Restored arched walls of the Roman Amphitheater at Pula, Croatia.

The Arena is the only remaining Roman amphitheater to have four side towers and with all three Roman architectural orders entirely preserved. It was constructed in 27 BC – 68 AD and is among the six largest surviving Roman arenas in the World. The arena retains its complete circuit of walls.


A stunning venue, the Odeon Amphitheatre in Amman, Jordan. The photos show backstage, the get in (with the help of lovely locals), the set up and arrival of the audience, as well as the beginning of the show. 

In the first photo you can see the back of our director, Dominic Dromgoole, who’s joined the company for a while, watching over the team.

Photos by Becky Austin, David McEvoy, Penelope Woods.


I cannot refrain from quoting a paragraph from the article on the Mastiff in the Cynographia Britannica, published in 1800, which makes one regret the past.

“What the Lion is to the Cat the Mastiff is to the Dog, the noblest of the family; he stands alone, all others sink before him. His courage does not exceed his temper and generosity, and in attachment he equals the kindest of his race. His docility is perfect; the teasing of the smaller kinds will hardly provoke him to resent, and I have seen him down with his paw the Terrier or cur that has bit him, without offering further injury. In a family he will permit the children to play with him, and suffer all their little pranks without offense. The blind ferocity of the Bull Dog will often wound the hand of the master who assists him to combat, but the Mastiff distinguishes perfectly, enters the field with temper, and engages in the attack as if confident of success; if he overpowers or is beaten, his master may take him immediately in his arms and fear nothing. The ancient and faithful domestic, the pride of our island, uniting the useful, the brave and the docile, though sought by foreign nations and perpetuated on the continent, is nearly extinct where he probably was aborigine, or is bastardised by numberless crosses, every one of which degenerates the invaluable character of the parent, who was deemed worthy to enter the Roman amphitheatre, and, in the presence of the masters of the world encounter the pard, and assail even the lord of the savage tribes, whose courage was sublimed by torrid suns, and found none gallant enough to oppose him on the deserts of Zaara, or the plains of Numidia.”

It is too much to hope that one of these days there may arise a few keen and intelligent breeders who will realise how this splendid dog, once the pride of England, and the envy of the world, has been and still is being sacrificed by the ignorance, jealousy and selfishness of unworthy fanciers; and will strongly take the measures necessary to restore him to his proper place at the head of the canine race?

— Ernest H. Hart, Encyclopedia of Dog Breeds (1968)


Unified Italy is a relatively new concept and Italy is a relatively new country, but regional divisions in the 20th century mean that Molise is one of the youngest regions in a young country. It is located just above the “ankle” of Italy’s boot. Its coastline on the Adriatic is slightly north of the spur in northern Puglia that juts out into the sea. While the title of smallest Italian region lies further north in the Aosta Valley, Molise is a close second. Geography ranges from mountain peaks inland down to hills closer to the sea. Famous people from here include 13th century Pope Celestine V, politician Antonio Di Pietro, and singer-songwriter Fred Bongusto. Tourism hasn’t historically been a big part of Molise’s economy, although that’s starting to change a bit in parts of the region. The mountains of inland Molise are great for outdoors enthusiasts – particularly so in the summer for mountain hikes. Summer also brings people to the Adriatic coast, and although there are arguably nicer beaches elsewhere in the country, the beaches of Molise are far less popular (and therefore less crowded). The small towns and villages of Molise allow visitors to get away from the crowds and relax. Many don’t have major “sights”, and some suffered quite a bit of damage in a 2002 earthquake, but careful rebuilding efforts in some towns have resulted in picturesque centers that are faithful to their historic look. 

Campobasso – Capital and largest city, home to a university, a 15th century castle, 11th century churches, and 16th century cathedral

Isernia – Near Lazio border dating back to ancient Rome, historic center still based on ancient Roman city layout, sights include an archaeological excavation and a nearby village with ruins dating back to the 3rd and 4th centuries B.C.E.

Larino – Town in a mountain valley, heavily damaged in 2002 quake, historic center rebuilt faithfully, sights include 1st century Roman amphitheatre and 11th century cathedral

Termoli – Beach resort popular with vacationing Italians, home to a large Fiat plant, historic center faithfully restored after 2002 quake

Agnone – City near the Abruzzo border, historic artifacts found here date back to 3rd century B.C.E., sights include a museum at the Marinelli bell foundry (in business for more than 1,000 years, making it one of the world’s oldest companies)

The region only has one large ethnic minority: The Molisan Croats (20,000 people who speak an old Dalmatian dialect of the Croatian language) are known for being particularly devout Catholics. They speak the old Dalmatian dialect alongside Italian.

anonymous asked:

Hello, The alan-and-rima tumblr site has a link to a tribute to Alan Rickman. Could you translate it? Thank you.

Hey, Yes is an italian interview :)

The popular actor Alan Rickman was known to the general public especially for having starred in the Harry Potter film series as Professor Severus Snape, but it was a great film not only more refined, but above all of the Shakespearean stage and beyond. He visited Volterra. This is the Simone Migliorini’s memory, he worked with him.

“I don’t want to be remembered for the films I’ve done, that’s work, I want to be remembered as Alan, we always say even with Emma (Thompson), a thing work, one thing life and who loves you” once told me sitting in a tavern/library in Dublin, before the debut of his show by Ibsen at the national theatre of Ireland.

He was a great guy, I want to remember him as a person, as he wanted; I remember him at his home in London when he came to the door in a bathrobe; I remember him so at his home in Italy to serve under the Pergola, without shoes, smiling, with that powerful voice in a strong British accent, always soft-spoken, always enthusiastic. 

I remember him on the Tower of the Palazzo dei Priori enchanted by the scenery that was enjoying: would no longer be dropped …

Volterra is a discovery, an amazing discovery.” – said Alan – “I mentioned it in the environment of American Cinema no one knows, Volterra is a great find, I told and repeated at all. “

I remember when I proposed to recite Dante in Italian from the Windows of the Palazzo dei Priori, was so excited, like a student of the Academy.
Not only. Suffered from dizziness, strange for a guy who did a flight of I don’t know how many meters from the skyscraper in the final scenes of the film “Die Hard”.

Remember all those occasions that over the years we have had the opportunity to share, his letters, his unconditional support to the Festival. Kept us very much, I always said it might represent to Volterra a big bussiness, could have an impact on jobs, tourism and also the city’s demographic development. He said, “the Festival’s in Volterra as the Guggenheim is in Bilbao, but if you really believe you can’t be alone believe me there are and were two”.

Last may he called me from New York, had just finished presenting his latest film “A Little Chaos” which was working for years. He had met at the gala dinner the President of the World Monument Fund and introduced him to activate a line of international observation to raise money for restoration and final commissioning of our Roman Theatre.

We met a few months ago, the shadow of the Evening that we gave you in the hallway of his house (there are the Globe, Tony and all the other awards he has won, but the shadow Yes)We told us she seemed not bad, a lot of things. We had a lot of plans, a lot of ideas such as he would have liked to turn the Italian squares with a wagon and costumes and props, along with Emma Thompson, to recite Shakespeare.

I remember when you lent him to participate in the show “bad and evil in Shakespeare’s Theatre”: how he was excited to be able to recite in the Roman Theatre, wandering among the monumental ruins entranced before the show, it absorbed energy; I remember when we had to pass from the alleys, doorways to avoid the horde of fans from all over Italy to see it.

I remember in one of his last emails, a few days ago, the Hospital where he was admitted: I’m spending the most relaxing one in hospital… Can’t be too bad…”

I also remember his public appeal:

“Dear Simon, the Roman Theatre in Volterra is not only something that the city should be proud, but it should involve the passionate concern of Italy and the world. I was lucky enough to recite in its shade, two years ago. Its importance as a historical site cannot be overstated, but I also know personally how a place so exciting even in its current condition. To have it protected and developed for future generations would not only be of great economic benefit to the city, but it would mean creating a place of importance not only locally but also nationally and internationally. The problem is that having to awaken the conscience of the whole Italy and all over the civilized world.”

He liked the photos of sunsets and scenery of Volterra, the Roman Theatre, the amphitheatre just discovered. He said that would be healed before if I kept sending those pictures.

No, Alan, here the weather is gray, all Volterra cries and gets wet with rain and wind complains of pain, the panorama terso is the curtain, each photo I shoot is grey, as frames over the end credits…In the distance a song I don’t know yet, I’m told is called “can’t be too bad"…

This is my translation italian-english, and this is the italian link: [x]

Thanks to this anonymous account for this request, I hope you and all Rickmaniacs enjoy it  ❤️ 

A big hug  ❤️

Scores of skulls excavated in the heart of London have provided the first gruesome evidence of Roman head hunters operating in Britain, gathering up the heads of executed enemies or fallen gladiators from the nearby amphitheatre, and exposing them for years in open pits.

“It is not a pretty picture,” Rebecca Redfern, from the centre for human bioarchaeology at the museum of London, said. “At least one of the skulls shows evidence of being chewed at by dogs, so it was still fleshed when it was lying in the open.”

“They come from a peculiar area by the Walbrook stream, which was a site for burials and a centre of ritual activity – but also very much in use for more mundane pursuits. We have evidence of lots of shoe making, so you have to think of the cobbler working yards from these open pits, with the dog chewing away – really not nice.”

“We believe that some of the heads may be people who were killed in the amphitheatre. Decapitation was a way of finishing off gladiators, but not everyone who died in the Roman amphitheatre was a gladiator, it was where common criminals were executed, or sometimes for entertainment you’d give two of them swords and have them kill one another. Other heads may have been brought back by soldiers from skirmishes, probably on the Hadrian or Antonine walls – again, it would have taken weeks to bring them back, so not a nice process.”

More here.