2016, has been eclipsed by China’s. Worth an estimated $300bn, China is Africa’s top trading partner currently.

The World Bank confirms that China became sub-Saharan Africa’s “most important export partner” by 2013, accounting for 27% of the region’s exports “compared with 23% for the EU and 21% for the US.” Although at 9%, sub-Saharan Africa’s exports to India are the fastest-growing globally.

With China, the US, Brazil, India and others strengthening their relations with Africa, the continent could look elsewhere if its ties with Britain or the EU get complicated in a post-Brexit era.

For Africa, therefore, it’s probably premature to press the panic button.

Japan’s Abe Dangles $30 Billion at African Leaders in Nairobi

Japan will invest $30 billion in boosting growth in African economies and improving the continent’s infrastructure over the next three years, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said.

The Asian economy’s future investment in the continent of 1.2 billion people shows it has “faith in Africa’s future,” Abe told African leaders gathered in Kenya’s capital, Nairobi, for the sixth Tokyo International International Conference on African Development.

Thirty-four leaders from across the 54-nation continent, including those from South Africa, Nigeria, Ivory Coast and Uganda, are attending the high-level gathering being held outside Japan for the first time. At the previous meeting in 2013, Japan promised $32 billion for Africa.

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In pledging more support, Japan is competing for influence in the continent with the U.S., China and former European colonial powers such as Britain and France.

China, whose investments in sub-Saharan nations have increased 40-fold since 2003, pledged $60 billion for the continent at a similar summit by President Xi Pinping in South Africa last year. The money was to be spent on interest-free loans, preferential financing and funding to support development. The U.S., on the hand, said it would give $14 billion at the U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit in 2014.

About $10 billion of Japan’s planned investment is earmarked for electricity-generation projects and upgrading urban transport systems and ports, Abe said. The nation will work with the African Development Bank to boost private sector investment on the continent struggling with intermittent power outages, dilapidated infrastructure, poor sanitation and grinding poverty.

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Japan, which invested $47 billion on the continent over the past 23 years, wants to connect Africa and Asia through sea lanes, Abe said.

“Let us make this stretch that is from Asia to Africa a main artery for growth and prosperity. Let us advance together, Africa and Japan, sharing a common vision,” Abe said.

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Nigeria key to Africa beauty industry boom

Sub-Saharan Africa currently accounts for 3 percent of global beauty products sales but that share is expected to grow at double the rate of the market.

Nigeria has emerged as the investment destinations of choice to international firms aiming to capture the beauty and personal care market in the continent.

Research indicates Nigeria’s cosmetics industry is values at $3,4 billion.

Nigeria is also the most populous with over 184 million people.

Her Imports, the United States hair extensions company, has recently expanded to the West African country, where it has set base in Lgos, and plans to enhance its reach before the end of the year.

Its products have been used by and received accolades from celebrity hair  stylists for Nicki Minaj, Rihanna, and Kerry Washington.

Patrick Terry, Chief Executive Officer of Her Imports, said the response had been phenomenal from the local markets.

“The decision to open the store in Lagos was data driven. We actually receive more hits on our Her Imports website from Lagos, Africa than we do in Atlanta,” said Terry.

“Her Imports products are performing sensationally in Africa. There are no established providers of high-end hair extensions, so we aren’t seeing any competition. Our lace front closures are performing particularly well with notable fashionista, Linda Ikeji.”
The ignorance aimed at Caster Semenya flies in the face of the Olympic spirit
By Katrina Karkazis

In an outsized display of entitlement, the women made comments that called into question and eclipsed the entire podium, such as Poland’s Joanna Jozwik, who finished fifth between Bishop and Sharp, saying: “I’m glad I’m the first European, the second white” to cross the line. It’s unsporting behaviour they will hopefully look back on and think better of.

It’s impossible not to note the optics of this controversy – the three black women from sub-Saharan Africa ebullient on the podium and the three white global north women feeling they should be there instead – because they signify a great deal.

thatonebitchcalledcassie  asked:

Hi Linkara! First off, you're awesome, keep up the good work. Second, a brief question, if I may. You mention Bialya briefly in your Blue-Skying event and Kahndaq has shown up at times before. I know that Queen Bee and Black Adam are kinda-sorta from there, but I was wondering if you knew of any heroes that operated in Africa. Especially sub-Saharan Africa. I'm designing one for a friend's birthday and I'd like an expert opinion on what's already out there. Thank you very much for reading! =]

See, this is why I prefer NOT to describe myself as an expert, since here’s an area I’m less familiar with, sadly.  ^^;

B'Wana Beast and Congorilla come to mind, although they’re both white guys.  ^^;  The original Batwing was David Zavimbe who operated in the Congo… On the Marvel side, we have of course Black Panther…

Little help would be appreciated, people!  ^_^