robert e jackson

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Today marks the 155th anniversary of the Battle of Antietam, the bloodiest day in US history.

The Army of the Potomac, under the command of Maj. Gen. George McClellan, mounted a series of powerful assaults against General Robert E. Lee’s forces along Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg, Maryland, on September 17th, 1862. The morning attacks by the Union First and Twelfth Corps on the Confederate left flank, and vicious Confederate counterattacks by Gen. “Stonewall” Jackson’s brigades swept back and forth through Miller’s Cornfield, across the Hagerstown Turnpike and into the West Woods. Later, towards the center of the battlefield, Union Second Corps assaults against the Sunken Road pierced the Confederate center after a terrible struggle but failed to capitalize on their breakthrough there. In the afternoon, the third and final major assault by Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside’s Ninth Corps pushed over a bullet-strewn stone bridge at Antietam Creek that now bears his name. Just as Burnside’s forces began to collapse the Confederate right, the timely arrival of Gen. A.P. Hill’s division from Harpers Ferry helped to drive the Army of the Potomac back once more. On the 18th, both sides remained in place, too bloodied to advance. Late that evening and on the 19th, Lee withdrew from the battlefield and slipped back across the Potomac into Virginia. The bloodiest single day in American military history ended in a draw, but the Confederate retreat gave President Abraham Lincoln the “victory” he desired before issuing the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation five days later.

Sources: Instagram and civilwar.org

This photo is a statue of General Phil Sheridan, hero of the Union army in the Civil War. This statue stands in Washington, D.C. Sheridan was born in Ohio and became a Major General at the young age of 31. By all accounts he was highly regarded by his peers for his professionalism and abilities.

But, he was also the architect of “total war” in launching the Shenandoah campaign of 1864 now known as “The Burning”. Sheridan’s forces burned, pillaged, and looted their way through the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia destroying homes and leaving women and children to fend for themselves through the winter. Even Sheridan’s soldiers were appalled at the behavior their general ordered and called themselves “barn burners” and “destroyers of homes”. A quote from Wikipedia, a Sergeant William T. Patterson wrote that “the whole country around is wrapped in flames, the heavens are aglow with the light thereof … such mourning, such lamentations, such crying and pleading for mercy [by defenseless women]… I never saw or want to see again.” Sheridan relished the feat of rendering over 400 square miles of the Shenandoah Valley as “uninhabitable”.

After the war Sheridan continued his military career in the west fighting native Americans. He also continued his maxim of “total war” by changing tactics to raid native American villages during the winter months when the tribes were unsuspecting and hunkered down with their families to wait out the cold. This led to several massacres including the Battle of Washita River (led by General George Armstrong Custer), in which native American women and children were slaughtered in their village. Sheridan was notorious for his declaration that “the only good Indians I ever saw were dead”. He denied this quote, but nevertheless it clearly defined his actions while fighting native Americans.

Sheridan also extended his goal of total war to the buffalo population which provided food and sustenance to the native Americans. He is quoted as saying of the buffalo hunters, “let them kill, skin and sell until the buffalo are exterminated.” All of this in order to rid the United States of native Americans.

I do not wish the statue of General Phil Sheridan to be removed from Washington, D.C. Every American should understand that our forefathers, heroes of our past, were actually human beings with all of their faults. General Phil Sheridan did what his country asked of him. As others did what their country (or STATE) asked of them.

These include Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson, A.P. Hill, Wade Hampton, Ulysses S. Grant, JEB Stuart, John Buford, Joshua Chamberlain, Phil Kearny, George Meade, and countless other faceless and nameless soldiers on both sides in the Civil War. They were not perfect, but they WERE human. If we left it only to perfect men to hold such high honor, we would be completely devoid of heroes at all. And how would that make us feel? I argue that we would all be worse off for it.

Historical figures will always be judged harshly when compared to current morals and sensibilities.

But, do any of us wish to be judged harshly by our offspring in 200 years? I think not.

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It’s only a Paper Moon

These studio portraits, acquired by collector Robert E. Jackson, feature one of the most popular props in early 20th-century informal portraiture: the paper moon.

The paper moon was most commonly found in cheap photo studios at fairs and carnivals, offering couples and friends the chance to commemorate their festive time together with a souvenir postcard of their trip to the heavens.

http://mashable.com/2017/01/08/paper-moons/

i really hope i dont see any posts about trump comparing robert e lee and stonewall jackson to george washington as being like “well i agree because george washington was bad too” because while yes george washington was bad and a slaver you fucking know thats not what he meant

“The Devil” holding portraits of leading Southern figures during the American Civil War such as Jefferson Davis, Alexander H. Stephens, Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson [c.1861]

washingtonpost.com
Washington National Cathedral to remove stained glass windows honoring Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson
Confederate windows were likely the most prominent in an American sacred space

“These windows will be deconsecrated, removed, conserved and stored until we can determine a more appropriate future for them. The window openings and stone work in the Lee-Jackson Bay will be covered over until we determine what will go in their place.”

The church began deliberations on removal two years ago after the racially motivated shootings at the Zion AME church in Charlottesville. Despite being known as the National Cathedral, the Cathedral Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul is an Episcopal church and has no affiliation with the US government.

anonymous asked:

Can I ask why you want to keep the Robert E. Lee statues? You're a Utahn. Zero connection to the South, despite St George's penchant for the word Dixie.

I grew up in North Carolina, and im an American. I love history. Beyond the whole “bound to repeat it” thing, its still our nations history. Its the story of how people came to a New World and formed colonies, fought their way out from under unjust rule, joined together to form a Nation, split in two and fought one another for liberties and values they believed in.

Hate the south. Hate the confederate flag. Hate the White Man if you want.

But learn history. Respect what it took to get us here. Walk around Fort Sumpter. Visit Gettysburg battlefields. Visit these memorials, parks, and see the damn statues! Even go to the “smaller” sites like Bentonville, Fisher, Macon - these places i visited growing up were a marvel to me. People fought hard for their land, their families, their rights and on both sides!

Classrooms are boring. Robert E Lee, Stonewall Jackson, Robert Toombs, Jefferson Davis. Theyre all names on a page or whiteboard. Statues give them a face. They make history more real. Monuments honor the men they were. Call it racist if you want, but theres much more to a man.

The Civil War wasnt solely fought to end slavery. Lincoln’s Union fought to end slavery, and touted the war as such. But union officials, presidents, generals, etc. Were all part of the slace-owning minority.

The Confederates wanted to fight for states rights. The confederates wanted to fight to end taxes and tarrifs placed on their products. The south had the farms and the north had the factories. Not many people had slaves in the south, so the sheer numbers or by percentages, not many of the Comfederate fighters could say they were fighting in the name of keeping slavery around.

The arguments over the cause and motives of the Civil War can and are still argued today with opinions all over the map.

Knowing some of these leaders’ history, their lives, their honor, their brilliance - on both sides of the war- it is still our history and lessons can be learned from that.

The fact we live in 2017 means we look at history through lenses of the year 2017. The fact i live in Utah means i look at the world through Utah-tinted glasses. Its a phenomenon called Ethnocentrism. So put away your preconceptions of what it was like to live in the late 1800s and realize shit was just different back then. Slaves were, unfortunately, a part of life (And still are in much of the world in varying ways). I do not dismiss it, but realize that i cannot imagine exactly what everyone was thining, feeling, how the culture was, etc. I cannot say that some good men didnt own slaves and take care of them very well - even paying them as servants. I cannot say that there werent evil men who owned humans for their own gain and pleasure and treat them like shit. Oh- but both of those things still continue globally.

So why are we so focused on erasing the past? Especially a past that so few people bother to try to understand.

I counter your question and ask why you would see the confederacy swept under the rug.

The white folks rallying about the confederate flag at Stone Mountain. They claim it’s not about hate.

A little history on Stone Mountain:

IT IS WHERE THE 20TH CENTURY KKK WAS FOUNDED ROBERT E LEE, STONEWALL JACKSON, AND JEFFERSON DAVIS’ LIKENESSES ARE CARVED INTO THE SIDE OF THE FUCKING MOUNTAIN DAFUQ YOU MEAN ITS NOT ABOUT HATE

If it’s not about hate, why Stone Mountain? There’s a state capital for this type of shit but y'all chose one of the most frequented parks to do this shit at. Like the area isn’t even predominantly white anymore.

I lived in Stone Mountain for a long time. Grew up over there actually. There used to be loads of white ppl that lived there. It’s predominantly black now. They got popo over there protecting their redneck asses. I hope they all get sunburn and choke on their canned baked beans.

“It’s about heritage, not hate.” I’m thinking like why would you be PROUD of the confederacy but then I remember that this is the South and that though I don’t see them very often, the racist Beckys and Jasons still reside here. I’m so used to being in Atlanta that I almost forgot what it’s like outside of the city limits.