robert de cotte

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Post 2 of 3: From my May trip to Versailles: the Hercules Salon. This drawing room is the largest in the palace and originally was the site of the fourth royal chapel (1682-1710) under Louis XIV. In 1712, the King ordered his chief architect, Robert de Cotte (brother in law and successor to Jules Hardouin-Mansart) to create a proper setting for the enormous masterpiece “Repast at Simon’s Abode” by Veronese. It was gifted to Louis XIV in 1664 by the Republic of Venice. The room’s construction was interrupted with the death of Louis XIV in 1715 and restarted shortly after the return of Louis XV in 1722. On the ceiling is the greatest work of the genius François Lemoyne titled “Apotheosis of Hercules” completed in 1736. I tried to capture some of the details of Robert de Cotte’s exquisite Rococo decoration while cropping out the hundreds of tourists that fill the room, hence more ceiling than floors, lol. I also added a few floor plans and exterior photos to help show its location on the Royal Floor between the North Wing and Ange-Jacques Gabriel’s Royal Chapel and the enfilade of the State Apartment.

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LES LIAISONS DE MARIE ANTOINETTE | APPARTEMENT DE LA REINE | DECORATION DONE UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF ROBERT DE COTTE AND JACQUES GABRIEL. BOISERIES AND MIRROR FRAMES, JULES DEGOULLONS, ANDRÉ GOUPIL, AND JACQUES VEBERCKT | REFERENCE , “VERSAILLES” VALÉRIE BAJOU

Jules Hardouin-Mansart and Robert de Cotte (architects). La Chambre de l'Impératrice. 1687-1688. Dessus-de-porte depicting flowers by Jean-Baptiste Monnoyer. The bed was made by François-Honoré-Georges Jacob-Desmalter in 1809, and the bergère (armchair) was made by Pierre-Benoit Marcion in 1809.

Cette pièce sera créée en 1691, à l'emplacement de quatre petites pièces de buffets, pour aménager une chambre destinée à Louis XIV, puis au Grand Dauphin. Divisée sous l'Empire pour former une chambre plus petite et un salon, elle sera destinée à Madame Mère en 1805, puis à l'impératrice Marie-Louise, et enfin à la reine Marie-Amélie.

La Chambre de l'Impératrice, L'Appartement de l'Impératrice, Le Grand Trianon, parc du château de Versailles. Versailles, France.

LES LIAISONS DE MARIE ANTOINETTE | The Roccoco ceiling (1729-35); has four grisaille paintings by François Boucher (1703-70), from designs by Robert de Cotte, depicting the four virtues of a queen (compassion, generosity, wisdom, fidelity). The Gobelins medallions with portraits of the Empress Maria Theresa of Austria, the Emperor Joseph II and Louis XVI date from the time of Marie-Antoinette. |Reference : Chateau de Versailles

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Palais Rohan, Strasbourg. France.

Strasbourg’s Rohan Palace, constructed between 1732 and 1742 after blueprints by Robert de Cotte, First Architect to the King, for Cardinal Armand-Gaston de Rohan-Soubise, Prince-Bishop of Strasbourg was modeled after Paris’ grand mansions. This Episcopal Palace is one of the most beautiful creations of French 18th century architecture byway of the classic, noble height of its facades and its sumptuous interior decors. Built, decorated and furnished in the span of ten years time, the dwelling is graced with an exceptional unity.