is a species of non-venomous snake native to parts of Southeast Asia and Indonesia. They get the name sunbeam due to its highly iridescent scales that make it look like the snake is lighting up. The sunbeam snake is highly noted for its reproductive abilities and it its known to give birth of up to 10 eggs at a time. Due to the fact that they have no venom the snake relies on constriction to kill their prey. They spend most of their time below ground and prey on small mammals and other reptiles.
is a freshwater turtle that is found in south america, primarily in the Amazon and other prominent rivers. also it is the sole species in it’s genus Chelus. this is probably do to it’s head which is fairly large, flattened and triangular and a horn on it’s snout accompanied with three barbels on it’s chin giving it the allusion of rotting leaves. size wise it can get up to 18in in full adulthood and weighs in at 33lb. they inhabit slow moving bodies of water such as stagnant pools and marshes. this allows for it’s hunting tactics to work it’s shell resembles fallen bark and it’s odd head looks like leaves, it lays motionless until potential prey goes by it then thrusts out its head and opens its large mouth as wide as it can creating a low pressure vacuum that draws the prey into its mouth where the prey is swallowed whole as the mata mata cannot chew due to its special mouth.
Ouroborus cataphractus [Syn. Cordylus cataphractus F. Boie, 1828] is a lizard endemic to desert areas of southern Africa.
Armadillo lizards are named for their appearance when in a defensive position. When threatened, they curl up, grip the tail in their jaws, and form a tight, armored ball, resembling an armadillo. Rows of spiny osteodermate scales covering the neck, body, tail, and limbs deter predators from seizing or swallowing these lizards. This position protects the soft underside of the lizard, which is its most vulnerable area.
Like other species of armadillo lizards, Ouroborus cataphractus has the ability to drop their own tail (autotomy) when in danger, and can grow it back slowly. But, unlike many other lizards, in this species the tail is a necessary part of its unique defensive position. Because of this, the lizard will not part with the tail easily or quickly and tail autotomy is used only as a last resort. That is why in many of the photographs of these lizards is common to appear biting its tail.
The Armadillo lizards have an unusual appearance and are rather easy to catch. They are captured and sold in the commercial pet trade to other countries, although collecting this species is illegal.