reading is not a disease

hanahaki aesthetic board

“Hanahaki Disease is an illness borne of one-sided love, causing flowers form and grow in the lungs of the unrequited, the petals coughed up with increasing frequency. If the love is not returned, the flowers filling the patient’s chest will eventually prove fatal.”

A disease in which the victim regurgitates and coughs up flower petals when they suffer from unrequited love. The illness can only be cured through surgical removal, however any existing romantic feelings are also removed with the infection.

Medicine in the (Post-Apocalyptic) Wasteland: 1 / ?

Hey everyone. I get so many asks about post-apocalyptic scenarios that it’s I’m going to build you a series of posts, dealing specifically with medicine after the collapse of civilization.

Originally posted by jupiter2

Yes, this borders on sci-fi. Yes, a lot of things will be very different in your story, depending on the hows and the whys and the social structure that exists after the apocalypse. Things will also be incredibly different based on when your story is set, because things will likely collapse in a particular order. So your story is going to change a lot depending precisely when you’re writing about, in relation to The Catastrophe (of whatever type).

The difference between this and sci-fi asks is that there is very much an area of medicine devoted to this type of care. It’s called Austere Medicine, AKA Wilderness Medicine. It’s studied. There are resources. There are people who work in villages that may not have had an apocalypse, but have limited funds, access to power, access to diagnostics, access to drugs, and they do it every day of their lives. This is sci-fi with modern parallels. This is interesting.

For the purposes of this article, we’re assuming two major problems: no / extremely limited electricity, and no / extremely limited gasoline.

That first one throws out most of modern medicines. Hospitals. Surgeries. MRIs, CT scans, even the humble X-ray goes by the wayside. Providers have to go back to doing medicine with their hands and with their ears.

Oh, and a lot of people are going to die.

Enter Dani Disaster.

She’s smart, but moreover she’s resourceful, and she can think outside the box that modern medicine has tried to put her in. Maybe she was a doctor, or a nurse, or a paramedic. Now she’s a healer, a Jane-of-all-trades of medicine. She barters for what will help people in the short term, and shakes her head and sighs when she realizes she can’t help a lot of the people she used to be able to.

One thing I want to mention is that Dani will definitely want to keep someone around, preferably an intimidating, armed someone, to protect her. Because people will want things from Dani; everything from begging her to fix their dying-of-something-she-can’t-fix husband, to demanding she be personal medic to the Warlord King (or whatever brute is rising to power in your world).

The First 6 Months

Originally posted by mysillyfreedomdreams

Most people don’t have more than a month’s worth of their medication on hand. Even most pharmacies would run out of the most popular life-saving medications inside of a month or two, assuming they aren’t simply raided by bandits. And in a world without gasoline, the odds of restock are very, very low.

That means no blood pressure medications, no blood thinners, in an ever-increasingly-stressful world. That means no insulin for diabetics, no immunosuppressants for those with autoimmune diseases, no antiepileptics for those with seizure disorders, no antibiotics for septic patients. No pressors to give and no pumps to hang them on. Even IV fluids, literal salt water, will run short.

I will be straight up with you all, keyboard-mashers: a lot of people will die in the first 6 months of an apocalypse, and I’m not even talking from the fighting. I’m not even talking about starvation. I’m just talking about chronic illness. Heart attacks. Diabetes. Blood clots. Strokes. I’m talking about the elderly, who can barely make it a block to the store. I’m talking about serious respiratory patients who need steroids and who have serious trouble walking distances. Cancer patients won’t get chemo, or radiation, or maybe even food. Patients with HIV will run out of antivirals, and then run out of T cells, and die from the common cold.

There are going to be a lot of deaths in the first 6 months after the apocalypse, friends, and it will be ugly as hell. Remember that for most of human history, the lifespan was about 40 years. In a world without organized medicine and the pharmaceutical processes to make medicine, there’s precious little that can be done to expand the lifespan.

Congratulations: You’re the Surgeon. And the Infectious Disease doc. And the Midwife. And the Wound Care Specialist. And the Anesthesiologist. And the…

Look, healthcare is a wide field, and no one person is going to be good at everything. No one person is actually interested in everything, either. There is no one type of healthcare provider who can do everything, although Emergency Medicine docs probably come the closest; and before The Thing That Happened, Dani may have been an ICU nurse, tweaking ventilators, or a paramedic who’d never thrown a stitch before, much less amputated a badly gangrenous leg.

What I’m saying here is, there’s a learning curve for the actual technical things she’ll need to do, in addition to re-learning how to do everything with nothing. And some of it might be way, way outside her wheelhouse, especially at first.

Six Months to Five Years: The Rise of Dani Disaster

Originally posted by asmothdeus

If Dani is lucky, and she gets to the raiding of pharmacies early on, she’ll stock up. On anything she can get, of course, but especially on three things: antibiotics, analgesics and sedatives. Why? Because they’re what will save lives and be useful as hell for trading. Here’s why:

Antibiotics: infection will probably be the single group of preventable deaths that are worth looking at, from a supply-vs-life-years-saved perspective. A single course of antibiotics will save someone’s life, but a diabetic will need insulin, every day, for decades. Also remember that with system breakdown comes water supply breakdown, which means a return of diseases like typhoid and cholera and diptheria and polio.

Antibiotics are an art all of their own, but frankly, they’re boring. Broad-spectrum antibiotics will be most useful; including amoxicillin/Augmentin, Cefaclor, Keflex, Levaquin, erythromycin or clarithromycin or azithromycin, Cipro, or doxycycline. 

Oral antibiotics are going to have benefits over IV antibiotics, for a number of reasons, mostly portability and ease of administration; IV-only drugs haven’t been listed here. Some meds may come in a form that can be given IM; this may be helpful for conditions that severely upset the GI tract (and thus prevent people from absorbing them, because the pill will either go up or down, depending.)

The thing you have to realize is that in austere medicine, common things happen commonly. No one cares if your patient has a pulmonary embolism, or a cool dysrhythmia, because with complex conditions, one of two things are going to happen: They are going to get better, or they are going to die. Heart attacks, a major focus of modern medicine, are essentially untreatable without the risk of dying.

Instead, the most important things Dani will be treating are things that, in the developed world, should be handled in urgent care clinics: gastroenteritis (the shits) and broken bones and infected wounds and yeast infections. A friend of mine went to Haiti after the quake, and within 24 hours she could diagnose a yeast infection by the way a woman was walking.

Originally posted by mattsgifs

Diflucan. She will need LOTS OF DIFLUCAN.

(It’s worth noting that Haiti was very hot and very humid, which is where fungi like to grow; other areas may see other climates, and thus less yeast infections.)

Analgesics: If she’s smart, Dani will take anything she can beg, borrow, or steal. Common, over-the-counter meds like Advil/ibuprofen and Tylenol/acetaminophen/paracetamol, and pill opiates like Vicodin and Percocet and Morphine and Dilaudid. All of these have their place, but mostly this is a “whatever I can get” sort of a thing.

If Dani is really smart, she will go out of her way to find every bottle of ketamine in whatever hospital she raids. We’ve talked about ketamine before, but it’s worth mentioning again, in that it can be used to sedate the crazy, ease pain, or put someone under for short surgical procedures like an appendectomy or amputation. (It’s also a single agent; it controls pain and causes sedation. It doesn’t act as a paralytic, but hopefully she won’t need one).

Lidocaine in a Big Fucking Bottle is optional but beneficial for topical procedures, wound care, suturing, etc.

However, all of these things will eventually run out, no matter how judicious she is about using them. And that’s when we get to….

Five Years Plus: Back to Herbalism It Is

Originally posted by indefenseofplants

There are a lot of allopaths–those who practice Western medicine–that believe herbalism is complete and utter horseshit. I am not one of those people. A lot of medications have their origins in natural remedies and plants, and herbalism is how we treated, well, everything, for quite some time.

The poppy plant begat opium, which begat laudanum, heroin, morphine, and fentanyl. The foxglove plant (digitalis) begat, Digoxin, whose actual name is digitalis. Curare is one of the original paralytics used for surgery. The list goes on and on.

Now, an allopathic education doesn’t typically lead to an in-depth knowledge of medicinal herbs. But fortunately, there are these lovely things called books, and there are, in fact, some really good ones on this topic.

Originally posted by amnhnyc

My personal medical-herbalism reference is James A Duke’s The Green Pharmacy (Amazon link, but available everywhere; not an affiliate link). The author ran the medicinal herb research at the US Dept of Agriculture for a good long while, and the best part about his book is that it is organized by disease (so you don’t have to read about 5,000 plants to find one that treats allergies), and he grades his evidence base for each recommendation. However, there are also field guides to medicinal plants.

Once the allopathic meds run out, Dani Disaster is going to become, basically, a witch doctor, without the witchy aspects. (Or with, depending on her faith and whether or not she practices the craft; no one is judging here.)

She’s going to have a garden of medicinal herbs, and she’s going to learn to prepare poultices and teas and tinctures and creams. Basically, she’s going to bring an allopathic ideology back to herbalism, preferably with some form of evidence base. Willow bark tea is going to be a Big Deal™, because willow bark tea contains an active ingredient very similar to aspirin.

Originally posted by nutnuhmellaarts

But she’s also going to have to be, in part, a home chemist. If she does enough research she can learn how to make her own ethyl alcohol, aka ethanol, aka boozeahol, but this can be used as a disinfectant and antiseptic. (Hell, in a pinch regular ol’ wine can be used to clean out wounds, apparently.) 

She can also learn to make her own bleach, her own IV fluids (0.9% Normal Saline, anyways), her own oral rehydration solution (aka Pedialyte / Gatorade), and perhaps even her own ether, which is a crap anesthetic but better than nothing.

Originally posted by gif87a-com

That’s It…. For Now

This is just a small snippet into the world of austere medicine. (Be careful with Google searches on this topic; Doomsday Preppers are very, very scary and their websites can be… uhhh….. ill-informed.) There’s still plenty more to talk about, so stay tuned for more posts! (I’m especially drooling over the idea of writing a post on the ethics of medicine in the austere environment–stay tuned!!)

I hope this was useful, but remember also this poem by the greats of old:

When the world ends, now
is the time to be sure I
read the disclaimer.

Originally posted by the-reactiongifs

See you in the wasteland. xoxo, Aunt Scripty

The Infamous INTP Conundrum

INTP: *studying from a German textbook*

INTP: what does this word mean? I’ll look it up quickly.

INTP: *learns several words from a dead language*

INTP: *watches a video about the neuroscience of imagination*

INTP: *contributes a definition to the Urban Dictionary*

INTP: *browses through their fandoms on tumblr*

INTP: *makes tea*

INTP: *forgets tea on the counter*

INTP: *muses over the human memory*

INTP: *researches the creating of long-term memory and ends up reading Wikipedia pages on the Hippocampus and neurodegenerative diseases*

INTP: *laughs at Wittgenstein memes*

INTP: Wittgenstein… it’s a Germanic name…

INTP: oh yes.

INTP: *looks up that German word*

How To Be A Good Med Student In The Clinical Years

A doctor once told me that the best instrument we have is medicine is the retrospectoscope.  Basically he was saying that often it is easier to make sense of things when looking back from the vantage point of the future.  This is true of life too.  After being an intern for two months I suddenly understand what things make for a strong med students, and what things do not.  Unfortunately, I feel like I lacked many of the qualities that would have made me a helpful med student.  Though I cannot rectify my own mistakes, perhaps I can pass my advice on to future generations of third and fourth year medical students.  I now present, how to be a good clinical med student:

  1. Show up.  This seems obvious.  When you are there to work, then be there to work.  It is so frustrating when medical students are mysteriously absent all the time (only to be found later in the cafe or cafeteria) or when they are there but totally disinterested in what is going on.  I understand that sometimes as a medical student things get slow - like when the interns are putting in orders and notes or when there is a slow call day.  But at least bring something to read.  Don’t play Pokemon Go.  Don’t spend all day on Uworld.  Make an effort to learn real clinical medicine.
  2. Take initiative to learn.  When I was a third year I would wander the hospital to find learning opportunities.  I made friends with the telemetry nurses and they started a folder of good tele strips to give me each day.  I would go to other teams and see if their patients had good exam findings.  I found the cardiology fellows and asked if they had good patients with murmurs.  There is so much learning that can happen if you are willing to experience it.  Now, referring back to number 1, make sure you always let your residents know where you are.  Personally, I would be ecstatic if my students went to hunt down murmurs rather than playing Pokemon Go. 
  3. Read your patient’s chart.  This can be very helpful and will make you look like a star.  Residents are busy taking admissions and sometimes don’t have the time to hunt down records that are three and four years old.  You can stand out by doing that  Look at a patient’s past hospital notes or their specialty clinic notes.  For example, you might be able to alert the resident that an old echocardiogram demonstrated a below normal ejection fraction, which in turn might change how much fluid the patient is given.  Or perhaps you found that during a hospitalization in the past the patient became delirious and needed a one-to-one sitter.  Find ways to add information in a helpful, non-prescriptive, non-judgmental way.  I guarantee your reviews will benefit.
  4. Read about your patient’s condition.  Even if you just browse Medscape, UpToDate, or some other curated source, make sure you understand the basics of your patient’s primary diagnosis.  If they are there for heart failure, read over the basics of treatment.  If they have autoimmune hepatitis look up some info on diagnosis and prognosis.  These things will get noticed, especially when you ask intelligent questions on rounds.  Do not be like a med student I had who, when asked, reported for 4 straight days that he had not read about his patient’s disease.  He instead responded he was too busy with Uworld so he would get a good shelf score.
  5. See your patients.  I literally had students who, on rounds, tried to present without actually having seen the patient in the morning.  This is a huge no-no.  Get to work early enough to see your patients, review their labs, and their overnight events.  
  6. Practice your presentations.  Even if it is on your own or with other medical students, spend time working on your presentation skills.  Heck, even ask the residents to watch you.  I would be happy to do that for any of my students.  Unfortunately, none have taken me up on that offer and instead bumble through their presentation each day making the same mistakes.  By the end of medical school you need to be able to make a good presentation. 
  7. Spend time working on note writing.  Compare your notes to your residents’, your attendings’, and the specialists’.  Everyone has a different style.  Look at lots of notes to determine a style for yourself.  
  8. Forget all the step 1 stuff you learned.  I find many students perseverate on the terrible stereotypes and patterns they see on step 1.  Not all black people with cough have sarcoidosis.  Not every patient with acute kidney injury needs urine eosinophils.  These are good associations, but realize that step 1 has little overlap with real clinical medicine.  Take those associations with a grain of salt. 
  9. Don’t just look for zebras.  I cannot tell you how many times students opt not to follow a patient because the case “doesn’t seem that interesting.”  The majority of medicine is made up of mundane and common diseases such as heart failure, pneumonia, COPD, cirrhosis, etc.  It is pretty rare to get the exciting cases, like disseminated histoplasmosis or a crazy paraneoplastic syndrome.  A lot of learning can happen on cases that are “bread and butter” medicine.  Make sure you follow those cases too. 
  10. Be gentle to your interns/residents.  The transition from 4th year to being a doctor is swift and brutal.  It is easy to criticize when you aren’t the one taking 5 admits.  Find ways to help your intern/resident, because in return they will help you.  I learned this lesson the hard way my 4th year, when I unintentionally threw an intern under the bus while trying to look smart.  Afterwards she took me aside and reminded me that she controlled much of my fate while I was a student under her.  I learned my lesson and we went on to become very good friends.

The clinical years of medical school are daunting.  You constantly feel like a tap dancing monkey, trying to impress people you barely have time to get to know.  But personally, I am not looking for someone who knows everything about everything.  That’s why you are in school.  The best thing you can get out of third and fourth year is how to do a good history and physical, how to write good notes, and how to triage patients.  The best students are interested, willing to learn, and know their patients well.  If you keep that in mind, the clinical years are much simpler.  I promise, if you follow your patients you will learn much more than just doing qbank questions.   

Best of luck on your clinical rotations.  Don’t make things too complicated.  At the end of the day have fun, treat your patients right, and keep an open mind.  The learning will happen whether you recognize it or not.
In a First, Gene Therapy Halts a Fatal Brain Disease
With a disabled AIDS virus, doctors supply a gene to boys with a degenerative neural condition.
By Gina Kolata

For the first time, doctors have used gene therapy to stave off a fatal degenerative brain disease, an achievement that some experts had thought impossible.

The key to making the therapy work? One of the medicine’s greatest villains: HIV.

Continue Reading.

anonymous asked:

I haven't read spring of the heart... Can someone explain what exactly the disease is? Like, what does it do to the person who has it? I tried to find a summary of original on baka updates but there was nothing written for 'hanahaki otome'

So from my memory, it went like this -

The world turned cold and dark. Flowers and spring were practically nonexistent. Nature, I think, planted seeds in everyone’s hearts for a chance to grow and blossom. This was known as the disease, or love virus, which is the foundation of the story.

We were introduced to two main characters:



They’re childhood friends and it’s believed Pansey fell in love with Mahger since this moment when they first ventured out to find a tree with pink flowers.

Society treats people with this love virus as royalty, because scientists will be able to research the seeds (which will grow into flowers when the person falls in love) and be able to bring the barren world back to spring.

However, everyone who has this love virus will ultimately end up in the same sad fate if they don’t end up being loved back.

Pansey, knowing this, denied his feelings. Yet he ended up with the love virus.

But he has to make a decision - have the government give him a very comfortable life of luxury and make Mahger love Pansey, almost forcibly, which would be very publicized or die.

We do not know what he’ll choose but we do see that Pansey was heartbroken and determined not to tell Mahger. Pansey would willingly let himself die to keep his forbidden love a secret.

Bill Denbrough || Glad You Came

“C’mon, Y/N, it’ll be fun and you know it!” Richie encouraged as he wrapped his arm around your shoulders and pulled you close to his chest, “a full day out on the boat, with all of your favorite people. What could go wrong?” As his last statement fell out of his lips, your face turned into a grimace, “Jesus, Richie, you know not to say ‘what could go wrong’ right? You basically just jinxed us.”

“She’s right,” Eddie cut in, not really paying attention due to him reading up on diseases found in lakes, “but I can’t believe they convinced me to come and you’re the one being most stubborn about going though, Y/N.” You let out a groan of frustration as you shot a glare at Eddie, who was supposed to have your back, “fine! I’ll go. I can’t believe you two came out to my house to convince me though. You could have called.”

Richie chuckled as he began backing away from the house with Eddie in tow, “we are much more convincing in person, Y/N! See you tomorrow!”

After making sure the boys got into Richie’s car and they drove off, you quietly shut the door, “great.”

The next morning, a morning you planned on sleeping-in since you had not had a good week, you woke to your alarm’s obnoxious and repetitive ear-splitting beeps. Your eyes moved from the ceiling to the window, it looked like it was going to be a beautiful day. With a sigh, you pull yourself to sit up and you lifted your arms above your head to stretch your back, your sleep shirt rose slightly. Pulling your covers off of you, you moved briskly to the bathroom and went through your morning routine before you made your way back to your room. Once you stripped out of your pajamas and pulled on your swimsuit, you put on your very thin and nearly sheer white button-up shirt and distressed shorts. With haste, since the others would be pulling up within the next few minutes, you pack a bag with a book and a towel, along with some snacks and an extra outfit. As you were fixing your hair to prepare it for the winds from the boat, a single honk of a horn sounded. Quickly pulling on some shoes, you grabbed your bag and ran out the door.

It was Bill, Ben and Beverly picking you up. You climbed into the front seat with Bill, “good morning.” Your voice was raspy since it was the first time you used it, quickly clearing your throat after speaking. A chorus of morning rang out as Bill took off. You crossed your legs as you fell into a conversation with Bill and before too long, you arrived at Stan’s lake house.

Ben and Beverly quickly climbed out of the car when it stopped and ran to the dock to join the others, you took in the view in amazement, “wow, this is beautiful.” Bill shot you a glance once he parked, a soft smile on his face, “I-I’m gl-glad you c-came, Y/N. It’ll be fu-fun.” You gave him a smile as she reached over for her bag, “I’m glad I came too,” Bill grabbed the bag first and placed it on his lap, “d-don’t w-worry, I g-got it.”

“That’s sweet, Bill, but you don’t have to carry it. I can get it.”

“I in-insist.” His hand patted yours as you both got out of the car, “c’mon, slow pokes! We’re ready to go!” Richie called from the boat, basically vibrating across the boat with energy and Stan already looked annoyed. “Let’s go before Stan throws Richie overboard,” Bill snickered as he lifted your bag to his shoulder and followed you onto the dock. He sat your bag down on the dock and grabbed your waist to steady you as you stepped onto the boat. You grabbed the bag as he handed it to you, then his hand as he pushed the boat away from the dock.

Stan was at the captains seat, Richie nagging away behind him about driving, Eddie sat across from Richie, Mike next to him, then Ben and Beverly. One seat was left open, the other would have to sit on the floor while Stan drove. You looked over at Bill, who looked like he was thinking the same before he took a step forward and sat down with a look of confidence, “oh, looks like there is no place to sit other than my lap.” A shocked silence spread over the occupants of the boat, Bill did not even stutter when he said the words but a bright blush rose to his cheeks. “Holy shit.” You could hear Stan whisper, which also took the boat by shock since Richie did not get the first word out.

Instead of speaking, you slightly nodded as you sat on his lap, sitting with your hip against his torso and placed a kiss against his cheek. “Well, Bill, thank you for the offer.” You grinned as his arm wrapped around your waist, his eyes moved from you to the others, “w-well, let’s go.”

With a hesitant nod, the boat took off. The slight tension between Bill and yourself eased as he glanced up at you, his eyes soft as he leaned forward to talk in your ear so you could hear over the roaring wind, “s-sorry i-if I em-embarrassed y-you.”

“You didn’t embarrass me, just caught me a little off guard.” You pushed your hair out of your face and leaned back so it would not fly into Bill’s as you replied next to his ear, “I,” you paused for a moment and thought over what to say, “I think I may have the best seat on the boat.” A grin rose to your lips and a blush rose to Bill’s cheeks once more as the boat came to a stop and Stan let down the anchor as Beverly stood and shoved Richie into the water as he stood on the side of the boat. You stood from Bill’s lap and took off your clothes, leaving you in your swimsuit in hopes to get at least a little bit of a tan.

Unbeknownst to you as you giggled at Richie’s yells, a suspicious grin rose on Bill’s face, and suddenly, you were lifted into the air as he ran and jumped off the boat, nearly missing Richie.

“What the hell, Bill?” You squealed, your arms wrapped around his shoulders as you laughed together. Soon, splashes around you hit your faces. You nibbled at your bottom softly before Bill leaned forward, pressing your lips together. Yeah, you were glad you came.
Experts excited by brain 'wonder-drug' - BBC News
A drug for depression could stop all neurodegenerative diseases, including dementia, scientists hope.

Scientists hope they have found a drug to stop all neurodegenerative brain diseases, including dementia.

In 2013, a UK Medical Research Council team stopped brain cells dying in an animal for the first time, creating headline news around the world.

But the compound used was unsuitable for people, as it caused organ damage.

Now two drugs have been found that should have the same protective effect on the brain and are already safely used in people.

“It’s really exciting,” said Prof Giovanna Mallucci, from the MRC Toxicology Unit in Leicester.

She wants to start human clinical trials on dementia patients soon and expects to know whether the drugs work within two to three years.

Continue Reading.

The truth...

Living with a chronic illness isn’t like the books and films pretended it would be…

It’s not stoic silence in the face of pain.

It’s not cosy sweaters and a cup of herbal tea.

It’s not living a heroic adventure of a life despite my ailments.

Nor is it aesthetic, or in any way some wonderful poetic tragedy.

Living with a chronic illness in truth is…

Crying, ugly faced exhausted tears because the pain makes you wish you could just stop existing.

Constant fear, so much so that sometimes you don’t even want to kiss your boyfriend when he comes home from work in case he’s been near someone with a cold.

Waiting rooms, consultations, ambulances, surgery, IV stands, hospital gowns and paper underwear. Sick bowls, blood draws, chapped lips and translucent skin. Unwashed hair, body odour, puffy eyes and rashes. This is not a fashion statement, it is not pleasing to the eye.

The only adventures I experience are that of characters in books that I read to escape the monotonous routine that sickness brings.

The anthology of a life like this seems hardly worth reading…

Geez I can’t stop drawing her, somebody save me haha. This piece for once will definitely be colored by me once I’ve got time for it :D I promise.
I read about the Hanahaki disease (if someone suffers from one sided love he starts to throw up flower petals) and my gay ass instantly thought about chansaw… I wrote a small one shot about it first and I suppose I’m gonna post it later (if anyone is intetested) :D
anyways~ here, have your daily dose of (again! Sad) chansaw if you need some. Ghost heather chandler because it’s almost Halloween and I love my dead gay bitch.

The Kiss That Made History

   Amidst the chaos of excitement from the most recent episode of Yuri On Ice, I don’t think some understand how important that kiss was. So I think I should explain it to those of you who are unsure of its importance. This is going to be a long post, so bear with me please!

   In Japan, they are not as openly accepting of homosexuality as people in the US are. Normally, if you wanted to see two guys, or two girls kiss, you had to either watch hentai/porn or a certain type of genre known as, “Yaoi/Shonen-Ai,” or “Yuri.” (Note: You may still see two guys or two girls kiss in an anime that qualifies for neither of these things, but it will be a mature rating because of it.) This is still standard.

   Now, why Katsuki Yuuri and Viktor Nikiforov’s kiss was important, was because it will change the future of the anime industry as a whole. Yes, you read this right. This show is making history in the most brilliant way possible.

   Since Japan is strict about censorship laws and is a very conservative culture, they (studio MAPPA and the director) could not show the kiss in it’s entirety. They used Viktor’s arm as a clever censorship, to get around the censorship law.

   If they had shown the kiss in its entirety, they would have either had to change their rating or their genre (or both), which is a hassle and will prove to have big problems for them.

   The director of the show has always loved putting gay characters in her works, whether it’d be a gay male(s) or a gay female(s). She loves to break typical Japanese stereotypes and tropes in anime and manga that are commonplace for gay characters.

   Now in anime, the most typical stereotypes for gay characters are usually as follows (I’m only going to be highlighting four of the most common tropes to avoid this list from getting even longer):

   The Weird Foreigner-

This stereotype is common in an anime with foreign characters. These characters are usually from outside countries or something as simple as the neighboring town/city.

This cliche or trope depicts a type of outlandish or sometimes over the top male or female foreigner who are perceived by others as having homosexual tendencies (sometimes towards the main lead(s).)

They dismiss this characters homosexual tendencies as simply being a part of the culture from where they are from, or blaming their homosexuality on their “foreignness.”

The characters will try to avoid him/her and call them strange or weird, typically negatively. They will sometimes show other characters from the same country as acting the same way as the foreigner.

   The Confused/Mistaken “Heterosexual”-

This cliche/trope depicts a character, usually a teenager or young adult, who has homosexual tendencies, coming to terms with their sexuality (usually at the beginning or middle of the shows run.)

They are told by the other characters that they’ll grow out of their tendencies, or worse, will attempt to teach them how to be heterosexual because the other characters believe that they are simply “confused,” or “mistaken,” about their sexual orientation. They will attempt to correct it by any means throughout the show.

Another worse stereotype that goes hand in hand with this one, is one I’d like to call:

   The Infected/Diseased Homosexual-

This trope goes hand in hand with the previous one, and is sometimes influenced by it.

It depicts a homosexual character who can turn others gay.

Yes, you read this correctly.

This character is avoided like he/she were diseased or infected, hence, the name of the stereotype.

One look or touch, or something as simple as being influenced by them, can turn a character into a homosexual too.

Often times, the other characters will try to help the, “infected,” or “confused,” character by teaching them of their heterosexuality.

But wait, there’s more!

   The Homosexual Pervert/Sexual Harasser-

This stereotype is the most common, and it is the most damaging stereotype/trope in anime and manga.

The homosexual character is depicted as extremely perverted and will do absolutely anything to do as they wish to any character of the same sex (typically the main character.)

This character may also touch, grope, or hold onto their desired character without consent and are typically represented as not taking, “no” for an answer.

On an even more damaging scale, these characters may also kiss, or attempt to rape a character of the same sex with no particular order or care for the feelings of the character they are attracted to.

The less serious on this scale, is a homosexual character that has an attraction to a character of the same sex, but they do not force themselves onto the character.

This character’s only purpose get in their desired character’s way, be obscenely annoying, or a nuance to the character or plot and may even be violent to the love interest of the character they are attracted to.

Which is not as bad, but is still a damaging trope nonetheless.

   Not only do typical anime and manga use and incorporate these stereotypes into their material on a regular basis, but Yaoi and Shonen-Ai also use these tropes too.

   Yes, you read right. The genre that features a gay love story/gay characters in an abundance, also uses these stereotypes just as much as other shows, if not, maybe more.

   You might be thinking, “Lyra, how could a genre about gay characters incorporate these negative stereotypes just as much as your typical anime or manga?”

   I’ll tell you.

   I have seen a lot of Yaoi, I have read a lot of BL, and over time I have noticed a predictable cycle of negative stereotypes and unhealthy romances that, after a while, just become background fodder.

   My most recent watch was JunJou Romantica, which was decent enough, but I cannot begin to describe to you just how many times I’ve seen the Homosexual Pervert/Sexual Harasser trope used in Yaoi, Shonen-Ai, and BL as a plot point.

   Typically, the main character will be in denial about his sexuality. The main character then meets his love interest. Now at this point in the story, the love interest will either be the aggressor and sexually harass the main character until he gives in, or there will be another character to sexually harass the main character, appointing the love interest to save the main character (usually out of jealousy or selfishness.)

   When the main character is out of danger, the love interest will typically do the same thing to the main character as the previous aggressor was just attempting, but it will typically have a different effect because, “it’s you, and you’re different.”

   Sound familiar? That’s because this is the exact formula for any BL or Yaoi story. There may be some changes or differences between some, but this is the absolute blue print for any type of unhealthy BL romance out there.

   Not only is this extremely disengaging and damaging, but there is another strange and equally damaging stereotype that is typically selective to Yaoi and BL.

   The Uke/Seme Mentality-

This trope is everywhere. In every single BL or Yaoi romance.

Now this usually is supposed to display who is more submissive and who is more dominant in the relationship. Nothing inherently wrong there, right?

Except when the uke is portrayed as more emotional, more womanly, and always submissive in the relationship. Especially when the seme is always portrayed as barely emotional, manipulative, and always dominant in the relationship.

This is inherently, imitating heterosexuality and is very inaccurate when it comes to two men or two women who share an equal attraction to one another.

Two men or two women in a relationship are equals, and one should not treat one as being the, “woman,” and the other as being the, “man,” in the relationship. They are both men/both women. They are equals.

   Not only are these stereotypes negative towards gay characters in anime and manga, but there a ton of regular romantic stereotypes that are just as unhealthy and forced.

   So much so, that any romance with these tropes is just hard to watch or practically unbearable to sit through.

   Here’s a brief list of some of these tropes (these should be obvious/self explanatory so I won’t waste your time explaining them):

  • Attraction is instant/rushed.
  • Attraction is only valid between a male and female lead.
  • Characters decide they love each other within the first moments/days of meeting each other.
  • Conversations between the two characters are rushed with little to no importance.
  • The romance hinders the plot and/or does not progress it.
  • The romance does not benefit the plot/is practically meaningless.
  • The romance is only valid when the characters kiss or have sexual intercourse.
  • One or both partners say/do things to their significant other without their consent.
  • One or both partners assume that since they are in a romantic relationship, they can kiss or have sex with their significant other any time they want to, and will ignore when they tell them to stop or that they are not in the mood.
  • One or both partners will consciously ignore problems within the relationship, instead of addressing them.
  • One or both partners will not fully trust one another.
  • One or both partners are consistently jealous of their significant other’s friends, exes, or family members.
  • One or both partners will not let their significant other have their own space or privacy.
  • One or both partners often fight or have miscommunications over things that people with healthy relationships would be able to address, discuss, and understand.
  • Miscommunications are often created to further the plot, and will be resolved haphazardly.
  • Any romantic attraction between two men or two women is often invalidated and/or ignored entirely.
  • One or both partners are pressured into relationships because they believe that they could never truly be happy without a significant other.
  • When one or both partners disregard their significant other’s feelings towards their actions or words.
  • When one or both partners do not confront their significant other for their wrong doing(s).
  • When one or both partners will not admit when they’ve done/said something that hurt their significant other and refuse to apologies for it.
  • When one or both partners are manipulative towards one another.
  • When a romance is built on lies or false pretenses/expectations.
  • When one or both partners only show care or affection for their significant other during sexual intercourse.
  • When one or both partners are not sure of the other’s feelings towards them, even after they’ve had sex or continue to show affection towards one another.
  • One or both partners do not appear to have any chemistry but will still say that they love each other, even when there is no existing connection between them.
  • One or both partners will have “crushes” on other characters to create tension between the two love interests, even if they are already in an existing relationship with other characters.
  • When certain characters are homophobic or disapprove of the relationship just to create high stakes for the plot.
  • When one or neither of the characters are likable or interesting and yet you are still expected to care about the romance between the two characters.
  • When one or both partners will pretend to not be in a relationship because they feel like others will disapprove/make fun of them because of it.
  • When little to no conflicts arise to draw the two characters closer, yet they end up together regardless.
  • When the two characters end up kissing or having sexual intercourse as a temporary solution to a problem or miscommunication in the relationship, instead of discussing it with one another.
  • The development of the relationship feels unnatural or off.
  • One or both partners will not benefit or better each other because of their relationship.

   Now seeing as how damaging these stereotypes can be in the anime industry and in romance in general, Yuri On Ice has managed to go above and beyond what any anime, manga, or romance has managed to do.

    Yuri On Ice has either avoided or destroyed these tropes entirely, and continues to do so magnificently.

    It has created both a healthy, unforced, naturally growing and developing love story that just happens to be between two men, and is also destroying some of the most damaging and commonplace stereotypes for romance and gay characters in the anime industry.

    Since Yuri On Ice had the guts to take on these problems head on, instead of turning away from the obvious flaws of the anime industry, it has set the bar high for other anime in the future.

    It has given us a much higher expectation for a healthy romance, well portrayed and matured homosexual characters, story, animation, and music. It will leave a mark on the anime industry and it will hopefully encourage other shows to do something like this in the future.

    Now, Yuri On Ice has always been iffy for me (not that I didn’t like it, I love this show). The reason it was this way for me was because I was nervous and concerned that they would abandon Viktor and Yuuri’s relationship, or sweep it under the rug and never resolve the feelings these two characters had for one another.

    Yet I had always had faith that the director would pull through, and they did so magnificently.

   Now since Viktor and Yuuri have kissed, people have began to say that this anime should now be in the Yaoi genre/category. That simply cannot be farther from the truth. If you’re confused as to why this is the case, this post summarizes it perfectly.

    When Yuuri and Viktor kissed (on screen, no less) I knew that Japan was changing. This is one of the first sparks, that will lead to a complete change in the anime industry. Now granted, Yuri On Ice was not the first to do something like this.

    No.6 was the first to feature a well portrayed homosexual lead and an unforced romance between two men without changing their genre or rating (which is seriously amazing).

    Just because Yuri On Ice was the second, does not mean that it has any less impact and importance. Now, a kiss between two male characters on screen, without any change in the rating and genre is astonishing.

   Having a show that’s so driven to destroy these damaging stereotypes and tropes that are so common in the anime industry, gives me hope that other shows will do this in the future.

   These two shows have set such a high bar for expectation from the media, and I have faith that Yuri On Ice will continue to make history.

We prayed for a day when the disease struck someone who mattered, prayed for a weaponizing of AIDS, and when I finally saw the Post headline I knew our terrible wishes had come true: “ROCK HAS AIDS—And He’s Known for a Year.”

A friend of Elizabeth Taylor and Carol Burnett, Ronald Reagan’s guest in the White House, like a brother to the first lady: [Movie star] Rock Hudson stepped forward to tell the world he had the gay plague. What the article didn’t say was that becoming the face of AIDS hadn’t been his idea. The crush of reporters on the American Hospital’s doorstep in Paris had grown so overwhelming that officials entered his room with an ultimatum: either Hudson would announce his diagnosis, or the hospital would do it for him. After a pause, Hudson waved a hand, and with a thin voice said, “Who cares? Go ahead. We’ve hidden it for over a year. What’s the point.”


The news tore around the globe, igniting gossip in most known languages, and sending printing presses into overdrive. The New York Post’s commuter edition was on sale within hours. I brought the paper to the newsroom, and our collective feeling was clear: At last.

Patrick Merla, the Native’s editor, imagined the influence that Hudson’s notoriety could bring to funding and to public awareness. It took only a few days to see the evidence of that. In my Native column on the revelation, I wrote about the massive number of developments on the AIDS front, from a broken dam of media coverage to sudden voices of urgency at the research bench. Television anchors expressed amazement that an American citizen—tax-paying, upstanding, and beloved—was forced to go to France to receive a medical treatment that his own government was unable or unwilling to offer him at home. Reporters flew to Paris to discover that four hundred Americans were pleading for health care there. In the limelight, Margaret Heckler’s chief of staff was dispatched to the morning shows to announce that HPA-23[, a French experimental treatment,]  would be available in the U.S. in under three weeks on a “compassionate use” basis. Even Reagan was prodded into action. Without breaking his public embargo on mentioning AIDS, he spontaneously increased his AIDS budget request by 47 percent, and Congress, not to be outdone, threw in $70 million more, bringing AIDS spending up to $190 million for the coming year—still insufficient, but a sign that the disease was finally on the public agenda.


On September 17, [1985,] after more than six thousand young Americans had died of AIDS, after the disease had eclipsed all other causes of death for New York men in their twenties and thirties, Ronald Reagan finally discussed the epidemic in public. It came during a regularly scheduled press briefing, Reagan’s thirtieth since the first AIDS death was reported by the CDC.

—  David France, How to Survive a Plague: The Inside Story of How Citizens and Science Tamed AIDS (2016), Pt. 2, Ch. 3

I’ve been reading humans are space orcs and just… bless this trend. It’s good chocolaty, self indulgent, self analyzing, precious, hilarious, creative, savage, excited and curious. This thing is a celebration of what it means to be human and I love it so much, for so so many reasons.

So here is my (probably first of many) contribution. I know it starts sad but stick with me guys, this is a redemption story.

Captain Xartyyrng is ambitious, brilliant commander who hand picks his crew to be exceptional explorers and when he hears about the sheer ferocity and ingenuity of humans xe knows xe needs one. Xe reads all the pamphlets and diplomatic memos.
Humans are disease resitant.
Humans can deal with severe injury.
Humans can master SEVERAL martial arts, both armed and unarmed.
Humans can survive a wide variety of climates, and actively seek out and bond with dangerous animals and ailiens.
Their predetorial instincts and senses are invaluable.
They are a physically large, powerfull, fearless race of apex predators.

So after much debate and bargaining (begging) and promising to be careful with this unpredictable Terran the Commander acquires a human for his crew. Granted, he is sighned on as a Navigator and Helmsman, but whatever. Surely the humans inborn curiosity and general chutzpah will have him begging to be on the away teams in no time.

But he doesn’t. Ever.

‘Don’T you want to go onto the dangerous planet as the first of your speicies? ’
'I can see it fine from the drone cam see? Zoom!’

'I want you to have the honor of heading this away team.’
'Wha-! I don’t want the honor!’

'Look a big fuzzy predator go befriend it!’
'Are you crazy! Shut up! It might hear us!’
(And later)

'This is a 60,000 foot drop.’
'Huh, a 60,000 foot drop you say? Fantastic I’m not going near it. Ever…. No. Not even with a rope…No! Get that away from me!“

'Would you like to sample these berries? For scientific purposes?’
'H-e-l-l noooooooo.’

'Oh no! An electro storm is aproaching! Human-Steve, go and gather our eauipment.’
'Is this a bad time to confess my fear of thunderstorms?’

Bonus quotes from Human-Steve:
'I’m cold.’
'I’m hot.’
'I feel sick.’
'Can we go yet?’
'I HATE this place.’
'Let’s NOT.’
'I. Am. Not. DOiNg. ThAt!’

And one last exchange:

'That Karnakian isn’t so tough. Go fight it!’
'But… you’re a human! Fight him! Protect your friends!’
'First off, I think it’s more female than male? She is female? Xe? Second off. Nu-uh. She literally has poisoned spines for hair. And that is one hairy lady. Let’s go home.’
(After Commander Xartyyrng enraged the Karnakian and it charged them Human-Steve grabbed three of his crew mates and crawled into a very small crack in a very big tree and proceeded to cry in fear until they were rescued.)

Commander Xartyyrng stared at Human Steve scratched up, bug eyed scared and covered in tree sap, the 3 other away team members standing awkwardly around them, glad to he alive.
"You are-”
“A dissapointment. I am so sorry. I just… I just wanted to be a pilot. I know you all hate me. I will resighn. I’m sorry for wasting your time. I’m such a looser I’m so sorry.”
It was the. Commander Xartyyrng finally understood. Humans could a be fearless, but Steve was not. And that was alright. If any others of his crew had displayed this cautious, quick thinking he would commend them…so.
“Steve, it is rude to interupt. I was saying you are very smart human. Go man the helm, I’m taking you off the away team roster.”
“Oh thank God!”

Just…. Commonsense-Steve.

anonymous asked:

Vet nurse here, one of my co-workers gave a 16 year old cat anaesthetic without doing any testing to see if it could have anaesthetic or just asking the owners, because it was just in for grooming so she "didn't think it was a big deal". The cat fucking died. Because this bitch was too lazy to read its goddamn file and note the kidney disease.

Please tell me she got fucking fired. And I really hope this is one of those things that will be on record and makes it difficult for her to find work in the same field ever again. -Abby