researching

Naked Antarctica

A multinational team, led by the British Antarctic Survey, have released the best picture yet of the bedrock of Antarctica, Earth’s hidden continent. In a project called “Bedmap” the true surface of the continent, beneath the ice which covers 98% of its area, has been revealed and laid bare. It reveals a landscape of mountain ranges and plains cut through by valleys and deep gorges.

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text behind taehyung in his teaser pic: “man muss noch chaos in sich haben um einen tanzenden stern gebären zu können”, which translates to "you must have chaos within you to give birth to a dancing star”. it’s a quote from friedrich nietzsche’s also sprach zarathustra: ein buch für alle und keinen, written in the late 19th century.

Not only did Kinora Limited sell the first at-home motion picture reel viewer at the turn of the 20th century, they also developed a camera that allowed amateurs to make recordings outside of a studio. However, priced at £19, the camera was too expensive for many users and was difficult to sell.

More on the Kinora Picture Reel in the Getty Research Institute’s special collections on the Getty Iris.

Some of my favorite Catholic and/or scholarly corners of the internet:
  • James J. Walsh’s 1915 book The Popes and Science. Full text available on Archive.org and Project Gutenberg. Quoted extensively on my wordpress blog. The book is quite long, but trust me: pick a chapter, a paragraph, a footnote, and you will learn something incredible about the history of science in the Catholic Church. The amount that I realized I didn’t know about my own religion was unbelievable. The chapter on hospitals is my particular favorite. 
  • This website dedicated to Vincent de Beauvais. Vincent was a medieval Dominican friar, who wrote the Majus Speculum - what is considered to be the first encyclopedia, and one of the most important works of the entire Medieval Era. The site gives an inventory of Vincent’s works, as well as images of manuscripts!
  • The online library of the Ludwig von Mises Institute. Not every title has free full text access, but many of them do. I enjoy browsing these titles because a) it’s the best introduction to Austrian economics and philosophy, and b) it’s interesting to see if, where, and how Catholic social teaching threads its way through some of the works. 
  • Henri Daniel-Rops’ article “The Catholic Reformation”. A French historian, Daniel-Rops is one of the most important Catholic writers of the 20th century. I have been reading his book Cathedral and Crusade for about a year now, and similar to my experience with Walsh, there is simply so much that I didn’t know about history and Catholicism! The sheer amount that Daniel-Rops knows is astounding, as is his ability to weave together and present that knowledge. His works are not available for free online, but this article is a great starting point. 
  • Epistolae: Medieval Women’s Letters. The letters are, naturally, in Latin, but English translations are provided. You can see letters arranged by woman, letter, title, receiver, and date. 
buzzfeed.com
Chest Binding Is Really Good For LGBT Mental Health According To A New Study
Groundbreaking research might finally help providers better care for their gender-nonconforming patients.
By Sally Tamarkin

A new study in the journal Culture, Health and Sexuality is believed to be the first to look at the health impact of chest binding on gender-nonconforming individuals.

The study team, made up of researchers from Boston University Schools of Medicine, Boston University School of Public Health, and Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, analysed 1,800 survey responses from people assigned female at birth and intersex-identified individuals who were binding at the time of the research.

The survey asked participants all about their binding practices.

It included questions about binding methods as well as how often people wore a binder and for how many hours at time. It also asked participants what health outcomes they thought were a result of binding, said Sarah Peitzmeier, one of the study’s authors, and a PhD student at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

The study concluded what many people who bind already know: Binding can cause pain and discomfort.

But the researchers also confirmed another common sentiment among people who bind: Wearing a binder improves mental health and quality of life.

Peitzmeier said people reported that binding improved their mood and reduced dysphoria, depression, anxiety, and suicidality.

“People spoke very eloquently about how binding was so important to help them safely navigate public places, to go out and meet people, that it was hard for them to leave the house without binding,” she said.

Because they found that the mental health effects of binding “were almost universally positive,” the researchers recommend that healthcare providers “avoid making categorical recommendations against binding.”

Instead, they suggest that doctors work with patients to help them make the best decision for their overall health.

Doctors should familiarise themselves with the possible effects of binding on both physical and mental health, the study said. From there they should help patients minimise the risk of negative health outcomes (with, for example, tips on skin hygiene and resources on top surgery for interested patients, because top surgery would limit the length of time a patient binds), while empowering patients to make the best decision for their own physical and mental health.

You can learn more about study and its authors and see the survey here.

io9.gizmodo.com
10 Lessons From Real-Life Revolutions That Fictional Dystopias Ignore
Today's genre books are full of future dystopias, which only have one weakness: teenagers. And everybody knows that most dystopias are kind of contrived. But here are 10 lessons from real-life rebellions against repressive regimes, that we wish the creators of fictional dystopias would pay attention to.
By Esther Inglis-Arkell

[…]

Most dystopian fiction has their heroic rebels and revolutionaries battling robots, or brainless clones, or elite fighting forces made up of the privileged. But a lot of wars consist of their respective sides’ poorest, most powerless, and most downtrodden populations being forced to kill each other. A lot of heroes will be fighting people as miserable and unwilling as they are.

6. Never Neglect the Practicalities

Standing up for the freedom to express oneself, or the desire to resist constant surveillance, or the cessation of a grievous abuse of human rights, is important. Having something to eat is also important. Women rioting for bread got the ball rolling on both the French and the Russian revolutions. During the French revolution, women marching to Versailles forced the king and the royal family to semi-imprisonment in Paris. The second bread riot snowballed into an insurrection which forced the Tsar to abdicate. Over a thousand miles and a hundred years apart, people needed the same thing. Science fiction novels tend to focus on ideals and advanced techonology because authors want to draw parallels with the problems they see in their own societies. Surveillance and freedom of expression and privacy are hotter topics than bread. Maybe they shouldn’t be.

[…]

me: -logs on in the morning to find people commenting on how my pony looks great and is so much improved-

me: -chokes up-

my heart: -grows three sizes-

coworker: wow that is the biggest smile I have ever seen on your face that’s creepy

Week in brief (26–30 Sept)

Autonomous ‘Roboats’ to debut in Amsterdam

A group of Roboats forming an ad-hoc bridge. Credit: AMS

In collaboration with researchers at the MIT, the Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Metropolitan Solutions (AMS) has started work on building the world’s first fleet of autonomous boats for the city’s canals designed to transport goods and people, as well as forming temporary, floating infrastructure.

Professor Arjan van Timmeren, Scientific Director at AMS, commented, ‘Roboat offers enormous possibilities. We will also be exploring environmental sensing. We could for instance do further research on underwater robots that can detect diseases at an early stage or use Roboats to rid the canals from floating waste and find a more efficient way to handle the 12,000 bicycles that end up in the city’s canals each year.’

The five-year project is estimated to cost around £21.4m with the first prototypes to debut in 2017.

In other news:

·      Synthetic 3D-printed material helps bones regrow

·      Corrugated expected to outperform other paper packaging

·      Scientists pre-programmed materials to change their shape over time

·      Recycling approved drugs for cancer treatment

To find out more on materials science, packaging and engineering news, visit our website IOM3 or follow us on Twitter @MaterialsWorld for regular news updates. You can also now get access to our content any time, offline and online, anywhere via our app. For more information, visit app.materialsworld.org

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Two black-tailed rattlesnakes (Jaydin and Marty) fight over a female (Persephone). Male rattlesnakes engage in combat over females, no other resources such as food or territory (that anyone has observed). You can find out more about this behavior and how it differs from courtship at: snakes.ngo/lovers-and-fighters

“political passion and emotional outcomes”

this is a 28-page article that basically says that passion plays a role in participating in “riskier” and more time-consuming political activities, but much less so in low-cost activities like voting. in other news, water is wet.