valuable key to deciphering ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs, the inscription on the Rosetta
Stone is a decree passed by a council of priests. It is one of a series that
affirm the royal cult of the 13-year-old Ptolemy V on the first anniversary of his coronation (in 196 BC).
previous years the family of the Ptolemies had lost control of certain parts of
the country. It had taken their armies some time to put down opposition in the
Delta, and parts of southern Upper Egypt, particularly Thebes, were not yet back under
the government’s control. Before the Ptolemaic era (before about 332 BC),
decrees in hieroglyphs such as this were usually set up by the king. It shows
how much things had changed from earlier
times that the priests, the only people who had kept the knowledge of writing
hieroglyphs, were now issuing such decrees. The list of good deeds done by the
king for the temples hints at the way in which the support of the priests was
decree is inscribed on the stone three times, in hieroglyphic (suitable for a
priestly decree), demotic (the native script used for daily purposes), and
Greek (the language of the administration). The importance of this to
Egyptology is immense.
after the end of the 4th century AD, when
hieroglyphs had gone out of use, the knowledge of how to read and write them
disappeared. In the early years of the 19th
century, scholars were able to use the Greek inscription on this stone as the
key to decipher them. Thomas Young (1773–1829), an English physicist, was the first to
show that some of the hieroglyphs on the Rosetta Stone wrote the sounds of a
royal name, that of Ptolemy.
French scholar Jean-François Champollion (1790–1832) then realised that hieroglyphs recorded the sound of the
Egyptian language and laid the foundations of our knowledge of ancient Egyptian language and culture. Champollion made a crucial step
in understanding ancient Egyptian writing when he pieced together the alphabet
of hieroglyphs that was used to write the names of non-Egyptian rulers. He
announced his discovery, which had been based on analysis of the Rosetta Stone
and other texts, in a paper at the Academie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres
at Paris on Friday 27 September 1822. The audience included his English rival
Thomas Young, who was also trying to decipher Egyptian hieroglyphs. Champollion
inscribed this copy of the published paper with alphabetic hieroglyphs meaning
‘à mon ami Dubois’ ('to my friend Dubois’). Champollion made a second crucial
breakthrough in 1824, realising that the alphabetic signs were used not only
for foreign names, but also for the Egyptian language and names. Together with
his knowledge of the Coptic language, which derived from ancient Egyptian, this
allowed him to begin reading hieroglyphic inscriptions fully.
in Napoleon’s army discovered the Rosetta Stone in 1799 while digging the
foundations of an addition to a fort near the town of el-Rashid (Rosetta). On Napoleon’s defeat, the stone became the property of the British
under the terms of the Treaty of Alexandria (1801) along with other antiquities
that the French had found.
Rosetta Stone has been exhibited in the British Museum since 1802, with only
one break. Towards the end of the First World War, in 1917, when the Museum was
concerned about heavy bombing in London, they moved it to safety along with
other, portable, 'important’ objects. The Rosetta Stone spent the next two
years in a station on the Postal Tube Railway 50 feet below the ground at
guys what about making a rosetta stone out of my immortal? i mean, translate all of this into your native language with as much grammar fuckups as possible and put the link in my ask so a i’d make a list of languages
i’d also like to rewrite the translation on the wall in my room tbh
Stunning images released by the European Space Agency show #Rosetta on the surface of Comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko - it’s hard to get a sense of scale considering the comet is the size of Mt. Fufi. Amazing stuff! More images on ESA Flickr.
Learn all about the end of the Rosetta Mission and more about the weather on Mars, the Moon’s colorful palette.
1. Rosetta’s Last Dance
The Rosetta mission was one of firsts: the first to orbit a comet and the first to dispatch a lander to a comet’s surface. Rosetta transformed our understanding of these ancient wanderers, and this week, mission controllers will command the spacecraft to execute a series of maneuvers to bring it out of orbit around Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. Watch live on Sept. 30 from 6:15-8 a.m. EDT, the Rosetta mission’s 12-year odyssey in space reaches its conclusion. Rosetta will descend to make a planned impact on the comet’s surface with its instruments recording science data during descent.
2. Hubble Spots Possible Water Plumes Erupting on Jupiter’s Moon Europa
On Monday, Sept. 26, our scientists announced what may be
water vapor plumes erupting off the surface of Jupiter’s moon Europa, based on data from the Hubble Space Telescope.
This finding bolsters other Hubble observations suggesting the icy moon
erupts with high altitude water vapor plumes.
Scientists have found an “impossible” ice cloud on Saturn’s moon Titan. The puzzling appearance of an ice cloud prompted our researchers to suggest that a different process than previously thought could be forming clouds on Titan. The process may be similar to one seen over Earth’s poles. Today, the Cassini spacecraft will perform a targeted Titan flyby, skimming just 1,079 miles (1,736 kilometers) above its hazy surface. Several of Cassini’s instruments will be watching for clouds and other phenomena in the atmosphere, as well as taking measurements of the surface.
Earth’s moon is a colorless world of grays and whites, right? Not really. As seen in these images from the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, some landscapes on the moon reveal a whole range of color. One such place is the mountainous complex of ancient lava flows known as the Lassell Massif, one of the moon’s so-called “red spots.”
A camera aboard our Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter monitors global weather patterns daily. The most recent report includes the remains of a large dust storm in the Noachis region, and smaller tempests spotted along the edge of the south polar ice cap and water-ice clouds over the volcano Arsia Mons.
AnallyWicked| asked for a gifset of the Tinkerbell movies ”The sky is the limit / And I just wanna float / Free as a spirit on a journey of hope /
Cut the strings and let me go /
I’m weightless, I’m weightless /
Millions of balloons tethered to the ground /
Weight of the world tries to hold us down /
Cut the strings and let me go /
I’m weightless, I’m weightless.” - Natasha Bedingfield.