miriamshoshana  asked:

Hi! I'm working on a novel, and one of my characters is a prehistoric archaeologist. I was wondering if you knew any good sources for intercontinental trade between prehistoric Britain and other civilisations. I loved your posts about Egyptian and Middle Eastern beads and textiles ending up in Britain, and I'm trying to explore how far back those trade routes go.

Have I got a search term for you! What you’re curious about is often called “The Steppe Road,” and that’s usually how these trade routes are described in antiquity and pre-history narratives.

World historians are becoming increasingly aware of the underlying unity of Afro-Eurasian history. Andre Gunder Frank and Barry Gills have argued that the entire Afro-Eurasian region belonged to a single “world-system” from perhaps as early as 2000 B.C.E. And William McNeill and Jerry Bentley have recently restated the case for a unified Afro-Eurasian history. But Marshall Hodgson had made the same point as early as the 1950s, when he argued that “historical life, from early times at least till two or three centuries ago, was continuous across the Afro-Eurasian zone of civilization; that zone was ulti-mately indivisible… The whole of the Afro-Eurasian zone is the only context large enough to provide a framework for answering the more general and more basic historical questions that can arise.”

-David Christian, “Silk Roads or Steppe Roads? The Silk Roads in World History.” Journal of World History 11, no. 1 (2000): 1–26.

The majority of the Silk Road routes passed through the Eurasian Steppe, whose nomadic people were participants and mediators in its economic and cultural exchanges. Until now, the origins of these routes and relationships have not been examined in great detail. In The Prehistory of the Silk Road, E. E. Kuzmina, renowned Russian archaeologist, looks at the history of this crucial area before the formal establishment of Silk Road trade and diplomacy. From the late Neolithic period to the early Bronze Age, Kuzmina traces the evolution of the material culture of the Steppe and the contact between civilizations that proved critical to the development of the widespread trade that would follow, including nomadic migrations, the domestication and use of the horse and the camel, and the spread of wheeled transport.

-The Prehistory of the Silk Road E. E. Kuzmina. Edited by Victor H. Mair; MUSE Link

You can also check out the Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History links for Central and North Asia, 1000 B.C.–1 A.D:

Good luck!

Masterpost of all Chloe’s interviews, panels and Agents of SHIELD extras that have come from San Diego Comic Con this year.
Feminist, Gender, and Sexuality Studies | Open Access Articles | Digital Commons Network™
Open access academic research from top universities on the subject of Feminist, Gender, and Sexuality Studies

Feminist resources on feminist criminology, female criminality, criminal justice, victimization, and violence, including in same-sex relationships, by scholar and researcher Claire Renzetti, Ph.D.*

“Feminist criminology grew out of the Women’s Movement of the 1970s, in response to the male dominance of mainstream criminology – which meant that not only were women largely excluded from carrying out criminological research, they were also barely considered as subjects of that research.”

Feminist Criminology, Claire Renzetti Dec 2012

Feminist Perspectives In Criminology, Claire Renzetti Dec 2010

Feminist Perspectives On Victimization, Claire Renzetti Dec 2008

Rethinking Gender, Crime, And Justice: Feminist Readings, Claire Renzetti, Lynne Goodstein, Susan Miller Dec 2005

Feminist Theories Of Violent Behavior, Claire Renzetti Dec 2003

What About The Women? A Feminist Commentary On Crime Inside Public Housing Units, Walter Dekeseredy, Claire Renzetti Dec 2003

Toward A Better Understanding Of Lesbian Battering, Claire Renzetti Dec 2000

Women, Crime, And Criminal Justice: Original Feminist Readings, Claire Renzetti, Lynne Goodstein Dec 1999

The Challenges To Feminism Posed By Women’s Use Of Violence In Intimate Relationships, Claire Renzetti Dec 1998

Violence And Abuse In Lesbian Relationships: Theoretical Perspectives And Empirical Issues, Claire Renzetti Dec 1997

Violence And Abuse Among Same-Sex Couples, Claire Renzetti Dec 1996

Violence In Lesbian And Gay Relationships, Claire Renzetti Dec 1996

Violence In Gay And Lesbian Domestic Partnerships, Claire Renzetti, Charles Miley Dec 1995

Studying Partner Abuse In Lesbian Relationships: A Case For The Feminist Participatory Research Model, Claire Renzetti Dec 1994

Feminism And Criminology/Criminal Justice Education, Claire Renzetti Dec 1993

Violence In Lesbian Relationships, Claire Renzetti Dec 1992

On The Margins Of The Malestream (Or, They Still Don’t Get It, Do They?): Feminist Analyses In Criminal Justice Education, Claire Renzetti Dec 1992

Building A Second Closet: Third Party Responses To Victims Of Lesbian Partner Abuse, Claire Renzetti Mar 1989

* About Claire M. Renzetti   

Claire Renzetti, Ph.D. currently serves as the Judi Conway Patton Endowed Chair in the Center for Research on Violence Against Women. She also serves as Professor and Chair in the Department of Sociology, College of Arts & Sciences. She holds a Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of Delaware.

Dr. Renzetti is an internationally recognized scholar on gender and crime issues. Her research and community engagement have received regional and national recognition, most recently by the Women and Crime Division of the American Society of Criminology, from whom she received the Saltzman Award for Contributions to Practice, an award that recognizes a criminologist whose professional accomplishments have increased the quality of justice and the level of safety for women. 

Much of Dr. Renzetti’s research has focused on the violent victimization experiences of socially and economically marginalized groups of women, including women living in poverty and women in same-sex intimate partnerships.

Her current research focuses on human trafficking, particularly domestic sex trafficking, as well as services for trafficking victims. 

She also examines the effects of religiosity and religious self-regulation on intimate partner violence perpetration and victimization. Additionally, she evaluates the potential benefits of a therapeutic horticulture program for residents of a battered women’s shelter.

DIY: Back to School Survival Kit

For me, summer ends next week and then the following week school begins with a whole new set of students. Throughout my summer I perused about ideas on Pinterest that sound great. Some I will use and some will forever be lost in the boards of my Pinterest. But I did come across Courtney Whitmore’s (designer, stylist, and party hostess over at post on eBay for a survival kit for students. One look and I thought to myself, ‘This can TOTALLY be a kit for under my desk!’ There are just some items I forget or can not fit in my purse, so I am glad this came along. 

So, teachers, hope you take this idea and share it among your colleagues because school will be back in session and you definitely do not want to forget about essentials.

INFO: As you know, I accidentally deactivated my blog, so not only was my blog deleted, but my other resource pack was deleted when that happened, too. And because you’re all such lovely followers, I’ve decided to reupload this little (not really) masterlist of Photoshop resources (along with some extra stuff) for you all. It’s just some useful tutorials, screencap sites, useful downloads, links to PSD pack makers (my favorite ones), some of my favorite theme makers, and more! To summarize, this is basically a masterlist of a bunch of resources that you’ll find incredibly useful when making gifs and edits in Photoshop. And I’ve added to the pack, so there are new links, too!

DISCLAIMER: None of these are mine, nor do I claim them as my own. I’ve just assembled them together into this post. Again, I claim no ownership for these links.

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Trans girls playing Pokemon go

Gel ice packs work instead of foam or breastplates and they’re not as hot

If your hair is long enough, you can tie it back to cool down and leave the part in front of the ears down if you need to cover your jawline

Loose fitting athletic shorts are naturally baggy and everyone wears them

Wearing just concealer and setting powder isn’t enough to visibly sweat off

To deal with the Adam’s apple you can apply darker makeup to places where the sun hits it and move your head downwards slightly when swallowing to hide the movements

If you feel unsafe going somewhere it’s completely normal to abruptly turn around when you’re looking at your phone people are used to seeing Pokemon go users

When you’re outside and it’s hot as fuck people aren’t likely to scrutinize you so don’t worry about hiding everything seamlessly

Stay safe and have fun

“Why are oil-rich states such radical outliers with regard to wealth and women’s rights? …Oil rents can fund policies harming broad segments of society as part of a strategy of rule for survival-minded autocrats.”

Economic development and women’s empowerment usually go hand in hand—but not in oil-rich countries.

Image credit: Oil well in Tsaidam by John Hill. CC-BY-SA-3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
5 Ways Trans People Can Support Other Trans People
This author has noticed some disturbing trends in how trans folks can actually perpetuate transphobia against other trans folks in the community. Here are some important ideas for what to do about it.


A HUNDRED AND FIFTY FOLLOWERS IN TWO WEEKS?! Honestly did not imagine this in my wildest dreams. My first ever indie blog has been so much fun and I’m honestly so grateful for the warm welcome I’ve received! I just wanted to take this minute to thank a few people who have been especially kind to me


@jxdisteps @ncctifer @rejuvenatiion @ofcarbonite @tatooinejedi @rcguecne @solss @knightiisms @blindedspectre @syndullaa @karalorade


@conciiliator @feltloss @sxlo @faculaed @forcemeadow @lightspeeding @manichaeisms @shotfcrst @lxdytano @celestialoutlaw @toshootfirst @darksidewalker @spectrefive @civilburden @jaigvision @nxbulaes @askywxlker @lightspeeding @syndullaa @fulcrumm @ahphra

Again, these are only a few of the writers who have shown me how beautiful indie roleplaying can be! I’m in awe of all of you and can’t begin to describe how grateful I am to have come across your blogs.

So! I decided to do something a little special. I know a hundred and fifty followers might not be much, but it really means the world to me, so I’ve set up a mini font pack below the cut! These are fonts that you can both download for personal use (graphics, headers, promos, etc.) as well as embed into your blogs for convenience. This is free for anyone to use! If you’re using these fonts, please reblog this post! Please note that I am not taking credit for creating or hosting any of these fonts. I hope you guys enjoy.

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quetzalrofl  asked:

Given the recent revelation of Homeworld's resource shortage, do you think there's now more credence to the theory that Yellow Diamond isn't a Square-Cube Law violating giant, and Yellow Pearl is actually very small?

My qualm with this is that Yellow Pearl would have been with YD from the beginning, the way we saw Blue Pearl with BD in The Answer. She would have been an Era One Pearl and resources would have been abundant.

I do think though, that the diamonds are made from a very different process. And the other thing we see about YD is that she’s making a direct attempt to look taller. Big hair, big shoulder pads, heels, wide coat. She’s trying, on purpose to be big, and there may be evidence then that she’s not actually that big herself, but her being a Diamond gives her the power to vary her size as it suits her.

a guide to replies

hello. a while ago i promised @wanderingcas that i would make a guide to get and use replies, so here it is.

this is honestly very simple, and i hope my explanations won’t make it seem more complicated than it actually is. i am using google chrome, and i hope this is similar on other browsers. the full guide can be find under the cut to not clog dashboards.

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