russian empire

1. Austrian Empire: Crown of Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor
2. German Empire: German State Crown
3. Russian Empire: Great Imperial Crown
4. Kingdom of Hungary: Holy Crown of Saint Stephen
5. German Empire: Crown of the German Empress
6. Kingdom of Bohemia: Crown of St. Wenceslas
7. Kingdom of Prussia: Crown of Wilhelm II
8. German Empire: Crown of the Crown Prince
9. Kingdom of Bavaria: Royal crown of Bavaria
10. United Kingdom: Crown of St. Edward
11. United Kingdom: Crown of Queen Victoria
12. Kingdom of Italy: Royal crown of Italy
13. Archduchy of Austria: Archducal coronet
14. Kingdom of Sweden: Crown of the Swedish Crown Prince
15. Kingdom of Romania: Steel Crown of Romania

From Hugo Gerhard Ströhl’s Heraldic Atlas, 1899

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The Russian Imperial family. Nicholas II, his wife Alexandra Feodorovna and their five children Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia, and Alexei.

Colorized by: National Geographic ChannelApocalypse World War I.

“Adjusted Rank” means what percentage of the world’s population were killed by a particular conflict or upheaval. In other words, the An Lushan Rebellion killed somewhere around 15% of the people alive in the world. World War II, for comparison, killed around 3% of the people alive in the world in 1940.