“The Supermarine Walrus amphibious aircraft from HMS Warspite is catapulted from the ship at the start of an anti-submarine patrol off the Seychelles. An aircraft carrier can be seen sailing in the background.”
Tabar Axes from Lahore, India on display at the Royal Armouries in Leeds
(Top) Dated from the late 18th century, this axe has an L-shaped blade with a fore-spike. The haft is covered in crimson velvet and the head is decorated with gold koftgari, beaten gold.
(Bottom) Dating to about 1840 this saddle axe has a concealed stiletto in the haft which can be withdrawn by unscrewing the knob at the bottom. The asymmetrical blade shape was introduced in Persia in the 18th century. The haft is of wood covered in silver gilt copperworked in repousse with flowers and foliage. The blade is overlaid with solver flowers.
Manufactured by Royal Gunworks Belgium c.1889 for the Rosebud Indian Agency of the Sioux reservation in South Dakota. 12 gauge centerfire, twin barrels, brass tack decorated, police badge plate on the stock. I just learned that reservations have their own police force, the more you know.
Lahore Armour from the Sikh Empire dated about 18th-19th Century on display at the Royal Armouries in Leeds
This armour is typical of those used in Northern India in the late 18th and early 19th Centuries. The mail shirt is of butted mail formed of iron and brass links in a geometrical pattern. The quilted lining of a the mail shirt, covered in green silk, is a rare survival on this armour. The helmet has a matching lining, covering the inside of the whale aventail. The cuirass of four plates (chahar a’ineh) is decorated in gold overlay (koftgari) and lined inside with red silk over cotton padding. The matching arm defences, called dastana, have padded hand defences embroidered with gold thread.
The helmet retains its original plumes made of heron feathers. Helmets amongst Sikh soldiers were rare prior to the early 19th century.
One of the three oldest accounts of Sikh armour like this comes from the
Sri Gur Panth Prakash written by Rattan Singh Bhangoo in the 19th century. Chronicling a battle with the
Afghan Ahmed Shah Durrani, who invaded the Punjab, he describes s Sikh soldier, Sukha Singh, arming himself to fight a Pathan:
Remarked Sukha Singh, “Blessed are you, my dear boy, Now see how I deal with that audacious Pathan?” With these words Sukha Singh sent for his steel armour, And covered his head and hands with steel helmet and gloves.
Prior to the late 18th century it is thought that helmets amongst Sikh soldiers was rare as most wore Turbans. Rattan Singh describes the martyring of
Gurbakhsh Singh and his 30 Sikhs at Amritsar in 1764 and emphasises their lack of armour compared to the Pathans they were fighting:
On the other side had Gilja Pathans made elaborate preparations, As they had heard about concentration of Singhs in large numbers. Gilja Pathans had covered themselves with steel helmets and armours, But Singhs had hardly any armours to protect themselves.
Some early 19th century paintings of Sikh soldiers and battles support this. They are depicted with no helmets and mainly just armoured plates to protect them in combat.
Made to the design of Lt.Col John Jacob by Swinburn & Son of Birmingham. For arming two regiments of native infantry known as Jacob’s Rifles. In his diary, Jacob mentions an order for 2400 of these guns. This example is numbered 297. Presented by the officers of the Royal Regiment of Artillery, Woolwich 1927.
“The Sinking of an Armed Japanese Raider by HM Minesweeper Bengal : On 11th November 1942, in the Indian Ocean.
HM Minesweeper Bengal sails towards a Japanese armed raider, which is on fire. Bengal fires its bow guns at the Japanese vessel, which is still firing back as shown by two plumes of water next to the Bengal.”
What you are basically, deep, deep down, far, far in, is simply the fabric and structure of existence itself. So, say in Hindu mythology, they say that the world is the drama of God. God is not something in Hindu mythology with a white beard that sits on a throne, that has royal perogatives. God in Indian mythology is the self, Satcitananda. Which means sat, that which is, chit, that which is consciousness; that which is ananda is bliss. In other words, what exists, reality itself is gorgeous, it is the fullness of total joy.