rimfire cartridge


Colt New Model Police Pistol

Made by Colt Manufacturing Co c.1872 and decorated by Louis D. Nimschke for Schuyler, Hartley & Graham - serial number 3583.
.38RF conversion five-round cylinder, single action, side loading gate with spring-loaded ejector rod, silver plated and gold-washed with Tiffany style grip.

We’re reaching Bloodborne levels of weaponry.


The Allen and Wheelock lipfire revolver,

Invented by Ethan Allen in 1860, the Allen and Wheelock revolver was an attempt to circumvent the Rollin White patient on the bored through cylinder, which allowed for practical metallic cartridge revolvers, and the rimfire cartridge held by Smith and Wesson.  The new revolver used metallic cartridges called “lipfire cartridges” which featured a small lip containing mercury of fulminate which served as the priming component of the cartridge. 

Ethan Allen claimed in his patent application for the lipfire cartridge that it was meant to reduced costs compared to the rimfire, where priming component rimmed the entire cartridge.  The cartridges had to be placed lip up, and recessed were machined into the cylinder so that the lip would fit snugly. The Allen and Wheelock lipfire revolver came in both .36 caliber (Navy) and .44 caliber (Army) models.

While the revolver was intended to evade the Rollin White patent, the fact of the matter was that it still had a bored through cylinder. Only 500 were produced before Rollin White and Smith & Wesson filed court injunctions, forcing Allen and Wheelock to cease production in 1863.


Colt 1871-72 Open Top revolvers

Made by Colt Manufacturing Arms Company in Hartford, Connecticut c.1872-73 - based on the Richards-Mason conversion of older Colt revolvers - serial numbers 3010 & 2993 & 827.
.44RF Henry six-round cylinder, single action, side loading gate wih spring-loaded ejector rod. 

Developed as soon as metallic cartridge revolvers became patent-free, the Colt Open Top was at first intended to secure a military contract. Its failure to do so resulted in a short production span and the designing from the ground up of the Colt 1873 Single Action Army by the Richards-Mason duo.

.44 Henry rimfire cartridge


Ames Sword Co Protector palm pistol

Manufactured c.1893-1910 in Chicopee, Massachusets, based on the design of French gunsmith Jacques Turbiaux from 1882 - serial number 10221.
.32XSRF seven-round turret-cylinder, hard rubber squeeze-trigger, double action, engraved pearl pannels and gold-washed frame.

Somehow extra short rimfire cartridges don’t sound very potent to me.


Shortened Henry ‘Yellow Boy’ M1860 transition rifle

Manufactured by Winchester in the early 1860′s before the introduction of the Winchester M1866 (also nicknamed Yellow Boy), this rifle had its loading sleeve cut away and sealed by a small metallic plate, and is now loaded much like its successor the M1866. This conversion, as well as the luscious engravings and scrollworks on the frame, hammer and trigger guard were done by gunsmith Adolfo Birnn in Lima, Peru, in 1866. It was also modified from firing rimfire cartridges to fire .44 American centerfire cartridges.

Sauce : James D. Julia Inc.


Prototype Mousquetons by l’Hermite, gunsmith in Saumur, France.

These two rifled carbines have no serial numbers and are dated 1839. One of them is a break-action opened by pulling down the trigger guard, and the other is a bolt-action that might have been converted from a percussion design. Both use a .69 rimfire metallic cartridge, which would have been very much in advance of the technology of their time.
Told you French people love war.

Sauce : James D. Julia Inc.


Moore 1860 Belt Revolver

Designed by Daniel Moore and manufactured by Moore’s Patent Firearms Company 1860 c.1861-63 in Brooklyn, NY.
.32RF seven-round cylinder, single action, swing-out cylinder - sort of - and manual ejector rod.
Although greatly appreciated by Civil War soldiers departing to the front from New York, Moore’s revolver as many of his time was in direct infringement of Rollin White’s patent on bored-through cylinder, and in 1862 he was forced in court to change his design.
Not immediately apparent on pictures is the fact that this is quite a diminutive handgun.


M1832 French M. Demondion breechloading rifle,

According to Rock Island Auctions…

This is a rare example of a very early Model 1832 single shot breech loading rifle as manufactured by M. Demondion, that uses the French J.A. Roberts patented paper cartridge. This cartridge eventually evolved into the patented European rimfire cartridge. The cartridge itself was all self-contained in that it held both the ball and the powder charge in a completely self-contained paper/cardboard type tube. At the rear of the cartridge protruded a small percussion tube that operated similar to a pinfire cartridge in that the firing sequence was initiated by the strike of the rifle hammer on the percussion tube, which lead to the firing of the cartridge. This all seems pretty simple/basic today, however, remember that this was “1832”, at this time the U.S Army/War Department was still using the type III 1816 pattern flintlock musket. We had not developed the Model 1841 muskets and was prior to the Mexican/American revolution. We didn’t even have any kind of self-contained cartridge at all in development, in fact this system was reviewed/evaluated by the U.S, Army at Harpers Ferry Arsenal in 1837 and obviously rejected. The significance of this rifle and cartridge is that in 1831 Abraham Moser was granted an English patent (6196) on using this cartridge with a centerfire cap base and later J.A. Roberts was granted a French patent (8061) in which he combined the two and developed the rimfire cartridge. The rifle itself is operated by lifting up on the upper tang to unlock or swing the breech open and exposing the rear of the barrel/chamber to load the cartridge. Then by closing/lowering the upper tang, it actually cocks the internal hammer, which then can strike the noted percussion firing tube on the rear of the cartridge.