In November 2016, Stanford University researchers made an alarming discovery: across the US, many students can’t tell the difference between a reported news article, a persuasive opinion piece, and a corporate ad. This lack of media literacy makes young people vulnerable to getting duped by “fake news” — which can have real consequences.
Who wrote it? Real news contains the real byline of a real journalist dedicated to the truth. Fake news (including “sponsored content” and traditional corporate ads) does not. Once you find the byline, look at the writer’s bio. This can help you identify whether the item you’re reading is a reported news article (written by a journalist with the intent to inform), a persuasive opinion piece (written by an industry expert with a point of view), or something else entirely.
What claims does it make? Real news — like these Pulitzer Prize winning articles — will include multiple primary sources when discussing a controversial claim. Fake news may include fake sources, false urls, and/or “alternative facts” that can be disproven through further research. When in doubt, dig deeper. Facts can be verified.
Where was it published? Real news is published by trustworthy media outlets with a strong fact-checking record, such as the BBC, NPR, ProPublica, Mother Jones, and Wired. (To learn more about any media outlet, look at their About page and examine their published body of work.) If you get your news primarily via social media, try to verify that the information is accurate before you share it. (On Twitter, for example, you might look for the blue “verified” checkmark next to a media outlet name to double-check a publication source before sharing a link.)
How does it make you feel?Fake news, like all propaganda, is designed to make you feel strong emotions. So if you read a news item that makes you feel super angry, pause and take a deep breath. Then, double-check the item’s claims by comparing it to the news on any three of the media outlets listed above — and decide for yourself if the item is real news or fake news. Bottom line: Don’t believe everything you read. There is no substitute for critical thinking.
If you get in the habit of asking all 5 of these questions whenever you read a news article, then your basic news literacy skills will start to grow stronger. However, these are just the basics! To dive deeper into news and media literacy, watch the TED-Ed Lesson: How to choose your news. To find out more about what students need, read the Stanford University report, published here.
“I got you fam. So like when laurens was a kid he didn’t have any siblings or friends and his dad was kinda just whatever and his mom was…I actually don’t know much of anything about her :( because but I feel like I read somewhere she died young
Anywho so we have little John laurens smol bean chillin on this giant plantation that his dad owned (yes his dad owned several slaves and yes John Laurens was a hard core abolitionist) so he liked to draw and write and one day he stumbled across some turtles. So he was like hey these titles can be my friend! And he sketched them-he was a really great artist but the turtles he found were very weird looking turtles so most people just think he was a bad drawer.
And he wrote like a nature journal thing about them and those turtles sketches are John Laurens’s legacy.
I mean if you go outside the Hamilton fandom 97.8% of people will not even know his name, you might find 2% who know about the turtles and the other .2% know all about his awesome dream with the first black battallion and how passionate he was about treating all people like people.”
Huge props to @hamiltales for the information and the wonderful writing of this lol
Happy father’s day!! friendly reminder that keith’s dad:
abandoned him “so many years” ago, and never even told him why
raised and left keith in a run down shack in the middle of the desert
said shack doesnt even have a bed, so keith likely slept on this decrepit looking couch thing with this thin cloth for a blanket
because keith had no other relatives or place to go, and due to the shack’s location, enlisting in the garrison was likely one of keith’s only options
his absent father also seems to be the root of all his abandonment issues, which is probably a big part of why he’s also so affected by losing shiro and has trouble opening up to people
mr kogane also never told his son anything about being half-alien that could’ve possibly helped him understand why he feels so lost, or to help prepare him for anything that might happen with the galra in the future
instead, he just leaves keith with the bom knife and tells him nothing about it
doesnt tell him anything about his mom either
this ensures that keith’s only way of finding out his past would be to endure a perilous cult-like initiation that either ends in “knowledge or death,” which could’ve totally killed him
it might just be because keith’s having this weird nightmare vision, but his dad in bom sure seems…strange. like, how he keeps the windows blocked off and keeps telling keith everything will be fine if they just stay inside. if those lines were pulled from like a repressed memory or something, then the implications just…arent very good…