recipe: romanian

Ileana Cosânzeana aesthetic

Ileana Cosânzeana is a figure in Romanian mythology. This mythological personage is represented as a beautiful good-natured princess. In Romanian folklore, Ileana is the original concept of feminine beauty, the most beautiful amongst the fairies: her eyes look like the sun, her body is like the sea and her garments are made of flowers. Pearls and gold flow out of her mouth when she sings. She is also said to use her power of white magic to heal or revive. Ileana Cosânzeana signifies the most poetic imagination of Romanian genius. She personifies the beauty, the youth, and the angelic soul, in one word the perfection of humanity. She is a mythical character with supernatural powers and with symbolic features. 

In some tales she is a warrior, the amazonian type, with the independent spirit and military virtues of the amazons, but without their contempt for men, riding a horse which is also her best friend. Ileana Cosânzeana succeeds in defeating the evil forces only because she is very brave, smart, modest and diligent. In some tales “Ileana Cosânzeana” is the fairy of the Spring flowers, who gives each flower its perfume, although she also has the power to take it back. The elves love her, as do the flowers; even the wind loves Ileana, but he can never catch her.

beautiful romanian words

amurg - twilight
dulce - sweet
suflet - soul
noapte - night
vis - dream
regină - queen
stele - stars
piersică - peach
catifea - velvet
albină - bee
corb - raven
pisică - cat
lumină - light
umbră - shadow
lacrimă - tear
fantomă - ghost
lună - moon
apus - sunset
toamnă - autumn
minune - miracle
zmeură - raspberry

My favourite Romanian saying is “Sărut-mâna” (something like “I kiss your hand”) which you use when you greet someone older to show your respect. It is also used by men when they greet women, even if they are younger than them. What I really like about this saying is that it’s very old and gives this traditional village vibe and it blends perfectly into our modern world, reminding us that we are still standing on our same old Romanian land. (But be careful; if you forget to give your “sărut-mâna” to every old lady who knows you, you will face the wrath of every gossiping grandma in your local area)

Tea Vocabulary in Romanian

I adore tea more than life itself so I was quick to make a tea vocab list in my new target language, română <3 let me know if I need to make any corrections!

  • tea : ceai 
  • mug : cană 
  • teapot : ceainic 
  • cup of tea : ceașcă de ceai
  • water : apă
  • green tea : ceai verde
  • black tea : ceai negru 
  • ginger tea : ceai de ghimbir
  • herbal tea : ceai de plante 
  • red tea : ceai roșu 
  • iced tea : ceai cu gheață 
  • mint tea : ceai de mentă 
  • tea bag : pliculeţ de ceai 
  • tea leaf : frunze de ceai 
  • tea caddy : cutie de ceai 
  • tea infuser : strecurătoare
  • tea garden : terasă de luat ceaiul 
  • tea shop : ceainărie
  • tea strainer : strecurătoare de ceai 
  • tea tray : tavă pentru servit ceaiul 
  • to infuse : a infuza
  • to boil : a pune la fiert, a fierbe
  • to drink : a bea 
  • to pour : a turna
  • to sip : a sorbi
  • to enjoy : a se bucura
  • to read tea leaves : a citi în frunze de ceai 
  • strong : puternic
  • weak : diluat
  • hot : fierbinte 
  • cold : rece 
  • sweet : dulce 
  • bitter : amar 
  • sugar : zahăr 
  • milk : lapte
  • cream : frișcă 
  • lemon : lămâie 
  • honey : miere 
  • cookie/biscuit : fursec 
  • sandwich : sandviş

Idk if I already did this before but for “speak your language day” I’m posting a piece of my favorite romanian poem translated to my best of abilities in English. Enjoy.


Beautiful,
Your eyes are so dark that at night
When I’m sitting with my head in your lap
It seems
That your eyes, the deep ones, are the river
From which silently flows the night
Through the meadows
Through the mountains
And through the hills
Covering the Earth
In a sea of darkness.
That’s how black your eyes are,
My light.

ie aesthetic

The Universal Day of the Romanian Blouse (Ziua Iei) is celebrated in June 22-24, all around the world. The Universal Day of the Romanian Blouse has become a truly global event celebrated on six continents, 55 countries, 130 cities, and 200 events. In 2014, the movement grew exponentially, to almost 100,000 members, with an audience of millions of visitors mostly from Romania, the rest of Europe, and the United States.Last year, June 24 was officially recognized by the Mayor of Washington as the “Universal Day of the Romanian Blouse” in the US capital.

The Romanian blouse, ie by its original Romanian name, is not a simple traditional peasant blouse, but it became a symbol of Romania, with its legends, stories and deep significance.The ie (pronounced ee-eh) is a blouse, traditionally worn by Romanian girls and women. And it has overcome its traditional peasant confines, as it became an important source of inspiration for the fashion designers in Romania and abroad. High-ranking names such as Tom Ford based his 2012 collection on the Romanian traditional motifs.

The ie is entirely hand-made from a special fabric called approx. in English ‘sheer lawn’, with exquisite embroideries on the chest, back and sleeves, with designs preserved for centuries.

The signs and symbols embroidered on the Romanian blouse aren’t just random decorations, but each has its own significance, depending on the region, the seamstress, and the person who wore it. Every ie, along with the other items of the traditional folk costume, has its own story. Among the symbols embroidered on the blouse there is the tree or a tree-like design, which is the symbol of life, wisdom and rebirth.The circle or a sunflower represents the sun, day or Divinity; In the Romanian tradition, the sun was at the core of life and was often associated with God and abundance.Other motifs related to daily activities can be found ranging from one region to another: water (either as a river or as sea waves) and fish in the fishing villages along the rivers and sea coast, wheat or corn stems in agricultural villages, wheels or coin in crafting traders’ villages, and so on.At the same time, the colors on the blouse also vary according to the geographic region. Green and gold symbolize the plains, gray, red and brown for the mountains and blue for the rivers.For instance, in the past, young girls from the countryside, who were not married used to wear merry colors on their blouses, combinations of red, yellow, pink and light colors, while the dark ones- brown, black, dark green and gold were usually worn by older women, married and having a certain social statute.

Indefinite

un – masc./neut.
o – fem.

examples:

un băiat (a boy)
o fată (a girl)

Definite Singular

The definite article in Romanian is added to the end of nouns, like in the Scandinavian languages.

Masculine and Neuter

  • after consonants, and letter i, add -ul
  • after the letter u, add -l
  • after the letter e, add -le
  • replace ia, with -ie

examples:

băiat > băiatul (boy, the boy)
tigru > tigrul (tiger, the tiger)
câine > câinele (dog, the dog)

Feminine

  • replace ă, with a
  • after consonant + e, add a
  • replace e (after a vowel), with a
  • after the letters -ea, add -ua

examples:

fată > fata (girl, the girl)
carte > cartea (book, the book)
femeie > femeia (woman, the woman)
cafea > cafeaua (coffee, the coffee)

Definite Plural 

note: neuter nouns in singular behave as masculine nouns, but they behave as feminine nouns in the plural

Masculine

  • add -i

examples:

băieți > băieții (boys, the boys)
câini > câinii (dogs, the dogs)

Feminine and Neuter

  • add -le

examples:

fete > fetele (girls, the girls)
mere > merele (apples, the apples)

Fată Verde / Zburător aesthetic

Fată Verde is an old romanian folk-rock song (the song here) about a “Green Girl” with “forest hair”. The night weaves her a “ie” (romanian traditional blouse) for the Flyer’s visit.

Zburător / Flyer is a romanian folklore roving spirit who makes love to maidens by night. He appears as a ghost, as a shooting star, sometimes winged, coming down in the shape of an incredible handsome man and, sometimes, in the shape of the man the girl loves, although he cannot be seen by other people. He is actually the personification of the intense feelings of erotic desire and longing for a man. They met and consume their love in the world of dreams but everything is so intense, almost real that the young woman becomes exhausted and obsessively in love. Some old books even tell stories about young girls haunted by this mysterious man, becoming so desperately in love that they started acting like lunatics, walking almost undressed and untidy, obviously exhausted and sometimes semi conscious.

The “zburător” or “sburător” can also refer to a demon that takes the shape of a young handsome man, visiting women in their sleep: incubus. 

You know what I love? Words that sound and mean the same in Slovak and Romanian

bici/bič whip
un bivol/byvolbuffalo
bogat/bohatý rich
citi/čítať to read
ciudat/čudný strange
dar/dar a gift
o graniță/hranica a border
un morcov/mrkva a carrot
neamţ/nemec german
obicei/obyčaj a custom
praf/prach dust
prost/sprostý stupid
prieten/priateľ friend
pernă - pillow, /perina - blanket
slavă/sláva glory
slobod/slobodný free
sluji/slúžiť to serve
slănină/slanina bacon
șapcă/čiapka cap
slab/slabý weak
vifor/víchor storm
vină/vina fault
labă/laba paw
palincă/pálenica brandy ?
cămin - fireplace, /komín - chimney
cârciumă/krčma pub
curvă/kurva whore
glas/hlas voice
lebădă/labuť swan
oţel/oceľ steel

*first translation is in Romanian, second in Slovak

Crez

Cred în destin
Și în oameni, 
În puterea iubirii
Și în minuni.
Cred în semnele naturii,
În spiritele ce ne vorbesc, 
În vise
Și în iluzii.
Dar nu cred 
În tinerețe fără bătrânețe
Și viață fără de moarte.
Nu am învățat nicicum 
Să deslușesc forțele răului.
În catedrala sufletului meu, 
Este o binemeritată pace 
Și în același timp furtună!