realism movement

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Various paintings by Jacob Lawrence (African-American, 1917 – 2000).

Jacob Lawrence (September 7, 1917 – June 9, 2000) was an African-American painter known for his portrayal of African-American life. But not only was he a painter, storyteller, and interpreter; he also was an educator. Lawrence referred to his style as “dynamic cubism,” though by his own account the primary influence was not so much French art as the shapes and colors of Harlem. 

He brought the African-American experience to life using blacks and browns juxtaposed with vivid colors. He also taught, and spent 15 years as a professor at the University of Washington.

Click on the images for further information: title (year).

Art History for Dummies

I’m a big art and art history fan. Unfortunately, between college, work, and other commitments I don’t get to create to a decent standard as much as I’d like to but I hope to return to that once the little issue of getting a degree is out of the way. Through time spent looking for work to blatantly plagiarise and actually studying artists’ work for the Leaving Cert., I’ve picked up a decent amount of art history knowledge. If I ever need to give a TED Talk style presentation on something it would be on my favourite art history movements. Although who can tell whether this is because I’m actually a little knowledgeable this field or I’m just incredibly stupid in others.

Regardless, below is a brief outline of not only four of my favourite art movements, but four of the most important and significant art movements in history. Designed to give the art history rookie a decent understanding into art’s biggest movements, you can now be confident that if you ever find yourself in an art gallery, you can charm your way to impressing whatever party you may find yourself with.

Impressionism

Characterised by: Small, visible brushstrokes, use of light, ordinary subject matter, use of and representation of movement

Championed by: Claude Monet, Edgar Degas, Camille Pissaro, Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Impressionism is a 19th Century art movement which came about essentially when a group of artists, tired of the stuffy and outdated standard of art expected in Paris at the time, decided to go in a different direction, in terms of subject matter, technique and style. To make any sort of decent living as an artist at Paris at the time (the place to be for art, what’s changed?) your best bet was to submit a piece of work to the French Salon, Paris’s official art exhibition. However, the selection committee for the Salon were quite particular in what they would display, preferring art done using traditional styles perfected by the old masters and specific subject matter (generally religious or inspired by monarchy in some way). Meaning that anyone who dared to submit anything that varied from this strict set of ideals was fresh outta luck.

Édouard Manet was the artist responsible for bridging the gap between the previous major art movements of romanticism and realism, and the new movement, impression. His piece Le déjeuner sur l'herbe (the luncheon on the grass, pictured below) caused a fair bit of a stir in the art community at the time. Mostly because of the naked prostitute in the forefront (Pro Art History Tip: if there’s a naked woman in a painting from the 19th century, you can be fairly confident she’s a prostitute). This did not sit well with our stuffy friends at the Salon, who when upon seeing this exclaimed “Oh my word, what is this?!” while clutching their pearls (or so I’d like to imagine). It was described as “ugly” and “risqué” in terms of its subject matter (to which I’d say no sh*t Sherlock, that’s the point”). But it did pave the way for true impressionists to make their mark (while Manet was a key figurehead in the impressionist movement, he wasn’t actually an impressionist painter himself).

Claude Monet is the father of Impressionism. His piece Impression Sunrise, featured below, inspired the name of the art movement and truly captures the characteristics of the movement:

Interestingly, a lot of these Impressionist artists were active in Paris at the same time and would often hang out in Parisian bars drinking absinthe (inspiring a Degas piece by the same name). When they all (predictably) were rejected from the Salon, they gave them the ultimate f*ck you by setting up Salon des Refusés, which literally translates to “the exhibition of rejects”, where they could display their work. This went down about as well as you’d expect given the circumstances. Ballers.

Post Impressionism

Characterised By: A more developed use of colour than that of impressionists. Post-impressionists use colour as a way of expressing emotion and are less concerned that things are accurately represented colour-wise. Subject matter is quite ordinary and are not always depicted to scale.

Championed By: Paul Cézanne, Paul Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh, and Georges Seurat.

Despite the (ironically) less than creative name, post impressionism is a really interesting point in art history’s timeline. Impressionism marked the moment that art really started to change rapidly. Post-impressionists rejected the limitiations that impression presented but still took influence from it. Post-impressionism artists continued using vivid colours, often thick application of paint, and real-life subject matter, but were more inclined to emphasize geometric forms, distort form for expressive effect, and use unnatural or arbitrary colour.

Arguably the most famous post-impressionist (and my personal favourite artist) was Vincent Van Gogh, whose huge arsenal of work is recognisable worldwide. Van Gogh famously suffered with mental illness during his lifetime and this is evident in his work, which can border on sinister at times. If you can deal with science-fiction, I’d recommend the Van Gogh episode of Doctor Who (Episode title “Vincent and the Doctor”, season 5), which does an excellent job of portraying Van Gogh’s inner turmoil and why his work remains so influential today. Also, if you’re ever in Amsterdam, do yourself the biggest favour and go to the Van Gogh museum. Splurge and get the audio guide. It’s an incredibly enriching and educating experience. I had a moment in that gallery, I’m not going to lie.

If you don’t have time to watch that Doctor Who Episode in its entirety, at least watch this clip from it (although why they didn’t film this scene in the freaking Van Gogh museum remains a mystery to me):



Vincent Van Gogh “Wheat field with Crows”

Georges Seurat “A Sunday on La Grande Jatte”

Cubism

Characterised By: Subject matter that is rounded, reassembled and almost 3D looking.

Championed By: Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso

Cubism followed post-impressionism and is considered one of the most influential art movements of the 20th Century. In Cubist artwork, objects are analysed, broken up and reassembled in an abstracted form—instead of depicting objects from a single viewpoint, the artist depicts the subject from a multitude of viewpoints to represent the subject in a greater context. Cubism was a turning point in the art world, leading to multiple diverse art movements that would have been unprecedented before.

The most famous artist of this movement was Pablo Picasso. Some people (who are wrong) may put forward the (incorrect) viewpoint that Pablo Picasso wasn’t a very talented artist. These people are (you guessed it) wrong, and if you hear anyone verbalising such an opinion you are responsible to hit them with the FACTS. Pablo Picasso was an incredibly gifted artist, and this included his technical skills. Even as a child he could paint images so realistic you’d think they were a photograph. But he (and pretty much all the other artists I mention here) didn’t limited in the way they created and wanted to branch out in different directions. Some people may look at a piece of art and say that it required no technical skill to complete (which I can place a firm bet that if they tried to do so they’d fail – not because they’re untalented but because we’re talking about the greatest artists of all time here) but that isn’t the point. The point is that these artists we the first people to create art in this style. It’s easy to say it’s nothing special now, after 100 years of looking at this style. But truth be told movements like cubism were nothing short of ground breaking.

Pablo Picasso “Three Musicians”

Pop Art

Characterised By: Influence of mass culture – comic books, advertising, cultural figures and mundane cultural objects.

Championed By: Andy Warhol, Jasper Johns, Eduardo Paolozzi, Richard Hamilton and Robert Rauschenberg

Pop Art is an art movement that took place throughout the mid to late 1950’s that uses elements of popular culture as inspiration. Pop Art is widely recognisable and remains a popular movement in not just art but fashion, TV and social media. Pop Artists often use their work to express certain beliefs (sometimes political), which differentiates it from movements previously discussed here. Its use of recognisable images and people really shifted the direction that modern art was heading in.

Andy Warhol “Campbell’s Soup Cans”

anonymous asked:

Top 5 Kagehina moments

These are going to be very generic and obvious so I apologize in advance. I also haven’t rewatched in FOREVER, so I might be forgetting some very important moments. Also it’s become sort of difficult to separate actual canon events from my own headcanon/fanon/fanfic written and read so…I’ll try my best:

(In no particular order)

1. Their very first meeting.

I love this for so many reasons (I told you - typical), but what I love the most about it is that Kageyama literally defends Hinata from his team mates. He’s already chosen where his loyalties will lie, and he obviously chose correctly. 

2. Their fight

Originally posted by miharu-sakuga

Originally posted by kanhekiz

Really, Kageyama? Your reflexes are so shitty you couldn’t have, like, jumped out of his way? You WATCH HIM GRAB YOU. THE FUCK ARE YOU WAITING ABOUT FOR? Anyway, the realism of their movements here chokes me up - how Kag’s hand gets caught at the back of Hinata’s shirt, that little hopping thing Kags does after he flings Hinata to the floor…not to mention the thing that Hinata says right before Kageyama shoves him to the floor is that “he wants to be strong enough to compete by myself”. Yeah, if I loved my team mate and he just implied he didn’t want to be my partner anymore, I’d freak out too (I’m totally full of shit idc).

 3. This.

“Did you cry?”

“No I didn’t cry! now go use the toilet!”

“You can’t fool me, Kageyama-kun.”

Look at those blushies.

4. Kageyama getting all pissy after he sees Hinata talking to boys he doesn’t know. “Shut up! Like I remember everyone I’ve played against. ”

“And that’s exactly why you don’t have any friends, Kageyama-kun!”

Cue touch-mode.

5. And finally, this gay shit.

Sorry this wasn’t more exciting, but these are definitely moments that stick out in my mind the most!

Bonus- Derek’s favorite moment:

Originally posted by kagurane

Little Girl in Traditional Dress (1883). Anders Zorn (Swedish, 1860-1920). Watercolor on paper laid on board.

During a period of travel from 1881 to 1885 Zorn became acquainted with the artistic movement of realism. Although realism did not significantly affect Zorn’s anecdotal view, it brought a certain eloquence to his brushstrokes, and fluency in colour/value relationships. Zorn had begun to explore what was to become the essence of his art - the ability to draw the viewer into the creative process.

anonymous asked:

Hey finch! I'm an aspirant artist, and I've been drawing for one year. I can proudly say that my drawings have a lot more of movement and realism than the end of 2016, but I still want to improve a lot more this year! I know you go to art school (owo) but do you have any tips in a good "drawing book" or program? Thank you, I love your blog, and have a great day!

aa proud of you man!! Keep it up dude u got this

ooh you want drawing books? I don’t know too many, but I find Michael Mattesi’s ‘Force’ series of books are super nice (I have the animal drawing one, surprise). I thought I knew more but after picking my brain I can’t think of any more omg.

Aaron Blaise’s youtube channel has an awful lot of useful videos on drawing and animation, and ctrlpaint has a lot of really nice digital painting tutorials! I wish I could help you with more resources but my mind has gone blank

Taking a break from exam preparations! Tomorrow at 11:45 I start my French oral exam. First a 3-4 minute presentation about realism as a historic movement. If anybody has any tips, help or information, just message me and I’ll love ya forever! After the presentation I have a spontaneous conversation about everything we learnt this year (while speaking French of course) and then playing out a random situation, which we don’t get to prepare because we don’t get a description of it before 2 minutes before we’re supposed to do it. Yay, lucky me, huh? I need motivation and virtual hugs, guys.

Also, today I learnt that while an alligator can close its jaws with a force sufficient to break a person’s arm, the opening muscle of its jaws are so weak you can hold the mouth of a full-grown alligator shut with only one hand. The more you know!

2

The Great Soviet Propaganda Plane,

At the time it was the largest and most advanced airplane in history.  Designed by Andrei Tupolev, the ANT-20 was a Soviet airplane that pushed the boundaries of aviation.  It wingspan was similar to that of a modern day Boeing 747.  To power such a massive plane, the ANT-20 utilized eight 900 horsepower engines.  It was also the largest airplane made of corrugated sheet metal. Finally it was the first airplane to use both alternating current (AC) and direct current (DC).

Named after Maxim Gorky, a popular Soviet writer and founder of the Socialist realism art movement, the ANT-20’s purpose was to spread Stalinist propaganda across the Soviet Union and Europe.  To do this, the ANT-20 was equipped with a radio station whose transmitter (called the “voice from the sky”) could override all but the most powerful local radio stations, a printing press that could distribute propaganda leaflets from the air, a library, a photography lab, and a film projector with sound to show movies to the plane’s 75 passengers.  It was Stalin’s plan that a whole fleet of such airplanes were to be built, which were to cruise the world’s skies while spreading communist propaganda across the globe.

On May 18th, 1935 the Maxim Gorky made it’s first demonstration flight over Moscow escorted by two I-5 fighters.  While the ANT-20 flew over Moscow spreading Soviet propaganda, the two fighters were to perform a series of dazzling aerial maneuvers around the massive plane.  Unfortunately the two planes simultaneously crashed into the Maxim Gorky, sending it plummeting to the ground where it crashed in a residential district near the present day Sokol Metro Station.  The crash killed 45 people, including two pilots, all 33 passengers, and ten people who were family members of the airplane’s designers.

After the devastating crash, the Soviet government made a scapegoat of the deceased pilot Blagin, claiming that he had made a reckless maneuver causing the crash and that he had a “cocky disregard of authority.”  A year after the fatal crash, a replacement airplane, called the ANT-20bis went into production.  It was similar to the Maxim Gorky, but with more powerful engines.  In 1942 it likewise crashed when the pilot allowed a passenger to take his seat momentarily and the passenger apparently disengaged the automatic pilot, sending the airplane into a nosedive from an altitude of 1,500 ft and killing all 36 on board. 

Stalin’s grand scheme of building a massive fleet of gigantic propaganda planes was scrapped in 1939 after several purges of the Soviet aviation industry resulted in a shortage of qualified engineers.

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Gustave Courbet (1819–1877, France)

Landscapes 2

Gustave Courbet was a French painter of the 19th century, and a pivotal figure in the movement towards realism in western art. Realism can be defined by the depiction of scenes as they actually appear rather than in idealised poses, and often involves a focus on ‘low’ subject matters such as working people, cluttered rooms, and landscapes depicted in naturalistic fashion rather than classically structured.

Courbet was accomplished in most painted genres of the time, though had an aversion to traditional subjects such as religious and the ancient world. His countless landscapes influenced many painters of the time, and his L'Origine du monde earned him one of many notorieties, some of which nowadays may seem hard to understand.

Eastman Johnson (1824-1906)
“The Lord is My Shepherd” (1863)
Oil on wood
Realism
Located in the Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington DC, United States

The title of the painting comes from Psalm 23, which begins with the line: “The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want.” Johnson painted it just after the Emancipation Proclamation was announced in 1863. Its imagery includes an African-American man reading the first part of a Bible, possibly the Book of Exodus. He is sitting against a blue jacket, which may indicate service in the Union army. President Abraham Lincoln had recently authorized organization of the United States Colored Troops.

This really isn’t anything too impressive, but I like the pep in this cartoony jump. Most of my cartoons have been made with the intention of realism in the movements. I need to exaggerate movement more, even if just a smidgin.

I’ve been working on Attack on Pikmin 1.5! Kinda as an animation exercise, and kinda for fun. And because my channel hasn’t gotten a new cartoon uploaded on it in a year. Yeesh. AoP1.5 is a tiny prologue to AoP2, which I will continue working on afterwards (in conjunction with Side Quests, which is a much higher priority).