romulus augustulus

The family name “Merovingian” comes from Merovech, who had fought alongside the Romans, dying in 456 CE.  In 476 CE, with the overthrow of Emperor Romulus Augustulus, the empire in the west fell. Their former lands were carved up by local rulers who created kingdoms from what had once been provinces. One such was Chlodovech - known to history as Clovis I - who founded a dynasty which would go into the history books as beginning with his grandfather, Merovech.

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Speaking of swords and sandals movies, The Last Legion is so ridiculous and absurd I have to recommend it to everyone I know even though the trailer (which I hadn’t seen when I actually saw the movie) spoils the really WTF part of the movie.  And none of the classicists I know have seen it!  Probably because they watched the trailer and noped the fuck out.

DID YOU NOT KNOW THAT EVERY ROMAN EMPEROR WAS DIRECTLY DESCENDED FROM JULIUS CAESAR?

DID YOU NOT KNOW THAT EXCALIBUR WAS ACTUALLY JULIUS CAESAR’S MAGIC SWORD?

DID YOU EVER WANT TO SEE AISHWARYA RAI PLAY A BADASS BYZANTINE WARRIOR WOMAN?

DID YOU EVER WANT TO SEE A MACHINE GUN CROSSBOW?

DID YOU EVER WANT TO SEE COLIN FIRTH BE THE HEAD OF THE PRAETORIAN GUARD AND KILL A LOT OF PEOPLE WITH A SWORD?

DID YOU EVER WANT TO SEE THE NINTH LEGION MYSTERIOUSLY APPEAR AND SAVE THE LAST EMPEROR OF ROME?

DID YOU EVER EXPECT TO SEE THE NAMES “MERLIN” AND “ROMULUS AUGUSTULUS” IN THE SAME SENTENCE?

This movie has more historical inaccuracies than you can shake a stick at and yet it wholeheartedly embraced them; it is so ridiculous.  Everyone should watch it.  (Just don’t watch it with the expectation that literally anything in it is historically accurate because it’s not.)

Coin depicting Romulus Augustulus, the “last emperor” of the Roman Empire. Ironically named after one of the founders of the city of Rome and nicknamed “little Augustus” after the first emperor, his 11-month reign saw the fall of the western empire (although it had already lost a lot of its territory; of course, the eastern empire would last for almost another millennium).  After Romulus was overthrown in a military coup, the Senate did not appoint a new emperor, instead symbolically accepting Zeno, emperor of the east as their ruler. Odoacer,  germanic general, took power as the King of Italy after Romulus was overthrown. 

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history meme – italian version // one empire: the roman empire

The Roman Empire was the post-Republican period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by an autocratic form of government and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa, and Asia. 

The first two centuries of the Empire were a period of unprecedented stability and prosperity known as the Pax Romana (“Roman Peace”). It reached its greatest expanse during the reign of Trajan (98–117 AD). In the 3rd century, the Empire underwent a crisis that threatened its existence, but was reunified and stabilized under the emperors Aurelian and Diocletian. Christians rose to power in the 4th century, during which time a system of dual rule was developed in the Latin West and Greek East. The Roman Empire began to disintegrate in the late 4th and early 5th century as invasions overwhelmed the capacity of the Empire to govern and mount a coordinated defence. Most chronologies place the end of the Western Roman empire in 476, when Romulus Augustulus was forced to abdicate to the Germanic warlord Odoacer.

Because of the Empire’s vast extent and long endurance, the institutions and culture of Rome had a profound and lasting influence on the development of language, religion, architecture, philosophy, law, and forms of government in the territory it governed, particularly Europe, and by means of European expansionism throughout the modern world. (x)

After the Fall — The Kingdom of Soissons

After the official fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD, the Roman Imperial tradition continued with the Eastern Roman Empire with Constantinople as its capital.  However in the West there were a few Roman rump states (remnant states) that continued to hang on after the dissolution of the empire.  One of those rump states was the Kingdom of Soissons, which was mostly located in what is now Northern France.

The Kingdom of Soissons was founded in 457 by Aegidius, then the supreme military commander of Roman forces in the region.  Aegidius realized that the Roman Emperor no longer had any real power, rather being a puppet of the Gothic warlord Ricimer.  Thus Aegidius decided to separate from the Empire, carving out his own domain which he ruled over using the legions he commanded.  Over the years, Germanic tribes conquered most of Gaul (France), leaving Soissons isolated from Italy.

Aegidius died in 464, and the kingdom was inherited by his son Syagrius.  Even after Emperor Romulus Augustulus was deposed in 476, Syagrius claimed he was merely the governor of a Roman Province.  In truth, Soissons was entirely independent of Rome, and Syagrius held the powers of a military dictator.  The Germanic kingdoms and tribes that surrounded Soissons even referred to him as “King of the Romans”.

For almost three decades the Kingdom of Soissons was able to successfully fend of invasion after invasion.  Then in 486 it was invaded by an army led by Clovis I, King of the Franks.  The Franks overwhelmed the Romans, defeating Syagrius’ army at the Battle of Soissons.  Syagrius fled to the Visigothic King Alaric II, but Alaric II turned him over to the Franks, where he was promptly executed.

You know what I find interesting? According to my text book, the last Roman emperor was a 14 year old boy named Romulus Augustulus. It’s almost poetic. Legend says that Rome was founded by two twins, Romulus and Remus, the latter of which was killed by the other. Thus began what would become the huge, yet violent and volatile empire of Rome. It’s years as a (corrupt) republic lead to an age of Emperors, the first of which was Julius Caesar’s (who was the dictator for life, and therefore not an emperor) adopted son, Octavian, who later renamed himself Augustus (meaning “exalted one”)

And so it was with this child, younger than most people on this website, that Rome fell. With the names of the beginning and the innocence of youth, Rome’s final peaces fell, and so too did it’s empire and vast lands crumble to disarray. 

anonymous asked:

Am I the only one who loves the quite early Middle Ages the most? I mean the time from around Romulus Augustulus to the 7th century. I love all the Ecumenical Councils, I love all the mysterious saints, I love the Goths and Saxons, I love the mystery and what-ifs of Pre-Islamic Middle East, I love it all. Am I alone?

I’m with you, and many more, I’m sure.

So let’s call this week “Early Week”. All posts V-VII century.

Thanks for writing!

Hex