rif republic

Republic of the Rif, 1921–1926

The Republic of the Rif was created in September 1921, when the people in northern Morocco revolted and declared their independence from Spanish occupation as well as from the Moroccan sultan.

The flag features a crescend and an unusual six-pointed star. Known in Israel as the Shield of David, it was also used frequently in Muslim flags as the “seal of Solomon” and is prominent part of the Moroccan flag. Red has considerable historic significance and was used on Moroccan flags since the 12th century.

The Rif Republic, was dissolved by Spanish and French occupation forces in 1926, after long and bloody battles of the Rif War in which chemical weapons were used against the Berber populations by Spanish occupation forces.