residential structures

anonymous asked:

I hate ! Modern architecture with plastic windows and fake red brick. The houses and different council buildings near me aren't nice, no features and it makes me upset. Can you show me some new architecture that will change my mind ? Thank you 🙌🏻

Brick will only look fake if it is trying to imitate architecture form other eras, here are some examples of brick used in contemporary residential and office structures that demonstrate the material’s versatility:

Villa Moerkensheide Dieter De Vos Architecten

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I had errands that took me to Mesa last week, and after a lunch of tamales de puerco from my favorite taqueria on that side of the valley, I made my way to the Mesa Grande Cultural Park.

The park is a unit of the Arizona Museum of Natural History, and preserves a platform mound constructed by the Hohokam people between 1100 and 1450 A.D. The mound was a residential and ceremonial structure at the heart of a large Hohokam community on the mesa, on the south bank of the Salt River.

On the day of my visit the mound was occupied by students from Mesa Community College. The college offers an annual class on field archaeology methods. I met Chris Caseldine, a graduate student in the School of Human Evolution and Social Change at Arizona State University, who is an assistant instructor for the community college course. While scouting the site for a field exercise for the students, Chris noticed a bit of pottery protruding from the mound, and turned it over to the students for excavation. The pottery bit turned out to be a shattered but complete olla, or water jug, made of caliche clay. No one knows what treasures were taken by early artifact hunters and looters, but this is the first entire olla found at the site since it has been protected as a heritage preserve.

As Chris and I were talking I noticed a potsherd at my feet. Little treasures like this are everywhere at the site. The mound is thought to be largely intact, since most scientific excavation has focused on its periphery. There may be many more notable artifacts to discover. Even so, the modern archaeologist’s dilemma is deciding whether to dig or not to dig, in full awareness that once a hole is made it can’t be undug. The site includes a replica ball court, a feature that culturally ties the Hohokam builders of Mesa Grande to the native cultures of Central America. The actual ball court is now under the parking lot of a neighboring corporate office, where it awaits the attention of some future archaeologist. At least it can’t be gotten at in haste, and if for now it’s beyond the reach of the scientists, it’s also safe from the treasure seekers.

Mayan History (Part 50): Calakmul

Calakmul was a major Classic Period city, deep in the jungle in Mexico’s Campeche state.  It is 35km from the Guatemalan border, and was one of the largest & most powerful Mayan lowland cities.

Its original name was Ox Te’ Tuun (”Three Stones”).

The Petén Basin is a geographical region of Central America, mostly in northern Guatemala, but also including part of south-east Mexico.  Calakmul was a major power in the northern Petén Basin.

There is a large seasonal swamp to the west, and Calakmul is on a rise about 35m above it.  The swamp, which is about 34x8km, was an important water source during the rainy season.  The soil around the edges of the swamp was fertile, so this was another benefit.

During the Preclassic & Classic Periods, settlement was concentrated around the edge of the swamp.  During the Classic Period, buildings were also built on high ground, and also on small islands in the swamp, where flint nodules were worked.

Calakmul was the seat of the Snake Kingdom, which reigned during most of the Classic Period.  Their emblem glyph was the snake-head sign, and it has been found distributed extensively in the area.  It can be read as “Kaan”. At times, it ruled over places 150km away.

Calakmul’s emblem glyph.

During the Classic Period, it had a major rivalry with Tikal, and the two superpowers struggled against each other politically and in war.

At its height in the Late Classic Period, it covered over 70 square km, and had a population of about 50,000.  Calakmul was the capital of a large regional state, which covered about 13,000 square km.

During the Terminal Classic, its population declined sharply, and its rural population ended up only 10% of what it had been.

There are 6,750 ancient structures at Calakmul.  The largest is Structure 2, which is one of the largest Mayan pyramids, at over 45m tall.  There are four tombs in it.  Calakmul has 117 stelae, the most of any centre in that region.

Structure 2.

The central monumental architecture covers an area of about 2 square km; the whole site is about 20 square km (mostly covered with dense residential structures).

Calakmul has many murals depicting market scenes, with glyphs describing the actions occurring in them.  The most prominent figure in these murals is Lady Nine Stone, who appears in many of them.

Calakmul was an actual urban city, not just an elite centre surrounded by commoner residences.

Ball-court.

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I’m tired and my head is hurting, so I have no intention of cleaning these up. 
I talked about the most common type of residential structures in Hallowbranch territory before, but I never got around to drawing them. 
That’s remedied now.
Primarily underground houses with thatched or earth covered roofs. They aren’t entirely level with the ground in most cases and the slight overhang of the eaves shelter openings that allow for extra ventilation (since windows are not an option). The floor is packed dirt with a central firepit for cooking/heating. The main ‘living’ areas are raised platforms, typically two-three foot high, that are adjacent to the walls. The beds, too, are raised and blocked in, complete with canopy (wooden or cloth). In this one, I put some shelving in the back to block in a pantry area, but not every house would have that - Some may have smaller cold cellars dug into the mounds around the home or outside of it. The same can be said for the sort-of-closet/storage area in the front.
This is just a standard reference for a medium size dwelling, so a lot could be rearranged depending on who was living in it.

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432 Park Avenue Update

When I wrote about the skyscraper going up at 432 Park Avenue last year, it was only in its infancy:

http://notesonnewyork.tumblr.com/post/47255307184/432-park-avenue

But now, as you can see from the pictures I took this past week, the CIM Group-Macklowe Properties effort is well on its way into the midtown sky. It presently stands at 961 feet high, but will reach its zenith of 1,397 when finished in late 2015. According to the current skyscraper database of the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH), that would make it the third tallest residential structure in the world behind only the Diamond Tower (1,417 feet) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia and World One (1,450 feet) in Mumbai, India. 

Impressive as that sounds, 432 Park will only dominate the Western Hemisphere until some point in 2017. That’s when the Vornado Realty Trust-Extell Development Company tag team plans to complete its Nordstrom Tower. That obelisk will soar 1,423 feet above the currently flattened lot at 217 West 57th Street. Let the skyscraper wars commence.

This house is legendary in my area as the only residential structure in the vast sprawl known as the central Microsoft campus. No matter how much Microsoft offered the owners, they would not sell the property. However, they did make a single concession – since they were, after all, perceived to be part of Microsoft, they would allow Microsoft to do their landscaping, for its image. Look at how much lawn they don’t have to mow.

anonymous asked:

Hey, I just want to say I really dig your blog!! Secondly, what was the biggest influence on early medieval architecture in Western Europe (700's-1000's) other than Roman architecture? Did already present tribal architecture have any influence? Please and thank you!

Its difficult to isolate architecture from other influences (namely invasions from other areas like the Moors in Spain and barbarians to the north. Also, that influence is mainly noted in major structures but residential and farming architecture was always based on the architecture present at the time, based on local customs and available materials.

Image found here.