recessive yellow

Yellow Diamond in Wanted

I dont normally post a lot of stuff about the show/fandom aside from my initial reaction to it, but I actually feel like I have my thoughts on this together enough to do so in this case. This post is long and full of my opinions so I’ll put it under the cut for those of you who dont want it clogging your dash, or if you dont want spoilers.

Keep reading

Mendel’s Laws

1. the Law of Dominance
2. the Law of Segregation
3. the Law of Independent Assortment

The Law of Dominance 

In a cross of parents that are pure for contrasting traits, only one form of the trait will appear in the next generation. Offspring that are hybrid for a trait will have only the dominant trait in the phenotype.

  • Mendel crossed many different combinations of pea plants
  • When pure tall plants crossed with pure short plants, all the new pea plants (referred to as the F1 generation) were tall.  
  • Similarly, crossing pure yellow seeded pea plants and pure green seeded pea plants produced an F1 generation of all yellow seeded pea plants. 
  • Instead of creating medium height plants or yellowy-green seeds that might have been expected, one trait came out as dominant
  • Ie there is a gene that codes for height. One allele (form of the gene) codes tall and another short. In this case, the tall is dominant
  • The dominant is represented with a capital letter (eg T for tall) while the recessive is lower case (t)

The cross Mendel performed was

Parents (P):  TT x tt

where T = the dominant allele for tall stems
&  t = recessive allele for short stems

The punnet square looks like:

A plant that contains the dominant T will be tall, explaining why 100% of the plants he crossed came out tall.

The Law of Segregation

During the formation of gametes (eggs or sperm), the two alleles responsible for a trait separate from each other.  Alleles for a trait are then “recombined” at fertilization, producing the genotype for the traits of the offspring.

Now, Mendel decides to cross the offspring from the above experiment - all Tt

  • Two of the “F1” generation (tall) are crossed
  •  Would assume to get all tall again as tall is dominant
  • HOWEVER some come out short
  • “F2″ generation is about ¾ tall & ¼ short

Therefore:

  • Parent plants for this cross each have one tall factor that dominates the short factor & causes them to grow tall.
  • To get short plants from these parents, the tall & short factors must separate (allowing the possibility of 2 short factors coming together without a dominant tall) otherwise a plant with just short factors couldn’t be produced
  • The factors must SEGREGATE themselves somewhere between the production of sex cells & fertilization

Two hybrid parents, Tt x Tt.

The punnet square would look like this:

This splitting happens during meiosis.

The Law of Independent Assortment

Alleles for different traits are distributed to sex cells (& offspring) independently of one another.

  • Previously Mendel addressed one trait at a time.  
  • He noticed that different traits had no effect on each other, eg being tall didn’t automatically mean the plants had to have green pods
  • The different traits seem to be inherited INDEPENDENTLY.

The genotypes of our parent pea plants will be:

RrGg x RrGg where
"R” = dominant allele for round seeds
“r” = recessive allele for wrinkled seeds
“G” = dominant allele for green pods
“g” = recessive allele for yellow pods

The results from a dihybrid cross are always the same:


  • 9/16 boxes (offspring) show dominant phenotype for both traits (round & green), 
  • 3/16 show dominant phenotype for first trait & recessive for second (round & yellow) 
  • 3/16 show recessive phenotype for first trait & dominant form for second (wrinkled & green)
  • 1/16 show recessive form of both traits (wrinkled & yellow).

Summary:

anonymous asked:

On a scale of 1-10 based on show standards what would Richard be? I don't know anything about show pigeons but Richard looks very well bred and very high quality

Thank you!

I definitely tried to breed Richard well! He and Victoria are the best I threw out of Metin and Nurray last year.

So, here is an overview of the Show standard section by section, with his grade following.

GENERAL IMPRESSION:

A small to medium sized (average weight 11-12 oz) cobby pigeon, with a jaunty disposition. Stations at near to a 45-degree angle with the tip of the tail just clearing the floor. Typical characteristics include a breast frill, peak crest, grouse muffs, and a medium-short thick beak. Satinettes are shield marked / tail marked birds with white bars or laces on their shield and Moon Spots or laces on their tail. Blondinettes are whole colored birds which also possess white bars or lacing on the shields and Moon Spots or lacing on the tail…Some varieties have the lacing extending over most of the body.

Richard’s overall impression is nice, but he leans forward a little too far.

HEAD: Roundish to slightly oval, substantial, wide. Arched forehead that flows in a smooth, continuous curve from the tip of the beak to the tip of the peak. Wattle small and neat.

There is a tiny bump between his beak and wattle that barely interrupts the curve, but otherwise, his head is very nice.

EYE: Large, bright and prominent. Eye cere fine in texture and flesh colored. Bull eyes in Satinettes. The eye in Blondinettes to be yellow gravel to deep red brown depending upon the variety.

Richard has very nice, big, dark eyes. His cere (the bare flesh around them) could be a little more narrow, but the texture is quite fine.

BEAK: Medium short in length, substantial/thick, blending into the forehead in a smooth, uninterrupted curve. Flesh colored in Satinettes, flesh to horn to black in Blondinettes, depending upon the variety. Wattle small and smooth. Classic Old Frills can feed their young and do not need feeders.

He could stand to have a thicker beak, which would smooth the outline of his head substantially, but overall pretty nice.

CREST: Needlepoint Peak Crest. Upright and central. Rising at least as high as the highest part of the head. Peak crest supported by a well-developed mane, without any sign of a mane break. (The indentation between the Peak Crest and the mane.)

Richard’s crest and mane are fantastic. The needle point, ideally, should rise slightly higher than the crown of the head, which his does. And his mane is practically a straight line from shoulders to peak.

NECK: Short and strong, appearing thick due to the mane at the back of the neck, and the gullet. Held proudly, and upright so that the eye is directly over the juncture of the toes with the ankle. There should be a pronounced gullet extending from just under the lower mandible down the throat into the frill.

Richard is a little long in the neck, which drastically accentuates his forward lean. Were he inclined to station correctly, he’d be tall and regal, but probably a little too tall.

FRILL: The frill should extend from the middle of the gullet and continue into the breast (ideally 2" in length). It should be well developed and profuse. A shorter, more profuse frill is preferred over one that is sparse but greater in length. Feathers to grow outward to both sides uniformly. Feathers that grow only to one side or disproportionately to one side will be penalized. Rose shaped frills will be penalized.

Richard’s frill is pretty sparse and short, and tends to grow mostly to one side.

BREAST AND BODY FORM: Breast is broad, well rounded, held forward prominently and tapering toward the rear of the bird. Size is small to medium with Body Form to be firm. compact and cobby.

Richard has a fine, broad breast that he carries quite proudly. 

WINGS: Strong, lying close to the body, covering the back, without “sails”, and lying flat on the tail.

Hard to see with out being stationed, but Richard’s wings are excellent.

LEGS: Short, profusely covered with grouse muffs all the way to the toenails. Toenails to be white in Satinettes flesh to horn to black in Blondinettes depending upon the variety.

The Ramsey COFs have outstanding muffs, especially our cocks. And Richard is no exception. 

PLUMAGE: Well developed, tight, lying flat with the exception of the Frill and the Peak Crest.

Check. Crest, mane, and frill aside, Richard’s feathers are tight and smooth.

FLIGHTS AND TAIL: Flights short, resting flat on the tail. Flights and tail to be shorter rather than longer. Tail to be no more than 2 feathers in width. Tail just clearing the floor when in show position.

It’s hard to judge with out knowing what would be considered short. The shape is correct, when he stations, but it’s hard to see in this photo.

STATION: Upright station at near to a 45-degree angle, which causes the tail to be held downward rather than horizontal.

As mentioned a few times, Richard tends not to station well. He leans pretty far forward and tends to stretch his neck out.

COLOR: While no preference is given to any one color, all colors should be bright, smooth and even. In laced birds the lacing should be clear and distinct. In barred birds the bars should be clear, narrow. long and even. The color inside the bars or laces should be white. The color inside the Moon Spots or tail laces should be white. The factors which give the Oriental Frill its unique coloring are Toy Stencil and Frill Stencil, in combination. Toy Stencil affecting mainly the body and Frill Stencil affecting mainly the tail. Without these factors in proper combination, various shades of color will be produced, from normal coloration to bronzes/ sulphurs and a root beer coloration, in their various hues. Toy Stencil and Frill Stencil causes the whitening effect that one sees in a well marked Oriental Frill.

The inside of his lacing is very nearly white, and lightening as he ages.

RECOGNIZED COLORS:

Blue Silver (Dilute Blue)
Brown Khaki (Dilute Brown)
Ash Red Ash Yellow (Dilute Ash Red)
Black (Spread Blue) Dun (Spread Silver)
Lavender (Spread Ash Red & Ash Yellow) Recessive Red
Recessive Yellow

There will also be a class for AOC, for other factors which fanciers successfully transfer over to Classic Frills, such as milky, reduced, opal, etc. It should be noted that these factors must also have the telltale marks of Oriental Frills, and that is the Toy Stencil and Frill Stencil Factors, in combination, so that the same requirements stated in other parts of the standard are applicable to any new color factor added to the gene pool.

Richard is Blue Lace

COLOR / PATTERN / MARKINGS:

Satinettes are white except for a colored shield and colored tail (including about half of the rump and the wedge to the vent). Ash Red birds are to have clear and obvious tail color and markings (It should he noted that it is most difficult to achieve the same quality of tail markings in Ash Red/Ash Yellow birds as in other color varieties). The shield is laced or barred. Spread birds have a laced tail. Non-Spread birds have a barred tail with white Moon Spots. The shield bars are to be White. The inside of the laces on the shield are to be White. The inside of each Moon Spot is to be White. The inside of each laced tail feather is to be White. There should be a clear delineation between the lacing and the ground color. The bars should be clear, long, even and narrow. The ideal is 10x 10 white flights, always with colored thumb feathers. White thumb feathers will be penalized. 7 to 10 white flights are allowed, with even numbered flights preferred over odd numbers of flights on opposing wings. There is to be an even line of demarcation across the rump between the colored tail and white back. This line falls about half way between where the wings first separate and the actual beginning of the tail feathers. An even line, both top and bottom, is more important than the actual location of the line on the rump. The same description applies to the Blondinettes with the exception that the Blondinette is a whole colored bird and has no solid white feathers. In Spot tail version of Blondinettes, usually just the tail and the wings show Toy and Frill Stencil. In Laced Tailed varieties, the lacing usually extends over most, if not all of the body–these are usually the spread factor birds.

Richard is a Satinette, as are all of my COF. He has some hip staining, but is actually one of my least mismarked young birds.

So, here is how we came to Richard.

This is Glasgow, my foundation cock.

Fantastic station, though he’s a little horizontal.
His crest is a little low and not especially pointy.
Good thick mane. Beautiful head, big eyes.
Profuse frill and muffs.
Excellent lacing.
Overmarked in the chest, belly, and legs.

And this is Rosequartz, my Foundation hen.

VERY horizontal stance, with a thin beak and broad crest.

Excellent frill, color, pattern, muffs, mane, and head shape.

Notice that these birds have several good features in common, and mostly opposite faults.

Ash Red and blue are sex linked back grounds.

The cherry on top of this pair is that a Blue Cock on an Ash Red hen will throw Ash Red cocks and Blue hens.

Here is their beautiful daughter, Nuray, showing off her excellent station and overall shape.

And here she is at nearly 6 months so show the development of her beak and peak crest and the clearing of the root beer stain from her lacing.

She is overmarked on the legs, but a clear improvement over both parents, which is what you are aiming for.

I purchased Metin for Nuray to improve her head shape and markings.

They threw me Richard, pictured up top, and Victoria.

Victoria has more of a Seraphim head, but her structure and color are excellent.

You can clearly see the improvements along the family line, bringing the birds closer to the Standard.

We will select from her young with Richard this year the baby with the best stance, head, frill, crest, mane, muffs, color, and pattern and select a mate for him/her from an unrelated loft.

I have a possible keep back selected already, but I will be observing the rest of the peeps through out the rest of the year to see if I hatch any more sound.

Narusaku precious child

Okay call me nerdy but I did the punnett square thing with Naruto dominant for yellow but has a recessive red from his mom and Sakura dominant for pink but has a recessive of yellow from her mom and then I did the thing and my results were precious. Take a look at this!

50% chance for pink
25% chance for yellow
And
25% chance for orange

I’M PUTTING MY MONEY ON THAT ORANGE!

Bless you all xD