Forearm of Giant Armadillo - Dasypus gigas (now Priodontes maximus)

Look at those crazy claws! The giant armadillo actually walks on that third digit. Though it walks “normally” on its hind legs, the fore-body weight rests on just those two giant scratchers. They developed that way to help the armadillo dig, but apparently they work for walking on, too…what happens if they break a nail?

  • Nomenclature (obsolete):
  1. Dasypus - From Ancient Greek dasupous, meaning “rough-foot” - though the -pus in the genus name can be elucidated to mean “foot,” das(y/u)- is not a commonly-used prefix and is not listed in most Greek/Latin root references.
  2. (Dasypus) gigas - Gigas - from the Ancient Greek gigas, meaning “giant”. However, gigas CURRENTLY means “a billion.” When the name of the genus was changed in the 1950s, the species name was changed, too, as the currently-accepted definition of gigas was no longer appropriate.
  3. Dasypus gigas - “Giant Rough-Foot”
  • Nomenclature (current):
  1. Priodontes: Prio - from the Latin prior - “before”, -dontes, from dent/dont, “tooth” - so Prio - dontes means “before teeth” - refers to the fact that the genus is completely toothless.
  2. (Priodontes) maximus: Maximus - from Latin maximum - “greatest, largest”, which is the superlative form of magnum - “great, large”.
  3. Priodontes maximus = “Largest before teeth”

On the Anatomy of Vertebrates: Vol II - Birds and Mammals. Richard Owen, 1866.

May I introduce Richard Owen, prominent 19th century scientist extraordinaire and Darwin’s arch enemy. Seriously though, just look at those cheekbones and ‘come hither’ stare! This fine man was an influential naturalist and comparative anatomist, most famous for founding the British Museum of Natural History which we know today, making science accessible to the British public from 1881 onwards. He also first used the term 'dinosauria’ which we use as dinosaur today. His many scientific accomplishments are usually overshadowed by Darwin’s work yet he is 19th century science’s unsung hero.


amelia shepherd in every episode: 11x14 The Distance
“The key, though, win or lose, is to never fail. And the only way to fail is not to fight. So you fight until you can’t fight anymore. Hold up your head and enter the arena and face the enemy. Fight until you can’t fight anymore. Never let go. Never give up. Never run. Never surrender. Fight the good fight. Even when it seems inevitable that you’re about to go down swinging. Why do we even try when the barriers are so high and the odds are so low? Why don’t we just pack it in and go home? It would be so, so much easier. It’s because in the end, there’s no glory in easy. No one remembers easy. They remember the blood and the bones and the long, agonizing fight to the top. And that is how you become legendary. ”

Relative size of whale to man.

This is a fin whale (or Rorqual). It’s the sixth-largest animal on earth, after the blue whale, right whales, and bowhead whale. Unlike those larger whales, the fin whale isn’t lumbering and girthy.

Rorquals were often called the “greyhound of the sea” by whale fishermen due to their slender build and speed when chased; nevertheless, the Antarctic fin whale had over 750,000 animals killed in the 19th and early 20th century, and only about 15,000 remain today. The North Atlantic fin whale is somewhat better off, but never had high populations of individuals to begin with. 

Even though fin whales don’t reproduce quickly, they’ve recovered significantly since hunting bans were enacted. For example, the population around Greenland increased by nearly 4,000 individuals between 1974 and 1989, even given Indigenous Subsistence Legislation allowing the Inuit of the country to hunt the whales for food and oil - the skiffs of the Inuit are ill-suited to chase down fast whales, and the total take for the year of 1989 was 4 individuals, 2 of which were already injured and debilitated from unknown causes.

The Principal Forms of the Skeleton and of the Teeth. Dr. Richard Owen, 1854.

Richard Owen with completed Moa skeleton.

In 1839, Richard Owen, the man who coined the term dinosaur, announced to the world that a bird nearly the size of an ostrich had once lived in New Zealand. He based his theory on the discovery and examination of a fragment of femur bone found in Poverty Bay. His theory was confirmed three years later as more and more fragments of moa skeleton were discovered. Owen was able to reconstruct the entire skeleton of the wingless bird.

Who is Owen Grady?!

So, if anyone remembers John Hammond’s grandchildren, there was Lex and Tim Murphy. When Lex grew up she met this man, with the last name Grady. They eventually got married and had a boy, who they named Owen. Lex would tell Owen the adventures of Jurassic Park and the memories she had of her trip. Owen then became in love with dinosaurs of all kinds he knew most of the facts and accelerated in reading because of it. But his all time favorite was the Velociraptor! When he got out of high school he signed up for the navy specializing in strategic and tactical forces. When Jurassic World, Owen signed up to work there unknowing that he would even get a chance. But Simon Masrani called him personally. The interview was in the Velociraptor cage; where Owen was first introduced to his best friends.