river severn

Meaning of the ML names
  • Marinette Dupain-Cheng: The one who rises to make the bread.
  • Adrien Agreste: The word "agreste" is French for "rustic".
  • Nino Lahiffe: "Lahiffe" means "the descendant of the hero"
  • Alya Césaire: Alya means "scarlet" in Slavonic while Césaire is a French variation of Caesarius, derived from Caesar, believed to mean "hair" or "hairy" in Roman, therefore her name means "scarlet hair" which Alya has. Also, Aimé Césaire is a famous poet from Martinique where Alya is from.
  • Chloé Bourgeois: Chloé means "young green shoot", possibly hinting that Chloé will grow into a better person? Bourgeois relates to the middle-class which discords how Chloé acts as a rich girl who is better than everyone else.
  • Sabrina Raincomprix: Sabrina means "legendary princess" in English, "from the border" in Italian and "from Cyrpus" or "the river Severn" in Latin. "Rien compris", which sounds similar to "Raincomprix", is French for "understands nothing". The surname could also relate to the comic Asterix where there are many puns and wordplays, like in all these names.
  • Mylène Haprèle: Mylène is a contraption of the names "Marie" and "Hélène", meaning "bitter" and "moon" respectively. The meaning of Haprèle is unknown, I assume (I may be incorrect) that it has ties to the English surname "Harper".
  • Alix Kubdel: Alix is a French variation of Alice, meaning "noble" and is also a variation of the name Alex, meaning "defender of man" but I have no idea what Kubdel could mean.
  • Lê Chiến Kim: Kim is a diminutive of Kimball, a Welsh name meaning "warrior chief" and "le chien" is French for "the dog" while "lé chiến" is Vietnamese for "pear war" according to Google Translate. "Chiến" means war and "Kim" means gold, therefore also referring to the golden war
  • Ivan Bruel: Ivan is a Russian variation of the name John, Bruel is a variation of "Breuls" meaning "marshy woodland". Patrick Bruel is a singer and Ivan makes music and sings.
  • Max Kanté: Max means "greatest" and Kanté is possibly related to Kant, meaning "edge" or "corner".
  • Nathaniel Kurtzberg: Nathaniel means "gift from God", Kurtz is German/Jewish surname meaning "short in height" and the suffix -berg is common in Jewish surnames and means "mountain".
  • Rose Lavillant: Rose means "rose" or "flower" but I can't find anything for "Lavillant".
  • Juleka Couffaine: Juleka could be a variation on the name Julia, meaning youth or beauty, "Couffaine" sounds like "coffin", perhaps pointing at Juleka being goth-ish (I don't have a lot of information about Juleka's name).
  • Lila Rossi: "Lila" is an Arabic name meaning "night", "Rossi" is an Italian surname meaning (the plural) of red, "Lila Rossi" = red night.
  • Aurore Beauréal: In French, the Aurora Borealis is called is called "aurores boréales", which is a weather phenomenon, hence Aurore being Stormy Weather.
  • Penny ROLLING & Jagged STONE: (The) Rolling Stone(s). Also Mick Jagger and Jagged.
  • me: *claps at Thomas for all the hidden puns and meanings*
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A European ‘Supertide’

“Part of France’s North Atlantic coast and southwestern England braced for their first giant tide of the millennium on Saturday as the alignment of the sun and the moon created an ocean surge not seen since the 1990s. This so-called “supertide” or “tide of the century,” with surges up to 14 meters high, actually happens every 18 years. The high tides have turned France’s famed Mont Saint-Michel into an island, and sent bore tide waves into England’s River Severn, and the extreme low tides have exposed areas of beach and rock unseen since 1997.”

flickr

Steam Serene…tank engine crosses the River Severn by Keith Wilkinson
Via Flickr:
In glorious morning sunshine, tank engine 1450 crosses the River Severn on Victoria Bridge with a chartered train of two brake vans. This was the 9.00 a.m. departure from Bewdley to Bridgnorth on the Severn Valley Railway on Saturday August 6th 2016. The former Great Western Railway steam locomotive was carrying the head board: SLS Special.

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Today in history - The battle of Bosworth

The Battle of Bosworth was fought on August 22nd 1485. Henry Tudor had marched with his force from Milford Haven in Wales where he had landed with about 2000 men. The Battle of Bosworth is one of England’s defining battles as it ended the reign of Richard III and led to Henry Tudor becoming Henry VII, the first of the Tudor monarchs, a dynasty that lasted to 1603 and included the reign of two of England’s most famous monarchs – Henry VIII and his daughter Elizabeth I.

To launch his campaign against Richard III, Henry needed money. This he got from Charles VIII of France who hoped that a conflict in England would suitably distract any attention away from his wish to take Brittany. Henry sailed from Harfleur on August 1st with a force of between 400 and 500 loyal followers and about 1500 French soldiers. The force landed at Milford Haven on August 7th and marched north along the Cardigan coastline before turning inland towards the Cambrian Mountains and then the River Severn which he followed to the English border.

By August 12th, Henry had won the support of the most influential landowner in South Wales – Rhys ap Thomas – who had been promised the Lieutenancy of Wales if Henry won. However, regardless of his support in Wales, Henry needed more support in England. He turned to his step-father Lord Stanley and his brother Sir William Stanley. They owned large areas of land in north Wales and in the Border region. Both men secretly gave money to Henry – Lord Stanley’s eldest son was being held prisoner by Richard III as an insurance of good behaviour. The uncle of the Earl of Shrewsbury, Gilbert Thomas, also gave his support to Henry along with 500 men.

Richard III was at Nottingham Castle when he learned about Henry’s invasion. He did nothing as he assumed that the major landowners of Wales would see Henry as a threat and group their forces together and attack him. When he realised that he had made a mistake, Richard marched his forces to Leicester. The two armies fought two-and-a-half miles south of Market Bosworth.

Henry had a force of about 5000 men while Richard’s army probably was nearer 12,000. However, 4,000 of these soldiers belonged to the Stanley family and no one was sure if the Stanley’s could be trusted. It is thought that Richard did not trust Lord Stanley as he had a reputation of fighting for whoever he felt was going to be the most generous in victory. For Richard it was to be a shrewd judgement of character – and one that led to his death.

The fighting began early in the morning of August 22nd. The two Stanley armies stayed away from the actual fighting at this stage so that the contest was literally a battle between Richard’s and Henry’s forces. Richard held the crest of Ambien Hill with Henry at the bottom in more marshy land. When Henry’s men charged up the hill, they sustained heavy casualties. However, Henry had recruited long bow men while in Wales and these inflicted equally severe wounds on the forces of Richard as being at the top of a hill did not protect them from a deluge of long bow arrows.

Though there are no contemporary accounts of the battle, it is generally accepted that it lasted about two to three hours. Casualties on both sides were heavy. What turned the battle seems to have been a decision made by Richard III to target Henry himself. Henry was seen making a move to where Lord Stanley was almost certainly with the intent to urge Stanley to use his forces on Henry’s side. With some trusted men Richard charged at Henry. He nearly succeeded in getting to Henry, and Tudor’s standard bearer, William Brandon, who was very near his leader, was killed. However, Henry’s bodyguards closed ranks and the future king was saved.

For the duration of the battle, the forces of the Stanley family had stood by the sides – therefore fulfilling what Richard believed – but at this critical moment the army of Sir William Stanley attacked Richard, seemingly coming to the aid of Henry. Richard was killed and his forces broke up and fled. Lord Stanley picked up the slain Richard’s crown and placed it on Henry’s head.

First printed map of Wales.

This is the earliest printed map specifically of Wales and was compiled by Humphrey Llwyd (1527–1568) shortly before his death. It was first published in 1573 by Abraham Ortelius. Cambriae Typus is the first printed map to show Wales as a separate region and although it has many inaccuracies e.g. showing Wales as extending to the River Severn (and therefore including large parts of what is now known as England), it was a great improvement on earlier maps. In Cambriae Typus, Llwyd focused on creating a historical and cultural map rather than portraying the contemporary political situation.