These three schist triads of Menkaure were found by the Egyptologist George Reisner in the valley temple of Menkaure near his pyramid in Giza. Menkaure was the fifth king of the 4th Dynasty. These are the oldest triads in the history of ancient Egyptian statuary.
The king can be seen standing, the muscles of his body well defined, wearing the White Crown of Upper Egypt, a false beard, and a short kilt. His left leg strides forward, in the conventional manner. The goddess Hathor, to his right, holds his hand, identifiable by the cow’s horns and sun-disc that surmount her wig, and by the inscription below, which reads, Hathor, Lady of the Sycamore Tree in all her places. To his left stands a personification of the Diospolis Parva Nome (Hu district) of Egypt, herself identifiable by the standard above her head.
Menkaure in the center, accompanied by Hathor on his right, standing with her hands at her sides. The personification of the Theban Nome stands to his left, presented as a short man with his left leg advancing forward, and his arms down by his sides. As with the other Nome personification described above, he is identifiable by the standard above his head. The king’s beard has broken off.
This piece shows the king accompanied by Hathor and a Nome Goddess with the crouching jackal emblem of the nome of
Cynopolis. Menkaure is wearing the white crown of Upper Egypt.
Old Kingdom, 4th Dynasty, ca. 2530-2500 BC. Now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. JE 46499, JE 40679, JE 40678.
For the inquisitive layperson or diehard rock hound, I decided to compile a list of some of my favorite science books. (Note: the only reason geology does not appear as a separate category is due to its encompassing nature, spanning across virtually every field mentioned. Also, I would have included biology but the recommended titles fit better under the subset zoology.)
An Astronaut’s Guide to Lifeon Earth by Chris Hadfield.
Cosmos by Carl Sagan.
How I Killed Pluto and Why It Had It Coming by Mike Brown.
If the Universe Is Teeming with Aliens … Where Is Everybody? by Stephen Webb.
Scientists pioneer a new way to turn sunlight into fuel
The quest to find new ways to harness solar power has taken a step forward after researchers successfully split water into hydrogen and oxygen by altering the photosynthetic machinery in plants.
Photosynthesis is the process plants use to convert sunlight into energy. Oxygen is produced as by-product of photosynthesis when the water absorbed by plants is ‘split’. It is one of the most important reactions on the planet because it is the source of nearly all of the world’s oxygen. Hydrogen which is produced when the water is split could potentially be a green and unlimited source of renewable energy.
Thomas Reisner, Osborn High School’s robotics coach, embraces Dennis Martin, 18, during the FIRST Robotics Michigan State Championship in Saginaw, MI on April 7, 2018. Osborn High School was the only Detroit Public High School to make it to the state championship this year and was resurrected only a few short years ago thanks to the Michigan Engineering Zone, a program that gives a working space and resources for Detroit schools to compete in the annual FIRST robotics competitions.
Photo: Joseph Xu, Michigan Engineering Communications & Marketing
The Chapel of Queen Meresankh III of the Fourth Dynasty
She held the royal titles of King’s Daughter and King’s Wife, Great of Scepter. On April 23, 1927 the tomb was discovered and excavated by George Reisner. with subsequent excavations undertaken by his team on behalf of Harvard University and the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. They found extraordinarily preserved statuary and colorful relief sculpture with a remarkable emphasis on the female figures. Meresankh’s husband, King Khafra, was not shown in the tomb at all. This indicates the importance of female nobility during the queen`s life. Detail of the Queen and her titles: king’s daughter of his body, she who sits with Horus, follower of Horus Meresankh. These are typical titles of a queen in the Old Kingdom. Surprising is the title of the king’s daughter of his body because Meresankh’s father never became king. Possible, this title expresses her relation to her grandfather Khufu, or possibly her royal stepfather adopted her (in this case it would be surprising that she depicted her real father Kawab in her tomb!). The queen is depicted standing in a very elegant way, wearing a short wig, choker and broad collar, bracelets on her wrists. Her dress is long white dress with shoulder straps and without sleeves. Her left hand is hanging on her chest and her right hand is beside her.