roman-emperor

List of French Rulers they could have used In Civilization VI

Napoléon : Fought against the whole of Europe and somehow won for a decade, founder of the modern legal system in most of Europe, made the metric system popular - used in most preceding games.

Louis XIV : Fought against most of Europe and fared okay, made France the cultural center of Europe.

Jeanne d’Arc : inspiring military leader of the Hundred Years War, despite being a teenager - used in Civilization III.

De Gaulle : leader of the French Resistance during WW2, decorated tank commander, founder of the Fifth French Republic - used in Civilization IV.

Clovis, aka Louis I : semi-mythical first king of the Franks, unified most of France and the Netherlands by fucking them up, first Christian Frankish king.

Charlemagne : first Holy Roman Emperor, leader of the Carolingian Empire that covered France, Germany, the Netherlands and received tributes all the way from the Middle-East.

Philippe Auguste : first King of France, consolidated it into a centralized power with a strong king, defeated the German English and Flemish armies at the battle of Bouvines, didn’t even give a shit about helping his son become king of England.

François Ier : Leader of the French Renaissance, renowned warrior.

Henri III : killed his assassin with his own shit-covered dagger.

Instead we have

Catherine de’ Medici : Italian noblewoman, Queen-consort then Queen-regent, known for effectively keeping the house of Valois aka Henri III on the throne of France long enough to get stabbed, due in no small part to her poor handling of the Protestant Reformation and the consequent Civil Wars. The house of Valois was then replaced by the house of Bourbon. Portrayed in French media as a crafty foreigner.

anonymous asked:

Orpheus: [holding his sleeping, young male lover, looks to the ghost of Eurydice] "I'm not here to // snog the busts of roman emperors, dead gods // (as much as I'd like to) // I'm here to destroy myself. // Indulge my vices, cherry pie. // Let Apollo drown me in throw of burnt out lights and calamity // Frozen stares, and prophecy. // I've grown six ft. since I sat down in this // bar stool // and not even Jack and his lover Daniel are going to let me // forget you." // Light: [exeunt] -dorian

. the dead anon poets society .

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Fragmentary bronze portrait of the emperor Caracalla

Roman, ca. A.D. 212–217 (Mid-Imperial, Severan)

Height 8 ½ in. (21.6 cm)

This portrait depicts Caracalla as a grown man, when he was sole emperor. He succeeded his father, Septimius Severus, who died at York in A.D. 211 during campaigns in northern Britain. Caracalla only reigned for six years before his own death near Carrhae in northern Mesopotamia while campaigning against the Parthians.

From the Metropolitan Museum of Art

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Ancient Worlds - BBC Two 

Episode 6 “City of Man, City of God”

Villa Adriana is a large complex of over 30 buildings, constructed at Tibur (modern-day Tivoli) as a retreat from Rome for Roman Emperor Hadrian during  the second and third decades of the 2nd century AD. 

The complex combined the best elements of the architectural heritage of Egypt, Greece and Rome in the form of an ‘ideal city’. It included palaces, several thermae, theatre, temples, libraries, state rooms, and quarters for courtiers, praetorians, and slaves. Some areas are still unexcavated. One of the most spectacular and best preserved parts of the villa are a pool and an artificial grotto which were named Canopus and Serapeum. The villa was the greatest Roman example of an Alexandrian garden.

A large court lived there permanently. During the later years of his reign Hadrian actually governed the empire from the villa.

After Hadrian’s death in 138, his successors preferred Rome as their permanent residence but the villa continued to be enlarged and further embellished. The complex was sacked and plundered by successive barbarian invaders, fell into neglect and was partially ruined.

Many artefacts have been found and restored at the villa, such as marble statues and mosaics from the theatre and baths

Villa Adriana, Tivoli, Italy

Detail from the Arch of Constantine, Rome.

Constantine’s arch commemorates his victory over Maxentius at the battle of the Milvian Bridge, in 312 AD. The arch uses spolia, so it re-uses earlier decorative fragments to put upon the new arch. Similarities can be seen on the Arch of Septimius Severus.

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January 16th 27 BCE: Augustus becomes first Roman Emperor

On this day in 27 BCE, Gaius Octavius - known as Octavian - was awarded the title of Augustus by the Roman Senate, making him the first Roman Emperor. Octavian had been named as heir of his great uncle Julius Caesar and upon Caesar’s assassination in 44 BCE he formed an alliance - the Second Triumvirate - with Marcus Aemilius Lepidus and Mark Antony, to rule and take vengeance on Caesar’s assassins. The alliance soon fell apart and the three fought for sole rule of Rome. Octavian emerged victorious after defeating Mark Anthony at the Battle of Actium in 31 BCE. Octavian then set about ‘restoring’ the Roman Republic, which had been ruled by Caesar as Dictator, by formally returning power to the Senate. However, in reality the new leader retained considerable power in his person, adopting many titles which became part of the imperial pantheon, including ‘Augustus’ (which loosely translates as ‘magnificent’), 'princeps’ (first citizen), 'pontifex maximus’ (priest of Roman religion), and 'tribunicia potestas’ (power over the tribune assemblies elected by the people). Augustus’s constitutional system gave way to the birth of the Principate, the first period of the Roman Empire. For his role in shaping the empire, and for the expansion of the imperial possessions during his rule, Augustus is considered the first Roman Emperor. He died in 14 CE, aged 75, and was succeeded by his step-son and adopted heir Tiberius. Augustus thus began the stable line of 'adoptive’ Roman Emperors, which ended with Marcus Aurelius’s decision to name his birth son Commodus, who came to power in 180 CE. Perhaps his most enduring legacy, however, is the name of the eighth month of the Roman calendar - August - which was renamed in his honour.