Anne Boleyn:

Born in 1501 (presumably) this infamous Queen has sparked a lot of controversy. Born to Thomas Boleyn (later the Earl of Wiltshire) and Lady Katherine Howard; Anne was from the start destined to achieve great things. Her fiery ambition propelled her to study abroad in the Netherlands and become one of the maids of honour of Queen Claude of France. After some years passed and her upbringing deemed fit for a lady suitable for the court of England, she sailed back and joined the court of Queen Katherine of England, formerly Katherine of Aragon. The charms of her sister, Mary Boleyn, had won over the king and secured a place for her as his mistress for a short period of time until he quickly tired of her, as many of his affairs resulted in. She quickly took notice of this and knew not to repeat the mistake her sister committed when the King started to show favour toward her. Proclaiming that her chastity and reputation were vital to her and her soul, she dared not sleep with the lustful king. This resulted in the King harbouring a greater amount of devotion and affection toward her. She now secured a powerful place in the heart of the most powerful man in England, and yet she did not give up her chastity to him. Proclaiming that the only way that she would do so would be if he agreed to cement their unity in marriage. The monumental and distressful divorce of Henry VIII and Katherine of Aragon took a wearisome seven years to finalise and place Anne on the throne of England. It was never said that Anne married Henry for love, for the love he harboured for her greatly surpassed the amount she held for him. For she would at time be in such a rage and tantrums that would cause the King to weep and plead to her uncle, the Duke of Norfolk, to please intercede on his behalf and beg her to forgive him. The time when Anne controlled Henry quickly passed as the progressed in their marriage life. For he quickly found her antics and jealous fits tiresome and the lack of a male heir exasperated him even further. She gave birth to the daughter who would one day become Queen Elizabeth I on September 7th, 1533. She would not have another child. This was a devastating blow to Henry, who desperately desired a son to seal the place of the House of Tudor on the throne of England. Due to this, Henry began to stray sexually and began to show favour to one of the Queen’s maid of honour, Jane Seymour. This made Anne furious and she made no attempt to mask the anger toward Henry, and thus he became even more estranged from his delirious wife. After two years, the marriage came to its breaking point, making Henry consult his advisors in ways that he could be rid of Anne. They knew another divorce wasn’t an option so they resulted in making ludicrous accusations in hopes of bestowing her a grim fate. On May 2nd, 1536, Anne was arrested and sent to the Tower of London; where she resided in the Queen’s apartments, the place where she had slept in the previous days to her coronation. It was finally decided that she would be found guilty of incest and treason among other things. There had been claims of witchcraft because she had many moles covering her body and what appeared to be an extra finger. The sentence for this accusations would be either decapitation or burning at the stake, of which they would settle on decapitation. Anne took her fate in a somber mood at first but later joked that thank God she had a thin neck. On May 19th, 1536, she embarked on the scaffold. She looked peaceful, almost gleeful. It is recorded that Anne was awaiting death in the most calm expression, even happily. Just awaiting for it to liberate her.


La Duchesse de Polignac:

Born as Yolande de Polastron on September 8,1749, the Duchess of Polignac was one of Marie Antoinette’s most intimate friends. At the age of eighteen she married Jules, the Count of Polignac, who like her, came from a prestigious family but was immensely in debt. She was introduced to Marie Antoinette in 1775 at a formal reception in the Hall of Mirrors. The Queen was instantly dazzled by her and included her in her inner circle which included the Princesse de Lamballe. To acquire her new friend, she had to pay off all of her debts and give her a new salary and apartments so they could stay at Versailles. She quickly took advantage of Marie Antoinette’s weak hand and began to ask for ludicrous favors and estates, which were all granted to her and her family. In 1780, her husband was given the title of Duc and consequently she was made Duchesse, which infuriated the courtiers. To add insult to injury, the Queen made her the governess of her children. After the birth of her second sone, Marie Antoinette began to get irritated by her friend. She noticed the outright ambition of the Duchess and her family and their relationship began to deteriorate. In the months that were proximate to the revolution, their relationship was restored. The Duchess being one of the most influential members in the monarchist movement. After the Bastille was stormed, the Polignacs went into exile. The Duchess went back to Switzerland but still kept in touch with her dear friend through letters. The Duchess sadly suffered from a terminal disease while in Switzerland and passed away in Austria in December 1793, shortly after hearing of the death of her most intimate friend. Her family proclaimed that she died of a broken heart. This cause of death was not as gruesome as the death of her intimate friends such as The Queen of France and La Princesse de Lamballe but it is deeply moving.


Katherine Swynford:

       She was born as Katherine de Roet as the daughter of a Flemish knight. She was educated at a convent in Romsey. At the age of fifteen, she left the convent and resided with her sister, Philippa de Roet, at the English Royal Court. Her sister was a lady-in-waiting to Philippa  Hainault, the wife of King Edward III. Katherine was considered a great beauty, this resulted in Hugh Swynford, a knight who was in the service of John of Gaunt, to be enraptured by her beauty. Katherine refused to marry Hugh for the reasons that he was a coarse man, but as the norms of the time dictated that you could not marry for love, she had to marry the brute. It is believed that the affair of Katherine and John of Gaunt started when his wife,Blanche, passed away. In 1371, Hugh Swynford passes away. It is rumored that Nirac de Bayanne poisoned him.Following The Peasants Revolt, the affair between her and John of Gaunt crumbled. It is safe to say they were not on friendly terms, it seems as if the revolt took a toll on their relationship among other things. She bore John four children known as the “Beaufort bastards” were: John,Henry,Thomas,and Joan. On June 1394, the second wife of John of Gaunt, of Castile perished. This reunited the lovers and gave a new beginning to their passionate relationship. On January 13,1396, Katherine Swynford married John of Gaunt and took the title of Duchess of Lancaster and her children were legitimized. She lived with John of Gaunt for three years and then he died. She later passed away on May 10,1403. She was a commoner who found love in the most powerful man in England and then accomplished to marry him. She’s one of the most important women in history because she is the ancestor of the Tudors and many of the great reigning monarchs England has ever seen.