▪Tapestry: The Arming of the King.
Designed by: Bernard Partridge, English, 1861–1945
Borders designed by: John Henry Dearle, 1860–1932
With Reverend E. Dorling, English
Woven by: Morris & Co., English
this day in 1955, Rosa Parks, a 42-year-old black seamstress from
Alabama, refused to give up her seat on a bus for a white man. A member
of the NAACP, Parks was returning home from a long day at work when the
bus driver ordered her to give up her seat on the full bus for a white
man. No stranger to civil rights activism, she was
subsequently arrested for civil disobedience in defying the state’s Jim
Crow racial segregation laws. Through this act of
defiance, Parks sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott, during which time
African-Americans - under the leadership of a young, charismatic
reverend called Martin Luther King Jr. - refused to use the city buses,
arguing that they should be integrated per the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education decision.
The boycott was successful in forcing Montgomery to end its
discriminatory segregation laws, and marked the beginning of the main
phase of what is now known as the Civil Rights Movement. From
Montgomery, African-Americans across the United States went on to lead
sit-ins, freedom rides, and political marches, in an attempt to bring an
end to segregation laws which had oppressed their community for so
long. These activists were all indebted to Rosa Parks - known as the
‘mother of the Civil Rights Movement’ - for her simple act of defiance,
firmly asserting her humanity and her rights as an American citizen. As
the movement grew, Parks remained an influential symbol and leader of
the movement, which ultimately brought an end to legal segregation and
forced Congress to pass the 1964 Civil Rights and 1965 Voting Rights
Acts. As for Parks herself, the affair of her arrest and the subsequent
boycott caused her to lose her job and made her a victim of harassment
and threats. She moved to Detriot and in 1965 began to work in the
office of Congressman John Conyers. In 1999, Rosa Parks was awarded the
Congressional Gold Medal for her role in transforming American race
relations, and upon her death in 2005 she lay in state at the U.S.
Capitol. Today, 60 years on, we remember Rosa Parks’s personal bravery, the successes of the movement she inspired, and the steps yet to be taken as the struggle against systemic racism continues.
“People always say that I didn’t give up my seat because I
was tired, but that isn’t true. I was not tired physically, or no more
tired than I usually was at the end of a working day…No, the only tired I was, was tired of giving in”
“Before the witness of history the response of non-violence stands, in the memory of this nation, as a monument of honour to the black community of the United States. Today as we recall those who with Christian vision opted for non-violence as the only truly effective approach for ensuring and safeguarding human dignity, we cannot but think of the Reverend Dr Martin Luther King, Jr, and of the providential role he played in contributing to the rightful human betterment of black Americans and therefore to the improvement of American society itself.” —Saint John Paul II
60 years ago in April 1954, first baseman Tom Alston became the first African-American player to wear the Birds on the Bat. Six weeks after Alston’s debut, the Cardinals called up a 30-year old righthander from Triple-A Columbus. On May 31st, 1954, Bill Greason became the first black pitcher in Cardinals franchise history. Bill’s pitching career in St. Louis was brief – he appeared in only three total games before being sent back to Columbus. He spent another six years in the Cardinals minor league system and upon retirement from baseball, he began another storied phase of his life as a pastor of the Bethel Baptist Church in Birmingham.
The Reverend Bill Greason has worn many hats and seen a lot of history in his long and storied life. A native of Atlanta, GA, Reverend Greason grew up as a child in the same neighborhood as Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Reverend Greason was a Montford Point Marine, part of the storied detachment that landed on Iwo Jima in World War II. He was among the Marines honored in Washington in 2012 with our nation’s highest civilian award, the Congressional Gold Medal.
He played for five years in the Negro Leagues, and was a teammate of Willie Mays on the Negro American League Champion Birmingham Black Barons of 1948. In 1952, he broke the Oklahoma professional sports color barrier when he took the mound for the AAA Oklahoma City Indians.
Reverend Greason’s career on the mound for the Cardinals may have been brief, but he has a very significant place in franchise history as a pioneer and trailblazer.
On September 21, 2014, the Cardinals honored Rev. Greason before the game and celebrated his special role in the history of our great franchise.
I was tagged by @akilahthegreat (thanks so much!! This was v fun!!)
a - age: 16 b - biggest fear: I have a general fear of living. c - current time: 7:27 d - drink you last had: orange juice e - every day starts with: me hitting snooze 10,000,000 times f - favorite song: right now either reverend by Kings of Leon or when the day met the night by p!atd g - ghosts are they real: I don’t really believe in anything after death which makes me wanna say no?? But at the same time I might have seen one when I was like 12 so?? h - hometown: Everyone’s unnecessarily a homophobe, USA i - in love with: tater tots j - jealous of: Dan,,, He gets to cuddle with Phil EVERY NIGHT?? k - killed someone: haha no… why would you…why would ask that? l - last time you cried: sometime last week cuz I was way too tired m - middle name: Marie (yikes) n - number of siblings: 1 o - one wish: death p - person you last texted/called: my mom q - questions you’re always asked: “are you related to (my brother)?” Very obviously yes!! r - reasons to smile: the fact that dan and phil are moving is the only reason I’m functional right now (I’m so happy though!!) s - song you last sang: Build God & Then We’ll Talk by p!atd t - time you woke up: 5:30 :’((( u - underwear color: green v - vacation destination: I want to go to England, and Japan, and sorta Australia?? And Greece?? Maybe??? w - worst habit: I bite my cheeks, lips, tongue, and my fingers until they bleed?? yikes?? x - x-rays you’ve had: 3 or 4 y - your favorite food: chicken z - zodiac sign: Taurus