ridge line

dem tomato faces :U

so… since i am the unofficial official Tomato Biologist™ i thought i’d make a quick post about them tomato-faces.

with all their tomato glory *-*

Originally posted by gostatisfy

*sigh* let’s just get this done.

The facial features found on Sith Purebloods can be categorized into one of three* things:

  • Ridges
  • Spurs
  • Tendrils

*Brow-Stalks are also a thing, but those are technically a subcategory of Spurs.

In the past, the ridges and spurs would have been bony and their shape could be seen in the individual’s skull. However, after hybridization, there is no true “bony facial structure” left. Instead, the Sith have excess cartilage that define and shape their facial features, which won’t be seen on their skulls.

Ridges: Indents, grooves, lines, or whatever you wanna call them. Common in males and females, can be on brows, cheeks, chins, necks, foreheads, nose, etc. Ridges can either use a cartilage base under the skin, or simply be a result of the epidermis hardening and folding onto itself on top of the dermis. 

Spurs: Hardened, pointed edges that protrude out of a Sith’s face. Usually common on the chin, cheeks of males, or on brows in the form of stalks. Spurs always use cartilage as the base for its structure and support, and can be pressed and bent in the limited ways human ears and noses do.

Note how the spur turns into a ridge as it goes up, along the side of the face.

Tendrils: Found almost exclusively on male purebloods. They’re fleshy, they dangle, and are very sensitive to touch when compared to spurs and ridges. Because tendrils are fleshy and soft, they are filled with blood vessels and nerve endings. This means that you can either cause a great deal of pain or pleasure to the individual with tendrils… depending on what you do… obviously.

The tendrils are distinct from the spurs since the spurs are hard and immobile while tendril can be voluntarily moved by the individual.

Brow-Stalks: The brow stalks are technically another form of spurs. However, they are different in that the Sith can voluntarily move them. The movement of these brow stalks function much in the same way humans use their eyebrows: to aid in spoken and unspoken communication via facial expressions. This means that the cartilage in the brow stalks are much softer and more flexible than the ones found in other spurs.

The “spurs” on the brows can and will be moved at the individual’s whim, the spurs on the chin cannot.

It should be noted that brow ridges are just another form of ridge and do not fall under the brow stalk category. And although the brow ridges can also be moved to signal facial expressions, the ridges are formed just the same as every other ridge and does not protrude out of the face in a pointed manner.

Quick! Quiz Time!

Name the Facial Features on the Sith!

If you answered:
Ridges and spurs
Ridges, spurs, and tendrils
Ridges and spurs

Then congrats! You are now a tomato face expert! :3

Fire met the mountain
And roared with warm delight
Danced against the ridge line
Illuminating the quiet night.
The mountain stood unwavering
Smiling amid the flames
Fanning on the moment
Where they were one and the same.
Greedily the fire burns
Pulling oxygen as fast as the mountain breathed
Stealing over every surface
Leaving trembling coals in its glowing wake.

© Courtney Turley 2017

“Mr. Hitchcock” by Milmon F Harrison

I couldn’t resist. This bird was huge! i don’t think I’ve been this close to one before. And it just sat there as I approached and maneuvered around him. I wanted to get the bird, the bridge, and the city in the frame. I like how his head is slightly higher than the ridge line of the city behind him, and also how it looks like he’s got a tiny spotlight shining on him from above. There’s a bit of noise; it’s likely from my darkening the background to bring out more of the detail in the sky, etc. Maybe I’ll give it another pass to see if I can fix that. I wanted it to look like “Technicolor” from the 1960s and 70s!

I really enjoyed this one. Maybe this could be on the poster for the sequel “The Birds 2: You’re Next, San Francisco!”

and there were apples,
twisted apple trees along the fieldstone wall
on the stony hill behind the clapboard house.

and two girls
on horseback came up to the wall.
i remember the presence of the animals,

but i cannot remember the sky.
only the wide eyes and the breath of the great animals
and the calmness of the girls leaning down over their strong necks.

now, when i look at the sky, it is as if i will be tested,
as if i must memorize these clouds,
this perfect palette, this sky,

full of apples,and girls on horseback,
riding back over the ridge line.

The Cancer intuition is something to behold, where they seemingly can intuit things with a certain accuracy. The thoughts, the feelings of the people around them are never truly that private, as with all the water signs, they can pick up on them simply by breaking down the barriers, by seeing the world in an open light over ridged lines and parameters. Nothing is solid, but a montage of exchanging energies.


Emma Watson & Tom Hanks - Esquire
Look at us human beings! Each of our fingerprints is unique. Our eyes are just as varied. Just as no two snowflakes are the same, neither are we. We are as singular as those lines and ridges on our palms and fingers. Our gender is defined the same way. We love who we love, we are passionate for those who stir us. The directions our love takes us in are infinite. Not just two boxes marked EITHER and OR

shiva is a species of dragon commonly referred to as the crested raptor. crested raptors sport a mane of feathers that extend from the base of the skull down the spine, which can be spread out to reflect their mood, make themselves seem more menacing to foes, or to attract mates. additionally, a ridge of feathers lines the base of their tail, which aids maneuverability in the sky and makes crested raptors some of the most agile dragons on the continent.

though they cannot breath fire or spit acid as well as some of their brethren, the large curved claws that extend from their hind feet, as well as their agility, make them more adept at melee combat.

If you can imagine

If you can imagine
The eyes that shine bright
Over the lines of ridges’
Grand silhouettes tonight,
Cloudy cotton candies
Disappearing behind the hills,
The moon obediently 
Following quietly still—
The sky’s dark, the water silent,
Ripples making their way
Toward the end of Earth
Awaiting dawn of a new day. 
But there are yet more hours,
Long before the stars sleep,
Echoes of wishful whispers
Throughout the mountains steep. 
A million miles until
I’m back in your embrace.
Comets dancing in the night theater,
Into the painted dusk I gaze,
Watching constellations glide
As their journeys are due. 
Distance regardless, I know
You’re under the same sky, too. 

Buff Kennewick Man Had Coastal Diet
  • Buff Kennewick Man Had Coastal Diet
  • Anna King
  • NPR

“For nearly a decade, scientists and Northwest tribes fought bitterly over whether to bury or study the 9,500-year-old bones known as Kennewick Man. Now, after years of careful examination, scientists are releasing some of their findings to tribes at meetings this week in Central Washington. It runs out ‘Kennewick Man’ grew up on the coast.

Kennewick Man was buff. I mean really -– beefcake. So says Doug Owsley. He’s the head of physical anthropology at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History and led the study of the ancient remains. Owsley can read the bones like we might read a book. He looks for ridge lines that indicate which muscles Kennewick Man used the most and what he was doing with them. First off? He had muscular legs like a soccer player –- likely from running, trudging and hunting.

“In his leg structure he’s certainly accustomed to very rapid movement, quick movement and you can read that in those muscle ridges,” Owsley explains. He also likely had killer arms, because he threw a spear with the aid of a lever like tool. Owsley says Kennewick Man was so strong in his right arm he was like a pro baseball pitcher, and the bones show he got today’s equivalent of a career-ending sports injury.

“If it happened to a contemporary baseball pitcher, they’d need surgery. And so it took off a piece of bone off the back side of the shoulder joint that would have been essentially loose. And I’m sure that caused great complications in his ability to throw.”

Owsley says Kennewick Man who stood about 5’7” and weighed about 170 pounds. And he wasn’t any stranger to pain. The evidence shows, K-Man as he’s known in Eastern Washington, got hit on the head a few times and stabbed with a basalt rock point that embedded in his hip” (read more).

***Haven’t listened to this yet.

(Source: NPR)

Identifying Dragons: Kamigawa

Kamigawa is a plane of spirits, shamans, and warlords. In this world, dragons are not unheard of, but they are rarely seen. However, they exhibit great power when roused into action. 

Keiga, the Tide Star by Ittoku

The mortals have a word for these mysterious and ancient serpentine creatures: ryu. 

What to Expect

“The fall of the evening star never heralds a gentle dawn.”

Kokusho, the Evening Star by Tsutomo Kawade

The ryu are massive, wingless dragons with long bodies. Five particular kami also take dragon forms, and are known to appear only in these forms so I will consider them dragons.

Head: Their heads make up a small fraction of their body length. They bear multiple horns of varying sizes on the top of their heads. Hair or long barbels may also grow on their faces. 

Body: Their bodies are very long and covered with smooth, reflective scales. Scale color varies from dragon to dragon. Spikes and ridges may line their spines. 

Limbs: Their limbs are short and small compared to their bodies. Sometimes, there are none at all. Kamigawan dragons lack wings, although they are still capable of flight. 

Guardians of Mortals’ Lands

Yosei, the Morning Star by Hiro Izawa

The Dragon Spirits are powerful kami in the form of dragons that protect the lands of Kamigawa in times of need. They were summoned during the Kami War to defend particular territories against the kami that ravaged the mortal realm. They are mighty beings that can sweep through the battlefield and remain unscathed. They can battle even when severely injured, but they aren’t invincible. Even then, at least one of them was known to have come back from the dead. 

There were five of these dragon sprits: Yosei the Morning Star, protector of Towabara and Eiganjo Castle; Keiga the Tide Star, guardian of Minamo; Kokusho the Evening Star, champion of the Takenuma swamps; Ryusei the Falling Star, defender of the Sokenzan mountain ranges; and Jugan, the Rising Star, sentinel of the forests of Jukai. 

In general, they have long bodies and bear horns and barbels on their heads. Some of them have limbs, while some do not; Kokusho, for example, doesn’t have any while Yosei had both forelimbs and hindlimbs. Ethereal wisps of energy float around them at all times. 


Kiki-Jiki, Mirror Breaker by Pete Venters

Breath weapon: fire

Although there are other kinds of dragons in existence besides the Dragon Spirits, little is known about them. Most of them reside in remote places, such as in underground caverns. Anyone careless in their travels might just encounter one without expecting it. 

Ryu are not simpleminded beings - they are ancient and intelligent. One particular ryu was shown communicating with a non-dragon creature with ease, perhaps through its mind. It may be assumed that it is true of other ryu. 

Even with their long bodies and lack of wings, the ryu are nimble flyers, snaking through the clouds with grace. 

The lack of knowledge about these majestic creatures make these dragons unpredictable, but an encounter does not always end in a hurried escape or, even worse, death. My impression of the ryu is that they are not completely hostile beings, but great care should still be taken once you encounter one. 


Preparing and judging the state of a blade :)

In the top left of the first photo you can see a fresh blade that still has slim ridges and on the top right a fresh “maintenance free” blade :)
You can see how the ridge forms a straight line along the back and how the maintenance free blades back forms a hollow :)

Below the new ones I drew used ones :)
On the left is a well used and maintained blade while the blade on the right is not so well maintained blade this happens when the back is not ground well during sharpening :|
Basically you wear the back wavy which makes sharpening the blade more challenging…

Below these you can see how the edges get ground away :)
This is not strictly necessary but it can prevent damage to the bottom of the Dai so I do this on all of my blade ;)
Actually you adjust the width of the cutting edge that is protruding by fitting the blades radius to the width of the mouth/throat :)

On the bottom of the first image you can see the cap irons :)
The one on the left is the traditional kind with a similar back to the one on the main blade and the one on the right is a newer type :)
Both cap irons can come in two flavours, hardened and soft. I prefer the hard ones but for beginners I do recommend the soft cap irons because those are easier to maintain and if you screw them up they are easy to replace :)

I do not like the term flattening too much and prefer to say straightening because the one thing that matters is that the area behind and parallel to the cutting edge is straight and flat not the whole back :)
So when preparing the blade it is important to keep the cutting edge in line with the direction you are moving it in. If you wobble your blades back will become bumpy and uneven. This applies both to using a Kanaban and a sharpening stone for this task ;)

=>a Kanaban is a flat piece of steel which works like a lap :)
You put grit on it and a little water or oil and rub the blade over it :)

The next photo shows the difficulties arising from the new maintenance free blades and old unevenly ground blades :)
On new blades, as seen on the right hand side, the ridges on the back support the blade so that it has an even support which enables you to move the blade around the stone and still maintains he same plain behind the cutting edge.
On these newer blades and the unevenly worn blades you need to be careful because there is no straight support running along the length of the blade the these blades mostly end up with a rounded back which can lead to trouble with very thin shavings that can get caught between the cap iron and the blade.
Also this can cause you to wear the hard steel layer thin towards the end of the blade which is both not pretty and not good for its function…

I like to use the ruler trick for these kinds of blades :)

If you used a sharpening jig you need to remember that that Japanese blades don’t have a single right angle on them ;)
I modified my Veritas Mk2 sharpening jig to make it easier to put Japanese blades into it without messing too much with their geometry :) <=I prefer to sharpen freehand thought but on very bad cases I use this jig :)

About the qualities of the bevel that is forming the cutting edge :)
Basically a radius is nothing bad for a cutting edge because it puts more material in the way of the forces working on the blade thus reinforcing it :)
It is a little bit like having a secondary bevel on your blade just a little easier to maintain :D
Of course this radius should be big and subtle since a small radius can cause the cutting edge to protrude above the area that is behind the cutting edge which will render the blade useless.

The easiest way to do this is kind of illustrated in the last photo (^-^)
When I want to make the bevel angle shallower I start at the end of the stone closer to myself and the just freehand the blade :)
This way the bevel angle won’t get too big to risk making the blade useless ;)
If the blades bevel angle is too shallow I will start sharpening at the back this way the blades angle will get steeper ;)

I didn’t make any drawing of how to put a radius along the width of the blade (^-^;) I’m not sure I will make one since it is the one thing that is just done the same way as it is done on western style blade :)

I hope some people found this interesting or just enjoyed the drawings :D

Also sorry for the low contrast in those images :|
I used a pencil on recycling paper…

I wish everyone a great time, sweet dreams and well prepared blades (^-^)/


Building a primitive wattle and daub hut from scratch

I built this hut in the bush using naturally occurring materials and primitive tools. The hut is 2m wide and 2m long, the side walls are 1m high and the ridge line (highest point) is 2m high giving a roof angle of 45 degrees. A bed was built inside and it takes up a little less than half the hut. The tools used were a stone hand axe to chop wood, fire sticks to make fire, a digging stick for digging and clay pots to carry water. The materials used in the hut were wood for the frame, vine and lawyer cane for lashings and mud for daubing. Broad leaves were initially used as thatch which worked well for about four months before starting to rot. The roof was then covered with sheets of paper bark which proved to be a better roofing material. An external fireplace and chimney were also built to reduce smoke inside. The hut is a small yet comfortable shelter and provides room to store tools and materials out of the weather.