in the african great lakes region, people with albinism face ostracism from their communities and are hunted by those looking to sell their body parts to witch doctors. infants are abducted from mother’s beds and young children are kidnapped, where their eyes, genitals, arms and organs are removed, often while still alive.
with the body parts believed to be fetching tens of thousands of dollars on the black market, the trade is thought to be driven by the wealthiest members of society. “mutilation and murders of children with albinism are mostly met by social silence and indifference,” says a report released last year by the un’s special representative on violence against children.
in the past few years, there have been 72 reported killings and 35 reported attacks resulting in severe mutation in tanzania alone; in the rest of africa, there have been 45 reported killings and 30 severe mutilations, though unreported cases would put the numbers much higher. a full, detailed listing of killings and attacks can be found here
a genetic mutation known as erythrism, which suppresses the black pigment eumelanin and produces an excess of the red pigment phaeomelanin, causes these grasshoppers to turn a dangerously conspicuous pink (making rare the photographer who manages to photograph one). the combination of red hair and freckles in humans is thought to be a form of erythrism. photos by roeselien raimond, victoria hillman, marcus juvonen, tim parkinson,