romano british

The so-called “Colchester Vase,” depicting four gladiators named by inscriptions as Secundus, Mario, Memnon, and Valentinus.  Artist unknown; ca. 175 CE.  Found in a Roman grave at West Lodge, Colchester (= ancient Camulodunum), England, UK; now in the Colchester Castle Museum.  Photo credit: Carole Raddato.


Celtic Coin of the Dobunni King Corio

This is a ‘Tree Type’ gold stater of the Dobunni tribe. It was struck circa 20 BC  to AD 5 during the rule of Corio. On the obverse is the image of a tree-like emblem known as a Dobunnic Tree, with a pellet below. The reverse bears the name Co[rio] above a triple-tailed, stylized Celtic horse, with a wheel below and other symbols in the field.  The Dobunnic Tree’s meaning is unclear although corn, ferns and a form of a wreath have all been suggested as explanations.

The Dobunni were one of the Iron Age tribes living in the British Isles prior to the Roman invasion of Britain (43-84 AD). They lived in the southwestern part of Britain that roughly coincides with the English counties of Bristol, Gloucestershire and the north of Somerset, although at times their territory may have extended into parts of what are now Herefordshire, Oxfordshire, Wiltshire, Worcestershire, and Warwickshire. Their capital acquired the Roman name of Corinium Dobunnorum, which is today known as Cirencester. Unlike the Silures, their neighbors in what later became southeast Wales, the Dobunni were not a warlike people and submitted to the Romans before they even reached their lands. Afterwards they readily adopted the Romano-British lifestyle.

Corio was a 'king’ of the southwestern Dobunni. No one knows if 'king’ is the correct term for their leaders however, it is likely that this is what the Romans called them. The Dobunni rulers are only known from names found on their coinage and the exact order of each of their reigns has yet to be determined. Some of the other Dobunni kings’ names are Anted, Eisu, Aatti, Comux, Inham and Bodvoc.


Yarnbury Castle, Wiltshire, England

Yarnbury Castle is a multiphase, multivallate Iron Age hillfort near Steeple Langford in Wiltshire. Excavations have revealed Iron Age and Romano-British pottery, Roman coins and burials of human remains. There is much evidence of prolonged and extensive settlement of the site including around 130 separate structures of various sizes, most probably representing a mix of round houses, pits, and other features. Stonehenge, Avebury stone circles and other ancient landmarks are also located in Wiltshire.

Temple of Antenociticus, Benwell (Condercum) Roman Fort, Hadrian’s Wall. Broomridge Avenue, Newcastle upon Tyne.

This is the only temple found so far that was dedicated to Antenociticus, a native British deity or, perhaps, a syncretized Romano-British deity.* The temple site was professionally excavated by G. W. Rendell in 1862. The two altars shown to the right of the temple enclosure are replicas of those dedicated to Antenociticus by Roman officers. The original altars are now located in the Great North Museum:Hancock, at Newcastle upon Tyne, along with the head, forearm, and lower leg of the life-size cult statue of Antenociticus that was excavated here. The statue, probably carved locally, wears a Celtic torque.

Condercum Fort was built between 122-180 CE. The temple was located to the east of the fort, between the ramparts and vallum (rear ditch of Hadrian’s Wall). The Benwell vallum and causeway can be viewed at another small heritage site two streets to the west, on Dennhill Park. The fort was destroyed by fire in 196 CE. The northern third of Condercum fort was submerged in 1863-64 after the construction of a reservoir. The surrounding houses were built on the remains of the fort in the 1930s.

A carved stone head, which resembles the head of Antenociticus found on this site, was discovered during the summer of 2013 at Binchester (Vinovium) Roman Fort, near Bishop Auckland, in County Durham, which is 55km/33 miles south of Benwell.

The Benwell Roman Temple site is open daily, 9-5.

If I lived near a place like this, I would stop by several times a week. I think it gives some food for thought to modern pagans and polytheists wishing to create a modern temple for public worship. The acquisition of a small plot of land, with a cement altar or two, purchased and dedicated by supporters of the project, wouldn’t be especially attractive to vandals, and could provide rental income to help support the eventual construction of a more ambitious temple. 

*Although the hairstyle of the statue resembles that of the Hellenistic god Antinous, there has been no scholarly support for the recent theory that “Antenociticus” is sycretization of Antinous with a local British god called Citicus, nor has any reference to a Celtic god called Citicus yet been reported.


Back from my first reenactment event (Romano British)!
I’m disgusting, sweaty and my arms are gunna hurt like a bitch tomorrow but reenactments are literally conventions for history nerds and I loved it!!!
Also turns out I’m shit at single handed spear and shield so I AM GUNNA HAVE TO PRACTICE THIS BECAUSE WOW
Pictured: auxiliary tabby in full kit and auxiliary tabby selfie

St. Patrick’s Bell and Its Shrine

A simple bell (encased in the pictured shrine) is reputed to have belonged to St. Patrick. It is made of two sheets of iron which are riveted together and coated with bronze. It is frequently mentioned in written sources as one of the principal relics of Ireland.

The inscription along the edge of the backplate of the bell’s ornate shrine records the name of the craftsman and his sons who made it, and Domhnall Ua Lochlainn, King of Ireland between AD 1094 and 1121, who commissioned the shrine; Cathalan Ua Maelchallain, the keeper of the bell, is also mentioned. Remarkably, the shrine remained in the possession of this family until the end of the 19th century.

St. Patrick was a 5th-century Romano-British Christian missionary and bishop in Ireland. Known as the “Apostle of Ireland”, he is the primary patron saint of the island along with Saints Brigit and Columba.

When he was about 16, he was captured from his home in Great Britain, and taken as a slave to Ireland, where he lived for six years before escaping and returning to his family. After becoming a cleric, he returned to northern and western Ireland. In later life, he served as an ordained bishop, but little is known about the places where he worked. By the seventh century, he had already come to be revered as the patron saint of Ireland.

Saint Patrick’s Day is observed on March 17th,  the date of his death c. 460 AD.

More about St. Patrick

Ragnar Loðbrok is very much a Scandinavian King Arthur. He varies between mythic and semi mythic, with some deeds being true and others being totally made up. Some deeds are committed by other Vikings who existed and who have been tied to this one figure. Furthermore, just like King Arthur, it’s unclear where he actually comes from. In Britain, King Arthur is claimed by multiple areas and as such he may be Welsh, English, Scottish, Irish, Cornish or Breton (or Romano-British), while similarly, Ragnar Loðbrok may be Danish, Swedish or Norwegian.

What is true is that his “sons” existed. Ivarr the Boneless, Ubba, Bjorn Ironside, Sigurd-snake-in-the-eye and Halfdan Ragnarrson have all been recorded in historical records by Anglo-Saxon, Irish and Frankish sources and have been attributed to being “sons of Ragnar Loðbrok”. Whether it is true, a boast of some of the men (a bit like saying you’re descended from the gods) or whether the sources were just being poetic, no one is sure. What is certain, however, is that the deeds of Bjorn, Ivarr, Ubba and others are definitely true, as they left their mark on the world and devastated the Christian kingdoms of Anglo-Saxon England, the Gaelic kingdoms of Ireland, the Carolingian Empire, the embattled Spanish defenders and the Ummayaad Caliphate and even the Italian peninsula.

Over the next few days and weeks, I’ll be taking a look at this interesting “family” and bringing you their deeds. If you’re a fan of the show Vikings, I encourage you to have a look


2p Austria

((Text copied from really really old post with the same topic: 

Flavio was ignored most of his childhood. 2p Spain (Andres) didn’t really care about him, and the only one that actually took a bit care of him was 2p Belgium (Beatrix) though it wasn’t enough to satisfy the need of attention a child needs. This has left some scars on him, which is why, for example, he’s always so attention-seeking. He doesn’t want to think about that part of his childhood, though, and neither does he want to say bad things about Andres, so he chooses to lie about it when people ask.

Unlike Flavio, Luciano actually got attention as a child, but it was definitly not the kind he wanted. Since 2p Austria (Roland) really wanted a girl, Luciano was always treated like that. However up through his childhood, he was punished a lot when not doing what Roland wanted him to do. Today he has scars all over his back, which come from the countless beatings, for example, whippings and beatings with Rolands cane

A little thing we need to point out is that we headcanon Flavio to have been brown haired as a kid, however since none of the muns own a brown wig like that (and we didn’t want to have to wait on borrowing one) we made the gifs with what we had. So yeah we headcanon Flavio to have had brown hair as a kid, just so you know))

OC save me!

Your OCs, for some inexplicable but probably well deserved reason, are trying to hunt you down. However, you get to choose one OC to defend you against the rest. Given that you are on their turf and are also allowed to defend yourself (though only to the extent that your physical body would realistically let you) who would you choose to be on your side?

Oh man, if the cast of Never a Legend is hunting me down I’m pretty screwed. I really don’t want to mess with a warband of Romano-British soldiers. If I could call upon a another OC, especially if I also get her home environment as well, I would call on Nadeem. My 20th level Third ed D&D Ranger. She wields a pair of khopeshes and is a straight up badass. She also lives in a sweltering desert world, so the warband would really be deterred by the heat, with all their leather, wool, and scale armor. I really loved playing Nadeem, and in all the years of D&D she’s definitely one of my top three D&D characters. She’s a blend of inspiration from the Fremen of Frank Herbert’s Dune, and Izumi Curtis from Fullmetal Alchemist. If the fight started to not go our way we could get on the sand skif and sail the sands away. She was the party’s badass driver character. If I had to pick a PB for her it would be the lovely Rokia Traore (whose gorgeous music you should totally check out).

Thanks for the tag @seams-unusualpdx @confessionsofanoperaghost and @tyson-ot-nw for an awesome game

Sulis (Sulis Minerva)

In localised Celtic polytheism practised in Britain, Sulis was a deity worshipped at the thermal spring of Bath (now in Somerset). She was worshipped by the Romano-British as Sulis Minerva, whose votive objects and inscribed lead tablets suggest that she was conceived of both as a nourishing, life-giving mother goddess and as an effective agent of curses wished by her votaries.

Sulis was the local goddess of the thermal springs that still feed the spa baths at Bath, which the Romans called Aquae Sulis (“the waters of Sulis”). Her name primarily appears on inscriptions discovered at Bath, with only a single instance outside of Britain at Alzey, Germany. This is not surprising, as Celtic deities often preserved their archaic localisation. They remained to the end associated with a specific place, often a cleft in the earth, a spring, pool or well. The Greeks referred to the similarly local pre-Hellenic deities in the local epithets that they assigned, associated with the cult of their Olympian pantheon at certain places (Zeus Molossos only at Dodona, for example). The Romans tended to lose sight of these specific locations, except in a few Etruscan cult inheritances and ideas like the genius loci, the guardian spirit of a place.

At Bath, the Roman temple is dedicated to Sulis Minerva, as the primary deity of the temple spa. Through the Roman Minerva syncresis, later mythographers have inferred that Sulis was also a goddess of wisdom and decisions.

Sulis was not the only goddess exhibiting syncretism with Minerva. Senua’s name appears on votive plaques bearing Minerva’s image, while Brigantia also shares many traits associated with Minerva. The identification of multiple Celtic gods with the same Roman god is not unusual (both Mars and Mercury were paired with a multiplicity of Celtic names). On the other hand, Celtic goddesses tended to resist syncretism; Sulis Minerva is one of the few attested pairings of a Celtic goddess with her Roman counterpart.