real grain

“Real love is always chaotic. You lose control; you lose perspective. You lose the ability to protect yourself. The greater the love, the greater the chaos. It’s a given and that’s the secret.”

Hilchos Pesach Part 1

This post and those following it are based on shiurim given by Rabbi Moishe Yoselevitz at Shearim prior to Pesach 5774. Unfortunately they won’t be quite as neat as the Purim ones I did because those were given out exactly as I typed them up, whereas what you’ll see here is my personal notes taken on outlines handed out by Rabbi Yoselevitz (edited for clarification as I type them; brackets indicate a more recent insertion). Also, note that Rabbi Yoselevitz (an Ashkenazi Litvak rabbi in EY) very rarely mentions where there are alternate opinions on things, so if you have heard something else from your personal rabbi, go with that or ask for clarification.

I. Nissan a special month

  • First month because it’s when Hashem took us out of Mitzrayim
  • Mishkan also inaugurated in this month
  • No tachnun all month
  • Birkas ha’ilanos: if you see a fruit tree with flowers but no fruit from Rosh Chodesh on, you make the bracha [בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה’ אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם שֶׁלֹּא חִסַּר בְּעוֹלָמוֹ כְּלוּם וּבָרָא בוֹ בְּרִיּוֹת טוֹבוֹת וְאִילָנוֹת טוֹבוֹת לֵהָנוֹת בָּהֶם בְּנֵי אָדָם]
  • Shabbos before Pesach = Shabbos HaGadol - rabbi gives a big speech - mainly halacha. Minhag Ashkenaz is to say the Haggadah until R. Gamliel that afternoon.

II. The prohibition of chometz

-Chayav kares for breaking
-Can’t even have benefit - not even of smell

-The Mitzvos related to chometz [these were in Hebrew and English on the sheet but eliminating Hebrew for tumblr formatting issues]

  1. Destroy chometz before Pesach day
  2. Eat matzah the night of Pesach [at the seders]
  3. Tell the story of going out of Mitzrayim that night [at the seders]
  4. Not to eat chometz starting at halachic noon before Pesach
  5. Not to eat chometz during Pesach
  6. Not to eat mixtures with chometz
  7. Chometz not seen on your property
  8. Chometz not found on your property (it can’t even be someone else’s that you’re in charge of)

-What is chometz?

  • Flour from the 5 types of grains [wheat, barley, oats, spelt, rye] mixed with water and not baked within 18 minutes
  • Chometz nukshe: dough that didn’t reach full fermentation, or was mixed with a liquid other than water. Ashkenazim are strict not to eat this because we don’t know how fast fermentation goes - but a sick person could eat it.
  • Must be something edible - if even a dog wouldn’t eat it, it’s not food/chometz anymore. Exception: if you consider it food (because you are weird) it’s prohibited d’rabbonon to eat it.
  • Ethyl alcohol is mamash chometz - must get rid of it. Isopropyl alcohol is fine for Pesach. Many companies, though, just write “alcohol” in the ingredients.

-Some practical applications

  • Medication: pills sometimes contain chometz, but usually it’s considered inedible and it’s not taken derech achila [in the normal way of eating] and you don’t consider it food. Pills are fine. Capsules are a machlokes but mostly permitted. Liquid medicines often contain alcohol. In EY, doctors can tell you if it’s ok for Pesach.
  • Things that aren’t problematic: nail polish, hand lotion, creams, shampoo, conditioner, shoe polish, paint, baby powder, eyeshadow, blush, eyeliner, bar soap (except for dishes)
  • Machlokes: spray deodorant , perfume, hairspray, toothpaste
  • Mouthwash needs to be kosher for Pesach, and you should get a new toothbrush
  • If using lipstick, need to rub off the top layer in case there’s chometz on it

III. Minhagim of Pesach

-Kitniyos 

[Note: really misleading that the rabbi put this under the heading of minhagim. It is mandatory for Ashkenazim.]

  • Ashkenazim and Morrocans don’t eat
  • Rice, beans, peas, corn, etc
  • Machlokes: cottonseed oil, sesame oil, peanuts, quinoa. Rabbi Yoselevitz is fine with all of these on Pesach.
  • Don’t eat, but you can have it in your house, and a sick person can eat it
  • A mixture of kitniyos and other stuff is nullified in the majority (51% not kitniyos) in case of an accident
  • Can be eaten up until halachic noon Erev Pesach
  • Three reasons for the extra prohibition: 1. Fields often near fields of real grain - hard to clean. 2. Can make dishes similar to those with real grains. 3. You can make real bread with them.

-Gebrokts

  • Some have the minhag not to eat matzah dipped in liquids, and no baking with matzah meal

-Other minhagim [non-binding if not the custom in your community]

  • No dry fruits without Pesach supervison
  • General idea of being more strict on Pesach
  • Not eating chicken because they eat wheat
  • Not eating fish
  • [Not eating processed foods]
  • [Not eating unpeeled fruits and vegetables]

IV. The mitzvah of destroying chometz

-D’oraisa [Torah law] chometz must be destroyed by chatzos [halachic noon]. D’rabbonon [rabbinically], can’t eat chometz from the beginning of the 5th hour, or benefit from it from the 6th hour. [These times vary from place to place; let me know if you need help figuring out the times for your location.]

-Two ways:

  1. Taking out all crumbs and destroying it
  2. Nullifying importance/ownership of the chometz
  • We do both ways. We don’t rely on nullification because we eat chometz throughout the year and don’t get freaked out when we see it. We might accidentally eat it. Also, we might not really internalize the nullification.

V. Bedikas chometz [checking for chometz]

[Note: This section…wow. Not nearly enough space was provided on the outline I was filling in, so I have all these boxes drawn in random other places on the paper, and various references to “above” and “below”…and I can’t quite put together the order everything is supposed to be in. I’ve done my best.]

-d’rabbonon

-This is a double check, not the initial cleaning

  • any place that sometimes has chometz needs to be cleaned
  • or a place that is USED with chometz, eg. a wine cellar - no one eats there, but people go down in the middle of the meal
  • kitchen, dining room, bedroom if you bring food there, purse/backpack, suitcase, car
  • if there are children in the house, need to check EVERYWHERE because they take food everywhere
  • if there is a large piece of furniture you can’t move reasonably, you don’t have to check even if there is likely to be chometz

-to prevent us from having chometz, and do the mitzvah of destroying
-night before night of seder, immediately at nightfall
-men who daven maariv, because they do it more often than bedikas chometz, should do that first
-half an hour before that time, don’t start a meal or long bath

-checking books:

  • Chazon Ish: people commonly eat while learning, so have to check them. The bookshelf is a kli that unites all the books, so even though only a full k’zayis or more of chometz matters, there might be a k’zayis in all the books in total. Or, you can sell the bookshelf for Pesach.
  • R. Moshe Feinstein: because there’s not a k’zayis in any single book, you don’t need to check them. But don’t bring books to the table at Pesach.
  • [Some have the custom of being very careful not to put books on the table during the year, and only check those books which they know were on the table.]

The mitzvah:

-Take a candle with single wick - ideally wax

  • Can use a flashlight - maybe even better because you won’t be worried about dripping.
  • Some people still do a candle to start, then switch later to a flashlight - that’s better.
  • Candle is for corners and crevices - lights can be left on.

-Feather and spoon [for gathering chometz crumbs] traditional but not necessary
-Wash hands before the search
-Bracha: Baruch Atah Hashem Elokeinu Melech HaOlam Asher Kidishanu B’Mitzvosav Al Biur Chometz
-No talking between the bracha and the beginning of checking. Shouldn’t talk during the checking except ABOUT checking.

-Because there is one opinion that you don’t have to check a place without chometz, we put 10 wrapped pieces of chometz in the house to “find”. One should have a k’zayis, the rest not. The person who hides the pieces should write the locations. Traditionally the wife hides and the husband checks.
-Any chometz found or being kept for later should be wrapped and put in an obvious place so it won’t be forgotten

-Bitul chometz [the nullification of the chometz] should be said immediately after the search is finished

  • The text is in Aramaic, but you need to know what you’re saying [it is a legal declaration, not a prayer]. If you don’t understand Aramaic, say it in English.

-If you won’t be home the normal night of bedikas chometz and are home within 30 days of Pesach, you need to check the night before you leave. If leaving more than 30 days before Pesach and not coming back during Pesach, you don’t have to check. But if coming back right before or during Pesach you need to check. If you search early, you do not make the bracha.

-In a shared apartment [i.e. shared by unrelated people, not a family unit]:

  • Each person checks their own things
  • Divide common areas
  • One person should make the bracha for all, but each person searches and nullifies their chometz on their own
  • Only the person saying the bracha needs to wash before the search

-If you didn’t check that night for some reason, check in the morning
-If you didn’t check in the morning for some reason, check on yontiff. If you find chometz, cover it with a vessel and burn it after yontiff.

VI. Bitul chometz [nullification of chometz]/Biur chometz [burning chometz]

  • Should be burned before beginning of the 6th hour
  • Only need to burn a k’zayis; rest can be thrown out and become ownerless [so if you see people bringing all kinds of boxes of cereal and stuff to a communal chometz fire, this is not necessary, and could be a problem because it takes forever to burn]
  • Once burned, nullify chometz again
  • One person in the household can burn on behalf of everyone, but all must nullify individually

VII. Selling chometz to a gentile

  • First source for this is a Tosefta
  • It is a REAL, legally binding sale. In the contract it doesn’t say we are buying it back - we only say that orally.
  • Ideally, the chometz should be in the non-Jew’s house (once upon a time, but this isn’t really done nowadays)
  • It is better for a Torah scholar to do the selling - so the rabbi does it for everyone. You have to make the rabbi a legal shaliach before Pesach. [If you do not have a rabbi to help facilitate such a sale, chabad.org has a form you can fill out.]
  • We rent the location of the chometz
  • There is an estimated value of the chometz, and the non-Jew gives a deposit
  • Because we don’t give him a key to the house, some people don’t sell chometz gamor (e.g. bread, pasta, crackers - as opposed to food that just isn’t certified kosher for Pesach)
  • Pots and pans should be washed and put away, but we sell only the chometz on them - otherwise we would have to toivel everything again after Pesach.
  • Everything being sold needs to be in a specific, closed-off place
  • Can’t sell someone else’s chometz without their knowledge
  • Generally give a small amount of money to the rabbi who does the sale
  • Different opinions whether you have to check an area you’re going to sell.

If you have any questions on the content of this post, please ask your LOR or me and I will do my best.

(Coming up later: kashering a kitchen for Pesach, and the seder.)

When we confront a life, we have to do it with our own lives. That’s the resolve we’ve aquired.

Meal-Prepping

So I got a request to explain my process of meal prepping. For those of you who don’t know, this is typically done once a week where you prepare your meals for the following week. 

I’m at school from 11:30am-7:30pm three times a week so I definitely need to have meals & snacks prepared so that I don’t go out and waste my money on junk or pre-packaged meals. It most definitely helps and keeps me motivated and organized. For me, meal prepping occurs Sunday afternoons and is actually a fun time (I jam out to concerts I save of my favorite artists) :p

Every week is different because I don’t like to eat the same thing day in and day out, but I’ll give you an example of how a typical meal prep sesh goes:

Portioning:

Anything that can be portioned and separated into baggies, will be portioned and separated into baggies. This includes any fruits, veggies, nuts, cereal, oats, any packaged snacks, etc. I use a food scale to make my portions for anything that doesn’t have a serving size. For example, if I’m portioning string beans, I’ll put 5 oz. in each baggie (about 50 calories). For other dry items, I either use measuring cups, weigh it or just separate into whatever the serving size is.

This helps soooo much. I can’t stress it enough. I love the baggie system because when I’m in a hurry to leave (which I usually am), I can just grab and go. Plus I know how many calories are in each bag so it’s easy to create a meal. Every week I take the ENTIRE bag/box of green beans, watermelon, cereal, quinoa, etc. and portion the entire thing even if I don’t use it all that week. That way I don’t have to do it over and over again.

Meat:

Meat is a bit of a different story. I buy meat whenever it’s on sale (typically chicken breast or turkey breast) and freeze it until I decide I want to eat it. When I do, I thaw it out for Sundays meal prep session. Typically I need about 6 MEALS already made for school each week, so I weigh 6 x 4 oz. portions of meat (4 oz. is a typical serving) and cook each of these separately, either in a pan, grilled or baked. After each serving is cooked I place it in its own separate tupperware container. Then I cut up the rest of the meat and cook it all at once and place the entire chunk of leftovers in its own tupperware container (I have 7 tupperware containers for meat). This way I can just grab it and microwave it real quick.

Whole Grain:

With each meal I include some kind of whole grain, complex carbohydrate. This could be quinoa, oats, rice, beans, or anything similar. I cook up 6 servings all together and then do my best to separate them into each tupperware container that already contains the meat.

Stir-Fry:

For my meals, I love to make a stir fry of veggies to go along with my meat and whole grain. Typically, I cut up green, red, orange, & yellow peppers, mushrooms, onions, etc. and cook them in some olive oil in a pan. Then I separate them into the 6 tupperware containers.

Other:

Some other things I like to prepare ahead of time:

-Kale Chips (baking kale)

-Hard-boiled eggs

-Salsa/guacamole/Hummus

-Sweet Potato Chips (baked sweet potatoes)

-Sandwiches

-Tea

Remember, this should be fun, not something you dread! Try it out & see if you enjoy it, if you do then great, if you don’t then maybe it’s not for you. I love it because I love to cook and I love jamming out! It’s my “me” time of the week. Do whatever makes you happy and successful in your journey!

-DD

star-anise  asked:

Can you talk a little bit about what kind of jobs there are for people to do for a hockey team other than playing hockey? In the comic the only non-players we see working for the team are Lardo and the coaches. I know there are a ton of other jobs, but not really what they DO. Expertise pls?

Yeah of course! (I can’t talk from a college hockey jobs view, I think that’s probably the manager/managers, probably a couple of students who are doing like sports med that shadow the team doc, the couple of students whose job it is to run the memorabilia kiosk, and the students who run concessions, but feel free to take stuff from this to use. Just be aware this is Major Juniors and not College!) 

So this is Hockey Jobs with Noorah (THIS GOT LONG):


So basically there’s two kinds of jobs when it comes to major juniors. Either you work directly for the team, like I did, or you don’t. We are gonna start with jobs you can have when you work for the team!

So first you’ve got your everyday staff: your Front Office people, so your GM and assistant GM, admin assistants, directors of sales and markets, director of PR and broadcasting, your game ops manager, your special events coordinator, your merch buyer, your team photographer and your account execs (who deal with like season ticket sales, group sales etc). These are the heart and soul of the non-player team. These are the men and women behind the scenes who make the day to day ops of the team possible, and drive ticket sales, create programs, coordinate events, create the merch, etc. These guys are great. You get on their good side and you stay there, and your life is complete. They know everything about the boys and the kids, and are the ones that problem solve when there are problems. They handle everything from team issues to development camps and youth hockey programs, not just the major juniors. These are also the radio personalities, the social media team, the outreach team, the graphic design team etc etc. Seriously yall. These people are freaking amazing.

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