sack of jerusalem

~ ten ~ 
the nights like this are the ones where you almost ask for help but you can’t seem to spit out the words through the mouthfuls of blood.
~ nine ~ 
the sky is the color of ink and the breeze sends a chill down to your bone marrow. you wonder if you’ll ever feel warm again.
~ eight ~ 
tears are dripping from your eyes and red is dripping from the tops of your thighs. you pretended you were invincible until tonight, played dress-up in an immortal skin. two thousand years ago, a princess of a long dead kingdom might have worn that sad smile.
~ seven ~ 
you could have been a city with eyes like that. you could have been so many things. you kissed boys with cigarette teeth and girls with vodka lips but you can never get the taste of ancient ruins out of your mouth.
~ six ~ 
if you tried hard enough, you could paint your mouth the color of cherries and cover up the scars. if you do, you will be beautiful. you really will. someone could almost love you someday.
~ five ~ 
you’ll never let it get this bad again if you make it through the night.
~ four ~ 
when you were seven you forgot to feed your pet goldfish and it died. you buried it in your backyard because you didn’t want to flush it. the only thing that matters at three a.m. is your dead goldfish, and everything else you’ve ever destroyed. nothing lasts if your hands linger too long. you’re sure this is how midas felt.
~ three ~ 
your body is a temple. your body is a temple. it is the sacking of jerusalem beneath your skin. nothing sacred is left here. all the holiness has drained from your bones.
~ two ~ 
you were never the calm before the storm. everyone says that tornadoes sound like freight trains. you are screaming at the top of your lungs and the wind is howling through your hair. in the right light, this could be poetry instead of pain.
~ one ~ 
this is when the shatter comes. it’s slipping through your fingers now. your heart is cracked stained glass. your smile is just punched-out teeth. your world is ending, the entire universe swallowed up in ten nine eight seven six five four three two one
~ zero ~
—  self-destruct in 10 by Auriel Haack

Guys if you never read the Roman Mysteries series you missed out they are some of the greatest kids books ever i swear to god i mean it’s four kids gallivanting about the roman empire solving mysteries, it’s so historically accurate it hurts and the story manages to get the characters involved in most of the big events in roman history it a way that totally works, and did you say representation bcus holy shit are these books full of it - from the beautiful, kind, gentle, slave girl Nubia to a family of Jews (whose stories are greatly affected by the persecution of jews in the roman era, including the sacking of Jerusalem) to a mute homeless boy who is an incredible artist, I mean these are kids books, which are hardly known for having great representation in them. They have platonic friendships between boys and girls, they have exiting storylines, they have DOGS, they have pirates and prophets and emperors and gladiators, seriously there isn’t one problem with these books they are genius.

OH and it was a pretty incredible TV show. Yeah. Its fucking amazing.

Music History (Part 5): After the Romans

In 70 AD, the Roman army sacked Jerusalem and destroyed the Temple.  The tradition of chanting psalms in the Temple, which had lasted perhaps a millennium, was silenced.

The tradition of chanting (although not the actual Hebrew chants themselves) was taken up by Christianity.  It was quite different, though, as Christian chant developed from hymn-singing, not psalms, and it sounded different (probably intentionally).  In 313, Constantine made Christianity the official religion of Rome with the Edict of Milan, and it could be openly practised.

Between 300-400 AD, Roman military & administrative authority gradually retreated from Western Europe, but chant did not disappear with them, and nor did Christianity.

Armenia had made Christianity its official religion in 301, and they kept their religious independence even when taken into the Persian & Arabic Empires.  In 303, Etchmiadzin Cathedral was completed under the supervision of Saint Gregory the Illuminator.  It is the oldest purpose-built state church in the world (the older ones were all adapted from existing religious buildings, including Jewish & Roman temples).

Etchmiadzin Cathedral.

The Hagia Sophia basilica’s construction began in 537 AD in Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey).  Its dome was mostly redesigned & shored up in the 560’s.

Hagia Sophia.

As the Romans retreated, its civilization moved to Constantinople.  In 350, the Schola Candorum (School of Singing) was established by the Church in Rome itself.  Musical activity was also going on in the Byzantine (Eastern) Empire (i.e. under Constantinople).

The Sackler Library at Oxford holds the oldest surviving Christian hymn, but the notation cannot be read.  It was discovered in the late 1800’s in the city of Oxyrhynchus (Egypt), and is written in Ancient Greek.  It dates from the late 200’s AD, so we know that Christian chant was definitely in existence by then.

In Northern & Western Europe, local tribes fought for supremacy as the Romans left. The early-600’s Anglo-Saxon King Sutton Hoo was buried at Suffolk (England), and the remains of a large 6-stringed lyre were found in his grave.

Sutton Hoo lyre fragments.

Plainchant (also called plainsong) was memorized and handed down within the church, and therefore stayed constant even before notation was invented.  It is often called “Gregorian chant” after Pope Gregory the Great (late 500’s), but it actually had nothing to do with him.  It developed gradually in different parts of Europe, with different influences in different regions.  France had Gallican chant; northern Italy had Ambrosian chant; southern Italy had Beneventan chant, Spain had Mozarabic chant, and Britain had Sarum chant.  The latter was named after the Roman city Sarum, which became Salisbury in the 1200’s.  All of this chant was monophonic (i.e. one line of singing only, with no harmony).

anonymous asked:

I'm 110% pro Palestine and I'm not excusing the racism/colonization/apartheid of Israel but this seems inaccurate and kinda antisemitic. Idk there's something off putting about this. momo33me(.)tumblr(.)com/post/101420309912/many-people-misunderstand-the-nature-of-the

This is an example of someone trying to deny the entirety of Jewish history because they are either an anti-semite, or they’re afraid that, were they to allow any legitimacy to the Jewish connection to the country, it would delegitimize the Palestinian cause. At least in the latter scenario their heart is in the right place, even if their head isn’t.

Look, the Jewish presence in what was then Ancient Judea has been confirmed by not just Jewish historians, but Christian and Roman historians as well. The sacking of Jerusalem is commemorated with the Arch of Titus in Rome. 

(source)

Even before Herzl’s Zionists came to the country in the late 19th Century, there was still a small but vibrant minority Jewish population in the area of about 24,000

The idea that all Jews aren’t semites but converts is equally absurd. Even if one were to believe the Kahzar Myth that Ashkenazi Jews were Jewish Converts from the the Caucasus, does that make the Mizrahim, Sephardim, Beta Israel, Bene Israel, Juhuro, Kai-Feng and other Jews converts? Does that make the indiginous Jewish Population that never left converts?

So whether anti-semitic by intent or anti-semitic for the most altruistic of reasons, that post is pretty horribly anti-Jew because it essentially tries to deny the historical record for the explicit purpose of erasing Jewish history to make us look as evil as possible.

I don’t think that is necessary to make the Palestinian case. The following facts haven’t changed, even if one were to accept actual history.

1. Palestinians were two thirds of the population of the country in 1948.

2. Jews did not politically control the country in any meaningful way for 1800 years.

3. The Romans were responsible for the diaspora, not the Palestinians. And the diaspora was enacted nearly 2000 years before. 

4. The British Mandate was installed by order of the League of Nations without Palestinian consent.

5. The Brits repeatedly broke their promises to both the Jewish and Palestinian populations, effectively making a bi-national state impossible, despite the existence of a bi-national movement until around 1942. The United Nations voted for partition instead of a secular bi-nationalist state and had no enforcement mechanism for the proposal in place, effectively guaranteeing a war. 

6. Palestinians were Ethnically Cleansed from the UN’s proposed Jewish State. 

There are dozens of other acceptable justifications for being anti-Israel politically. Denying Jewish history does nothing but give truth to accusations of anti-semitism among anti-Zionists and weaken their case. There is no reason to go there.

Tonight marks the beginning of Tisha B'Av, a day of mourning and fasting in Judaism for the destruction of both temples, the sacking of Jerusalem, the expulsion of the Jews from their homeland by invading empires, and other Jewish tragedies which coincidentally fell on this day. It’s traditional to read the book of Lamentations in remembrance of these national tragedies and the lives that were lost.
Most modern non-Orthodox Jews don’t observe this fast-day, but if you are, I hope you have an easy fast.

“One rich and noble woman, whose name was Mary, the daughter of Eleazar, being stripped of all she had, by the seditious, killed her own child, and dressed it, and ate part of it; and the other part being found by the soldiers that broke in upon her, the news of this shocking fact was spread all over the city, and every one looked with horror upon it, and with the same compassion, as if they had done it themselves: and then might those words be said, “blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bare"”

samiholloway  asked:

Why do you think so many fantasy books are set in a sort of generic European middle ages? What do you wish would be included in those books to make them less generic and more specific and realistic? (or even just weirder? there must be weird real-life stuff writers miss?)

Here are some ramblings. Three words: castles, dragons, and war! The Middle Ages were SO long (+/- 1,000 years), and a lot happened: Rome fell, crusades went down, peasants were EVERYWHERE, knights maraudered, monks/nuns were quietly studying away, plague kept coming back, and MONGOLS/VIKINGS. 

Even during the MA, people were fascinated with their own recent history, reimagining the past set within the guise of the present. In this post’s images, the Italian writer Boccaccio recounts how Emperor Titus (dressed as the Holy Roman Emperor) sacked Jerusalem. The margins are filled with hybrids and monsters (look for the dragon or the monkey lute player), and a sad story of a mother who ate her baby (cannibalism). The harsh realities of life during the medieval period, combined with some of the most awesome historical events ever, plus castles/dragons/war appeal to our sense of nostalgia and wonder.

 Also, today’s cinema is yesterday’s illuminated manuscript.  

—Bryan