religious viewpoint

percycalypso  asked:

My friend is an atheist and she went to a Christian college and literally loved her religion classes because she learned so much and her professors loved having a non-religious viewpoint in class to question things most christians wouldn't think about asking. Christian colleges can be pretty rad and accepting from what I hear tbh

yeah i’ve heard too!! they’re definitely not one size fits all but i’m quite thankful for them overall bc i had a LOT of friends who were pretty awful in high school and came back much muuuuuch more well rounded


Coincidentally, my mom’s been reading an Enneagram book, and loaned it to me last night. I was really impressed by its analysis of the 9 types – it gives examples of their thought process, their core motivations, childhood behaviors, examples of when this ‘activated’ and what happened, etc. It actually made me realize that I’m probably a 9 instead of a 6 (I just disintegrate to 6 under stress; it was the whole “it’s common for you to insult a 9 on Monday morning, and they’re not angry about it until Tuesday afternoon” thing that blindsided me).

If you’re interested, it’s this book: The Road Back to You.

It was written from a religious viewpoint, but it’s not preachy, it just talks about how to become the best version of yourself, with God’s help.

anonymous asked:


aaa thank you! it’s just a basic essay p much. thesis statement, three body paragraphs to support the thesis statement, and conclusion. and it’s for my word religions class, about how my religious viewpoint is viewed in contemporary society, and I need a bunch of academic sources to confirm™ that stuff is true and yeah. 

If a Student Says Homosexuality Is a Sin, Is It Bullying?

What right should students have to talk about God in homework, assemblies, club meetings, and graduation speeches? This is the question at stake in a new law in Tennessee and other states across the country. On Thursday, Governor Bill Haslam signed the Religious Viewpoints Anti-Discrimination Act, which affirms that religious students should have the same free-speech rights as secular ones. At first, this might seem uncontroversial; religious expression has always been protected by the First Amendment. So why did two Republican state legislators feel the need to write the bill?

“Christian conservative groups have for many years been frustrated by what they see as a hostile environment for religion in public schools,” said Charles Haynes, the Director of the Religious Freedom Education Project at the Newseum. “They are convinced—with some justification—that there’s a lot more that public schools can be doing to protect religious expression.”

In Tennessee, legislators pointed to one case in particular as the motivation for creating the bill. In October, a teacher told a Memphis fifth grader that she couldn’t write about God in an essay about “her idol.” In defiance, ten-year-old Erin Shead wrote two essays—both about the Almighty, although only one was about Michael Jackson—and her mom sought legal help. The elementary schooler was later allowed to turn in her God essay (and earned a score of 100%, as local news organizations dutifully reported at the time).

Read more. [Image: Reuters]

PLL DID(MPD) or Schizophrenia (VERY LONG)

Here we go. Please read the Crack Theory first; then come back and read the content. Here are the links;

Dissociative Identity Disorder (Multiple Personality Disorder)

Dissociative identity disorder (previously known as multiple personality disorder) is thought to be an effect of severe trauma during early childhood, usually extreme, repetitive physical, sexual, or emotional abuse.

 ***I propose the trauma was triggered by Aria seeing Alison and Byron together (not Meredith) and the events that followed as outlined in my theory. We know Byron had Aria keep this from her Mother. That had to be a traumatic thing even if it was just Meredith but if it was Alison that would be an awful horrific thing to have to keep secret.***

What Is Dissociative Identity Disorder?

Most of us have experienced mild dissociation, which is like daydreaming or getting lost in the moment while working on a project. However, dissociative identity disorder is a severe form of dissociation, a mental process which produces a lack of connection in a person’s thoughts, memories, feelings, actions, or sense of identity. Dissociative identity disorder is thought to stem from trauma experienced by the person with the disorder. The dissociative aspect is thought to be a coping mechanism — the person literally dissociates himself from a situation or experience that’s too violent, traumatic, or painful to assimilate with his conscious self.

***I believe we have seen Aria do this several times. We have seen her lose control. We have seen her be distant when the situation called for something else. We have seen her have different reactions than the other liars. In the pilot, Emily first sees her after she’s been gone a year (or more) commented on her pink hair being gone and Aria said “when your parents want you to be yourself and you don’t know who you are”. So, Identity issues.***

Is Dissociative Identity Disorder Real?

You may wonder if dissociative identity disorder is real. After all, understanding the development of multiple personalities is difficult, even for highly trained experts. The diagnosis itself remains controversial among mental health professionals, with some experts believing that it is really an “offshoot” phenomenon of another psychiatric problem, such as borderline personality disorder, or the product of profound difficulties in coping abilities or stresses related to how people form trusting emotional relationships with others.

***Aria doesn’t trust anybody. (Maybe Ezra but he destroyed that trust. I propose she found his writings about her as her therapist and it sent her in a spiral. We saw her reactions and withdrawal during that time). This quote ”can’t trust anybody” has been said repeatedly in the show. By her, Mona, Wren, Jenna, etc. Aria is always highly suspicious of everyone except when it comes to her family. She is cautiously suspicious of them but she doesn’t want anyone else to be.***

Other types of dissociative disorders defined in the DSM-5, the main psychiatry manual used to classify mental illnesses, include dissociative amnesia (with “dissociative fugue” now being regarded as a subtype of dissociative amnesia, rather than its own diagnosis), and depersonalization/derealization disorder.

What Are the Symptoms of Dissociative Identity Disorder?

Dissociative identity disorder is characterized by the presence of two or more distinct or split identities or personality states that continually have power over the person’s behavior. With dissociative identity disorder, there’s also an inability to recall key personal information that is too far-reaching to be explained as mere forgetfulness. With dissociative identity disorder, there are also highly distinct memory variations, which fluctuate with the person’s split personality.

The “alters” or different identities have their own age, sex, or race. Each has his or her own postures, gestures, and distinct way of talking. Sometimes the alters are imaginary people; sometimes they are animals.

***Can we say PIGTUNIA?***

As each personality reveals itself and controls the individuals’ behavior and thoughts, it’s called “switching.” Switching can take seconds to minutes to days. When under hypnosis, the person’s different “alters” or identities may be very responsive to the therapist’s requests.

***In the flashback that was repeated from the pilot about seeing Byron and Meredith, Aria and Alison were eating yogurt and Alison literally said the word “switch” and they switched their yogurt. In the first flashback we did not see this. The two flashbacks are slightly different. In the second one Alison gives her this knowing look too. Another thing to note is that Mona is in the distance calling for Aria only. Why would she only call out to Aria if Alison was walking with Aria?***

Along with the dissociation and multiple or split personalities, people with dissociative disorders may experience any of the following symptoms:

Mood swings

Suicidal tendencies
Sleep disorders (insomnia, night terrors, and sleep walking)
Anxiety, panic attacks, and phobias (flashbacks, reactions to stimuli or “triggers”)
Alcohol and drug abuse

Compulsions and rituals
Psychotic-like symptoms (including auditory and visual hallucinations)
Eating disorders
Other symptoms of dissociative identity disorder may include headache, amnesia, time loss, trances, and “out of body experiences.”

***Aria has exhibited most all of these***

Some people with dissociative disorders have a tendency toward self-persecution, self-sabotage, and even violence (both self-inflicted and outwardly directed). As an example, someone with dissociative identity disorder may find themselves doing things they wouldn’t normally do, such as speeding, reckless driving, or stealing money from their employer or friend, yet they feel they are being compelled to do it. Some describe this feeling as being a passenger in their body rather than the driver. In other words, they truly believe they have no choice.

***We have seen Aria do a lot of these type of things. Mona, Hanna, Spencer and Emily too. Hanna and her impulsiveness. Her wrecks. Her hiding evidence. Her going off on her own. But if my crack theory is true, then they could be her alters and she’s the one that’s been guilty of these things. Aria alone has destroyed her Dad’s office. Ezra’s apt. and lots of other things the liars have done.***

What’s the Difference Between Dissociative Identity Disorder and Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia and dissociative identity disorder are often confused, but they are very different. Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness involving chronic (or recurrent) psychosis, characterized mainly by hearing or seeing things that aren’t real (hallucinations) and thinking or believing things with no basis in reality (delusions).

***this could apply to Aria as we have seen her hallucinate and we the viewers thought it was real until it was over and then realized she hallucinated the whole scene. She’s the only character that we have this vantage point - Spencer, we knew she was hallucinating before it happened).***

Contrary to popular misconceptions, people with schizophrenia do not have multiple personalities. Delusions are the most common psychotic symptom in schizophrenia; hallucinations, particularly hearing voices, are apparent in about half of people with the illness.

***We have seen her breakdown thinking A is coming to get her in the bathroom. She’s always hearing something the others don’t hear. She’s the one who is always most paranoid about A.***

Suicide is a risk with both schizophrenia and dissociative identity disorder, although patients with multiple personalities have a history of suicide attempts more often than other psychiatric patients.

***Did her Uncle Scott commit suicide?***

How Does Dissociation Change the Way a Person Experiences Life?
There are several main ways in which the psychological processes of dissociative identity disorder change the way a person experiences living, including the following:

Depersonalization. This is a sense of being detached from one’s body and is often referred to as an “out-of-body” experience.
Derealization. This is the feeling that the world is not real or looking foggy or far away.  Amnesia. This is the failure to recall significant personal information that is so extensive it cannot be blamed on ordinary forgetfulness. There can also be micro-amnesias where the discussion engaged in is not remembered, or the content of a meaningful conversation is forgotten from one second to the next.
Identity confusion or identity alteration. Both of these involve a sense of confusion about who a person is. An example of identity confusion is when a person has trouble defining the things that interest them in life, or their political or religious or social viewpoints, or their sexual orientation, or their professional ambitions. In addition to these apparent alterations, the person may experience distortions in time, place, and situation.It is now acknowledged that these dissociated states are not fully mature personalities, but rather they represent a disjointed sense of identity. With the amnesia typically associated with dissociative identity disorder, different identity states remember different aspects of autobiographical information. There is usually a “host” personality within the individual, who identifies with the person’s real name. Ironically, the host personality is usually unaware of the presence of other personalities.

What Roles Do the Different Personalities Play?
The distinct personalities may serve diverse roles in helping the individual cope with life’s dilemmas. For instance, there’s an average of TWO to FOUR personalities present when the patient is initially diagnosed. Then there’s an average of 13 to 15 personalities that can become known over the course of treatment. While unusual, there have been instances of dissociative identity disorder with more than 100 personalities. Environmental triggers or life events cause a sudden shift from one alter or personality to another.

Who Gets Dissociative Identity Disorder?
While the causes of dissociative identity disorder are still vague, research indicates that it is likely a psychological response to interpersonal and environmental stresses, particularly during early childhood years when emotional neglect or abuse may interfere with personality development. As many as 99% of individuals who develop dissociative disorders have recognized personal histories of recurring, overpowering, and often life-threatening disturbances at a sensitive developmental stage of childhood (usually before age 9). Dissociation may also happen when there has been insistent neglect or emotional abuse, even when there has been no overt physical or sexual abuse. Findings show that in families where parents are frightening and unpredictable, the children may become dissociative.

***this COULD apply to Alison, think Jessica, but maybe Aria too. We don’t know what her childhood was really like. We have seen Byron lose his temper. Ella too. Mike too. And Aria too. Ella said  one time that she adored her father and he said he called her daddy’s little girl which would be all the more traumatic if Byron did such a thing with Alison or if he was the mystery guy getting the NAT videos?! or if he himself did the videos and the NAT is just something Aria created in her head. In Byron’s office, there was a digital camera sitting in the background. Why does he have this in his office? Another comment„ Aria saw the house 313 Mockingbird Lane and told the girls she felt like something bad happened there. the others just brushed her off. It seemed like she was having a deja vu moment.***

How Is Dissociative Identity Disorder Diagnosed?
Making the diagnosis of dissociative identity disorder takes time. It’s estimated that individuals with dissociative disorders have spent seven years in the mental health system prior to accurate diagnosis. This is common, because the list of symptoms that cause a person with a dissociative disorder to seek treatment is very similar to those of many other psychiatric diagnoses. In fact, many people who have dissociative disorders also have secondary diagnoses of depression, anxiety, or panic disorders.

***Aria definitely has anxiety and panic attacks***

The DSM-5 provides the following criteria to diagnose dissociative identity disorder:

Two or more distinct identities or personality states are present, each with its own relatively enduring pattern of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and self. Amnesia must occur, defined as gaps in the recall of everyday events, important personal information, and/or traumatic events. 
The person must be distressed by the disorder or have trouble functioning in one or more major life areas because of the disorder. The disturbance is not part of normal cultural or religious practices.The symptoms can not be due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (such as blackouts or chaotic behavior during alcohol intoxication) or a general medical condition (such as complex partial seizures).

***One scene we see Ezra telling Aria, “God, I’ve missed you!” and hugged her and she had this confused look and said, “I’m right here. I haven’t been anywhere”  and, he just looks at her. This scene gave me a clue. Also, you see him trying to talk about the newspapers and the cases. If he is her therapist, maybe he is trying to help her remember on her own.***

What’s the Recommended Treatment Plan for Dissociative Identity Disorder?
While there’s no “cure” for dissociative identity disorder, long-term treatment can be helpful, if the patient stays committed. Effective treatment includes talk therapy or psychotherapy, hypnotherapy, and adjunctive therapies such as art or movement therapy. There are no established medication treatments for dissociative identity disorder, making psychologically-based approaches.

***Art is huge with Aria. We all know that. Her Dad was an Art History Professor. Her Mom worked in an art gallery and painted. She paints. She “volunteered” at  Radley to teach art. She attends art classes and pottery classes. We’ve seen her with Jenna doing pottery and playing music together. These two have a strange relationship. We have seen all the liars in therapy with Dr. Sullivan. They have been in Radley visiting Mona. Spencer was put in Radley. Hanna made frequent visits to see Mona. Mona did not trust Aria. Hanna told her that. If Mona is an alter then maybe she is keeping the truth from her but giving her little hints as outlined in the crack theory. We have seen medication repeatedly in the show.***

Because the symptoms of dissociative disorders often occur with other disorders, such as anxiety and depression, medicines to treat those co-occurring problems, if present, are sometimes used in addition to psychotherapy.

Based on all this and our POV of Aria, she would be the one I would think has the disorder. it could be another liar, alison or mona. I feel confident that IF they are going this route, it is Aria.

anonymous asked:

what are your beliefs about homosexuals/transgender people?

*this post has been edited from it’s original content, as I believe my use and reasoning in some of my previous terms was offensive to the gay community and….. as I have learned and grown in my understanding and love for my gay friends….while also getting that they have walked a hard journey that I have never had to endure… I have tried my best to remove anything that could hurt or come off as offensive. My viewpoints on some of things have also changed. Please give me grace, as I am still trying to learn the best way to approach this situation in love and that is all I hope comes off.

I do believe that grace is really the answer to all things and some things I can’t know fully until I get to heaven. All I know is that the world is broken and hurting and that we are all on a journey to discover who we are and make peace with ourselves and others. Though some may think that being gay may not be in the original plan for marriage, I think that when someone finally finds peace and love and worth within themselves, they are steps closer to understanding how Jesus feels for them and that is important - even if some disagree with the road they take to get to that place. Gay marriage is not a hill I am going to argue on or die on. I choose to die on the hill that Jesus shed his blood on - the hill of ridiculously beautiful grace.

My main desire for anyone is to know the life-changing power of Jesus Christ. He has changed my life, he has showed me the beauty of love, and I desire that for everyone else, straight or not. I will attempt always to love others first the way Jesus sees them - as his creation and as his child. The church has had no shortage of those who scream their opinions to the gay community……so I don’t really care about pushing those opinions. Also, I don’t believe we have any right to hold those who don’t believe the same as us to a religious viewpoint they don’t get or believe in. No one should be forced to believe something that they didn’t choose to believe. 

A greater truth exists and that is that Jesus died a terrible death so that grace could be freely given to any that love him….and I will stand by that truth with everything in me. And I will mourn with those who mourn and rejoice when my gay friends find joy, because together our joy helps us find Jesus’ love. 

That’s my very short opinion on this. <3 Hope that helps, friend!

**Please understand that I answer every ask from a Christian/biblical perspective. If you disagree, I respect that and really don’t wish to get in arguments with anyone so that is the last question I will answer on this. I love you either way <3 :) 

For as much crap and dramatization Wicca gets from TV and movies, it feels like a joke. When you look into the religion however, you find what I believe to be an incredible belief system that is centered around love being law. Wiccans can be atheistic, “not believing in any actual deity, but instead viewing the gods as psychological archetypes of the human mind which can be evoked and interacted with.” and I believe the fuck out of that! There is also an emphasis on the importance of free will within Wicca. Each person believes something slightly different and stories are treated as myth instead of truth. Some believe that magic is not supernatural, but using natural things to bring new sensations or change a psychological state. 

“Ironically, considering the many pronouncements against Witchcraft as a threat to reason, the Craft is one of the few religious viewpoints totally compatible with modern science, allowing total skepticism about even its own methods, myths and rituals.” -High Priestess Margot Adler

Basically, as far as I’m concerned Wicca fucking rocks and I’m looking into self initiation.

The Paris attackers hijacked Islam but there is no war between Islam and the west

The attack on Charlie Hebdo compels us to be clear and to be consistent. We have to condemn what happened in Paris absolutely. I said the same after 7/7 and after 9/11. And after Jordan and Bali and Mali.

It is particularly important to be clear about where we stand, for the attackers said things that cannot be allowed to go unchallenged. They said they were avenging the prophet. That was wrong. In fact, it is the message of Islam, our principles and values, that have been betrayed and tainted. They refer to Islam to justify what they did. From a religious viewpoint, I feel it is my responsibility to say that this has nothing to do with the message of our religion. I would expect anyone, if something was happening in the name of their country or in the name of their religion, to take a stand. As a Muslim scholar I have to take that stand.

That said, there is also a wider political side to this equation. We condemn what happened in France. We condemn the violent extremism that is targeting westerners. But it is not only westerners. We are reacting emotionally because 12 people were killed in Paris, but there arehundreds being killed day in, day out in Syria and Iraq, and still we send more bombs. We have to look at the big picture. Lives matter, but it is important to be clear that the lives of Muslims in Muslim majority countries have as much value as our own lives in the west.

What happened this week is a tragedy heightened by familiarity, for I met the cartoonist Charb (Stéphane Charbonnier), the editor of Charlie Hebdo, who was among those killed on Wednesday. We had a debate in which I told him that I respected his freedom to say whatever he wanted to say, and that there was no justification for any kind of censorship.

But I also told him that he had to be clear about the way he was using that right. In 2008 his magazine fired a cartoonist who made a joke about a Jewish link to President Sarkozy’s son. Where was the freedom of expression there, I asked the satirical magazine. I was told that when it comes to freedom of expression that there are limits, not everything can be said. The double standard is troubling, to say the least.

I am shocked that something as terrible as this has happened to Charb and his colleagues, but less surprised that there was a backlash against them. There had been controversy concerning Charlie Hebdo on an almost six-monthly basis, and lots of threats. To have a sense of humour is fine, I told them, but to target an already stigmatised people in France is not really showing much courage.

The shootings have been described as an act of war. I can understand why some might characterise it that way. But they are wrong to do so, for isn’t this exactly what the violent extremists such as Da’esh, so-called Islamic State, want? They want to say the west is at war with Islam, but if we are to take the action of marginal groups and use that as evidence that there is a war between Islam and the west, aren’t we merely falling into a trap?

George Bush fell into that very trap immediately after 9/11 by calling it the war on terror, but actually he promoted it with his rhetoric. The most we can reasonably say now is that we are at war with violent extremists, wherever they are coming from. But why play that game at all? Let’s be specific: these are criminals exploiting Islam. The great majority of the victims are actually Muslim.

There are tensions in many countries, but things have been very difficult of late in France. Two recently published books reflect the atmosphere: very negative and very demoralising. The French Suicide by Eric Zemmour expresses the fear that millions of Muslims might be colonising and transforming the country (he is hoping they will be helped to leave), and Michel Houellebecq’s novel Submission, which predicts that in 2022 an Islamic party will take over France. Three years ago, Houellebecq said Islam was the most stupid religion in the world.

In the UK, in terms of daily life, the situation is better. There isn’t that feeling of permanent stigmatisation in the discourse as happens in France. But even so, things feel as if they are changing for the worse. It is no accident that Ukip has been on the rise, and in such a climate one feels the public discourse changing. There are parties happy to target migrants and to target Muslims. It’s a drift we have to stop, for in my view we actually have a shared responsibility. Politicians, intellectuals, journalists, Muslims and people of other faiths (or none) must be clear and united about our common principles. We need politicians with more on their minds than winning the next election.

One sees difficult days ahead as yesterday’s dramatic events in France showed; and there is the issue of media organisations intent on publishing the most offensive Charlie Hebdo cartoons, claiming that it would strike a blow for free speech. I support free speech, but I would urge them to desist, for what they plan to do is not courageous and will do nothing to afford people dignity. It will be another example of targeting all Muslims. It would say that if our fellow Muslim citizens are not part of the equation, we will target not the extremists – but Islam itself. It would hand the extremists a victory they could scarcely have achieved for themselves.