resistence movements

5

September 30 2017 - The neo-nazi group Nordic Resistance Movement had planned for a big march involving thousands of Nazis that would lead past a synagogue in Göteborg on Yom Kippur. In the end the 500 nazis that showed up couldn’t get to the start of their march because it had been blocked by over 10k counter-demonstrators. After marching for a little more than a kilometre they got kettled by police and shipped out of the city for their own protection, as antifascists clashed with the police all day throughout the city trying to get to the fascists. [video]/[video]

16 May, Romani Day of Resistance.

Romani are usually excluded whenever the topic of the Holocaust/WW2 comes up, so it’s not all too surprising that the Romani Day of Resistance is very unknown to the majority. But it should be celebrated and embraced since it represents a change in the way Romani culture and identity appear in public space - where a history of resistance replaces a history of oppression:

  • On 15 May 1944, the underground resistance movement in the Auschwitz, Birkenau concentration camp BIIe warned the Roma that the SS guards were planning to round up the nearly 6,000 Roma and Sinti prisoners and send them to the gas chambers. 
  • On the morning of 16 May, the Romani prisoners did not show up for the usual morning roll call and ceased cooperating with the SS guards.
  • The Roma barricaded themselves into their shanties. They had broken into an equipment warehouse and armed themselves with hammers, pickaxes and shovels, taking apart the wooden sections of the bunks they slept on to make wooden stakes. 
  • When the SS guards approached the area, they were met with armed resistance from the inmates. 
  • The prisoners forced the guards into retreat, and though some prisoners were shot that night, the act of resistance allowed the Roma and Sinti prisoners to put off execution for several more months.
  • The SS were in shock because they had completely failed to anticipate this resistance. Concerned they might lose more men and that the uprising might spread to other parts of Auschwitz, they retreated from camp BIIe.
  • No Roma died in the gas chambers that day. The Nazis subsequently put the prisoners of BIIe on a starvation diet.
  • Later, on 23 May 1944 the Nazis moved 1,500 of the strongest Romani prisoners to Auschwitz I, many of whom were then sent to Buchenwald concentration camp.
  • On 25 May 1944, 82 Romani men were transported to the Flossenburg concentration camp and 144 young Romani women were sent to the Ravensbrück concentration camp.  
  • Less than 3,000 Romani prisoners remained in the family camp at BIIe, most of them children.
  • On 2 August 1944, the Nazis gassed all the remaining Romani prisoners to death in gas chamber V, although the Roma fought back on that dark night as well.

In Hungary the 2nd of August was designated in 2005 by the Parliament as “Roma and Sinti Genocide Remembrance Day”, yet most European countries make no or insufficient mention of the Roma victims in their official position regarding the Holocaust. 

Roma are still misrepresented by stereotypes that overshadow our culture and real identity and it should be needless to say that Europe should put some effort on making the Roma genocide widely known and recognized, to serve as a counter force to the increasingly violent rhetoric and action against the Roma because and through them. Yet it does not seem like anything like that will happen any time soon. 

& Yes, please reblog this to make at least some of our history known.

8

Professor Minerva McGonagall, O.M. (First Class), is a half-blood witch. Minerva is a registered Animagus who attended Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry from 1947-1954 and was Sorted into Gryffindor House.

After her education, Minerva worked for two years at the Ministry of Magic and later returned to Hogwarts, where she became Head of Gryffindor House, Transfiguration professor and concurrently, at differing times, Deputy Headmistress and Headmistress of Hogwarts.

McGonagall was also a member of the Order of the Phoenix. In 1995, she opposed Dolores Umbridge, the High Inquisitor of Hogwarts. She also protected the students from Alecto and Amycus Carrow from 1997 until 1998, and as part of this resistance movement, fought in several battles of both wars, including the Battle of the Astronomy Tower and the Battle of Hogwarts (where she led the resistance against Lord Voldemort).

She survived the Second Wizarding War and continues her job as Headmistress.

javdux  asked:

Anitfa is attacking the wrong enemy. There are fascist out there but you're supporting them. Please learn what sharia law is. People are enforcing it on others. Because of this gays are being, thrown off rooftops, there's an increase in female discrimination, an increase of RAPE, an increase of violence against women, an increase of RELIGIOUS DISCRIMINATION, and a 550% terrorist attacks. All this is happening in Europe, Sweden, etc. And it's all linked to refugees and immigration you are for.

Hold my beer.

Wow.  Incredible.  How can one person fuck up so badly in seven sentences?  If there was a gold medal in bullshit “logic,” our money would be on you to win it.

You get things off to a merry start by equating the 1.8 billion Muslims in the world with the maybe 32,000 fascist shitstains that are in Daesh (aka ISIS, aka ISIL).  You’re taking the behaviour of .0017% of Muslims and claiming that all Muslims are like that.  It would be literally more accurate to claim that all Americans are in or sympathize with the KKK, since KKK members account for about .0025% of the U.S. population.  Not only do the overwhelming majority of Muslims reject Daesh’s ideology as being distinctly unIslamicMuslims are overwhemingly the victims of Daesh’s fascist terror campaign.

You also fucked up with the sharia law dogwhistle, didn’t you?  Yeah, we know what sharia law is, but it’s obvious that you don’t and you’re the one that should do some learning.  We think you should start with this or ask the imam at your nearest mosque to school you.

Don’t you think it’s weird that in places like Dearborn, Michigan (Muslim population 30%) or Birmingham, UK (Muslim population 22%) “sharia law” (or whatever the fuck your misinformed ass thinks it is) isn’t being “forced on other people?”  Because when we go to those places we see Muslims going about their lives and minding their own business and not trying to implement sharia law or forcibly convert people.

Isn’t it strange how countries with significant or majority Muslim populations like Azerbaijan, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Niger, Northern Cyprus, Sierra Leone, Tajikistan, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, and Uzbekistan haven’t adopted sharia law?  So maybe you shouldn’t sweat it too much, partner.

Was there a horrific increase in violent hate crime in areas controlled by Daesh?  Of course there was; Daesh is a fascist organization and wherever you find fascists, you find discrimination and violence (more on that in a second!).    That’s why anti-fascists from all over the world have travelled to the area to fight Daesh and defend the Rojava revolution.

(above, members of Tabûra Enteransyonalin Rojava)

You do know about Rojava, right?  The revolution which is replacing fascist rule with an egalitarian, explicitly feminist form of anarchism called democratic confederalism?  That’s being built and defended by people who are mostly Muslims?  And it’s working?  Here, find a grownup to read this to you.

BTW, special mention to you for using the murders of LGBTQ+ people by Daesh as a screen to hide your Islamophobia.  That’s real fucking classy.  We would bet a million Euros you have sweet FA to say about Russia’s anti-gay law or the murders of LGBTQ+ people throughout Europe when it’s non-Muslims that are the perpetrators.  Fuck.  Right.  Off.

But before you do, let’s delve into the increase in religious discrimination in Europe that you’re so worried about, because we are too:

Seems like the most-discriminated religious group in Europe are Muslims, javdux; so maybe your perpetuation of racist, Islamophobic bullshite isn’t helping any.

But it’s really terrorism you’re worried about?  So are antifa.  That’s why we’re fighting against the people that are 5x more likely to kill Europeans in terror attacks - those people being neo-nazis.  

It’s funny that you single out Sweden as a place that is under seige from a discriminatory horde of violent Muslim terrorists.  Sweden has taken in a higher number of refugees per-capita than any other European country - 163,000 in 2015 alone. And it did experience three terrorist attacks this year.  One was by a Muslim asylum seeker that had been rejected by Sweden and was to be deported but no motive has been established.  But the two before that were by neo-nazis in the “Nordic Resistance Movement” who bombed two refugee shelters 

There’s been zero correlation between sexual assault numbers and refugee intake numbers in Sweden or in Germany - the country with the largest number of refugees overall.  Refugees are correlated with a drop in crime rates in the UK and in the US.   

Do you know what else happened in Sweden after it took in so many refugees?  It experienced its largest economic boom in five years, thanks to the newcomers 

So basically, javdux, you’re correct that Daesh = fascists but you’re dead wrong that Muslims = fascists (at least any more than any other religion).  You have no idea what sharia law is.  Your concern about discriminatory violence in Daesh-controlled areas is contradicted by your lack of support for the antifascist volunteers who are fighting Daesh in the YPG,YPJIFBTabûra Enteransyonal, and other antifa units.  And your alleged concerns about rapes, crime, terrorism, and religious discrimination are either terribly ill-informed or pointed in the exact opposite direction of where they should be.  

You really need to get your shit together in short fucking order of STFU.

To non native would be allies:

Let me tell you that we don’t need apologies. Making a grand, emotional apology on behalf of non-natives all but forces native people to do the emotional labor of comforting you and telling you you’re “one of the good ones” because you apologized. You are an individual and you act on behalf of only yourself; if you have done something harmful toward a native person, apologize to them and attempt to make it right. Be better. But don’t act as if you’re a representative of your race, apologizing to an entire other race. It’s a disingenuous and lazy attempt at allyship. What is needed is for you to learn about the history of oppression of indigenous people and to educate other non natives on it so that we natives don’t have to do the intellectual and emotional labor of explaining for the 100th time why your fave team is racist trash, or why Columbus wasn’t a hero, or why the white women gawking at the regalia and ceremonies of native women participating in the march on D.C. was wrong. Also, get out of here with your “natives are magic” crap. The majority of natives don’t live in the “traditional” way and most don’t even participate in our traditional religious beliefs. Most native peoples were forced to convert to Christianity and many of our traditions and ceremonies were illegal to practice until very recently. Not only is it dehumanizing and insulting to think of indigenous people as ~mystical~~ it’s also deeply hurtful because the aspects of our religions that you love to fetishize were stolen from us. Referring to us as “magic natives” objectifies us and reduces us to a stereotype. The “mystical Indian” archetype exists solely for the consumption of non natives. It also treats natives as a monolith; as if were all one culture of sage-smudging medicine men who pray to the oh so vague “great spirit”. Indigenous North Americans are hundreds of separate vastly different tribal nations and peoples with different beliefs and traditions. We are not a monolith. We are not your magic indians. We are not yours to objectify. Our existence continues despite the colonizers ongoing attempts to destroy us. We keep our cultures alive even as the boho dreamcatcher making, mass produced moccasin wearing set attempts to commodify our heritage. We continue to exist because we continue to resist, not because non-natives saw the error of their ways and decided to give us a free pass.

This is the criminal justice system under #capitalism: Defraud investors and the punishment is 20 years in prison. But, where’s the justice when life saving drugs is being exploited for profit?

Capitalism only leads to greed and reckless behavior where no one is held accountable. Just like Martin Shkreli who’s now the poster boy with what’s wrong with capitalism.

2

February 22nd 1943: White Rose group executed

On this day in 1943, three members of the peaceful resistance movement in Nazi Germany, the White Rose, were executed. The White Rose, comprising students from the University of Munich and their philosophy professor, began in June 1942. The group secretly distributed leaflets protesting against the regime of Adolf Hitler and the war being waged in Europe, highlighting the repressive nature of the Nazi police state and drawing attention to the mistreatment of Jews. The group took precautions to avoid capture by keeping the White Rose group very small. However, on 18th February 1943, the siblings Sophie and Hans Scholl were discovered distributing leaflets by a university janitor, who informed the Gestapo. Hans and Sophie were arrested and immediately admitted guilt, hoping to avoid being coerced into implicating their fellow members of the White Rose, but after further interrogation were forced to give up the names. Four days later, the Scholls and Christoph Probst - some of the founding members of the group - were put on trial and found guilty of treason; they were sentenced to death. That same day, February 22nd, the three were executed by beheading at Stadelheim Prison. After their executions, the remaining members were arrested and killed, thus ending the White Rose resistance movement. The White Rose, alongside other groups like the Edelweiss Pirates, are an important example of Germans speaking out against Hitler’s regime, and their deaths are yet another in the litany of Nazi crimes.

“We will not be silent. We are your bad conscience. The White Rose will not leave you in peace!”

My heart is so heavy.

Pray, yes. But also, speak up. Act. Show your resistance. Show your compassion. Love without prejudice. Open your hearts and homes. Cultivate goodness. Be the light, the change, the resistance you’ve been looking for.

You are a vessel. Put yourself to good use.

amysantiagone  asked:

In Rogue One, Cassian Andor states that he's been fighting for the rebels since he was 6 years old. Assuming he meant literal combating, would his personality be similar to that of a child raised for combat? Would there be any differences?

This is sort of a yes and no, as all children involved in violent conflicts from an early age are affected by it. However, the children who take part in rebellions aren’t in the same category of the child soldiers discussed on this blog before, though they absolutely share similarities.

Kids involved in rebellions are rarely used as frontline combatants. They’re far too valuable for that. Instead, they function as informants, carriers, and, occasionally, saboteurs. They’re not the one who picks up the gun to shoot down enemy soldiers in a safe zone. They’re the ones who move the gun past the security perimeter or receive it from the old man or woman who did and plant it. They’re the ones hanging around befriending enemy soldiers in bars or cantinas so they can tip their friends off about where the troops are moving to next. Children, women, the elderly, those generally viewed as non-combatants, the ones that society overlooks or views as “safe” are often the backbone of any resistance movement.

They get the goods, they move the packages, they carry the messages between resistance cells, they sometimes take care of the equipment, and they do most of the footwork that allows a resistance to engage the enemy. When they do fight, it’s generally in the form of sabotage like finding and slipping poison into the enemy troop’s stew, planting bombs, or because survival necessitates it when their cover is blown.

As a child, Cassian Andor would have a background common with other children in rebellions depicted in media like ‘Phan Duc To’ from Good Morning, Vietnam! (1987) and the children involved in The Battle of Algiers (1966).

If you’ve never seen Good Morning, Vietnam! I just spoiled the movie.

The Battle of Algiers is a great movie if you’re looking for an honest overview of how rebellions function on both sides of the conflict or just a treatment on the French colonization of Algeria. Fair warning, it is not an english language film. Kiera Nerys from Star Trek: Deep Space 9 is another decent character to look at when wanting to model a background for a resistance fighter who joined as a child. G’kar from Babylon 5 and the entire Narn/Centauri conflict is also an excellent example of the enduring hatreds and issues brought by colonization.

One of the qualities you see in these children and then again as adults is pure, unadulterated hatred for their oppressors. More so than the other kinds, they hate. Often to the point of becoming a new version of the enemy their resistance was attempting to drive off.

Cassian would’ve spent a lot of time hanging around rebel fighters, doing odd jobs for them until the day came when they were short a man or needed a message run by someone who wouldn’t attract attention.

If this has started to sound like spycraft, well, you’re not far off. Resistances don’t have the luxury of major battle offensives like an army, and even guerilla warfare is actually a step up from what happens on the ground, and there is a common word you’ll find familiar for what they do: terrorism.

The actions of a resistance fighter and the actions of a terrorist are one and the same, the only difference is in who is telling the story. If you want to investigate real resistances without the judgements, study up on World War II, the French Resistance, and the Maquis.

Yes, that Maquis not the one from Star Trek.

On the ground resistances are rough and ready, they’re often split apart into distinct cells comprised of only a few agents, and almost no one knows who is higher up the food chain. This is important because it protects the other operating cells and resistance leadership in case an operative is captured by the enemy.

For the most part, whether you’re writing historical fiction or a foray into science fiction, the philosophy, goals, and strategy of a resistance will remain the same. What changes is how they go about operating within their setting because, like spies, a resistance requires the author have a solid grasp on how the enemy functions, the details in how they hold power, the technology they have access to, and how their army works.

On a literal and literary level, the Resistance is about disruption. Whether they’re sabotaging train tracks, blowing up food transports, or bombing nightclubs, their goal is to disrupt everyday life and make it as unpleasant as possible. They’re ghosts in the system, you’ll never know where or when they’ll strike, and they’re out to destroy enemy moral every way they can. A resistance drives the enemy from their homeland by making the cost of holding it no longer worthwhile. Though, historically, this is often impossible unless the majority of the population joins the cause and/or the tide of public sentiment back home within the enemy’s homeworld or nation turns against the invaders. A resistance occurring against the powerful within their own homeland is much, much more destructive.

What marks a character like Cassian, who grew up in a resistance movement, more than other children engaged in violence is first and foremost betrayal. Betrayal from without, betrayal from within, the people he’s lied to and betrayed, seeing many friends vanish overnight or die, and never quite knowing who he can trust. He probably has very few friends left alive from his early days with the Rebellion, and more than likely experienced the Imperials wiping out his cell(s) on multiple occasions. He worked his way up the ranks until he became an operative working closely within the Rebellion’s inner circle.

Star Wars is functionally much more clear cut than the real resistances that occur throughout the world.

Happy writing!

-Michi

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I DIDN'T KNOW I HAD THAT!

Content: We were playing a one-shot discovery campaign with brutality-level difficulty. The party was engaged with the citadel’s high-ranking militia forces due to fraternizing with the lieutenant of a major resistance movement. My character, an Orc Cleric (Asgard), just healed himself from the brink of death. Our Human Rogue (Adrianne) was fending of some soldiers, and our NPC Monk character (aka the lieutenant) was bashing skulls outside the tavern. And our third party member, a Watee Genasi Fighter (Mercer)? Well…

DM: So, a new soldier wearing robes has entered the battle. He raises his hand out to you all and calls out, “Begone, villains!” Everyone, roll a charisma save.

Asgard (me): *rolls 19*

Adrianne: *rolls 13*

Mercer: *rolls nat 1*

DM: OH, WOW! Okay, um, let me check something really fast.

Mercer: What?!

DM: So, Asgard and Adrianne are fine, but you, Mercer, find yourself warped in a place beyond the battle. The entire area feels off and congested. You have been banished to an island in some ethereal place, alone.

Mercer: WHAT THE HELL?! What do I do?

Adrianne: I’m not sure if there’s anything that can be done about that.

Asgard: I would go and get you, but I’m a liiiiiittle busy right now.

a couple turns later~

DM: After some time, Mercer, you’re brought back into the tavern. Currently, you see Asgard being pinned down against the bar by a massive Commander, and Adrianne is pushed up against the wall, nearly at the window. The situation is tense, what do you do?

Mercer: I am frightened so I will scream! The hell is going on?!

At this point, the DM goes silent for a moment, but he then begins to chuckle, making the entire party look uneasy.

DM, Now, I want EVERYONE, except Mercer, to make a constitution saving throw!

Mercer: What’s going on? What is happening?!

DM, in-between his laughter: I gave all of your characters a hidden skill that could’ve been used, but it would be a surprise. Your scream triggered a 9th Lv. spell!

The entire party: WHAT?!?!

Adrianne: *rolls 4*

Asgard: *rolls 13*

DM: OH MY GOD! Asgard, you just barely failed the DC on this! Both of you are at zero HP, as well as most of the other people in this area; you are now unconscious. The Commander, however, withstands.

Mercer, laugh-crying: What did I do?!

DM, excited: You casted Wail of the Banshee!

Mercer: I DIDN’T KNOW I HAD THAT!

DM: EXACTLY! WELCOME TO DISCOVERY/BRUTALITY!

That scream pretty much sealed our deaths as the campaign went on. No healing, no powerful attacks. We were picked off one-by-one.
And we weren’t even at the final boss, too.