republic of namibia


Efé people

The Efé are part of the indigenous people of D.R. Congo who labelled as Pygmies (they’ve lived in the region long before the Bantu migration and have been marginalised for hundreds of years). They are considered by mitochondrial DNA haplotype analysis to be one of the oldest people on earth.  

The indigenous people also include the Baka who live in the North, the  Mbuti/Bambuti, referring to the Sua, Efé and Asua ethnic groups as a collective who live mostly in the Ituri Forest, then you have the Twa (Mongo Twa, Kasai Twa and Great Lakes Twa. The Kasai Twa are also part of the Bakuba/Kuba people/the Kuba conglomeration) 

The indigenous people also live in Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, the Central African Republic, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, the Republic of Congo, Angola, Botswana, Namibia, and Zambia where they face ethnic/institutional discrimination. 



Himba Hairstyles

The Himba women are famous for their coating their bodies and hair with a red paste called otjize.

In Himba culture there is a close tie between marriage and hairstyles.


As children, girls wear two plaits called ozondato, unless they are one of a set of twins.

Once reaching puberty, they are ready to wear their famous red locks of hair.

To create this elaborate hairstyle, their hair must be lengthened by weaving hay, goat hair, or Indian hair extensions. Then the hair is coated with a mixture of clay and red ochre, an earth pigment.

It is important that the the hair is not groomed back, so to let the hair act as a veil, hiding the face from unwanted male attention.

After marriage, the hair can be groomed away revealing the face.


Boys and men wear only a single plait throughout their lives as bachelors. It is when they are finally married that a head-covering is placed. The head-covering is to only be taken off in the even of a death, and/or being windowed. After a death, the men shave their heads.

In the unfortunate event that a man is widowed, his hair returns to being uncovered.

Source: [DailyMail]

Spike-heeled Lark (Chersomanes albofasciata)

…a species of lark (Alaudidae) which is native to the countries of Angola, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Lesotho, Namibia, and South Africa. Like other lark species spike-heeled larks typically inhabit subtropical or tropical dry shrubland and subtropical or tropical wet grassland. 


Animalia-Chordata-Aves-Passeriformes-Alaudidae-Chersomanes-C. albofasciata

Image: Yathin S Krishnappa