Is ㄹ pronounced as L or R?
This is probably one of the most common questions that beginners ask when learning 한글. Just like every beginner learners, I went through this as well which is why I decided to study pronunciation rules too. I created this post to help clear up any confusion.
When ㄹ is located at the beginning of a word, it sounds more like an R.
Example: 라디오 (ra-di-o), 레슨 (re-seun), 로맨틱 (ro-man-tik)
When ㄹ is located between two vowels, it sounds like an R.
Example: 다리 (da-ri), 사랑 (sa-rang), 어렵다 (eo-ryeob-dda), 모르다 (mo-reu-da), 노력 (no-ryeok), 매력 (mae-ryeok)
When ㄹ is located at the end of a word, it’s pronounced more like an L.
Example: 딸 (ddal), 아들 (a-deul), 월 (weol), 달 (dal), 칼 (khal), 연필 (yeon-pil), 교실 (gyo-sil)
When ㄹ is followed by a consonant or followed by another ㄹ, it sounds like L.
Example: 딸기 (ddal-gi), 힘들다 (him-deul-da), 몰라 (mol-la), 살자 (sal-ja), 고릴라 (go-ril-la)
When ㄹ comes after any consonant except ㄴ, ㄹ is pronounced as N.
Example: 생리 (saeng-ni), 국립 (gung-nip), 능력 (neung-nyeok)
When ㄹ comes before or after an ㄴ, both ㄹ and ㄴ are pronounced as ㄹ.
Example: 한류 (hal-lyu), 신라 (sil-la), 신랑 (sil-lang), 달나라 (dal-la-ra)
Disclaimer: Hope this helps but remember not to rely too much on romanizations and listen to the sounds properly as well.
This is a post that I shared on Amino app and I decided to post it here as well.