royalsinhistory

9

Princesse de Lamballe:

Born as Marie Louise of Savoy, she would be one of Marie Antoinette’s most intimate friends. She was made “Superintendent of the Queen’s Household”, the highest rank for a lady-in-waiting. Marie Antoinette became incredibly close to the Princesse when she was introduced to court after her husband’s death. Courtiers were quick to notice the intimacy between the two, this would seal their fates later in life. Unlike the saucy Duchesse de Polignac, the Princesse had no gossips about her private life. Leading a respectable public and private image. When the revolution started, she fled to Bath,England in hopes of appealing to people to save The Queen. She returned out of loyalty to the Queen to France. When she arrived, she was taken along with the Marquess of Tourzel to a salon in which they ordered her to swear an oath against The Queen. Out of her loyalty and love to The Queen, she refused. Consequently, she was thrown outside and raped,mutilated,and murdered within minutes. Her head is said to be taken to a cafe where the customers drank to it. It was also taken to a salon where they would make her hair recognizable and penetrate her head on a pike. This would be taken to The Temple, where the revolutionaries had planned to take the head to The Queen’s window where she would have to look and kiss at her lover’s face (this was because of malicious libels published against them to destroy their reputation). The guards would not allow it but someone said to the King “They wish to show the Queen the head of Madame Lamballe” and the Queen promptly fainted. The head and body of the Princesse were never recovered. Marie Antoinette would have to suffer the atrocities the revolutionaries did until her death at the swift blow of the guillotine. Her death was less horrific than the poor fate of the Princesse of Lamballe.

Anne Boleyn:

Born in 1501 (presumably) this infamous Queen has sparked a lot of controversy. Born to Thomas Boleyn (later the Earl of Wiltshire) and Lady Katherine Howard; Anne was from the start destined to achieve great things. Her fiery ambition propelled her to study abroad in the Netherlands and become one of the maids of honour of Queen Claude of France. After some years passed and her upbringing deemed fit for a lady suitable for the court of England, she sailed back and joined the court of Queen Katherine of England, formerly Katherine of Aragon. The charms of her sister, Mary Boleyn, had won over the king and secured a place for her as his mistress for a short period of time until he quickly tired of her, as many of his affairs resulted in. She quickly took notice of this and knew not to repeat the mistake her sister committed when the King started to show favour toward her. Proclaiming that her chastity and reputation were vital to her and her soul, she dared not sleep with the lustful king. This resulted in the King harbouring a greater amount of devotion and affection toward her. She now secured a powerful place in the heart of the most powerful man in England, and yet she did not give up her chastity to him. Proclaiming that the only way that she would do so would be if he agreed to cement their unity in marriage. The monumental and distressful divorce of Henry VIII and Katherine of Aragon took a wearisome seven years to finalise and place Anne on the throne of England. It was never said that Anne married Henry for love, for the love he harboured for her greatly surpassed the amount she held for him. For she would at time be in such a rage and tantrums that would cause the King to weep and plead to her uncle, the Duke of Norfolk, to please intercede on his behalf and beg her to forgive him. The time when Anne controlled Henry quickly passed as the progressed in their marriage life. For he quickly found her antics and jealous fits tiresome and the lack of a male heir exasperated him even further. She gave birth to the daughter who would one day become Queen Elizabeth I on September 7th, 1533. She would not have another child. This was a devastating blow to Henry, who desperately desired a son to seal the place of the House of Tudor on the throne of England. Due to this, Henry began to stray sexually and began to show favour to one of the Queen’s maid of honour, Jane Seymour. This made Anne furious and she made no attempt to mask the anger toward Henry, and thus he became even more estranged from his delirious wife. After two years, the marriage came to its breaking point, making Henry consult his advisors in ways that he could be rid of Anne. They knew another divorce wasn’t an option so they resulted in making ludicrous accusations in hopes of bestowing her a grim fate. On May 2nd, 1536, Anne was arrested and sent to the Tower of London; where she resided in the Queen’s apartments, the place where she had slept in the previous days to her coronation. It was finally decided that she would be found guilty of incest and treason among other things. There had been claims of witchcraft because she had many moles covering her body and what appeared to be an extra finger. The sentence for this accusations would be either decapitation or burning at the stake, of which they would settle on decapitation. Anne took her fate in a somber mood at first but later joked that thank God she had a thin neck. On May 19th, 1536, she embarked on the scaffold. She looked peaceful, almost gleeful. It is recorded that Anne was awaiting death in the most calm expression, even happily. Just awaiting for it to liberate her.

6

Born Her Imperial and Royal Highness, Archduchess Maria Antonia of Austria and Princess of Hungary, Maria Antonia (called Antoine by her family) was the youngest daughter of Holy Roman Empress Maria Theresa. Maria Theresa believed her children were born to obey and used them as pawns for her elaborate chess game involving all the royal houses of Europe. Her mother raised her to be humble, re-wearing her dresses and finding other ways to use the fabric. Marie Antoinette suffered from an overindulging governess named, Countess Brandeis. She never forced Marie Antoinette to do her work and thus resulted in the Archduchess not learning how to write properly! She believed it was easier for the Archduchess to trace something she wrote and present it to her mother instead of teaching it to her! The countess was dismissed and replaced by a stricter governess. Marie Antoinette would have to leave all of her familiar surroundings and familiar faces to embark on the journey which would bestow her to be the Dauphine of France and wife of the Dauphin, Louis Auguste. The French people residing in the countryside were charmed by her, seeming to have a charismatic face and kind heart. Marie Antoinette cared very much of her people. Paying pensions to a boy’s family of which she had almost run over with her carriage. She adopted the boy and sent him to leave with her to Versailles. Another time, the royal family and her were on a hunt and she elected not to rampage on a villager’s field since it would destroy her crops. When she arrived to Versailles, the extremely rigid court etiquette bewildered her and caused her to struggle greatly. She quickly made friends with the Duchesse de Polignac and the Princesse de Lamballe, both who would be subjected to malicious rumors with her. She gave birth to a daughter named Marie Therese, after her she gave birth to the Dauphin who was named Louis Joseph who later died of tuberculosis. She gave birth to a girl named Sophie who died very young and another male named Louis Charles. Of whom she would be accused of having incestuous relations with during her trial. During her trial she was found guilty of incest among other things. The once glamorous Queen who had inspired fashion all across Europe was now subjected to climb the blood-soaked steps of the scaffold. These were the same steps her husband climbed a few months later, and now her, possibly having ovarian cancer she would meet her dreadful end.

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La Duchesse de Polignac:

Born as Yolande de Polastron on September 8,1749, the Duchess of Polignac was one of Marie Antoinette’s most intimate friends. At the age of eighteen she married Jules, the Count of Polignac, who like her, came from a prestigious family but was immensely in debt. She was introduced to Marie Antoinette in 1775 at a formal reception in the Hall of Mirrors. The Queen was instantly dazzled by her and included her in her inner circle which included the Princesse de Lamballe. To acquire her new friend, she had to pay off all of her debts and give her a new salary and apartments so they could stay at Versailles. She quickly took advantage of Marie Antoinette’s weak hand and began to ask for ludicrous favors and estates, which were all granted to her and her family. In 1780, her husband was given the title of Duc and consequently she was made Duchesse, which infuriated the courtiers. To add insult to injury, the Queen made her the governess of her children. After the birth of her second sone, Marie Antoinette began to get irritated by her friend. She noticed the outright ambition of the Duchess and her family and their relationship began to deteriorate. In the months that were proximate to the revolution, their relationship was restored. The Duchess being one of the most influential members in the monarchist movement. After the Bastille was stormed, the Polignacs went into exile. The Duchess went back to Switzerland but still kept in touch with her dear friend through letters. The Duchess sadly suffered from a terminal disease while in Switzerland and passed away in Austria in December 1793, shortly after hearing of the death of her most intimate friend. Her family proclaimed that she died of a broken heart. This cause of death was not as gruesome as the death of her intimate friends such as The Queen of France and La Princesse de Lamballe but it is deeply moving.

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The Duchess of Devonshire:


    Born as Lady Georgiana Spencer on the 7th of June on 1757.She was one of Princess Diana’s ancestors. She was the daughter of the first Earl Spencer and became engaged at the age of seventeen to the fifth Duke of Devonshire. At the time, he was the most eligible bachelor in all of England. He possessed and enormous fortune which led her to live an extravagant lifestyle. Georgiana was close friends with the infamous French queen, Marie Antoinette. Even preparing her a room for her in her house, for if she were to escape during the French Revolution. Sadly, Marie Antoinette could not stay with her friend and met a tragic fate. The Duchess had a complex and difficult marriage from the start. When she first moved in with her husband, she found out that she would have to raise his bastard daughter whose mother was a maid who passed away. Georgiana raised this child like if she was one of her own, and loved her dearly. Even Georgiana’s mother remarked how Charlotte was very much better behaved than own of her own daughters. Georgiana’s immaculate and exquisite style was like a bombshell throughout Britain. Ladies would copy her every outfit she wore, she had the similar type of impression on the public fashion industry as her friend, Marie Antoinette. The Duchess was also a ruthless gambler, she accumulated to what’s an approximate of three million pounds. Terrified of what her husband would do, she kept the debts a secret until she died. When he found out about the debts all he said was “Is that all?”. He had acquired her blessing to marry his mistress, Lady Elizabeth Foster, when she died. They had been living together for twenty-five years as a result of Georgiana introducing them as an innocent friendship which ruptured into a passionate love affair. At the end of her life, she died in debt and widely recognized for her superb fashion sense, thus being dubbed “The Empress of fashion”. Her three daughters: Georgiana, Harriet, Eliza all married well. Eliza was the one who didn’t marry as well. She was the illegitimate daughter of Georgiana and 2nd Earl Grey. She left her to her lover’s father but continued to keep in touch with her. She bore the son the Duke always longed for to be the heir of the dukedom. She died on March 30,1806. From what is believed to be an abscessed liver.

3

Katherine Swynford:

       She was born as Katherine de Roet as the daughter of a Flemish knight. She was educated at a convent in Romsey. At the age of fifteen, she left the convent and resided with her sister, Philippa de Roet, at the English Royal Court. Her sister was a lady-in-waiting to Philippa  Hainault, the wife of King Edward III. Katherine was considered a great beauty, this resulted in Hugh Swynford, a knight who was in the service of John of Gaunt, to be enraptured by her beauty. Katherine refused to marry Hugh for the reasons that he was a coarse man, but as the norms of the time dictated that you could not marry for love, she had to marry the brute. It is believed that the affair of Katherine and John of Gaunt started when his wife,Blanche, passed away. In 1371, Hugh Swynford passes away. It is rumored that Nirac de Bayanne poisoned him.Following The Peasants Revolt, the affair between her and John of Gaunt crumbled. It is safe to say they were not on friendly terms, it seems as if the revolt took a toll on their relationship among other things. She bore John four children known as the “Beaufort bastards” were: John,Henry,Thomas,and Joan. On June 1394, the second wife of John of Gaunt, of Castile perished. This reunited the lovers and gave a new beginning to their passionate relationship. On January 13,1396, Katherine Swynford married John of Gaunt and took the title of Duchess of Lancaster and her children were legitimized. She lived with John of Gaunt for three years and then he died. She later passed away on May 10,1403. She was a commoner who found love in the most powerful man in England and then accomplished to marry him. She’s one of the most important women in history because she is the ancestor of the Tudors and many of the great reigning monarchs England has ever seen.