road infrastructure

Just Saying

If your entire country has been destroyed by Cat-5 hurricanes, if your electrical grid is down and your roads and infrastructure are wiped out, if your water supply is dwindling and your citizens are starving….

YOU DESERVE TO HAVE EVERYTHING DONE FOR YOU.

UNTIL PEOPLE ARE SAFE AND ORDER IS RESTORED.

Fuck you, Donald. Fuck you and your callous cruelty and your elitist ignorance and your thinly-veiled constant racism. After you get impeached, I hope they fucking deport you.

6

The fucking truth. The. Fucking. Truth. Gentrification is such racist fuckery. You discriminated against Black people for centuries. Refused them mobility. Stuck them in areas where you did not invest in infrastructure, school, roads, business or anything else. Redlined the fuck outta Black people. Steered them right into this fucked up spaces. Took their taxes and funneled it to richer neighborhoods to take care of their shit while not using that money to build up the neighborhoods of those particular tax payers. Overpoliced them using brutal tactics. Even trafficked drugs into their neighborhoods. Nevertheless they rise above it, create something special, unique and lasting out of less than nothing and now that it looks pleasant to your eyes, white people want to come into said neighborhood, take it over, kick all the Black people out, tear it down, destroy everything Black people built and bleach the fuck out of the area. Fucking pigs.

independent.co.uk
ICYMI: Trump removed Obama's flood protection laws just days before Hurricane Harvey hit

In 2015, Mr Obama introduced measures that made it harder to build roads, bridges and other infrastructure in areas that were susceptible to flooding. Plans for such projects would legally have to take into account the impact of climate change and be built to withstand future changes.

While the new regulations had not yet come into effect, they have now been scrapped entirely after Mr Trump decided they were too likely to slow down plans for new infrastructure.

Announcing the decision earlier in August, the billionaire businessman said: “We’re going to get infrastructure built quickly, inexpensively, relatively speaking, and the permitting process will go very, very quickly.“

“It’s going to be a very streamlined process, and by the way, if it doesn’t meet environmental safeguards, we’re not going to approve it.”

However, some of those safeguards have now been removed. The order also introduces a two-year time limit for permission to be granted for major infrastructure projects, in which Mr Trump has pledged to invest $1 trillion.

The move was praised by business groups but strongly opposed by environmentalists.

flickr

railway bridge by kazu saito

旧国道架道橋

ashleyisaboysnametoo  asked:

Not meant to incite anything, but could you direct me to information about appropriation of taxes for schools? I always thought if, say, a particular state were taxing for education that it would be distributed evenly but always wondered why it didn't seem that way. After what you said, and I believe it, I'm curious as to how they appropriate funds based on contribution since other public works like roads or infrastructure is meant to be distributed evenly.. Agh. Why do humans lack compassion :/

Different states handle funding differently. I’m most familiar with Texas, since I live and teach here. 

Here’s some rather official and dense information about how Texas funds education.

This article goes into some of the specific issues and efforts we have

A collection of Texas Tribune articles on the subject.

Many of the education issues in Texas, including funding. 

The short version is that Texas does not have a state income tax (which is how many other states pay for education.) Instead, we use local property tax, which stays in the communities it comes from. So rich communities pay more property tax and have nicer schools. Poor communities, particularly those with lots of renting, pay far less property tax, and have chronically underfunded school. Every few years this obvious bullshit goes to court, but so far no change. 

Maybe people shouldn’t just project their experiences on to everyone else?  You aren’t necessarily entitled to dismiss other people’s concerns just because things turned out perfectly okay for you?  Just because you didn’t need a certain resource doesn’t mean others don’t and you don’t get to steal or sabotage it so that others can’t get what they need from it? 

Also there isn’t a single person in the U.S. who doesn’t benefit some way from paying taxes.  Even rich people who refuse to pay tax get the best roads and infrastructures, best access to good schools, good neighborhood security, etc.  So saying “I never got a handout” would only be true if you recognize that social services aren’t a handout, but you benefiting from investing in the country’s infrastructure all of your life.  And the only people who really are getting handouts are the ones who profit from other people’s labor while never contributing.  The American people paying for Trump’s wife and child to stay in NY is a handout.  People who paid taxes all of their lives being able to be fed?  Not a hand out.  People paying into a safety net so that any one of them can use it in the future?  Not a hand out.  Food stamps are not a handout. Unemployment is not a hand out.  Environmental protections are not a handout, and access to arts and education are not handouts. 

The argument that a higher minimum wage or a basic income would be a handout, but a rich kid inheriting stolen wealth inflated and passed down from slave labor is “hard work”?  Illogical. 

anonymous asked:

Can you tell us more about the rivalry between TJeff and Ham? If it was like the musical or different, I'd like to know more about it

Here you go. Two days and three thousand words later, all sources come Jefferson and Hamilton: The Rivalry That Forged a Nation by John Ferling. Here you go:

It is probable that Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson met for the first time in 1783 after Madison in an effort to get Jefferson back into public life after the death of his wife, Martha finally convinced him to take a position as an envoy to Paris, France. Traveling to the coast before his departure, he reached Philadelphia just after Christmas, about two weeks before General McDougall and his officers arrived from Newburgh to urge commutation and spread rumors of a possible officers mutiny. Hamilton, of course, was a member of the Congress, and it is probable that he met Jefferson sometime during the Virginian’s seventy five days in Philadelphia, especially since they both counted Madison as a friend.

Both had contrasting views on the Constitution- Hamilton was a member of the Federalists who wished to ratify the constitution and Jefferson was opposed to the thought of it. Their rivalry does not start there- they barely knew one another in this time while Jefferson was in France during which the Constitution was birthed into life.

While it is probable they met in 1783, it is certain they met in 1789. This was the year that Washington was made president of the United States. Washington first began to fill his cabinet, he first offered Robert Morris the position of Treasury Secretary but he declined and recommended Hamilton. Jefferson, on his way back to the States stepped off into England to learn that Washington had nominated him to be secretary of state and that the senate had already confirmed the appointment. That was not the reason that Jefferson was returning to America, however and did not want to job- only accepted after a second offer from Washington.

The half year in the cabinet together was peaceful, though they disagreed with one another nearly every meeting- they also were good at speaking. Hamilton was even invited to Jefferson’s for dinner several times and they dined together.

In 1790, Madison, Jefferson and Hamilton negotiated the “Compromise of 1790″ in which Madison badly wanted the capital to be located on the Potomac. Hamilton asked Jefferson to intercede with southern congressman to support the Assumption Bill. Jefferson had remained on the side lines during this battle. The agreement that they allegedly reached called for Madison and Jefferson to persuade a couple of recalcitrant Virginia congressmen to support assumption, and for Hamilton to convince some Pennsylvania representatives, who longed for Philadelphia to be the nation’s capital, to consent to locating the capital on the Potomac. Madison had long since mastered the arts of backroom negotiating and Hamilton was the master at intrigue. Ever after. Jefferson depicted himself as a guileless innocent who was taken advantage of by Hamilton.

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Advanced Concrete Means Little Maintenance For A Century

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A new water-repellant concrete impregnated with tiny superstrong fibers promises to leave roads and bridges free of major cracks for up to 120 years.

University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee civil engineers have developed a concrete mix that is durable and superhydrophobic. They call it Superhydrophobic Engineered Cementitious Composite (SECC). Preventing normally porous concrete from absorbing water means that liquid can’t get inside, freeze and cause it to crack. The concrete’s unusual characteristics, including being significantly more ductile than traditional concrete, means that cracks that do form do not propagate and cause failure.

“Our architecture allows the material to withstand four times the compression with 200 times the ductility of traditional concrete,” said associate professor Konstantin Sobolev, whose lab created SECC.

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