Adoption and Foster Care

We’ve had several questions recently concerning adoption and foster care, so here is a mini masterpost for your convenience. Our requests were solely on US and UK procedures, so if you’re looking for procedures/laws in another country, submit another ask when our ask box opens back up.

United States

State Adoption and Foster Care Information

Adopting from Foster Care

Helping Foster and Adoptive Families

Private Domestic Adoption

Foster Care Adoption in the United States

How Foster Care Works

What Happens in the Case of a Missing Parent or an Abandonment?

Are They Any Traditional Orphanages in the United States?

Infant Safe Haven Laws

United Kingdom

Child Adoption

All About Adoption

Permanent Fostering

Foster Carers

All About Fostering

Child Abandonment and the Law

What happens to abandoned babies?

Like any research question, start by putting yourself in your character’s shoes. If they’re interested in fostering/adopting, or they’ve done it in the past, what questions would they have about the process? And remember that location is very important, because these laws vary regionally. 

But perhaps the most important reason to distrust dating advice – when it comes to long-term relationships, anyway – is the recurring finding that “compatibility”, the Holy Grail of the romance experts, isn’t really a thing. For all the boasts some dating sites may make about their unique personality-matching questionnaires and algorithms, there’s little evidence that sharing a lot of interests or traits with someone makes a successful relationship more likely. And that’s not because “opposites attract”, either; it’s simply that it’s not very important whether or not your interests and traits match a prospective partner’s. As the University of Texas psychologist Ted Huston explains in Tara Parker-Pope’s book For Better, drawing on his longitudinal study of married couples, “compatibility” functions mainly as a warning sign: when people start using that word, and fretting about it, it’s a sign their relationship’s in trouble. What really makes a relationship work, as ever, is just a mutual commitment to making it work, and the skills required to do that.
Research Help!

Hi Tumblr, I’m a graduate student at Arizona State University doing some research on emergency preparedness behaviors and beliefs for my master’s thesis. With all the zombie movies, 24/7 coverage of ebola, and worries about pandemic flu, preparedness is on everyone’s minds! If you live in Arizona and would like to assist with the design of better emergency preparedness programs, you can take the survey here:

The survey is totally anonymous, should only take ~10 minutes, and you’ll have the opportunity to enter a raffle to win an emergency preparedness or first aid kit as well. Thanks so much for contributing, and please reblog!

FELLOW RESEARCHERS!  I bring to you news of a wonderful discovery: the new (free) reference manager ReadCube!  I’ve been a loyal Mendeley user for years now, but ReadCube has a nice interface, AND an Android app so I can look through my articles on taphonomy and children’s skeletons in public without alerting authorities!

I haven’t fully imported all (400) of my .pdfs yet, but so far my only complaint is that you can’t open your library in a web browser, which you can with Mendeley.  But the cool thing is that some online journals (Wiley) have linked their pdfs with ReadCube, so all you have to do is click “add to library” and it syncs with the app.

It’s too early to say which one I like better; I’m a creature of habit and I’ve got all my folders figured out in Mendeley, but change isn’t always bad…

Dear good people of tumblr
I am a clinical psychology student who needs to conduct a research for a paper
My theme is eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia
So if you did or do suffer from this please like this post if I get enough notes I will create special anonymous test blank
I don’t think that I will discover something new but I need your help
Help poor student and at least reblog
Thank you

I. Am. Knackered.

The past few weeks have been so, so full… in the not-so-emotionally full sense of the word. As a very comfortable and confident introvert (who turns on the extrovert on a daily basis), three solid weeks culminating in 7 solid nonstop days just slays me.

We had our third annual Alzheimer’s disease conference this weekend. I’m not sure if I’ve ever explained this gem (it truly is a gem) - it’s one of the side projects I am in charge of (slash do entirely on my own, which is a bit of an issue). It’s actually a great concept: we invite 15 ‘early career’ researchers in Alzheimer’s (early career in this case means they have their PhD, most have done a postdoc, but they’re not fully ‘launched’ yet) who are nominated by either past attendees or senior leaders in the field. Each of them prepares a grant application for how they would use $50,000 of research funding, they submit them, review and score each other’s proposals, and then come to Charleston for the weekend. During the conference, they each present their grant, and then we hold a ‘mock study section’, which is a boiled down version of what the NIH really does to peer-review grants and decide who gets funding. At the end, three to four of the attendees walk away with funding to do what they proposed.

It’s great 1) because it’s an extremely expedited way to get funding to researchers who are talented and need to get started, 2) because it brings together researchers from different fields who all work on Alzheimer’s (usually imaging researchers don’t necessarily mix with biochemists and biochemists don’t necessarily mix with geneticists etc) and encourages them to collaborate, 3) because it strongly pushes for them to think of outside-of-the-box ideas versus safe ones, 4) because it gets them to interact with each other and experts in the disease so that as they move up in their careers, there’s a strong network of peers to works with and 5) because it teaches them how to review grants (and how their grants are reviewed), something that is woefully missing from science education.

Anyway. This happened this weekend. It all went fairly smoothly bar some cancelled flights back to NYC yesterday. Everyone was fed and housed without issue. We gave away $150,000 in awards. We’re starting to see the impact that the first year’s awards is having. All in all, it’s a really cool concept. I’d love to see if we could start replicating it in other diseases… let me rephrase that. I’d love to see if we could hire a staff to start replicating it in other diseases.

I’m oddly feeling all over the place though after this weekend. Part of me is all revved up, and then part of me is feeling what I wouldn’t call depression or let-down-ness, but maybe hopelessness about the whole research world. I can’t put my finger on it tonight.

Anyway. Back to ‘normal’, which is currently running around like a headless chicken trying to stay ahead of life. 


Something I’ve learned: Don’t do your research just online if you can help it. Most sources on the internet are condensed or only scratch the surface/are very specifically focused. You want to know how middle class women lived in the Victorian age? You want to know about Third Genders in other countries? You want to know about Catherine Parr? You need to go to the library. 

If you’re lucky and have a cooperative thing between libraries or a University library at your disposal, then you’ve probably got all the information you need and more at your fingertips. Books are chock full of information, far more than any internet article. 

Good luck. :)

…an open source platform for working with collections of texts. It enables students, researchers and teachers to share and collaborate around texts using a simple and intuitive interface.

TEXTUS currently enables users to:

  • Collaboratively annotate texts and view the annotations of others
  • Reliably cite electronic versions of texts
  • Create bibliographies with stable URLs to online versions of those texts

Dehydration, abdominal pain and diarrhea are all common symptoms of colitis—a disease caused by inflammation of the large intestine’s lining. But most people don’t know that, in addition to these uncomfortable gastrointestinal issues, colitis can also lead to an increased risk of colon cancer.

You can see precancerous signs in the image above, which shows the unregulated proliferation (pink) of intestinal lining cells (green) in an individual with colitis.

To get a behind-the-scenes glimpse of gastroenterology research at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles, check out our newest “Bays of Our Lives” post, featuring Phil Dubé, PhD.

Image Caption: Colitis-induced hyperplasia in the colon.

Image Credit: Phil Dubé, PhD, from The Saban Research Institute of CHLA

A research partnership is reporting advances on how to make solar cells stronger, lighter, more flexible and less expensive when compared with the current silicon or germanium technology on the market. The researchers discovered how a blend of conjugated polymers resulted in structural and electronic changes that increased efficiency three-fold, by incorporating graphene in the active layer of the carbon-based materials.  

Read More -

Help, guys!

Hi, guys. I really need your help for our thesis. Just one question and it’s a great help already. Please :)

What makes a person a blogger? Like what are the criteria for one to be considered a blogger?

note: There’s no wrong answer for this (we respect opinions). Tagalog, English are fine; conio, okay. Thanks. Just send it here! :)

Lobe y’all! You may reblog and tag people.

Love this. Astute analysis and call for research participants.

Elke Weissmann is Reader in Film and Television at Edge Hill University, Ormskirk, north of Liverpool. She has published a book on British-American relations in TV drama production, Transnational Television Drama, and has co-edited Renewing Feminisms with Helen Thornham. Elke tweets at @TellyElk

I am a woman. I am a feminist. I like watching television. And I am an academic.

In the 1980s, these parts of my identity would have probably led to the following problems: I would have encountered a barrage of popular and academic publications which would have told me that television, particularly the kind typically categorised as ‘television for women’ (i.e. the soap opera) is bad for me. I would have probably been repeatedly told by my peers, family and friends about examples of susceptible women who, after watching Dallas or Dynasty, demanded a more lavish lifestyle or went out to buy shoulder-padded clothes like the ones Joan Collins wore. And I would have probably encountered quite a few people who prided themselves on not owning a television set.

All of this highlights two things: that women were largely perceived as ‘vulnerable’ audiences, easily duped and passively absorbing content, and that television was perceived as the bad object, particularly in its most ‘feminine’ forms.

[…] The reasons are simple. I am not sure these women are so strong or depicted in any way that I find interesting. Take Betty in Mad Men for example. In the first season, she clearly suffered from the “problem with no name" that Betty Friedan identified in her 1963 book The Feminine Mystique. But then, from season two onwards, she just turned into a horrible person and her problems were simply forgotten. Mad Men is actually one of the specific dramas that leave me conflicted. The other (and I have noticed I am not alone) is Game of Thrones. Both are quite explicit in their misogyny and place this within the context of the time period they portray: the pre-feminist 1960s in the case of Mad Men and a pseudo-medieval period in the case of Game of Thrones. Both dramas highlight the problem of the sexisms of their times, particularly for their female characters, and this is often understood as part of the feminist potential of these programmes. But there is something that still doesn’t quite sit comfortably with me and much of this seems to be connected to the female characters in them. Yet, I am absolutely drawn to these dramas; I find them utterly compelling.

Rest on the f-word and call for research participants below:

I am trying to make sense of all this through a study that I am currently conducting at Edge Hill University. This study will be presented at the Society of Cinema and Media Studies in Montreal, Canada, in March, and I would like to write another piece for The F-Word blog as well as a journal article about it. If you watch these programmes (or one of them), would you be willing to write to me and tell me what you enjoy and what you don’t enjoy about them? Any responses — no matter how short or long — are very welcome. I will of course anonymise your responses. Please contact me at I look forward to your responses. Thanks for your help!

(Orig. posted on


Found on the underside of leaves, stomata are like pores in our skin. They are tiny openings that allow for gas exchange so plants can make food and cool off from heat. In this magnified image of a wandering jew plant, stomata (in green) are surrounded by leaf cells (in purple).

Carbon dioxide (CO2) levels in the atmosphere have been increasing decade after decade, and plants aren’t sure how to deal with it. When CO2 levels are high, plants reduce their number of stomata. With less stomata, plants can’t cool off by releasing water to evaporate, so they die from heat stress during heat waves and droughts. Researchers at UC San Diego have found a new genetic pathway that controls stomata numbers in response to CO2 levels, which could help scientists engineer plants that can withstand harsh conditions in changing climates.

Image by Dr. Jerzy Gubernator/University of Wroclaw/Nikon Small World.