russian goddess

The second one!
Kostroma (rus. Кострома) — is an East-Slavic deity, a personification of sping and fertility, who was traditionally portrayed as a beautiful young woman in white clothes with an oaken branch in her hands. She was always followed by a women’s khorovod (rus. хоровод — a slavic folk dance, during which dancers form a big circle). In Kostroma’s presence everything in the nature was given a new life: herbs begun to bloom, birds flew back to their nests.  With the beginning of a summer season, however, people arranged a magnificent ritual funeral, during which they burned/drowned/buried Kostroma, depicted by a giant straw doll, as it was giving a fertility and wealth to the earth. Anyways, slavs deeply believed that Kostroma shall resurrect by the next spring.

P.S. God damn, the word “ khorovod” looks monstrous when written in English)

Mokosh

The primeval Slavic goddess. Believed to be the first strictly personified goddess in Russian history, Mokosh was a goddess of the waters of life, the earth (especially fertility in the earth) fate and spinning. Later, she evolved into more “feminine” dominions, and the people dismissed some of her vastness, setting her up to be more as an example for women than as a sacred and awe-inspiring deity. Worship and recognition of her has increased rapidly in the past 20 years over many parts of Russia.

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This object is from the collection of Natalia de Shabelsky (1841-1905), a Russian noblewoman compelled to preserve what she perceived as the vanishing folk art traditions of her native country. Traveling extensively throughout Great Russia, she collected many fine examples of textile art of the wealthy peasant class. From the 1870s until moving to France in 1902, Shabelsky amassed a large collection of intricately embroidered hand-woven household textiles and opulent festival garments with rich decoration and elaborate motifs. The Brooklyn Museum holdings include many fine examples including the majority of the garments. Portions of Shabelsky’s collection are also housed at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, the Cleveland Art Museum, and the Russian Museum of Ethnography in St. Petersburg.

Depictions of the goddess are common in Russian embroidery, traditionally associated with fertility. Birds are associated with goddess worship for their proximity to divine beings through their home in the sky. A smaller daughter or minor goddess often accompanies the great goddess in embroideries intended to represent reproductive fertility. This language of visual motifs originated in Pagan times and continued to be used in embroidery after the Christianization of Russia. Later depictions of the goddess are very stylized, resembling a plant or tree of life, as in this example.

Deities from Russia & Slovenia

BABA-YAGA - Goddess of endings, death, and revenge.

Associated with the snake.

DAZHBOG - God of the sun, fair judgment, and destiny.

DIIWICA - Goddess of the hunt and the forests, hounds, victory, and success.

Associated with the horse and dog.

DZIDZILEYLA/DIDILIA - Goddess of marriage, fertility, and love.

MATI SYRA ZEMLYA - Goddess of the earth, crops, fertility, oaths, justice, divination, and property disputes.

PERUN - God of storms, purification, fertility, oracles, defense against illness, victory, and oak forests.

Associated with the cockerel, goat, bear, bull, and lightning.

SVANTOVIT Four-headed god of divination, prosperity, victory, and battles.

Associated with the horse.

Conway on deities from Russia and Slovenia - a selection from The Little Big Book of Magic.  

[natalia alianovna romanova] they have so many names for you…

   the widow

01. chimes at midnight - in the groove / 02. once upon a december - emilie pandolfi / 03. black widow - susanne sundfor.

       the russian avenger

01. goddess - banks / 02. no filter (feat. madison love) - black coast / 03. natasha - henry jackman.

           the slavic shadow

01. tchaikovsky: swan lake, op. 20, act II: no. 10, scene (moderato) -   london symphony orchestra / 02. gasoline - halsey / 03. thousand eyes - of monsters and men.

               the red death

01. the execution ballet - trevor morris / 02. o’death - jen titus / 03. keep the streets empty for me - fever ray.



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