residential hotels

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Cool Hotels: Les Bains, Paris

The iconic Les Bains is back: the celebrated clubhouse and hotel has been revamped by architects and designers such as Vincent Bastie, Tristan Auer and Denis Montel, including suites, bars, a private lounge, a club, guest rooms and the “Salle à Manger” restaurant, that is now characterized by neo-brasserie chic. The design is vibrant, eclectic, sophisticated and cool, suggesting a residential feel.

In this building blackmail was crafted, Stravinsky composed, the Black Sox plotted, and swingers partied at Plato’s Retreat. Not all at the same time obviously, but still, the Ansonia hotel has quite the backstory. Originally built as a residential hotel by William Earle Dodge Stokes, it featured 1,400 rooms and 340 suites. The hotel’s residents lived in luxurious apartments with multiple bedrooms, parlors, libraries, and formal dining rooms, and basement featured the world’s largest indoor pool. Plus, it was the first air-conditioned hotel in #NYC. Famous residents included Babe Ruth; writer Theodore Dreiser, the leader of the Bahá'í Faith `Abdu'l-Bahá; conductor Arturo Toscanini; composer Igor Stravinsky; fashion designer Koos van den Akker; Broadway impresario Florenz Ziegfeld. The hotel has also played host to multiple historical moments. It is said that on September 21, 1919, a group of Chicago White Sox players assembled in the hotel room of first baseman Arnold “Chick” Gandil and agreed to throw the World Series for roughly $10,000 per person. From 1968 until 1975 Prior to Plato’s Retreat, the building housed the Continental Baths, a gay bathhouse where multiple stars including Bette Midler provided entertainment. Then, from 1977 until 1980, The hotel’s basement was home to swinger’s club Plato’s Retreat, until Mayor Ed Koch shut the club down due to health concerns. The Ansonia was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1980. We highly suggest looking more into this place as there is way too much fascinating history to put in this post without making it enormous. #nychistory#seeyourcity #ansoniahotel #history#baseballhistory #historicalfigures#OnlyinNY
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Image Information:
X2011.34.1136
American News Company
Ansonia Apartment Hotel, New York
DATE:ca. 1905

npr.org
Ladies In The Streets: Before Stonewall, Transgender Uprising Changed Lives
The June 1969 Stonewall riots in New York sparked the gay rights movement. But three years earlier, unrest in San Francisco marked the transgender community's public debut in the rights struggle.

It’s the 50th anniversary of the Compton’s Cafeteria riots!!! 

It was after the bars had closed and well into the pre-dawn hours of an August morning in 1966 when San Francisco cops were in Gene Compton’s cafeteria again. They were arresting drag queens, trans women and gay [and bi] hustlers who had been sitting for hours, eating and gossiping and coming down from their highs with the help of 60-cent cups of coffee.

The 24-hour eatery was a local favorite. It was centrally located — adjacent to the hair salon, the corner bar and the bathhouse — and provided a well-lit and comfortable haven for trans women performing in clubs or walking the streets in San Francisco’s Tenderloin neighborhood.

From Compton’s “you could walk to Woolworth’s to buy [fake] eyelashes, and it was two blocks from the airline bus terminal,” where Tamara Ching says many drag queens and trans women would go to change from male to female clothes. Ching is an Asian-American transgender woman who grew up in San Francisco. She frequented the Tenderloin during the 1960s and has lived there since 1992. “Everybody that lived in the Tenderloin ate at Compton’s,” Amanda St. Jaymes, a transgender woman who ran a residential hotel nearby, said in a documentary, Screaming Queens, which chronicles a confrontation with police that marked the start of a movement toward LGBT rights.

Compton’s management didn’t want the cafeteria to be a popular late-night hangout for drag queens, trans women and hustlers. Workers would often call the police at night to clear the place out. The Tenderloin, where sex work, gambling, and drug use were commonplace, was one of only a few neighborhoods where trans women and drag queens could live openly. Yet they were still regularly subject to police harassment and arrested for the crime of “female impersonation.”

A view of Gene Compton’s cafeteria In San Francisco’s Tenderloin District. In 1966, the eatery was the site of landmark confrontations between police and transgender activists.

And when a policeman in Compton’s grabbed a drag queen, she threw a cup of coffee in his face. The cafeteria “erupted,” according to Susan Stryker, a [trans, bi] historian who directed Screaming Queens. People flipped tables and threw cutlery. Sugar shakers crashed through the restaurant’s windows and doors. Drag queens swung their heavy purses at officers. Outside on the street, dozens of people fought back as police forced them into paddy wagons. The crowd trashed a cop car and set a newsstand on fire.

“We just got tired of it,” St. Jaymes told Stryker. “We got tired of being harassed. We got tired of being made to go into the men’s room when we were dressed like women. We wanted our rights.”

If the famous Stonewall riots in New York City were the origin of this nation’s gay rights movement, the Tenderloin upheaval three years before was “the transgender community’s debut on the stage of American political history,” according to Stryker. “It was the first known instance of collective militant queer resistance to police harassment in United States history.”

Stonewall is often thought of as an uprising of gay men. In reality, “it was drag queens, Black drag queens, who fought the police at the famous Stonewall Inn rebellion in 1969,” wrote lesbian novelist and playwright Sarah Schulman in a 1985 novel. “Years later, a group of nouveau-respectable gays tried to construct a memorial to Stonewall in the park across from the old bar. The piece consisted of two white clone-like thin gay men and two white, young lesbians with perfect noses. They were made of a plaster-like substance, pasty and white as the people who paid for it.”

While the legacy of Stonewall was whitewashed, the rage and resistance of the San Francisco group went largely unremarked — even among each other.

“We didn’t think this was a big deal,” Ching told me. “It was a natural thing for people to do back then, to protest.”

Besides memories of police and patrons who were there that night, the only record of the riot that survived into the present is a short article by gay activist Raymond Broshears. He wrote it for the program of the first San Francisco gay pride parade, in 1972. Decades later, Stryker found his account and began to seek out the whole story. Her search for people who had been in the Tenderloin back then who spent time at Compton’s or took part in the riot led her to Ching, St. Jaymes and another trans woman named Felicia Elizondo.

Ching grew up in San Francisco. She recalls hanging out with beatniks on Grant Avenue and began doing sex work as a teenager, in 1965. “My mom was an alcoholic and she let me run the streets and do my own thing.”

Ching wasn’t at the riot that night, but she knew Compton’s well. “It was good to go and be seen and talk to people about what happened during the night. To make sure everybody’s OK, everyone made their coins, everybody’s coming down off drugs and didn’t overdose, and that you didn’t go to jail that night,” she said.

“Compton’s nourished people. People would sit there for days drinking a cup of coffee. I would buy a full meal. I don’t cook and I loved eating at Compton’s — it was like downtown.”

The Tenderloin in the 1960s was a red light district and a residential ghetto. Stryker told me that the neighborhood was a particular destination and home to “young people who maybe had been kicked out by their families and were living on the street. And trans people who could lose a job at any moment or not be hired, who wouldn’t be rented to, who had to live in crappy residential hotels in a bad part of town, and who had to do survival sex work to support themselves.”

“We sold ourselves because we need to make a living but we sold ourselves because we wanted to be loved,” Elizondo says in Stryker’s film. Ching told me sex work in the Tenderloin empowered her. She had a job with the government but still worked the streets at night.

Whether for survival, pleasure or some combination of both, sex work left women vulnerable to violence and put them in closer contact with police. But even those who weren’t hustling had frequent encounters with law enforcement. St. Jaymes, who ran the residential hotel, told Stryker she was arrested frequently, even though she wasn’t a sex worker. “If we had lipstick on, if we had mascara on, if our hair was too long, we had to put it under a cap. If the buttons was on the wrong side, like a blouse, they would take you to jail because they felt it was female impersonation.”

“The police could harass you at any time,” Ching told me. “They would ask you for pieces of ID. You had to have your male ID if you were born male and didn’t go through a sex change. They would pat you down, and while they’re patting you down, of course they’re feeling you up,” she continued. “They would arrest you and put you in the big van, Big Bertha, and drive you around town. When they turned a corner they turned sharply, so people would fall. They’d go over a bump, fast down the hill and make you look a mess by the time you got to the booking station.”

Police relations with the trans, drag and gay communities in the Tenderloin reached a boiling point in 1966. Across San Francisco resistance was in the air. Local anti-war protests were gaining momentum. Civil rights activists and religious leaders at a Tenderloin church organized to bring government anti-poverty resources to the neighborhood. A group of radical young queers calling themselves Vanguard started pushing back against discrimination by police and business owners. After Compton’s management started kicking them out of the restaurant, they picketed outside on July 18, 1966. Viewed in the context of 1960s activism, identity politics and anti-poverty efforts, the riots that occurred a few weeks later seem inevitable.

Though it can take decades to understand motivations for a particular riot or movement of militant resistance in the streets, there are plenty of instances when a group’s anger and frustration over injustice is later celebrated as a civil rights victory. We have a parade every year to commemorate the Stonewall riots — three nights when rioters burned down a bar and tried to overturn a paddy wagon. Now that [Caitlyn] Jenner has told Diane Sawyer, “I’m a woman,” and Oprah interviewed Janet Mock, we can look at a charge like “female impersonation” and see the Compton’s riot as another act of resistance against injustice. One day, history books, pundits and academics could very well talk about the recent unrest in Baltimore or Ferguson the same way.

Right after the Compton’s episode, Ching heard about what had happened. “To me, nothing was out of the ordinary,” she told me. “We lived to survive day to day. We didn’t realize we’d made history.”

You can watch Screaming Queens: The Riot at Compton’s Cafeteria for free if you have Amazon Prime. (and i think they’ll give you a free 6-month trial of it if you have a student email address – maybe longer.)

Placing the finishing touches on a 1:100 future hotel/residential building in Sydney. #architecture #architecturemodel 📷: @makemodels

vimeo

It was after the bars had closed and well into the pre-dawn hours of an August morning in 1966 when San Francisco cops were in Gene Compton’s cafeteria again. They were arresting drag queens, trans women and gay hustlers who had been sitting for hours, eating and gossiping and coming down from their highs with the help of 60-cent cups of coffee.

The 24-hour eatery was a local favorite. It was centrally located — adjacent to the hair salon, the corner bar and the bathhouse — and provided a well-lit and comfortable haven for trans women performing in clubs or walking the streets in San Francisco’s Tenderloin neighborhood.

From Compton’s “you could walk to Woolworth’s to buy [fake] eyelashes, and it was two blocks from the airline bus terminal,” where Tamara Ching says many drag queens and trans women would go to change from male to female clothes. Ching is an Asian-American transgender woman who grew up in San Francisco. She frequented the Tenderloin during the 1960s and has lived there since 1992. “Everybody that lived in the Tenderloin ate at Compton’s,” Amanda St. Jaymes, a transgender woman who ran a residential hotel nearby, said in a documentary, Screaming Queens, which chronicles a confrontation with police that marked the start of a movement toward LGBT rights.

Compton’s management didn’t want the cafeteria to be a popular late-night hangout for drag queens, trans women and hustlers. Workers would often call the police at night to clear the place out. The Tenderloin, where sex work, gambling, and drug use were commonplace, was one of only a few neighborhoods where trans women and drag queens could live openly. Yet they were still regularly subject to police harassment and arrested for the crime of “female impersonation.”

And when a policeman in Compton’s grabbed a drag queen, she threw a cup of coffee in his face. The cafeteria “erupted,” according to Susan Stryker, a historian who directed Screaming Queens. People flipped tables and threw cutlery. Sugar shakers crashed through the restaurant’s windows and doors. Drag queens swung their heavy purses at officers. Outside on the street, dozens of people fought back as police forced them into paddy wagons. The crowd trashed a cop car and set a newsstand on fire.

“We just got tired of it,” St. Jaymes told Stryker. “We got tired of being harassed. We got tired of being made to go into the men’s room when we were dressed like women. We wanted our rights.”

Ladies In The Streets: Before Stonewall, Transgender Uprising Changed Lives

anonymous asked:

Do you know much about housing options available to single women in late 1940s NYC? Was it really legal to have rules like the ones Peggy was given?

After World War I, there was an increase in the number of single women moving to urban centers to pursue careers or attend college. However, housing for women in New York City was difficult to find due to a halt in housing construction and because residential hotels gave preferential treatment to male renters. At that time, there existed women’s boarding houses for working class or immigrant women, but these came with long waiting lists.

In the late 1920s, real estate entrepreneurs began establishing housing complexes for young, professional, middle/upper class women. Perhaps the most famous of these is Manhattan’s Barbizon Hotel, built in 1927. Like other women’s hotels, the Barbizon did not allow men in tenants’ rooms. Because these were privately-run rooming houses, these policies were legal.

Prospective tenants [of the Barbizon] were required to bring three good references for admission, and were graded on criteria such as looks, dress, and demeanor. From the beginning, the Barbizon existed as a combined charm school and dormitory, one where fretting parents could be confident their girls would be kept safe – and chaste. No men were allowed above the lobby without strict supervision, and parents could require their resident daughters to sign in and out at the front desk. Some were even given their own chaperones. Girls who came in late or, in the parlance of one staff matron, “in bad shape” were spoken to.

Source: Sorority on E. 63rd St.

This report on the Barbizon 63 building made by the Landmarks Preservation Commission contains some good history and descriptions, as well as the names of other women’s dormitories in New York City (link goes to a PDF).

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Today a c1910 postcard of the Ansonia erected between 1899 and 1905. 
The Ansonia was the largest residential hotel of its day. The exterior is decorated in the Beaux-Art style with a Parisian style mansard roof. Striking architectural features are the round corner-towers or turrets. Unusual for a Manhattan building, the Ansonia features an open stairwell that sweeps up to a huge domed skylight. The interior corridors are said to some of the widest in the city. 
For several years the owner William Earle Dodge Stokes, heir to a copper mining fortune and share holder in the Ansonia Clock Company, kept farm animals on the building’s roof next to his personal apartment. Another unusual feature of the building is its cattle elevator, which enabled dairy cows to be stabled on the roof!
An interesting anecdote: The building’s original, elaborate copper cornices were removed during World War II and melted down for the war effort.
By the mid-twentieth-century, the grand apartments had mostly been divided into studios and one-bedroom units, almost all of which retained their original architectural detail.
In 1992 the Ansonia was converted to a condominium apartment building with 430 apartments. By 2007, most of the rent-controlled tenants had moved out, and the small apartments were sold to buyers who purchased clusters of small apartments and threw them together to recreate the grand apartments of the building’s glory days, with carefully restored Beaux-Arts details.

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Linked Hybrid by Steven Holl Architects

The project, which was last week named Best Tall Building 2009 in the Asia and Australia category by the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, comprises apartments, a hotel, cinema, kindergarten, school, underground car park, commercial zones and a public green space.

A series of multi-functional “skybridges” connect the eight residential towers and the hotel tower. A pond in the centre of the complex holds recycled greywater from the buildings and will freeze over in the winter, transforming into a public ice rink.

Source: Dezeen