roman north africa

Ketchaoua Mosque - Algiers, Algeria

Built in 1612, the mosque was converted into a church in 1845 under French rule, known as the Saint Philippe Cathedral, it was reverted to a mosque in 1962.

El Djem (Tunisian Arabic: الجمّ) is a town in Mahdia Governorate, Tunisia. It is home to the famous “Roman amphitheater of Thysdrus”. Thysdrus was built, like almost all Roman settlements in ancient Tunisia, on former Punic settlements. In a less arid climate than today’s, Thysdrus, which became part of the Roman province of Byzacena, prospered especially in the 2nd century, when it became an important center of olive oil manufacturing for export. It was the seat of a Christian bishopric, which is included in the Catholic Church’s list of titular sees. By the early 3rd century AD, when the amphitheater was built, Thysdrus rivaled Hadrumetum (modern Sousse) as the second city of Roman North Africa, after Carthage. However, following the abortive revolt that began there in 238 AD, and Gordian I’s suicide in his villa near Carthage, Roman troops loyal to Emperor Maximinus Thrax destroyed the city.  More >