research reactor

Bringing a reactor from subcritical (offline) to supercritical is called a “pulse.” A reactor may produce around 4 megawats of power in its steady state mode, but during maximum pulse, the reactor can generate 35,000 megawatts. The pulse itself begins and ends in roughly 7 milliseconds. For that very short time, the reactor may produce 3 times the power of the United States’ largest reactor.

The pulse mode is also what operates in a nuclear weapon during the fraction of a second between releasing energy and exploding.

9

In November of 2013, Hungary completed the transfer of its high enriched uranium research reactor fuel to Russia and became the ninth nation to completely remove such fuel since an initiative between the International Atomic Energy Agency, the United States and Russia, called the Russian-origin Research Reactor Fuel Return program, that began in 2002. Under the program, more than 2,000 kilograms of Russian-supplied high enriched uranium has been transferred to Russia from 14 countries in 56 shipment operations.

rick perry accepted the job of Secretary of Energy, thinking it was related to the oil & gas industry. he didn’t realize the Department of Energy’s actual role is to handle the USA’s nuclear program including weapons, research, reactor production, and radioactive waste disposal. w h a t  t h e  f u c k.

‘Atoms for Peace’ was the title of a speech delivered by U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower to the UN General Assembly in New York City on December 8, 1953.

The American 'Atoms for Peace’ program distributed nuclear technology, materials, and know-how to many countries with less advanced research. The first nuclear reactors in Iran and Pakistan were built under the program by American Machine and Foundry.

Algae Converted To Crude Oil In One Hour

by Michael Keller

An innovative process that starts with an algae slurry efficiently produces crude oil in less than an hour, researchers say.  

The biocrude oil can then be refined conventionally into gasoline, diesel and aviation fuel. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory engineers say their method is a continuous process that beats previous attempts to harness algae as fuel.

They say their work has led to a cheaper and less energy intensive technique. It also results in a wastewater stream from which flammable gas can be recovered and nutrients that can grow more algae.

“Cost is the big roadblock for algae-based fuel,” said lead researcher Douglas Elliott in a statement. “We believe that the process we’ve created will help make algae biofuels much more economical.”

Keep reading

2

Philip Johnson, Research Nuclear Reactor, (1960)

One of the least known buildings designed by Johnson is his 1960 nuclear reactor in Rehovot, Israel. It is a beautifully composed diagram, a building that seems almost timeless in it’s composition and texture: as much at home in the cities of Mesopotamia as it would be among the monasteries of the middle ages. It consists of a 250 ft. long and 120ft. wide tapered almost solid concrete base and similarly tapered concrete “tomb” that contains the nuclear reactor. The base of this massive “tomb” contains the research laboratories, which are grouped around a spacious court, arcaded in the manner of a medieval monastery. It could easily be mistaken for an abandoned mosque, which is most likely the undeclared intention of the security conscious Israeli authorities. One of Johnson’s strangest and most impressive monuments.

The High Flux Isotope Reactor, located at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee, operates at 85 megawatts and is one of the United States’ highest flux reactor-based sources of neutrons for condensed matter research, and provides the highest steady-state neutron fluxes of any research reactor in the world.

Neutron scattering research facilities at the High Flux Isotope Reactor contain a world-class collection of instruments used for fundamental and applied research on the structure and dynamics of matter. The reactor is also used for a number of different reasons: medical/industrial/research isotope production, research on severe neutron damage to materials, and neutron activation.