Born December 8, 1626 in Stockholm, Sweden, Queen Kristina inherited the throne at the age of six
when her father died in battle. Being the only heir, her father instructed that she be educated as a prince. One of the first things she achieved during her reign, was putting an end to the Thirty Years’ War. Nicknamed Minerva of the North, after the Roman equivalent of the Greek god of wisdom, Kristina valued education and philosophy. She showed these values in her determination to improve the education of peasants. Thanks to her rule, Sweden first began to publish newspapers and the first school system was started. Advancements in science and the enjoyment of literature and the arts were fully supported by Queen Kristina. She carried one of the greatest collections of books, paintings, and sculptures. While Queen of Sweden, Kristina chose her own ladies-in-waiting and it is believed she had an affair with one of them, Countess Ebba Sparre, whom she nicknamed “Belle” (pictured bottom left). Their intimacy is proved through the many letters passed between them. Ebba Sparre was reportedly given the title of the queen’s “Bed Fellow.” Their relationship ended soon after Countess Sparre was married and left Kristina’s court, but their letters continued. Kristina also was believed to have had affairs with women by the names of Gabrielle de Rochechouart de Mortemart, Rachel Teixeira, and Angelina Giorgino, but she later reflected in her memoirs that Ebba was the only real love of her life. Despite the urging of her court for her to produce an heir to the throne, Queen Kristina refused to marry throughout her 10 year reign of Sweden. Instead she appointed her cousin Charles X Gustav to be her heir. She immediately abdicated the throne and moved to Rome, Italy following her baptism into Catholicism. In Rome, she founded the Arcadia Academy (Accademia dell’Arcadia) and urged that the first public house of opera, Tordinona, be opened.
Jewellery of Amanishakheto from her pyramid at Meroe
Amanishakheto was a Kandake of Kush. She seems to have reigned from 10 BC to 1 AD, although most dates of Kushite history before the Middle Ages are very uncertain.
Amanishakheto is known from several monuments. Today, Amanishakheto is best known for a collection of jewelry found in her pyramid in 1834 by Italian treasure hunter Giuseppe Ferlini, who destroyed the pyramid in search of its burial goods. These pieces are now in the Egyptian Museum of Berlin and in the Egyptian Museum of Munich.
Kandake, kadake or kentake, often Latinised as Candace, was the Meroitic language term for “queen” or possibly “royal woman”. Contemporary Greek and Roman sources treat it as a title. Several ruling queens of the ancient Kingdom of Kush, with its capital at Meroë, bore the title, although it may have been a general title for women of the royal family. It is often taken to mean “queen-mother” or “mother of the reigning king”.
A Kandake was a powerful position in the hierarchy of Kush. The mothers would rule and create their sons as rulers, but they also deposed their own sons too. In fact, a Kandake could order the king to commit suicide to end his rule, an order that he was required to follow.
During classical antiquity, the Kushite imperial capital was located at Meroe. In early Greek geography, the Meroitic kingdom was known as Aethiopia. The Kushite kingdom with its capital at Meroe persisted until the 4th century AD, when it weakened and disintegrated due to internal rebellion. The Kushite capital was eventually captured and burnt to the ground by the Kingdom of Aksum.
Strabo describes a war between Kush and the Romans in the 1st century BC. After the initial victories of Kandake (or “Candace”) Amanirenas against Roman Egypt, the Kushites were defeated and Napata sacked. Remarkably, the destruction of the capital of Napata was not a crippling blow to the Kushites and did not frighten Candace enough to prevent her from again engaging in combat with the Roman military. Indeed, it seems that Petronius’s attack might have had a revitalizing influence on the kingdom. Just three years later, in 22 BC, a large Kushite force moved northward with intention of attacking Qasr Ibrim.
Alerted to the advance, Petronius again marched south and managed to reach Qasr Ibrim and bolster its defences before the invading Kushites arrived. Although the ancient sources give no description of the ensuing battle, we know that at some point the Kushites sent ambassadors to negotiate a peace settlement with Petronius. By the end of the second campaign, however, Petronius was in no mood to deal further with the Kushites. The Kushites succeeded in negotiating a peace treaty on favourable terms and trade between the two nations increased. Some historians like Theodore Mommsen wrote that during Augustus times Nubia was a possible client state of the Roman Empire.
Amanishakheto was Kandake immediately after Amanirenas. Her immediate successor, Kandake Amanitore (co-regent with King Natakamani) was likely the Queen of Ethiopia mentioned in the Christian New Testament.
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“Let’s go all the way back to last summer when Reigns was suspended for his first Wellness Policy violation. The ratings don’t lie: During his month-long absence, both Raw and SmackDown struggled mightily in that department. The first episode of Raw without Reigns dropped 10 percent in viewership while another episode of Raw during that time was one of the three lowest rated Raw episodes ever. Meanwhile, one SmackDown episode during Reigns’ hiatus neared a 2016 low while another registered the second fewest live viewers of the year up to that point. His return to Raw, meanwhile, drew 200,000 more viewers than the previous episode.
Coincidence? Maybe. Maybe not.
But Reigns has, time and time again, proven to be a tremendous hit among fans. In 2016, Reigns was featured in six of WWE’s most viewed YouTube videos of the year, and in five of those videos, he was the absolute focus of it. Just this week, Reigns, yet again, proved to be a major YouTube attraction, with his Raw segment with The Undertaker earning a whopping three million views. The week before that, Reigns’ contract signing with Braun Strowman topped 1.7 million views.
After all, “The Big Dog” is in a perfect position, when you really look at it. He’s popular with kids and women, who cheer him loudly and buy his merchandise in droves. Yet, he’s hated by (mostly) male fans who pay to watch him anyway.
WWE is laughing all the way to the bank.
In 2015, Reigns was the No. 3 merchandise seller in WWE and was also the No. 3 seller among WWE stars at a “major retailer.” The next year, a marketability study ranked him as one of WWE’s most popular and likable stars, alongside The Undertaker, Cena and Brock Lesnar. Reigns was also, by a country mile, the No. 2 most searched star on Google Shopping Searches in 2016, and Dave Meltzer recently tweeted that, at last word, Reigns was one of WWE’s five biggest merchandise movers.”
Y’all keep saying nobody likes Roman.
16,985,407 million likes/follows on Facebook.
2,170,000 million followers on Twitter.
No. 2 Merch seller on WWE Shop.
The ratings fucking drop when he’s absent. YouTube videos that are focused on him have the most views. Ranked most popular among the likes of Cena, Undertaker, and Lesnar. The audience are always on their feet during his matches. Why y’all always lying? Roman is one of the biggest draws WWE has and will continue to have. You don’t like Roman, fine. But don’t be trying to harass his fans into thinking he’s a worthless nobody. Y’all wanna continue berating fans with your opinions, but numbers (facts) never lie, baby.